Case scenarios to assess Australian general practitioners' understanding of stroke diagnosis, management and prevention
Middleton, Sandy, Sharpe, David, Harris, John, Corbett, Alastair, Lusby, Robert and Ward, Jeanette. (2003). Case scenarios to assess Australian general practitioners' understanding of stroke diagnosis, management and prevention. Stroke. 34(11), pp. 2681-2686. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.STR.0000096209.04460.BB
|Authors||Middleton, Sandy, Sharpe, David, Harris, John, Corbett, Alastair, Lusby, Robert and Ward, Jeanette|
Background and Purpose— Stroke represents the third-leading cause of death in Western society. Prompt and appropriate intervention for those with stroke or at risk of stroke is highly dependent on general practitioners’ (GPs’) knowledge and referral practices.
Methods— We randomly selected 490 eligible GPs from New South Wales, Australia, to complete our self-administered questionnaire. Case scenarios were used to assess GPs’ knowledge of transient ischemic attack/ stroke risk factors, stroke prevention strategies, and management of asymptomatic and symptomatic patients.
Results— We received 296 completed questionnaires (60% response rate). Nearly all GPs (286, 96.6%) strongly agreed or agreed that stroke is a medical emergency. Most were aware that management by multidisciplinary teams improves outcomes (strongly agree or agree, 279; 94.3%). GPs endorsed the effectiveness of aspirin and warfarin in reducing stroke morbidity. GPs also were aware of the benefit of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for symptomatic patients with >80% carotid stenosis but were less aware of the value of CEA for symptomatic patients with moderate stenosis. Vascular surgeon was the specialist of choice for referral of patients with high-grade carotid stenosis. Few GPs reported having seen the Cochrane Collaboration reviews of CEA for symptomatic (3.0%) and asymptomatic (1.7%) patients.
Conclusions— GPs were well apprised of the evidence to support CEA for symptomatic patients with high-grade carotid stenosis. Our findings, however, invite more purposeful and effective education of GPs about stroke prevention, diagnosis, and management if optimal outcomes are to be realized.
|Keywords||carotid endarterectomy; practice guidelines; referral and consultation; stroke|
|Journal citation||34 (11), pp. 2681-2686|
|Publisher||Lippincott Williams & Wilkins|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1161/01.STR.0000096209.04460.BB|
|Research or scholarly||Research|
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|Online||16 Oct 2003|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||11 Jul 2003|
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