Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

Journal article


Wang, Haidong, Naghavi, Mohsen, Allen, Christine, Barber, Ryan M., Bhutta, Zulfiqar A., Carter, Austin, Casey, Daniel C., Charlson, Fiona J., Chen, Alan Zian, Coates, Matthew M., Coggeshall, Megan, Dandona, Lalit, Dicker, Daniel J., Erskine, Holly E., Ferrari, Alize J., Fitzmaurice, Christina, Foreman, Kyle, Forouzanfar, Mohammad H., Fraser, Maya S., ... GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators 2016. Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet. 388 (10053), pp. 1459 - 1544. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31012-1
AuthorsWang, Haidong, Naghavi, Mohsen, Allen, Christine, Barber, Ryan M., Bhutta, Zulfiqar A., Carter, Austin, Casey, Daniel C., Charlson, Fiona J., Chen, Alan Zian, Coates, Matthew M., Coggeshall, Megan, Dandona, Lalit, Dicker, Daniel J., Erskine, Holly E., Ferrari, Alize J., Fitzmaurice, Christina, Foreman, Kyle, Forouzanfar, Mohammad H., Fraser, Maya S., Fullman, Nancy, Gething, Peter W., Goldberg, Ellen M., Graetz, Nicholas, Haagsma, Juanita A., Hay, Simon I., Huynh, Chantal, Johnson, Catherine O., Kassebaum, Nicholas J., Kinfu, Yohannes, Kulikoff, Xie Rachel, Kutz, Michael, Kyu, Hmwe H., Larson, Heidi J., Leung, Janni, Liang, Xiaofeng, Lim, Stephen S., Lind, Margaret, Lozano, Rafael, Marquez, Neal, Mensah, George A., Mikesell, Joe, Mokdad, Ali H., Mooney, Meghan D., Nguyen, Grant, Nsoesie, Elaine, Pigott, David M., Pinho, Christine, Roth, Gregory A., Salomon, Joshua A., Sandar, Logan, Silpakit, Naris, Sligar, Amber, Sorensen, Reed J. D., Stanaway, Jeffrey, Steiner, Caitlyn, Teeple, Stephanie, Thomas, Bernadette A., Troeger, Christopher, VanderZanden, Amelia, Vollset, Stein Emil, Wanga, Valentine, Whiteford, Harvey A., Wolock, Timothy, Zoeckler, Leo, Szoeke, Cassandra E. I., GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators, and GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators
Abstract

Background: Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an in-depth investigation of observed and expected mortality patterns based on sociodemographic measures.

Methods: We estimated all-cause mortality by age, sex, geography, and year using an improved analytical approach originally developed for GBD 2013 and GBD 2010. Improvements included refinements to the estimation of child and adult mortality and corresponding uncertainty, parameter selection for under-5 mortality synthesis by spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression, and sibling history data processing. We also expanded the database of vital registration, survey, and census data to 14 294 geography–year datapoints. For GBD 2015, eight causes, including Ebola virus disease, were added to the previous GBD cause list for mortality. We used six modelling approaches to assess cause-specific mortality, with the Cause of Death Ensemble Model (CODEm) generating estimates for most causes. We used a series of novel analyses to systematically quantify the drivers of trends in mortality across geographies. First, we assessed observed and expected levels and trends of cause-specific mortality as they relate to the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a summary indicator derived from measures of income per capita, educational attainment, and fertility. Second, we examined factors affecting total mortality patterns through a series of counterfactual scenarios, testing the magnitude by which population growth, population age structures, and epidemiological changes contributed to shifts in mortality. Finally, we attributed changes in life expectancy to changes in cause of death. We documented each step of the GBD 2015 estimation processes, as well as data sources, in accordance with Guidelines for Accurate and Transparent Health Estimates Reporting (GATHER).

