Faith, belief, and will: Toward a volitional stance theory of faith

Journal article


Audi, Robert 2019. Faith, belief, and will: Toward a volitional stance theory of faith. Sophia: international journal of philosophy and traditions. 58 (3), pp. 409 - 422. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11841-018-0653-x
AuthorsAudi, Robert
Abstract

The point of departure of this paper is a conception of faith that is broader than traditional conceptions on which it is essentially doxastic. On the theory presupposed here, neither propositional faith (faith that) nor attitudinal faith (faith in) entails belief. Faith is also irreducible to hope, though it is not without some kinship to it. More positively, on the view presented here, faith entails a set of positive attitudes of a certain kind. This positive element makes it natural to consider faith a kind of stance toward its object. That conception, in turn, indicates the presence of volitional elements in faith. With these points in view, the paper pursues in detail the kinds of volitional elements that are essential in faith or, at least, characteristic of certain major kinds of faith. The conception of faith as a kind of volitional stance helps to explain both the importance of faith—secular as well as religious—in human life and the resilience of faith in the encounter with counterevidence.

KeywordsAttitude; Evidence; Forgiveness; Hope; Intention; Motivation; Rationality; Resilience; Trust; Valuation
Year2019
JournalSophia: international journal of philosophy and traditions
Journal citation58 (3), pp. 409 - 422
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
ISSN0038-1527
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s11841-018-0653-x
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85049999797
Page range409 - 422
Research GroupDianoia Institute of Philosophy
Place of publicationNetherlands
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/857x9/faith-belief-and-will-toward-a-volitional-stance-theory-of-faith

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 0
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Doxasticism: Belief and the information-responsiveness of mind
Audi, Robert 2019. Doxasticism: Belief and the information-responsiveness of mind. Episteme. https://doi.org/10.1017/epi.2018.53
Methodological reflections on Kant’s ethical theory
Audi, Robert 2018. Methodological reflections on Kant’s ethical theory. Synthese. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-018-01977-x
Understanding, self-evidence, and justification
Audi, Robert 2018. Understanding, self-evidence, and justification. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. 99 (2), pp. 358 - 381. https://doi.org/10.1111/phpr.12492
Role modeling and reasons: Developmental and normative grounds of moral virtues
Audi, Robert 2017. Role modeling and reasons: Developmental and normative grounds of moral virtues. Journal of Moral Philosophy. 14 (6), pp. 646 - 668. https://doi.org/10.1163/17455243-46810063
Trust, but verify: A language and the role of trust in corporate culture
Audi, Robert, Loughran, Tim and McDonald, Bill 2016. Trust, but verify: A language and the role of trust in corporate culture. Journal of Business Ethics. 139 (3), pp. 551 - 561. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-015-2659-4
Normative disagreement as a challenge to moral philosophy and philosophical theology
Audi, Robert 2014. Normative disagreement as a challenge to moral philosophy and philosophical theology. in: M. Bergmann and P. Kain (ed.) Challenges to moral and religious belief: Disagreement and evolution United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 61 - 79
Normativity and generality in ethics and aesthetics
Audi, Robert 2014. Normativity and generality in ethics and aesthetics. Journal of Ethics. 18 (4), pp. 373 - 390. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10892-014-9185-y
Faith as attitude, trait, and virtue
Audi, Robert 2014. Faith as attitude, trait, and virtue. in: K. Timpe and C. Boyd (ed.) Virtues and their vices United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 327 - 348
Normality and generality in ethics and aesthetics
Audi, Robert 2014. Normality and generality in ethics and aesthetics. The Journal of Ethics: An International Philosophical Review. 18 (4), pp. 373 - 390. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10892-014-9185-y
Intuition, agency detection, and social coordination as analytical and explanatory constructs in the cognitive science of religion
Audi, Robert 2014. Intuition, agency detection, and social coordination as analytical and explanatory constructs in the cognitive science of religion. in: R. Trigg and J. L. Barratt (ed.) The roots of religion: Exploring the cognitive science of religion Farnham, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited. pp. 17 - 36
Church-State separation healthcare policy and religious liberty
Audi, Robert 2014. Church-State separation healthcare policy and religious liberty. Journal of Practical Ethics. 2 (1), pp. 1 - 23.
