What motivates females and males to pursue careers in mathematics and science?

Journal article


Eccles, Jacquelynne and Wang, Ming-Te. (2016) What motivates females and males to pursue careers in mathematics and science? International Journal of Behavioral Development. 40(2), pp. 100 - 106. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025415616201
AuthorsEccles, Jacquelynne and Wang, Ming-Te
Abstract

Drawing on Eccles’ expectancy-value model of achievement-related choices, we examined the personal aptitudes and motivational beliefs at 12th grade that move individuals toward or away from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) occupations at age 29. In the first set of analyses, occupational and lifestyle values, math ability self-concepts, family demographics, and high school course-taking more strongly predicted both individual and gender differences in the likelihood of entering STEM careers than math scores on the Differential Aptitude Test. In the second set of analyses, individual and gender differences in career decisions within STEM disciplines (health, biological, and medical sciences (HBMS) versus mathematics, physical, engineering, and computer sciences (MPECS)) were best predicted by occupational values (i.e. preferences for work that were people oriented and altruistic predicted entrance into HBMS instead of MPECS careers). Females were less likely to hold the beliefs that predicted selection of STEM in general, but those who did choose STEM were more likely to select HBMS than MPECS. One Sentence Summary: Gender differences in selecting STEM related and health, biological, and medical occupations result primarily from gender differences in occupational and lifestyle values.

KeywordsAcademic self-concept; identity; human action; life goals; work values
Year2016
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
Journal citation40 (2), pp. 100 - 106
PublisherSage Publications Ltd.
ISSN0165-0254
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025415616201
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84958074477
Page range100 - 106
Research GroupInstitute for Positive Psychology and Education
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
EditorsB. Laursen
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8555q/what-motivates-females-and-males-to-pursue-careers-in-mathematics-and-science

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 8
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