Findings: Globally, life expectancy from birth increased from 61·7 years (95% uncertainty interval 61·4–61·9) in 1980 to 71·8 years (71·5–72·2) in 2015. Several countries in sub-Saharan Africa had very large gains in life expectancy from 2005 to 2015, rebounding from an era of exceedingly high loss of life due to HIV/AIDS. At the same time, many geographies saw life expectancy stagnate or decline, particularly for men and in countries with rising mortality from war or interpersonal violence. From 2005 to 2015, male life expectancy in Syria dropped by 11·3 years (3·7–17·4), to 62·6 years (56·5–70·2). Total deaths increased by 4·1% (2·6–5·6) from 2005 to 2015, rising to 55·8 million (54·9 million to 56·6 million) in 2015, but age-standardised death rates fell by 17·0% (15·8–18·1) during this time, underscoring changes in population growth and shifts in global age structures. The result was similar for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), with total deaths from these causes increasing by 14·1% (12·6–16·0) to 39·8 million (39·2 million to 40·5 million) in 2015, whereas age-standardised rates decreased by 13·1% (11·9–14·3). Globally, this mortality pattern emerged for several NCDs, including several types of cancer, ischaemic heart disease, cirrhosis, and Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. By contrast, both total deaths and age-standardised death rates due to communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional conditions significantly declined from 2005 to 2015, gains largely attributable to decreases in mortality rates due to HIV/AIDS (42·1%, 39·1–44·6), malaria (43·1%, 34·7–51·8), neonatal preterm birth complications (29·8%, 24·8–34·9), and maternal disorders (29·1%, 19·3–37·1). Progress was slower for several causes, such as lower respiratory infections and nutritional deficiencies, whereas deaths increased for others, including dengue and drug use disorders. Age-standardised death rates due to injuries significantly declined from 2005 to 2015, yet interpersonal violence and war claimed increasingly more lives in some regions, particularly in the Middle East. In 2015, rotaviral enteritis (rotavirus) was the leading cause of under-5 deaths due to diarrhoea (146 000 deaths, 118 000–183 000) and pneumococcal pneumonia was the leading cause of under-5 deaths due to lower respiratory infections (393 000 deaths, 228 000–532 000), although pathogen-specific mortality varied by region. Globally, the effects of population growth, ageing, and changes in age-standardised death rates substantially differed by cause. Our analyses on the expected associations between cause-specific mortality and SDI show the regular shifts in cause of death composition and population age structure with rising SDI. Country patterns of premature mortality (measured as years of life lost [YLLs]) and how they differ from the level expected on the basis of SDI alone revealed distinct but highly heterogeneous patterns by region and country or territory. Ischaemic heart disease, stroke, and diabetes were among the leading causes of YLLs in most regions, but in many cases, intraregional results sharply diverged for ratios of observed and expected YLLs based on SDI. Communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases caused the most YLLs throughout sub-Saharan Africa, with observed YLLs far exceeding expected YLLs for countries in which malaria or HIV/AIDS remained the leading causes of early death.

Interpretation: At the global scale, age-specific mortality has steadily improved over the past 35 years; this pattern of general progress continued in the past decade. Progress has been faster in most countries than expected on the basis of development measured by the SDI. Against this background of progress, some countries have seen falls in life expectancy, and age-standardised death rates for some causes are increasing. Despite progress in reducing age-standardised death rates, population growth and ageing mean that the number of deaths from most non-communicable causes are increasing in most countries, putting increased demands on health systems.

Funding: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Keywordslife expectancy; mortality
Year2016
JournalThe Lancet
Journal citation388 (10053), pp. 1459 - 1544
PublisherThe Lancet Publishing Group
ISSN0140-6736
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31012-1
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84994158650
Open accessOpen access
Page range1459 - 1544
Research GroupInstitute for Health and Ageing
Publisher's version
Additional information

© The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY license.

Please see the full article for a complete list of the collaborator names.

Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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Kassebaum, Nicholas J., Barber, Ryan M., Bhutta, Zulfiqar A., Dandona, Lalit, Gething, Peter W., Hay, Simon I., Kinfu, Yohannes, Larson, Heidi J., Liang, Xiaofeng, Lim, Stephen S., Lopez, Alan D., Lozano, Rafael, Mensah, George A., Mokdad, Ali H., Naghavi, Mohsen, Pinho, Christine, Salomon, Joshua A., Steiner, Caitlyn, Vos, Theo, ... GBD 2015 Maternal Mortality Collaborators 2016. Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, 1990-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet. 388 (10053), pp. 1775 - 1812. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31470-2
Patterns of social engagement in the transition to later life
Burn, Katherine F., Dennerstein, Lorraine, Browning, Colette and Szoeke, Cassandra 2016. Patterns of social engagement in the transition to later life. Maturitas. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2016.03.016
Global, regional, national, and selected subnational levels of stillbirths, neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality, 1980-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