Ethical naturalism as a challenge to theological ethics
Audi, Robert 2014. Ethical naturalism as a challenge to theological ethics. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics. 34 (1), pp. 21 - 39. https://doi.org/10.1353/sce.2014.0005
The scientific study of religion and the pillars of human dignity
Audi, Robert 2013. The scientific study of religion and the pillars of human dignity. The Monist- An International Journal of General Philosophical Inquiry. 96 (3), pp. 462 - 479.
Doxastic innocence: phenomenal conservatism and epistemological common sense
Audi, Robert 2013. Doxastic innocence: phenomenal conservatism and epistemological common sense. in: C. Tucker (ed.) Seemings and justification: new essays on dogmatism and phenomenal conservatism United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 181 - 201
Knowledge, justification, and the normativity of epistemology
Audi, Robert 2013. Knowledge, justification, and the normativity of epistemology. Modern Schoolman. 90 (2), pp. 127 - 145. https://doi.org/10.11612/resphil.2013.90.2.2
Belief: A study of form, content, and reference
Audi, Robert 2013. Belief: A study of form, content, and reference. in: N. Nottelmann (ed.) New essays on belief: Constitution, content, and structure United Kingdom: Palgrave MacMillan. pp. 30 - 54
Doxastic Innocence: Phenomenal Conservatism and Epistemological Common Sense
Audi, Robert 2013. Doxastic Innocence: Phenomenal Conservatism and Epistemological Common Sense. in: C. Tucker (ed.) Seemings and Justification: New essays on dogmatism and phenomenal conservatis Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 181 - 201
Testimony as a social foundation of knowledge
Audi, Robert 2013. Testimony as a social foundation of knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. 87 (3), pp. 507 - 531. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1933-1592.2011.00525.x
The practical authority of normative beliefs: Toward an integrated theory of practical rationality
Audi, Robert 2013. The practical authority of normative beliefs: Toward an integrated theory of practical rationality. Organon F. 20 (4), pp. 527 - 545.
The nature of normativity and the project of naturalizing the normative
Audi, Robert 2013. The nature of normativity and the project of naturalizing the normative. in: J. Stelmach, B. Brozek and M. Hohol (ed.) The many faces of normativity Krakow, Poland: Copernicus Center Press. pp. 15 - 50
Cognitive Disparities: Dimensions of Intellectual Diversity and the Resolution of Disagreements
Audi, Robert 2013. Cognitive Disparities: Dimensions of Intellectual Diversity and the Resolution of Disagreements. in: D. Christensen and J. Lackey (ed.) The Epistemology of Disagreement: New Essays Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 205 - 222
Moral perception
Audi, Robert 2013. Moral perception. United States of America: Princeton University Press.
Virtues, Concepts, and Rules in Business Ethics : Reflections on the Contributions of Robert C. Solomon
Audi, Robert 2012. Virtues, Concepts, and Rules in Business Ethics : Reflections on the Contributions of Robert C. Solomon. in: K. Higgins and D. Sherman (ed.) Passion, Death, and Spirituality Germany: Springer. pp. 103 - 111
Are there two free will problems? Compatibilism, incompatibilism, and moral responsibility [Esistono due problemi del libero arbitrio? Compatibilismo, incompaibilismo e responsabilità morale]
Audi, Robert 2012. Are there two free will problems? Compatibilism, incompatibilism, and moral responsibility [Esistono due problemi del libero arbitrio? Compatibilismo, incompaibilismo e responsabilità morale]. Rivista di Filosofia. 113 (2), pp. 329 - 334.
Virtue ethics as a resource in business
Audi, Robert 2012. Virtue ethics as a resource in business. Business Ethics Quarterly. 22 (2), pp. 273 - 291. https://doi.org/10.5840/beq201222220
Normativity be naturalized?
