The relationships between psychological flexibility, self-compassion, and emotional well-being

Journal article


Marshall, Emma-Jane and Brockman, Robert N.. (2016). The relationships between psychological flexibility, self-compassion, and emotional well-being. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An international quarterly. 30(1), pp. 60 - 72. https://doi.org/10.1891/0889-8391.30.1.60
AuthorsMarshall, Emma-Jane and Brockman, Robert N.
Abstract

Despite theoretical overlap between self-compassion and psychological flexibility, empirical links between these constructs is limited. This study examined the relationships between psychological flexibility, self-compassion, and emotional well-being to add to the literature on understanding the importance of self-compassion as a possible contributor to mental health, adding support to continuing development of compassion-based therapies. Relationships among these constructs were explored using survey data from a sample of 144 university psychology students (110 females and 34 males, aged 17-60 years). Self-compassion was significantly correlated with psychological flexibility processes, including mindful acceptance, defusion, and emotional well-being. Regression analyses indicated that self-compassion predicts significant unique variance above and beyond psychological flexibility across various indices of emotional well-being. These findings support the association between psychological flexibility, self-compassion, and emotional well-being, with implications for 3rd-wave models of therapy, including acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and compassion-based approaches. Therapies incorporating compassion processes may potentially lead to improved treatment outcomes.

Keywordspsychological flexibility; self-compassion; acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT); emotional well-being
Year2016
JournalJournal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An international quarterly
Journal citation30 (1), pp. 60 - 72
PublisherSpringer Publishing Company
ISSN0889-8391
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1891/0889-8391.30.1.60
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84961665146
Page range60 - 72
Research GroupInstitute for Positive Psychology and Education
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationUnited States of America
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