Wang, Haidong, Bhutta, Zulfiqar A., Coates, Matthew M., Coggeshall, Megan, Dandona, Lalit, Diallo, Khassoum, Franca, Elisabeth Barboza, Fraser, Maya, Fullman, Nancy, Gething, Peter W., Hay, Simon I., Kinfu, Yohannes, Kita, Maaya, Kulikoff, Xie Rachel, Larson, Heidi J., Liang, Juan, Lim, Stephen S., Lind, Margaret, Lopez, Alan D., ... GBD 2015 Child Mortality Collaborators 2016. Global, regional, national, and selected subnational levels of stillbirths, neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality, 1980-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet. 388 (10053), pp. 1725 - 1774. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31575-6
The impact of red and processed meat consumption on cardiovascular disease risk in women
Bovalino, Stephen, Charleson, Georgia and Szoeke, Cassandra 2016. The impact of red and processed meat consumption on cardiovascular disease risk in women. Nutrition. 32 (3), pp. 349 - 354. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2015.09.015
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990--2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
Vos, Theo, Allen, Christine, Arora, Megha, Barber, Ryan M., Bhutta, Zulfiqar A., Brown, Alexandria, Carter, Austin, Casey, Daniel C., Charlson, Fiona J., Chen, Alan Z., Coggeshall, Megan, Cornaby, Leslie, Dandona, Lalit, Dicker, Daniel J., Dilegge, Tina, Erskine, Holly E., Ferrari, Alize J., Fitzmaurice, Christina, Fleming, Tom, ... Murray, Christopher J. L. 2016. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990--2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet. 388 (10053), pp. 1545 - 1602. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6
Phenomenological characterization of memory complaints in preclinical and prodromal Alzheimer's disease
Buckley, Rachel F., Ellis, Kathryn A., Ames, David, Rowe, Christopher C., Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Maruff, Paul Thomas, Villemagne, Victor L., Macaulay, S. Lance, Szoeke, Cassandra, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Savage, Greg, Rainey-Smith, Stephanie R., Rembach, Alan R. and Saling, Michael M. 2015. Phenomenological characterization of memory complaints in preclinical and prodromal Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/neu0000156
Grandparenting predicts late-life cognition: Results from the Women's Healthy Ageing Project
Burn, Katherine F. and Szoeke, Cassandra 2015. Grandparenting predicts late-life cognition: Results from the Women's Healthy Ageing Project. Maturitas. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2015.03.013
Longitudinal cognitive decline in the AIBL cohort: The role of APOE E4 status
Albrecht, Matthew A., Szoeke, Cassandra, Maruff, Paul Thomas, Savage, Greg, Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Ellis, Kathryn A., Taddei, Kevin, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Ames, David and Foster, Jonathan K. 2015. Longitudinal cognitive decline in the AIBL cohort: The role of APOE E4 status. Neuropsychologia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2014.04.303
Evaluating the effects of increasing physical activity to optimize rehabilitation outcomes in hospitalized older adults (MOVE Trial): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Said, Catherine M., Morris, Meg E., McGinley, Jennifer L., Szoeke, Cassandra, Workman, Barbara, Liew, Danny, Hill, Keith David, Woodward, Michael Clifford, Wittwer, Joanne E., Churilov, Leonid, Ventura, Cameron and Bernhardt, Julie 2015. Evaluating the effects of increasing physical activity to optimize rehabilitation outcomes in hospitalized older adults (MOVE Trial): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 16 (1), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-014-0531-y
Alterations in dorsal and ventral posterior cingulate connectivity in APOE ε4 carriers at risk of Alzheimer's disease
Kerestes, Rebecca, Phal, Pramit M., Steward, Chris, Moffat, Bradford A., Salinas, Simon, Cox, Kay L., Ellis, Kathryn A., Cyarto, Elizabeth V., Ames, David, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Sharman, Matthew J., Salvado, Oliver, Szoeke, Cassandra, Lai, Michelle, Lautenschlager, Nicola T. and Desmond, Patricia M. 2015. Alterations in dorsal and ventral posterior cingulate connectivity in APOE ε4 carriers at risk of Alzheimer's disease. BJPsych Open. 1 (2), pp. 139 - 148. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjpo.bp.115.001339
Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies six novel loci associated with habitual coffee consumption
Cornelis, Marilyn C., Byrne, Enda M., Esko, Tonu, Nalls, Michael A., Ganna, Andrea, Paynter, Nina, Monda, Keri L., Amin, Najaf, Fischer, Krista, Renstrom, Frida, Ngwa, Julius S., Huikari, Ville, Cavadino, Alana, Nolte, Ilja M., Teumer, Alexander, Yu, Kai, Marques-Vidal, Pedro Manuel, Rawal, Rajesh, Manichaikul, Ani, ... UK Brain Expression Consortium (UKBEC) 2015. Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies six novel loci associated with habitual coffee consumption. Molecular Psychiatry. 20 (5), pp. 647 - 656. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2014.107
Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies six novel loci associated with habitual coffee consumption
Cornelis, Marilyn C., Byrne, Enda M., Esko, Tonu, Nalls, Michael A., Ganna, Andrea, Paynter, Nina, Monda, Keri L., Amin, Najaf, Fischer, Krista, Renstrom, Frida, Ngwa, Julius S., Huikari, Ville, Cavadino, Alana, Nolte, Ilja M., Teumer, Alexander, Yu, Kai, Marques-Vidal, Pedro Manuel, Rawal, Rajesh, Manichaikul, Ani, ... UK Brain Expression Consortium (UKBEC) 2015. Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies six novel loci associated with habitual coffee consumption. Molecular Psychiatry. 20 (5), pp. 647 - 656. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2014.107
Is grandparenting a form of social engagement that benefits cognition in ageing?
