Sulfonylurea drug pretreatment and functional outcome in diabetic patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage

Journal article


Chang, Jason J., Khorchid, Yasser, Kerro, Ali, Goodwin Burgess, L., Goyal, Nitin, Alexandrov, Anne W., Alexandrov, Andrei V. and Tsivgoulis, Georgios. (2017) Sulfonylurea drug pretreatment and functional outcome in diabetic patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage. Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 381, pp. 182 - 187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2017.08.3252
AuthorsChang, Jason J., Khorchid, Yasser, Kerro, Ali, Goodwin Burgess, L., Goyal, Nitin, Alexandrov, Anne W., Alexandrov, Andrei V. and Tsivgoulis, Georgios
Abstract

Purpose: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with poor clinical outcome and high mortality. Sulfonylurea (SFU) use may be a viable therapy for inhibiting sulfonylurea receptor-1 and NCCa-ATP channels and reducing perihematomal edema and blood-brain barrierdisruption. We sought to evaluate the effects of prehospital SFU use with outcomes in diabetic patients with acute ICH. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of diabetic patients presenting with acute ICH at a tertiary care center. Study inclusion criteria included spontaneous ICH etiology and age > 18 years. Baseline clinical severity was documented using ICH-score. Hematoma volumes (HV) on admission were calculated using ABC/2 formula. Unfavorable functional outcome was documented as discharge modified Rankin Scale scores 2–6. Results: 230 diabetic patients with acute ICH fulfilled inclusion criteria (mean age 64 ± 13 years, men 53%). SFU pretreatment was documented in 16% of the study population. Patients with SFU pretreatment had significantly (p < 0.05) lower median ICH-scores (0, IQR: 0–2) and median admission HV (4cm3, IQR: 1–12) compared to controls [ICH-score: 1 (IQR: 0–3); HV: 9cm3 (IQR: 3–20)]. SFU pretreatment was independently (p = 0.033) and negatively associated with the cubed root of admission HV (linear regression coefficient: − 0.208; 95%CI: − 0.398 to − 0.017) in multiple linear regression analyses adjusting for potential confounders. Pretreatment with SFU was also independently (p = 0.033) associated with lower likelihood of unfavorable functional outcome (OR = 0.19; 95%CI: 0.04–0.88) in multivariable logistic regressionmodels adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusion: SFU pretreatment may be an independent predictor for improved functional outcome in diabetic patients with acute ICH. This association requires independent confirmation in a large prospective cohort study.

Keywordssulfonylurea; glyburide; intracerebral hemorrhage; outcome; edema; diabetes
Year2017
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Journal citation381, pp. 182 - 187
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0022-510X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2017.08.3252
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85028505839
Open accessOpen access
Page range182 - 187
Author's accepted manuscript
License
Place of publicationNetherlands
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