The development of motivation and amotivation to study and work across age-graded transitions in adolescence and young adulthood
Symonds, Jennifer, Schoon, Ingrid, Eccles, Jacquelynne and Salmela-Aro, Katariina. (2019) The development of motivation and amotivation to study and work across age-graded transitions in adolescence and young adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence: a multidisciplinary research publication. 48(6), pp. 1131 - 1145. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01003-4
A preliminary investigation of attachment style and inflammation in African-American young adults
Ehrlich, Katherine B., Stern, Jessica A., Eccles, Jacquelynne, Dinh, Julie V., Hopper, Elizabeth A., Kemeny, Margaret E., Adam, Emma K. and Cassidy, Jude. (2019) A preliminary investigation of attachment style and inflammation in African-American young adults. Attachment and Human Development. 21(1), pp. 57 - 69. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2018.1541516
Cross-national comparison of gender differences in the enrollment in and completion of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics Massive Open Online Courses
Jiang, Suhang, Schenke, Katerina, Eccles, Jacquelynne, Xu, Di and Warschauer, Mark. (2018) Cross-national comparison of gender differences in the enrollment in and completion of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics Massive Open Online Courses. PLoS ONE. 13(9), pp. 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0202463
Uncovering young children's motivational beliefs about learning science
Oppermann, Elisa, Brunner, Martin, Eccles, Jacquelynne and Anders, Yvonne. (2018) Uncovering young children's motivational beliefs about learning science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. 55(3), pp. 399 - 421. https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.21424
Students' Idiosyncratic perceptions of teaching quality in mathematics: A result of rater tendency alone or an expression of dyadic effects between students and teachers?
Göllner, Richard, Wagner, Wolfgang, Eccles, Jacquelynne and Trautwein, Ulrich. (2018) Students' Idiosyncratic perceptions of teaching quality in mathematics: A result of rater tendency alone or an expression of dyadic effects between students and teachers? Journal of Educational Psychology. 110(5), pp. 709 - 725. https://doi.org/10.1037/edu0000236
Patterns of math and English self-concepts as motivation for college major selection
Umarji, Osman, McPartlan, Peter and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2018) Patterns of math and English self-concepts as motivation for college major selection. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 53, pp. 146 - 158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2018.03.004
VII: Problem behaviors
Gutman, Leslie Morrison, Peck, Stephen C., Malanchuk, Oksana, Sameroff, A. J. and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2017) VII: Problem behaviors. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. 82(4), pp. 106 - 113. https://doi.org/10.1111/mono.12333
Passionate Experiences in Adolescence: Situational Variability and Long-Term Stability
Moeller, Julia, Dietrich, J., Eccles, Jacquelynne and Schneider, Barbara. (2017) Passionate Experiences in Adolescence: Situational Variability and Long-Term Stability. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 27(2), pp. 344 - 361. https://doi.org/10.1111/jora.12297
The relationships of teacher ethnic discrimination, ethnic identification, and host national identification to school misconduct of Turkish and Moroccan immigrant adolescents in Belgium
D'hondt, Fanny, Eccles, Jacquelynne, Van Houtte, Mieke and Stevens, Peter A. J.. (2017) The relationships of teacher ethnic discrimination, ethnic identification, and host national identification to school misconduct of Turkish and Moroccan immigrant adolescents in Belgium. Deviant Behavior: an interdisciplinary journal. 38(3), pp. 318 - 333. https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2016.1197004
VI: Academic functioning
Gutman, Leslie Morrison, Peck, Stephen C., Malanchuk, Oksana, Sameroff, A. J. and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2017) VI: Academic functioning. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. 82(4), pp. 95 - 105. https://doi.org/10.1111/mono.12332
VIII: Family characteristics
Gutman, Leslie Morrison, Peck, Stephen C., Malanchuk, Oksana, Sameroff, A. J. and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2017) VIII: Family characteristics. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. 82(4), pp. 114 - 123. https://doi.org/10.1111/mono.12334
Perceived ethnic discrimination by teachers and ethnic minority students’ academic futility: Can parents prepare their youth for better or for worse?
D'hondt, Fanny, Eccles, Jacquelynne, Van Houtte, Mieke and Stevens, Peter A. J.. (2016) Perceived ethnic discrimination by teachers and ethnic minority students’ academic futility: Can parents prepare their youth for better or for worse? Journal of Youth and Adolescence: a multidisciplinary research publication. 45(6), pp. 1075 - 1089. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0428-z
Socioeconomic background, education, and labor force outcomes: evidence from a regional US sample
Caro, Daniel H., Cortina, Kai S. and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2015) Socioeconomic background, education, and labor force outcomes: evidence from a regional US sample. British Journal of Sociology of Education. 36(6), pp. 934 - 957. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2013.868784
Early Adolescents' Development of Academic Self-Concept and Intrinsic Task Value: The Role of Contextual Feedback
Gniewosz, Burkhard, Eccles, Jacquelynne and Noack, Peter. (2015) Early Adolescents' Development of Academic Self-Concept and Intrinsic Task Value: The Role of Contextual Feedback. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 25(3), pp. 459 - 473. https://doi.org/10.1111/jora.12140
Trajectories of change in students’ self-concepts of ability and values in math and college major choice
Musu-Gillette, Lauren E., Wigfield, Allan, Harring, Jeffrey R. and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2015) Trajectories of change in students’ self-concepts of ability and values in math and college major choice. Educational Research and Evaluation: an international journal on theory and practice. 21(4), pp. 343 - 370. https://doi.org/10.1080/13803611.2015.1057161
Do teachers’ perceptions of children’s math and reading related ability and effort predict children’s self-concept of ability in math and reading?
Upadyaya, Katja and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2015) Do teachers’ perceptions of children’s math and reading related ability and effort predict children’s self-concept of ability in math and reading? Educational Psychology : An international journal of experimental educational psychology. 35(1), pp. 110 - 127. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443410.2014.915927
Schools, peers, and prejudice in adolescence
Benner, Aprile D., Crosnoe, Robert and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2015) Schools, peers, and prejudice in adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 25(1), pp. 173 - 188. https://doi.org/10.1111/jora.12106
Developmental histories of perceived racial discrimination and diurnal cortisol profiles in adulthood: A 20-year prospective study
Adam, Emma K., Heissel, Jennifer A., Zeiders, Katharine H., Richeson, Jennifer A., Ross, Emily C., Ehrlich, Katherine B., Levy, Dorainne J., Kemeny, M. E., Brodish, Amanda B., Malanchuk, Oksana, Peck, Stephen C., Fuller-Rowell, Thomas E. and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2015) Developmental histories of perceived racial discrimination and diurnal cortisol profiles in adulthood: A 20-year prospective study. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 62, pp. 279 - 291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.08.018
Self-control trumps work motivation in predicting job search behavior
Baay, Pieter E., de Ridder, Denise T. D., Eccles, Jacquelynne, van der Lippe, Tanja and van Aken, Marcel A. G.. (2014) Self-control trumps work motivation in predicting job search behavior. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 85(3), pp. 443 - 451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2014.09.006
How do teachers’ beliefs predict children’s interest in math from kindergarten to sixth grade?
Upadyaya, Katja and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2014) How do teachers’ beliefs predict children’s interest in math from kindergarten to sixth grade? Merrill - Palmer Quarterly: journal of developmental psychology. 60(4), pp. 403 - 430. https://doi.org/10.13110/merrpalmquar1982.60.4.0403
Binge drinking trajectories across adolescence: For early maturing youth, extra-curricular activities are protective
Modecki, Kathryn Lynn, Barber, Bonnie L. and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2014) Binge drinking trajectories across adolescence: For early maturing youth, extra-curricular activities are protective. Journal of Adolescent Health. 54(1), pp. 61 - 66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.07.032
Racial/ethnic socialization and identity development in black families: The role of parent and youth reports
Peck, Stephen C., Brodish, Amanda B., Malanchuk, Oksana, Banerjee, Meeta and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2014) Racial/ethnic socialization and identity development in black families: The role of parent and youth reports. Developmental Psychology. 50(7), pp. 1897 - 1909. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036800
Achievement, agency, gender, and socioeconomic background as predictors of postschool choices : A multicontext study
Parker, Philip D., Schoon, Ingrid, Tsai, YiMiau, Nagy, Gabriel, Trautwein, Ulrich and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2012) Achievement, agency, gender, and socioeconomic background as predictors of postschool choices : A multicontext study. Developmental Psychology. 48(6), pp. 1629 - 1642. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029167
Achievement, agency, gender, and socioeconomic background as predictors of postschool choices : A multicontext study
Parker, Philip, Schoon, Ingrid, Tsai, YiMiau, Nagy, Gabriel, Trautwein, Ulrich and Eccles, Jacquelynne. (2012) Achievement, agency, gender, and socioeconomic background as predictors of postschool choices : A multicontext study. Developmental Psychology. 48(6), pp. 1629 - 1642. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029167