Effect of concentric and eccentric hamstring training on sprint recovery, strength and muscle architecture in inexperienced athletes

Journal article


Duhig, Steven J., Bourne, Matthew N., Buhmann, Robert L., Williams, Morgan D., Minett, Geoffrey M., Roberts, Llion A., Timmins, Ryan G., Sims, Casey K. E. and Shield, Anthony J.. (2019) Effect of concentric and eccentric hamstring training on sprint recovery, strength and muscle architecture in inexperienced athletes. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 22(7), pp. 769 - 774. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.01.010
AuthorsDuhig, Steven J., Bourne, Matthew N., Buhmann, Robert L., Williams, Morgan D., Minett, Geoffrey M., Roberts, Llion A., Timmins, Ryan G., Sims, Casey K. E. and Shield, Anthony J.
Abstract

Objectives To investigate whether five-weeks of concentric (CON) or eccentric (ECC) hamstring strength training have different effects on recovery from sprint running, eccentric strength and architecture of the biceps femoris long head (BFLH). Design Cohort study. Methods Thirty males (age, 22.8 ± 4.1 y; height, 180.1 ± 6.4 cm; weight, 85.2 ± 14.6 kg) were allocated into either a CON or ECC group, both performing nine sessions of resistance training. Prior to and immediately after the five-week intervention, each participant’s BFLH fascicle length (FL), pennation angle (PA), muscle thickness (MT), peak isometric KF torque and Nordic eccentric strength were assessed. Post-intervention, participants performed two timed sprint sessions (10 × 80 m) 48 h apart. Blood samples and passive KF torques were collected before, immediately after, 24 h and 48 h after the first sprint session. Results After five-weeks of strength-training, fascicles lengthened in the ECC (p < 0.001; d = 2.0) and shortened in the CON group (p < 0.001; d = 0.92), while PA decreased for the ECC (p = 0.001; d = 0.52) and increased in the CON group (p < 0.001; d = 1.69). Nordic eccentric strength improved in both ECC (p < 0.001; d = 1.49) and CON (p < 0.001; d = 0.95) groups. No between-group differences were observed in peak isometric strength (p = 0.480), passive KF torques (p = 0.807), sprint performance decrements between sprint sessions (p = 0.317) and creatine kinase (p = 0.818). Conclusions Despite inducing significant differences in BFLH muscle architecture, there were no significant between group differences in sprint performance decrements across two sprint sessions.

Keywordssports medicine; performance; high-speed running; resistance exercise
Year2019
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Journal citation22 (7), pp. 769 - 774
PublisherElsevier Australia
ISSN1440-2440
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.01.010
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85061354315
Page range769 - 774
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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A comparison of physical and technical match performance of a team competing in the english championship league and then the english premier league following promotion
Morgans, Ryland, Adams, David, Mullen, Richard, Sacramento, Joao, McLellan, Chris and Williams, Morgan David. (2015) A comparison of physical and technical match performance of a team competing in the english championship league and then the english premier league following promotion. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 10(2-3), pp. 543 - 549. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.10.2-3.543
Reviewing current knowledge in snatch performance and technique: The need for future directions in applied research
Ho, Lester K. W., Lorenzen, Christian, Wilson, Cameron, Saunders, John and Williams, Morgan. (2014) Reviewing current knowledge in snatch performance and technique: The need for future directions in applied research. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28(2), pp. 574 - 586. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31829c0bf8
Changes in physical performance variables in an English Championship League team across the competitive season: The effect of possession
Morgans, Ryland, Adams, David, Mullen, Richard and Williams, Morgan David. (2014) Changes in physical performance variables in an English Championship League team across the competitive season: The effect of possession. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 14(2), pp. 493 - 503. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2014.11868738
Assessment of conditioning-specific movement tasks and physical fitness measures in talent identified under 16-year-old rugby union players
Parsonage, Joanna, Williams, Rhodri, Rainer, Paul, McKeown, Ian and Williams, Morgan. (2014) Assessment of conditioning-specific movement tasks and physical fitness measures in talent identified under 16-year-old rugby union players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28(6), pp. 1497 - 1506. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000298
Technical and physical performance over an english championship league season