Burn, Katherine F. and Szoeke, Cassandra 2015. Is grandparenting a form of social engagement that benefits cognition in ageing? Maturitas. 80 (2), pp. 122 - 125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2014.10.017
Semi-automated hippocampal segmentation in people with cognitive impairment using an age appropriate template for registration
Merkel, Bernd, Steward, Christopher, Vivash, Lucy, Malpas, Charles B., Phal, Pramit, Moffat, Bradford A., Cox, Kay L., Ellis, Kathryn A., Ames, David J., Cyarto, Elizabeth V., Lai, Michelle M. Y., Sharman, Matthew J., Szoeke, Cassandra, Masters, Colin L., Lautenschlager, Nicola T. and Desmond, Patricia 2015. Semi-automated hippocampal segmentation in people with cognitive impairment using an age appropriate template for registration. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.24966
Dietary patterns and cognitive decline in an Australian study of ageing
Gardener, S. L., Rainey-Smith, Stephanie R., Barnes, Margaret, Sohrabi, H. R., Weinborn, M., Lim, Yen Ying, Harrington, Karra D., Taddei, Kevin, Gu, Yian, Rembach, Alan R., Szoeke, Cassandra, Ellis, Kathryn A., Masters, C. L., Macaulay, Stuart Lance, Rowe, Christopher C., Ames, David, Keogh, Jennifer B., Scarmeas, Nikolaos and Martins, Ralph N. 2015. Dietary patterns and cognitive decline in an Australian study of ageing. Molecular Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2014.79
Prehypertension in midlife is associated with worse cognition a decade later in middle-aged and older women
Chen, Karen, Henderson, Victor, Stolwyk, Rene, Dennerstein, Lorraine and Szoeke, Cassandra 2015. Prehypertension in midlife is associated with worse cognition a decade later in middle-aged and older women. Age and Ageing. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afv026
Anxiety symptoms, cerebral amyloid burden and memory decline in healthy older adults without dementia: 3-year prospective cohort study
Pietrzak, Robert H., Scott, James, Neumeister, Alexander, Lim, Yen Ying, Ames, David, Ellis, Kathryn A., Harrington, Karra D., Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Szoeke, Cassandra, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Villemagne, Victor L., Rowe, Christopher C. and Maruff, Paul Thomas 2014. Anxiety symptoms, cerebral amyloid burden and memory decline in healthy older adults without dementia: 3-year prospective cohort study. British Journal of Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.113.134239
Rates of diagnostic transition and cognitive change at 18-month follow-up among 1,112 participants in the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Flagship Study of Ageing (AIBL)
Ellis, Kathryn A., Szoeke, Cassandra, Bush, Ashley I., Darby, David, Graham, Petra, Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Macaulay, S Lance, Martins, Ralph N., Maruff, Paul Thomas, Masters, Colin L., McBride, Simon J., Pike, Kerryn E., Rainey-Smith, Stephanie R., Rembach, Alan R., Robertson, Joanne, Rowe, Christopher C., Savage, Greg, Villemagne, Victor L., Woodward, Michael Clifford, ... Ames, David 2014. Rates of diagnostic transition and cognitive change at 18-month follow-up among 1,112 participants in the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Flagship Study of Ageing (AIBL). International Psychogeriatrics. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610213001956
Aß and cognitive change: Examining the preclinical and prodromal stages of Alzheimer's disease
Lim, Yen Ying, Maruff, Paul Thomas, Pietrzak, Robert H., Ellis, Kathryn A., Darby, David, -, David Ames, Harrington, Karra J., Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Szoeke, Cassandra, Savage, Greg, Villemagne, Victor L. and Rowe, Christopher C. 2014. Aß and cognitive change: Examining the preclinical and prodromal stages of Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's and Dementia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2013.11.005
Incidence of cerebral microbleeds in preclinical Alzheimer disease
Yates, Paul A., Desmond, Patricia M., Phal, Pramit M., Steward, Christopher, Szoeke, Cassandra, Salvado, Olivier, Ellis, Kathryn A., Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Ames, David, Villemagne, Victor L. and Rowe, Christopher C. 2014. Incidence of cerebral microbleeds in preclinical Alzheimer disease. Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000000285
Among vitamin B12 deficient older people, high folate levels are associated with worse cognitive function: Combined data from three cohorts
Moore, Eileen, Ames, David, Mander, Alastair, Carne, Ross, Brodaty, Henry, Woodward, Michael Clifford, Boundy, Karen, Ellis, Kathryn A., Bush, Ashley I., Faux, Noel G., Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Szoeke, Cassandra and Watters, David 2014. Among vitamin B12 deficient older people, high folate levels are associated with worse cognitive function: Combined data from three cohorts. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-131265
Associations between gonadotropins, testosterone and ß amyloid in men at risk of Alzheimer's disease
Verdile, G., Laws, S. M., Henley, D., Ames, David, Bush, A. I., Ellis, Kathryn A., Faux, N. G., Gupta, V. B., Li, Q., Masters, C L., Pike, K E., Rowe, C. C., Szoeke, Cassandra, Taddei, K., Villemagne, V. L. and Martins, R. N. 2014. Associations between gonadotropins, testosterone and ß amyloid in men at risk of Alzheimer's disease. Molecular Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2012.147
Effect of amyloid on memory and non-memory decline from preclinical to clinical Alzheimer's disease
Lim, Yen Ying, Maruff, Paul Thomas, Pietrzak, Robert H., Ames, David, Ellis, Kathryn A., Harrington, Karra J., Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Szoeke, Cassandra, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Villemagne, Victor L. and Rowe, Christopher C. 2014. Effect of amyloid on memory and non-memory decline from preclinical to clinical Alzheimer's disease. Brain. 137 (1), pp. 221 - 231. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awt286