Audi, Robert 2012. Normativity be naturalized? in: S. Nuccetelli and G. Seay (ed.) Ethical Naturalism: Current Debates United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. pp. 169 - 193
Religion and politics
Audi, Robert 2012. Religion and politics. in: D. Estlund (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 223 - 240
Secular and religious foundations of normative standards: Liberalism, naturalism, and rationalism in political philosophy
Audi, Robert 2012. Secular and religious foundations of normative standards: Liberalism, naturalism, and rationalism in political philosophy. in: L. Siep, T. Gutmann and B. Jakl (ed.) From the religious to the secular justification of state standards Germany: Mohr Siebeck. pp. 33 - 55
Natural reason, religious conviction, and the justification of coercion in democratic societies
Audi, Robert 2012. Natural reason, religious conviction, and the justification of coercion in democratic societies. in: L. Zucca and C. Ungureanu (ed.) Law, State and Religion in the New Europe: Debates and Dilemmas United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. pp. 65 - 92
Kantian intuitionism as a framework for the justification of moral judgements
Audi, Robert 2012. Kantian intuitionism as a framework for the justification of moral judgements. in: M. Timmons (ed.) Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics 2 United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 8 - 31
Reason and experience, obligation and value: An introduction to the New Intuitionism
Audi, Robert 2011. Reason and experience, obligation and value: An introduction to the New Intuitionism. in: J. Graper Hernandez (ed.) The New Intuitionism United Kingdom: Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 45 - 52
Democratic authority and the separation of church and state
Audi, Robert 2011. Democratic authority and the separation of church and state. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
Rationality and religious commitment
Audi, Robert 2011. Rationality and religious commitment. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
The ethics of belief and the morality of action: Intellectual responsibility and rational disagreement
Audi, Robert 2011. The ethics of belief and the morality of action: Intellectual responsibility and rational disagreement. Philosophy. 86 (1), pp. 5 - 29. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031819110000586
Faith, faithfulness, and virtue
Audi, Robert 2011. Faith, faithfulness, and virtue. Faith and Philosophy. 28 (3), pp. 294 - 309.
Moral knowledge
Audi, Robert 2011. Moral knowledge. in: S. Bernecker and D. Pritchard (ed.) The Routledge Companion to Epistemology United States of America: Routledge. pp. 380 - 392
Intuitions, intuitionism, and moral judgment
Audi, Robert 2011. Intuitions, intuitionism, and moral judgment. in: J. G. Hernandez (ed.) The New Intuitionism, London and New York United Kingdom: Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd. pp. 171 - 198
Recent work in ethical theory and its implications for business ethics
Arnold, Denis, Audi, Robert and Zwolinski, Matt 2010. Recent work in ethical theory and its implications for business ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly. 20 (4), pp. 559 - 581. https://doi.org/10.5840/beq201020438
The place of ethical theory in business ethics
Audi, Robert 2010. The place of ethical theory in business ethics. in: G. G. Brenkert (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Business Ethics United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 46 - 69
Virtue Ethics in Theory and Practice
Audi, Robert 2010. Virtue Ethics in Theory and Practice. in: N. Szutta (ed.) Wspolczesna Etyka Cnot: Mozliwosci I Orgraniczenisa Poland: Semper. pp. 39 - 66
Reasons for action
Audi, Robert 2010. Reasons for action. in: J. Skorupski (ed.) The Routledge Companion to Ethics United Kingdom: Routledge. pp. 275 - 285
Moral perception and moral knowledge
Audi, Robert 2010. Moral perception and moral knowledge. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume. 84 (1), pp. 79 - 97. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8349.2010.00187.x
Practical reason and the status of moral obligation
Audi, Robert 2010. Practical reason and the status of moral obligation. Canadian Journal of Philosophy. 33 (Sup1), pp. 197 - 229. https://doi.org/10.1353/cjp.0.0074
Corporate culture and quality of life: The virtues of industry and the rewards of leisure
Audi, Robert 2010. Corporate culture and quality of life: The virtues of industry and the rewards of leisure. in: M. R. Haney and A. D. Kline (ed.) The Value of Time and Leisure in a World of Work United States of America: Lexington Books. pp. 89 - 100
Moral virtue and reasons for action
Audi, Robert 2009. Moral virtue and reasons for action. Philosophical issues. 19, pp. 1 - 20.