Morgans, Ryland, Adams, David, Mullen, Richard, McLellan, Chris and Williams, Morgan David. (2014) Technical and physical performance over an english championship league season. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 9(5), pp. 1033 - 1042. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.9.5.1033
Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running
Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Schache, Anthony, Dear, Nuala and Shield, Anthony. (2014) Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4), pp. e299 - e305. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12171
Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival
Opar, David, Drezner, Jonathan, Shield, Anthony, Williams, Morgan, Webner, David, Sennett, Brian, Kapur, Rahul, Cohen, M., Ulager, James and Cafengiu, Ana. (2014) Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4), pp. e254 - e259. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12159
Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running
Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Schache, Anthony, Dear, Nuala and Shield, Anthony J.. (2014) Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12171
The financial cost of hamstring strain injuries in the Australian Football League
Hickey, Jack, Shield, Anthony J., Williams, Morgan D. and Opar, David A. (2014) The financial cost of hamstring strain injuries in the Australian Football League. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 48(8), pp. 729-730. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092884
Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival
Opar, David, Drezner, Jonathan, Shield, Anthony, Williams, Morgan, Webner, David, Sennett, Brian, Kapur, Rahul, Cohen, M., Ulager, James and Cafengiu, Ana. (2014) Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12159
A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study
Opar, David, Piatowski, Timothy, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony J.. (2013) A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 43(9), pp. 636 - 640. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2013.4837
The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence
Fyfe, Jackson, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2013) The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 23(3), pp. 523 - 530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.12.006
Knee flexor stength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Dear, Nuala and Shield, Anthony. (2013) Knee flexor stength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.11.004
Applying decision tree induction for identification of important attributes in one-versus-one player interactions : A hockey exemplar
Morgan, Stuart, Williams, Morgan and Barnes, Chris. (2013) Applying decision tree induction for identification of important attributes in one-versus-one player interactions : A hockey exemplar. Journal of Sports Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.770906
Endurance and sprint benefits of high-intensity and supramaximal interval training
Cicioni-Kolsky, Daniel James, Lorenzen, Christian, Williams, Morgan and Kemp, Justin. (2013) Endurance and sprint benefits of high-intensity and supramaximal interval training. European Journal of Sport Science. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2011.606844
A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study
Opar, David, Piatkowski, Timothy, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2013) A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 43(9), pp. 636 - 640. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2013.4837
Successful short passing frequency of defenders differentiates between top and bottom four English Premier League teams
Adams, David, Morgans, Ryland, Sacramento, Joao, Morgan, Stuart and Williams, Morgan David. (2013) Successful short passing frequency of defenders differentiates between top and bottom four English Premier League teams. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 13(3), pp. 653 - 668. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2013.11868678
Rate of torque and electromyographic development during anticipated eccentric contraction is lower in previously strained hamstrings
Opar, David A., Williams, Morgan D., Timmins, Ryan G. and Dear, Nuala M. (2013) Rate of torque and electromyographic development during anticipated eccentric contraction is lower in previously strained hamstrings. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 41(1), pp. 116-125. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546512462809
The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence
Fyfe, Jackson, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2013) The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 23(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.12.006
Knee flexor strength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings
Opar, David A., Williams, Morgan D., Timmins, Ryan G., Dear, Nuala M. and Shield, Anthony J. (2013) Knee flexor strength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 23(3), pp. 696-703. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.11.004
Outcome and process in motor performance : A comparison of jumping by typically developing children and those with low motor proficiency
Williams, Morgan, Saunders, John, Maschette, Wayne Edward and Wilson, Cameron. (2013) Outcome and process in motor performance : A comparison of jumping by typically developing children and those with low motor proficiency. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. https://doi.org/10.1080/1091367X.2013.761029
Exploring Children's Motor Development
Saunders, John, Williams, Morgan and Wilson, Cameron. (2012) Exploring Children's Motor Development. Sports Science in the heart of Europe 17th Annual Congress of the European College of Sprots Science. Germany: European College of Sport Science (ECSS). pp. 1884 - 1884
Classifying training drills based on movement demands in Australian Football
Loader, Jordan, Montgomery, Paul, Williams, Morgan, Lorenzen, Christian and Kemp, Justin. (2012) Classifying training drills based on movement demands in Australian Football. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 7(1), pp. 57 - 67. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.7.1.57
Hamstring strain injuries : Factors that lead to injury and re-injury
Opar, David A., Williams, Morgan D. and Shield, Anthony J. (2012) Hamstring strain injuries : Factors that lead to injury and re-injury. Sports Medicine. 42(3), pp. 209-226. https://doi.org/10.2165/11594800-000000000-00000
Reduction of post-surgical pericardial adhesions using a pig model
Alizzi, Ali M., Summers, Phillip, Boon, Virginia H., Tantiongco, John-Paul, Thompson, Teresa, Leslie, Belinda J., Williams, David, Steele, Michael Craig, Bidstrup, Benjamin P. and Diqer, Al-Mutazz A.. (2012) Reduction of post-surgical pericardial adhesions using a pig model. Heart Lung and Circulation. 21(1), pp. 22 - 29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2011.10.002
Using three-dimensional kinematics to identify feedback for the snatch :A case study
Ho, Kuok Wai, Williams, Morgan, Wilson, Cameron and Meehan, Daniel. (2011) Using three-dimensional kinematics to identify feedback for the snatch :A case study. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(10), pp. 2773 - 2780. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31820f500e
Efficacy of a whole-body vibration intervention on functional performance of community-dwelling older adults
Furness, Trentham, Maschette, Wayne, Lorenzen, Christian, Naughton, Geraldine and Williams, Morgan. (2010) Efficacy of a whole-body vibration intervention on functional performance of community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 16(7), pp. 795 - 797. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2009.0366
Whole body vibration for preventing and treating osteoporosis (protocol)
Lorenzen, Christian, Naughton, Geraldine, Cameron, Lainie, Williams, Morgan and Greene, David. (2010) Whole body vibration for preventing and treating osteoporosis (protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
Acute effects of strength training on running economy
Ho, Kuok Wai, Williams, Morgan D., Wilson, Cameron J., Lorenzen, Hans Christian, Meehan, Daniel L. and Joseph, Corey W.. (2010) Acute effects of strength training on running economy. 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. USA: International Society of Biomechanics. pp. 551 - 554
Breaking the vicious cycle of activity avoidance in an adolescent boy diagnosed with DCD and mild Asperberger's disorder
Aumand, Elizabeth, Williams, Morgan, Wilson, Cameron and Saunders, John. (2010) Breaking the vicious cycle of activity avoidance in an adolescent boy diagnosed with DCD and mild Asperberger's disorder. 4th Exercise and Sport Science Australia Conference - 'Research to Practice' Science and Nutrition in Exercise and Sport. Australia: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science.
Analysis of player workloads for defensive outlets at the Champion's Trophy International Field Hockey
Morgan, Stuart and Williams, Morgan. (2010) Analysis of player workloads for defensive outlets at the Champion's Trophy International Field Hockey. The 15th European College of Sports Science Congress. United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis.
Relationship between velocity reached at VO2max and time-trial performances in elite australian rules footballers
Lorenzen, Christian Hans, Williams, Morgan D., Turk, Paul S., Meehan, Daniel Lawrence and Cicioni-Kolsky, Daniel James. (2009) Relationship between velocity reached at VO2max and time-trial performances in elite australian rules footballers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 4(3), pp. 408 - 411. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.4.3.408
Stabilising the hip and pelvis during running: Is there an explosive solution for uninjured athletes?