Autobiographical narratives relate to Alzheimer's disease biomarkers in older adults
Buckley, Rachel F., Saling, Michael M., Irish, Muireann, Ames, David, Rowe, Christopher C., Villemagne, Victor L., Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Maruff, Paul Thomas, Macaulay, S Lance, Martins, Ralph N., Szoeke, Cassandra, Masters, Colin L., Rainey-Smith, Stephanie R., Rembach, Alan R., Savage, Greg and Ellis, Kathryn A. 2014. Autobiographical narratives relate to Alzheimer's disease biomarkers in older adults. International Psychogeriatrics. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610214001136
Changes in plasma amyloid beta in a longitudinal study of aging and Alzheimer's disease
Rembach, Alan R., Gaux, Noel G., Watt, Andrew D., Pertile, Kelly Kathleen, Rumble, Rebecca L., Trounson, Brett O., Fowler, Christopher J., Roberts, Blaine R., Perez, Keyla A., Li, Qiaoxin, Laws, Simon M., Taddei, Kevin, Rainey-Smith, Stephanie R., Robertson, Joanne, Vandijck, Manu LJ, Vanderstichele, Hugo M. J., Barnham, Kevin Jeffrey, Ellis, Kathryn A., Szoeke, Cassandra, ... Masters, Colin L. 2014. Changes in plasma amyloid beta in a longitudinal study of aging and Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's and Dementia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2012.12.006
Genetic algorithm with logistic regression for prediction of progression to Alzheimer's disease
Johnson, Piers, Vandewater, Luke, Wilson, William, Maruff, Paul Thomas, Savage, Greg, Graham, Petra, Macaulay, Lance S., Ellis, Kathryn A., Szoeke, Cassandra, Martins, Ralph N., Rowe, Christopher C., Masters, Colin L., Ames, David and Zhang, Ping 2014. Genetic algorithm with logistic regression for prediction of progression to Alzheimer's disease. BMC Bioinformatics. 15 (S11), pp. 1 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2105-15-S16-S11
Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and cognition in midlife, post-menopausal women
Chua, Catherine K.Z., Henderson, Victor W., Dennerstein, Lorraine, Ames, David and Szoeke, Cassandra 2014. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and cognition in midlife, post-menopausal women. Neurobiology of Aging. 35 (7), pp. 1654 - 1655. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2014.01.140
The Women's Healthy Ageing Project: Fertile ground for investigation of healthy participants 'at risk' for dementia
Szoeke, Cassandra, Robertson, Joanne, Rowe, Christopher C., Yates, Paul A., Campbell, Katherine, Masters, C. L., Ames, David, Dennerstein, L. and Desmond, P. 2013. The Women's Healthy Ageing Project: Fertile ground for investigation of healthy participants 'at risk' for dementia. International Review of Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.3109/09540261.2013.873394
Lack of reliable evidence for a distinctive e4-related cognitive phenotype that is independent from clinical diagnostic status: Findings from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study
Foster, Jonathan, Albrecht, Matthew A., Savage, Greg, Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Ellis, Kathryn A., Maruff, Paul Thomas, Szoeke, Cassandra, Taddei, Kevin, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L. and Ames, David 2013. Lack of reliable evidence for a distinctive e4-related cognitive phenotype that is independent from clinical diagnostic status: Findings from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study. Brain. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awt127
Aß amyloid, cognition, and APOE genotype in healthy older adults
Lim, Yen Ying, Ellis, Kathryn A., Ames, David, Darby, David, Harrington, Karra J., Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Savage, Greg, Szoeke, Cassandra, Villemagne, Victor L. and Maruff, Paul Thomas 2013. Aß amyloid, cognition, and APOE genotype in healthy older adults. Alzheimer's and Dementia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2012.07.004
Physical activity and amyloid-Beta plasma and brain levels: Results from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study of Ageing
Brown, Belinda M., Peiffer, J. J., Taddei, Kevin, Lui, J. K., Laws, Simon M., Gupta, V. B., Taddei, Tania, Ward, Vanessa K., Rodrigues, Mark A., Burnham, Samantha, Rainey-Smith, Stephanie R., Villemagne, Victor L., Bush, Ashley I., Ellis, Kathryn A., Masters, Colin L., Ames, David, Macaulay, S. Lance, Szoeke, Cassandra, Rowe, Christopher C. and Martins, Ralph N. 2013. Physical activity and amyloid-Beta plasma and brain levels: Results from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study of Ageing. Molecular Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2012.107
Retinal vascular biomarkers for early detection and monitoring of Alzheimer's disease
Frost, Shaun M., Kanagasinam, Yogesan, Sohrabi, Hamid R., Vignarajan, Janardhan, Bourgeat, Pierrick T., Salvado, Oliver, Villemagne, Victor Luis, Rowe, Christopher C., Macaulay, S. Lance, Szoeke, Cassandra, Ellis, Kathryn A., Ames, David, Masters, Colin L., Rainey-Smith, Stephanie R. and Martins, Ralph N. 2013. Retinal vascular biomarkers for early detection and monitoring of Alzheimer's disease. Translational Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1038/tp.2012.150
Normative Data for the Tower Of London Performance in Australian Midlife Women
Lee, Young Eun C., Anderson, Jacqueline F., Dennerstein, Lorraine, Henderson, Victor W. and Szoeke, Cassandra 2013. Normative Data for the Tower Of London Performance in Australian Midlife Women. Australian Psychologist. https://doi.org/10.1111/ap.12033
Factors affecting subjective memory complaints in the AIBL aging study: Biomarkers, memory, affect, and age