Religious reasons and the liberty of citizens: Reflections on Kent Greenawalt's 'religion and the constitution'
Audi, Robert 2009. Religious reasons and the liberty of citizens: Reflections on Kent Greenawalt's 'religion and the constitution'. Constitutional Commentary.
Science education, religious toleration, and liberal neutrality toward the good
Audi, Robert 2009. Science education, religious toleration, and liberal neutrality toward the good. in: The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 333 - 357
Natural reason, natural rights, and governmental neutrality toward religion
Audi, Robert 2009. Natural reason, natural rights, and governmental neutrality toward religion. Religion and Human Rights. 4 (2-3), pp. 157 - 175. https://doi.org/10.1163/187103109X12471223630955
Business ethics and ethical business
Audi, Robert 2009. Business ethics and ethical business. United States of America: Oxford University Press.
Objectivity without egoism: Toward balance in business ethics
Audi, Robert 2009. Objectivity without egoism: Toward balance in business ethics. Academy of Management Learning and Education. 8 (2), pp. 263 - 274. https://doi.org/10.5465/AMLE.2009.41788850
Nationalism, patriotism, and cosmopolitanism in an age of globalization
Audi, Robert 2009. Nationalism, patriotism, and cosmopolitanism in an age of globalization. Journal of Ethics. 13 (4), pp. 365 - 381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10892-009-9068-9
The psychology of character and the theology of virtue
Audi, Robert 2009. The psychology of character and the theology of virtue. in: C. S. Titus (ed.) The Psychology of Character and Virtue United States of America: The Institute for the Psychological Sciences. pp. 101 - 118
Religion and the politics of science: Can evolutionary biology be religiously neutral?
Audi, Robert 2009. Religion and the politics of science: Can evolutionary biology be religiously neutral? Philosophy and Social Criticism. 35 (1-2), pp. 23 - 50. https://doi.org/10.1177/0191453708098753
Reliability as a virtue
Audi, Robert 2009. Reliability as a virtue. Philosophical Studies. 142, pp. 43 - 54. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11098-008-9305-2
Belief, faith, and acceptance
Audi, Robert 2008. Belief, faith, and acceptance. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. 63 (1-3), pp. 87 - 102. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11153-007-9137-6
The marketing of human images as a challenge to ethical leadership
Audi, Robert 2008. The marketing of human images as a challenge to ethical leadership. in: G. Flynn (ed.) Leadership and Business Ethics Netherlands: Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 197 - 209
Some dimensions of trust in business practices: From financial and product representation to licensure and voting
Audi, Robert 2008. Some dimensions of trust in business practices: From financial and product representation to licensure and voting. Journal of Business Ethics. 80 (1), pp. 97 - 102. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-007-9435-z
Skepticism about the a priori justification: Self-evidence, defeasibiity, and cogito propositions
Audi, Robert 2008. Skepticism about the a priori justification: Self-evidence, defeasibiity, and cogito propositions. in: J. Greco (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 149 - 175
The ethics of belief: Doxastic self-control and intellectual virtue
Audi, Robert 2008. The ethics of belief: Doxastic self-control and intellectual virtue. Synthese. 161, pp. 403 - 418. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164403251335
Rational disagreement as a challenge to practical ethics and moral theory: An essay in moral epistemology
Audi, Robert 2008. Rational disagreement as a challenge to practical ethics and moral theory: An essay in moral epistemology. in: Q. Smith (ed.) Epistemology: New Essays United Kingdom: Oxford Scholarship Online. pp. 225 - 247
Intuition, inference, and rational disagreement in ethics
Audi, Robert 2008. Intuition, inference, and rational disagreement in ethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. 11 (5), pp. 475 - 492. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10677-008-9123-9
The good in the right: A theory of intuition and intrinsic value
Audi, Robert 2004. The good in the right: A theory of intuition and intrinsic value. United States of America: Princeton University Press.