Meehan, Daniel Lawrence, Williams, Morgan David, Wilson, Cameron John and Bradshaw, Elizabeth Jane. (2009) Stabilising the hip and pelvis during running: Is there an explosive solution for uninjured athletes? 27th International Conference on Biomechanics; in Sports. Castleroy, Limerick, Ireland: University of Limerick. pp. 390 - 393
Reliability of the Ekblom Soccer-Specific Endurance Test
Williams, Morgan D., Wiltshire, Huw D., Lorenzen, Christian Hans, Wilson, Cameron J., Meehan, Daniel Lawrence and Cicioni-Kolsky, Daniel James. (2009) Reliability of the Ekblom Soccer-Specific Endurance Test. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 23(5), pp. 1378 - 1382. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31819f1e6c
Horizontal positioning error derived from stationary GPS units: A function of time and proximity to building infrastructure
Williams, Morgan and Morgan, Stuart. (2009) Horizontal positioning error derived from stationary GPS units: A function of time and proximity to building infrastructure. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 9(2), pp. 275 - 280.
Exploration of differences in vertical jump performance between typically developing children and those identified with DCD: A kinematic and kinetic analysis
Williams, Morgan. (2008) Exploration of differences in vertical jump performance between typically developing children and those identified with DCD: A kinematic and kinetic analysis [Thesis]. https://doi.org/10.4226/66/5a95e2f4c67fa
Laterality and its effect on lower extremity musculoskeletal stiffness in male soccer players and track runners
Williams, Morgan David, Bradshaw, Elizabeth Jane and Joseph, Corey W.. (2007) Laterality and its effect on lower extremity musculoskeletal stiffness in male soccer players and track runners. In Hans-Joachim Menzel and Mauro Heleno Chagas (Ed.). XXV International Symposium on Biomechanics; in Sports. Segrac,Brazil: Department of Sports, Federal University of Minas Gerais. pp. 613 - 617
Measurement agreement (repeatability) for a countermovement jump protocol using a portable forceplate
Williams, Morgan, Bradshaw, Elizabeth and Maschette, Wayne. (2007) Measurement agreement (repeatability) for a countermovement jump protocol using a portable forceplate. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2(4), pp. 445 - 448. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2.4.445
Differences in vertical jump performance for typically developing compared to those identified with DC
Maschette, Wayne and Williams, Morgan David. (2007) Differences in vertical jump performance for typically developing compared to those identified with DC. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science Conference.
Evaluating strength qualities of athletes using relationships between jump protocols
Williams, Morgan David, Joseph, Corey W. and Bradshaw, Elizabeth Jane. (2007) Evaluating strength qualities of athletes using relationships between jump protocols. In Hans-Joachim Menzel and Mauro Heleno Chagas (Ed.). Federal University of the State of Minas Gerais in Belo Horizonte, Ouro Preto, Brazil. Segrac,Brazil: Department of Sports, Federal University of Minas Gerais. pp. 474 - 477
Novel insights on lower limb musculoskeletal health and performance in pre-adolescent and adolescent gymnasts
Bradshaw, Elizabeth Jane, Lorenzen, Hans Christian, Williams, Morgan David and Le Rossignol, Peter Freeman. (2006) Novel insights on lower limb musculoskeletal health and performance in pre-adolescent and adolescent gymnasts. In M Schwaneder, G Strutzenberger and Sastenbauer et al (Ed.). XXI International Conference on Biomechanics; in Sport. Salzburg, Austria: University of Salzburg. pp. 413 - 417
Timing error by children identified with DCD leads to inefficient jump performance
Williams, Morgan David, Lythgo, Noel Desmond and Maschette, Wayne Edward. (2006) Timing error by children identified with DCD leads to inefficient jump performance. In M Schwaneder, G Strutzenberger and Sastenbauer et al (Ed.). XXIV International Symposium on Biomechanics; in Sports. Salzburg, Austria: University of Salzburg. pp. 54 - 57