Buckley, Rachel F., Saling, Michael M., Ames, David, Rowe, Christopher C., Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Macaulay, S. Lance, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., O'Meara, T., Savage, Greg, Szoeke, Cassandra, Villemagne, Victor L. and Ellis, Kathryn A. 2013. Factors affecting subjective memory complaints in the AIBL aging study: Biomarkers, memory, affect, and age. International Psychogeriatrics. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610213000665
Predicting Alzheimer disease with beta-amyloid imaging: Results from the Australian imaging, biomarkers, and lifestyle study of ageing
Rowe, Christopher C., Bourgeat, Pierrick, Ellis, Kathryn A., Brown, Belinda M., Lim, Yen Ying, Mulligan, Rachel, Jones, Gareth, Maruff, Paul Thomas, Woodward, Michael Clifford, Price, Roger Ian, Robins, Peter, Tochon-Danguy, Henri, O'Keefe, Graeme, Pike, Kerryn E., Yates, Patsy, Szoeke, Cassandra, Salvado, Olivier, Macaulay, S. Lance, O'Meara, Timothy, ... Villemagne, Victor L. 2013. Predicting Alzheimer disease with beta-amyloid imaging: Results from the Australian imaging, biomarkers, and lifestyle study of ageing. Annals of Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.24040
Cognitive consequences of high Aß amyloid in mild cognitive impairment and healthy older adults: Implications for early detection of alzheimer's disease
Lim, Yen Ying, Ellis, Kathryn A., Harrington, Karra J., Kamer, Adrian, Pietrzak, Robert H., Bush, Ashley I., Darby, David G., Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Savage, Greg R., Szoeke, Cassandra, Villemagne, Victor L., Ames, David and Maruff, Paul Thomas 2013. Cognitive consequences of high Aß amyloid in mild cognitive impairment and healthy older adults: Implications for early detection of alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032321
Research and standardization in Alzheimer's trials: Reaching international consensus
Carillo, Maria C., Rowe, Christopher C., Szoeke, Cassandra, Masters, Colin L., Ames, David, O'Meara, Timothy, Macaulay, S Lance, Milner, Andrew, Ellis, Kathryn A., Maruff, Paul Thomas, Rainey-Smith, Stephanie R., Martins, Ralph N., Bain, Lisa J. and Head, Richard 2013. Research and standardization in Alzheimer's trials: Reaching international consensus. Alzheimer's and Dementia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2012.10.006
Cognitive decline in adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment and high amyloid-: Prodromal Alzheimer's disease?
Lim, Yen Ying, Ellis, Kathryn A., Harrington, Karra J., Pietrzak, Robert H., Gale, Joanne, Ames, David, Bush, Ashley I., -, David Darby, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Savage, Greg, Szoeke, Cassandra, Villemagne, Victor L. and Maruff, Paul Thomas 2013. Cognitive decline in adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment and high amyloid-: Prodromal Alzheimer's disease? Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-121771
Three-month stability of the cogstate brief battery in healthy older adults, mild cognitive impairment, and alzheimer's disease: Results from the Australian imaging, biomarkers, and lifestyle-rate of change substudy (AIBL-ROCS)
Lim, Yen Ying, Jaeger, Judith, Harrington, Karra J., Ashwood, Tim J., Ellis, Kathryn A., Stoffler, Albrecht, Szoeke, Cassandra, -, Rebecca Lachovitzki, Martins, Ralph N., Villemagne, Victor L., Bush, Ashley I., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Ames, David, Darby, David and Maruff, Paul Thomas 2013. Three-month stability of the cogstate brief battery in healthy older adults, mild cognitive impairment, and alzheimer's disease: Results from the Australian imaging, biomarkers, and lifestyle-rate of change substudy (AIBL-ROCS). Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology. https://doi.org/10.1093/arclin/act021
Amyloid ß deposition, neurodegeneration, and cognitive decline in sporadic Alzheimer's disease: A prospective cohort study
Villemagne, Victor L., Burnham, Samantha, Bourgeat, Pierrick, Brown, Belinda M., Ellis, Kathryn A., Salvado, Olivier, Szoeke, Cassandra, Macaulay, S. Lance, Martins, Ralph N., Maruff, Paul Thomas, Ames, David, Rowe, Christopher C. and Masters, Colin L. 2013. Amyloid ß deposition, neurodegeneration, and cognitive decline in sporadic Alzheimer's disease: A prospective cohort study. The Lancet Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70044-9
The association of ABeta amyloid and composite cognitive measures in healthy older adults and MCI
Harrington, Karra J., Lim, Yen Ying, Ellis, Kathryn A., Copolov, Carly, Darby, D, Weinborn, M., Ames, David, Martins, R. N., Savage, G., Szoeke, Cassandra, Rowe, C. C., Villemagne, V. L., Masters, C. L. and Maruff, Paul Thomas 2013. The association of ABeta amyloid and composite cognitive measures in healthy older adults and MCI. International Psychogeriatrics. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610213001087
Increased risk of cognitive impairment in patients with diabetes is associated with metformin
Moore, Eileen, Mander, Alastair, Ames, David, Kotowicz, Mark A., Carne, Ross, Brodaty, Henry, Woodward, Michael Clifford, Boundy, Karen, Ellis, Kathryn A., Bush, Ashley I., Faux, Noel G., Martins, Ralph N., Szoeke, Cassandra, Rowe, Christopher C. and Watters, David 2013. Increased risk of cognitive impairment in patients with diabetes is associated with metformin. Diabetes Care. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-0229
Decline in cognitive function over 18 months in healthy older adults with high amyloid-beta
Ellis, Kathryn A., Lim, Yen Ying, Harrington, Karra J., Ames, David, Bush, Ashley I., Darby, David, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Savage, Greg, Szoeke, Cassandra, Villemagne, Victor L. and Maruff, Paul Thomas 2013. Decline in cognitive function over 18 months in healthy older adults with high amyloid-beta. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-122170
Intense physical activity is associated with cognitive performance in the elderly
Brown, Belinda M., Peiffer, John, Sohrabi, Hamid R., Mondal, Alinda, Gupta, Veer B. A., Rainey-Smith, Stephanie R., Taddei, Kevin, Burnham, Samantha C., Ellis, Kathryn A., Szoeke, Cassandra, Masters, Colin L., Ames, David, Rowe, Christopher C. and Martins, Ralph N. 2012. Intense physical activity is associated with cognitive performance in the elderly. Translational Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1038/tp.2012.118
Oestrogen alpha-receptor variant and two-year memory decline in midlife Australian women
Bousman, Chad, Szoeke, Cassandra, Chen, Karen, Dennerstein, Lorraine, Henderson, Victor W. and Everall, Ian P. 2012. Oestrogen alpha-receptor variant and two-year memory decline in midlife Australian women. Neuropsychobiology. https://doi.org/10.1159/000341879
Cortical surface mapping using topology correction, partial flattening and 3D shape context-based non-rigid registration for use in quantifying atrophy in Alzheimer's disease
Acosta, Oscar, Fripp, Jurgen, Dore, Vincent, Bourgeat, Pierrick, Favreau, Jean-Marie, Chetelat, Gael, Rueda, Andrea, Villemagne, Victor L., Szoeke, Cassandra, Ames, David, Ellis, Kathryn A., Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Bonner, Erik, Gris, Florence, Xiao, Di, Raniga, Parnesh, Barra, Vincent and Salvado, Olivier 2012. Cortical surface mapping using topology correction, partial flattening and 3D shape context-based non-rigid registration for use in quantifying atrophy in Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneumeth.2011.12.011
Blood-based protein biomarkers for diagnosis of Alzheimer disease
Doecke, James D., Laws, Simon M., Faux, Noel G., Wilson, William, Burnham, Samantha, Lam, Chiou Peng, Mondal, Alinda, Bedo, Justin, Bush, Ashley I., Brown, Belinda M., De Ruyck, Karl, Ellis, Kathryn A., Fowler, Christopher J., Gupta, V. B., Head, Richard, Macaulay, S. Lance, Pertile, Kelly K., Rowe, Christopher C., Rembach, Alan R., ... Martins, Ralph N. 2012. Blood-based protein biomarkers for diagnosis of Alzheimer disease. Archives of Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1001/archneurol.2012.1282
Predictors of rapid cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease: Results from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study of ageing
Sona, Alessano, Zhang, Ping, Ames, David, Bush, Ashley I., Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Szoeke, Cassandra, Taddei, Kevin and Ellis, Kathryn A. 2012. Predictors of rapid cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease: Results from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study of ageing. International Psychogeriatrics. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610211001335
Hormone levels and cognitive function in postmenopausal midlife women
Ryan, Joanne L., Stanczyk, Frank Z., Dennerstein, Lorraine, Mack, Wendy J., Clark, Margaret S., Szoeke, Cassandra, Kildea, Daniel George and Henderson, Victor W. 2012. Hormone levels and cognitive function in postmenopausal midlife women. Neurobiology of Aging. 33 (3), pp. 617.e11 - 617.e22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2010.07.014
Stronger effect of amyloid load than APOE genotype on cognitive decline in healthy older adults
Lim, Yen Ying, Ellis, Kathryn A., Pietrzak, Robert H., Ames, David, Darby, David, Harrington, Karra J., Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Savage, Greg, Szoeke, Cassandra, Villemagne, Victor L. and Maruff, Paul Thomas 2012. Stronger effect of amyloid load than APOE genotype on cognitive decline in healthy older adults. Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e31826e9ae6
Use of the CogState Brief Battery in the assessment of Alzheimer's disease related cognitive impairment in the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study
Lim, Yen Ying, Ellis, Kathryn A., Harrington, Karra J., Ames, David, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Savage, Greg, Szoeke, Cassandra, Darby, David and Maruff, Paul Thomas 2012. Use of the CogState Brief Battery in the assessment of Alzheimer's disease related cognitive impairment in the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. https://doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2011.643227
Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and Alzheimer's disease risk in an Australian population
Gardener, Samantha L., Gu, Yian, Rainey-Smith, Stephanie R., Keogh, Jennifer B., Clifton, Peter Marshall, Mathieson, S. L., Taddei, Kevin, Mondal, Alinda, Ward, Vanessa K., Scarmeas, Nikolaos, Barnes, Margaret, Ellis, Kathryn A., Head, Richard, Masters, Colin L., Ames, David, Macaulay, Stuart Lance, Rowe, Christopher C., Szoeke, Cassandra and Martins, Ralph N. 2012. Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and Alzheimer's disease risk in an Australian population. Translational Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1038/tp.2012.91
Cognition and beta-amyloid in preclinical Alzheimer's disease: Data from the AIBL study
Pike, Kerryn E., Ellis, Kathryn A., Villemagne, Victor L., Good, Norm, Chetelat, Gael, Ames, David, Szoeke, Cassandra, Laws, Simon M., Verdile, Giuseppe, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L. and Rowe, Christopher C. 2011. Cognition and beta-amyloid in preclinical Alzheimer's disease: Data from the AIBL study. Neuropsychologia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.04.012
Advances in structural and molecular neuroimaging in Alzheimer's disease
Ellis, Kathryn A., Rowe, Christopher C., Szoeke, Cassandra E. I., Villemagne, Victor L., Ames, David, Chetelat, Gael, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Fripp, Jurgen, Acosta, Oscar, Raniga, Parnesh, Bourgeat, Pierrick T. and Salvado, Olivier 2011. Advances in structural and molecular neuroimaging in Alzheimer's disease. Medical Journal of Australia.
Effects of anticholinergic drugs on cognitive function in older Australians: Results from the AIBL study
Sittironnarit, Gobhathai, Ames, David, Bush, Ashley I., Faux, Noel G., Flicker, Leon, Foster, Jonathan, Hilmer, Sarah, Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Maruff, Paul Thomas, Masters, Colin L., Martins, Ralph N., Rowe, Christopher C., Szoeke, Cassandra and Ellis, Kathryn A. 2011. Effects of anticholinergic drugs on cognitive function in older Australians: Results from the AIBL study. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1159/000325171
Plasma apolipoprotein E and Alzheimer disease risk: The AIBL study of aging
Gupta, V. B., Laws, Simon M., Villemagne, Victor L., Ames, David, Bush, Ashley I., Ellis, Kathryn A., Lui, J. K., Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Szoeke, Cassandra, Taddei, K. and Martins, Ralph N. 2011. Plasma apolipoprotein E and Alzheimer disease risk: The AIBL study of aging. Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e318211c352
Association of plasma Aß peptides with blood pressure in the elderly
Lambert, Jean C., Dallongeville, Jean, Ellis, Kathryn A., Schraen-Maschke, Susanna, Lui, James, Laws, Simon M., Dumont, Julie, Richard, Florence, Cottel, Dominique C., Berr, Claudine, Ames, David, Masters, Colin L., Rowe, Christopher C., Szoeke, Cassandra, Tzourio, Christophe, Dartigues, Jean-Francois, Buee, Luc, Martins, Ralph N. and Amouyel, Phillippe 2011. Association of plasma Aß peptides with blood pressure in the elderly. PLoS ONE. 6 (4), pp. 1 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018536
Executive functions in recently postmenopausal women: Absence of strong association with serum gonadal steroids
Ryan, Joanne L., Stanczyk, Frank Z., Dennerstein, Lorraine, Mack, Wendy J., Clark, Margaret S., Szoeke, Cassandra and Henderson, Victor W. 2011. Executive functions in recently postmenopausal women: Absence of strong association with serum gonadal steroids. Brain Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2010.10.093
Homocysteine, vitamin B12, and folic acid levels in Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment, and healthy elderly: Baseline characteristics in subjects of the Australian imaging biomarker lifestyle study
Faux, Noel G., Ellis, Kathryn A., Porter, Lorine, Fowler, Chris J., Laws, Simon M., Martins, Ralph N., Pertile, Kelly K., Rembach, Alan R., Rowe, Christopher C., Rumble, Rebecca L., Szoeke, Cassandra, Taddei, Kevin, Taddei, Tania, Trounson, Brett, Villemagne, Victor L., Ward, Vanessa R., Ames, David, Masters, Colin L. and Bush, Ashley I. 2011. Homocysteine, vitamin B12, and folic acid levels in Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment, and healthy elderly: Baseline characteristics in subjects of the Australian imaging biomarker lifestyle study. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-2011-110752
A web-based normative data tool for assessing cognitive performance in healthy older Australians
McBride, Simon J., Szoeke, Cassandra E. I., Good, Norm M., Ames, David, Martins, Ralph N., Masters, Colin L., Maruff, Paul Thomas, Rowe, Christopher C., Savage, Greg and Ellis, Kathryn A. 2011. A web-based normative data tool for assessing cognitive performance in healthy older Australians. Medical Journal of Australia.
Independent contribution of temporal beta-amyloid deposition to memory decline in the pre-dementia phase of Alzheimer's disease
Chetelat, Gael, Villemagne, Victor L., Pike, Kerryn E., Ellis, Kathryn A., Bourgeat, Pierrick, Jones, Gareth, O'Keefe, Graeme, Salvado, Olivier, Szoeke, Cassandra, Martins, Ralph N., Ames, David, Masters, Colin L. and Rowe, Christopher C. 2011. Independent contribution of temporal beta-amyloid deposition to memory decline in the pre-dementia phase of Alzheimer's disease. Brain. 134 (3), pp. 798 - 807. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awq383