Movement abnormalities and psychotic-like experiences in childhood: Markers of developing schizophrenia?

Journal article


MacManus, D., Laurens, Kristin R., Walker, E. F., Brasfield, J. L., Riaz, M. and Hodgins, Sheilagh 2012. Movement abnormalities and psychotic-like experiences in childhood: Markers of developing schizophrenia? Psychological Medicine. 42 (1), pp. 99 - 109. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711001085
AuthorsMacManus, D., Laurens, Kristin R., Walker, E. F., Brasfield, J. L., Riaz, M. and Hodgins, Sheilagh
Abstract

Both involuntary dyskinetic movements and psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are reported to be antecedents of schizophrenia that may reflect dysfunctional dopaminergic activity in the striatum. The present study compared dyskinetic movement abnormalities displayed by children with multiple antecedents of schizophrenia (ASz), including speech and/or motor developmental lags or problems, internalising/externalising problems in the clinical range, and PLEs, with those displayed by children with no antecedents (noASz). The sample included 21 ASz and 31 noASz children, aged 9–12 years old. None had taken psychotropic medication or had relatives with psychosis. The antecedents of schizophrenia were assessed using questionnaires completed by children and caregivers. A trained rater, blind to group status, coded dyskinetic movement abnormalities using a validated tool from videotapes of interviews with the children. ASz children reported, on average, ‘certain experience’ of 2.5 PLEs, while noASz children, by definition, reported none. The ASz children, as compared with noASz children, displayed significantly more dyskinetic movement abnormalities in total, and in the facial and the upper-body regions, after controlling for sex and age. Receiver operator characteristics analyses yielded high area under the curve values for the total score (0.94), facial score (0.91) and upper-body score (0.86), indicating that these scores distinguished between the ASz and noASz children with great accuracy. Brief questionnaires identified children with multiple antecedents of schizophrenia who displayed significantly more involuntary dyskinetic movement abnormalities than children without antecedents. The presence of PLEs and dyskinesias could reflect early disruption of striatal dopamine circuits.

Keywordsantecedents; dopamine; dyskinesia; psychosis; risk factors
Year2012
JournalPsychological Medicine
Journal citation42 (1), pp. 99 - 109
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISSN0033-2917
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711001085
Scopus EID2-s2.0-82555194499
Page range99 - 109
Research GroupSchool of Philosophy
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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Modelling psychosocial influences on the distress and impairment caused by psychotic-like experiences in children and adolescents
Ames, Catherine, Jolley, Suzanne, Laurens, Kristin R., Maddox, Lucy, Corrigall, Richard, Browning, Sophie, Hirsch, Colette R., Hassanali, Nedah, Bracegirdle, Karen and Kuipers, Elizabeth 2014. Modelling psychosocial influences on the distress and impairment caused by psychotic-like experiences in children and adolescents. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 23 (8), pp. 715 - 722. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-013-0500-0
Multivariate neuroanatomical classification of cognitive subtypes in schizophrenia: A support vector machine learning approach
Gould, Ian C., Shepherd, Alana M., Laurens, Kristin R., Cairns, Murray J., Carr, Vaughn J. and Green, Melissa J. 2014. Multivariate neuroanatomical classification of cognitive subtypes in schizophrenia: A support vector machine learning approach. NeuroImage: Clinical. 6, pp. 229 - 236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2014.09.009
Misperceptions of facial emotions among youth aged 9-14 years who present multiple antecedents of schizophrenia
Dickson, Hannah, Calkins, Monica E., Kohler, Christian G., Hodgins, Sheilagh and Laurens, Kristin R. 2014. Misperceptions of facial emotions among youth aged 9-14 years who present multiple antecedents of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin. 40 (2), pp. 460 - 468. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbs193
Modelling psychosocial influences on the distress and impairment caused by psychotic-like experiences in children and adolescents
Ames, Catherine S., Jolley, Suzanne, Laurens, Kristin R., Maddox, Lucy, Corrigall, Richard, Browning, Sophie, Hirsch, Colette R., Hassanali, Nedah, Bracegirdle, Karen and Kuipers, Elizabeth 2014. Modelling psychosocial influences on the distress and impairment caused by psychotic-like experiences in children and adolescents. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 23 (8), pp. 715 - 722. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-013-0500-0
Misperceptions of facial emotions among youth aged 9-14 years who present multiple antecedents of schizophrenia
Dickson, Hannah, Calkins, Monica E., Kohler, Christian G., Hodgins, Sheilagh and Laurens, Kristin R. 2014. Misperceptions of facial emotions among youth aged 9-14 years who present multiple antecedents of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin. 40 (2), pp. 460 - 468. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbs193
Multivariate neuroanatomical classification of cognitive subtypes in schizophrenia: A support vector machine learning approach
Gould, Ian C., Shepherd, Alana M., Laurens, Kristin R., Cairns, Murray J., Carr, Vaughn J. and Green, Melissa J. 2014. Multivariate neuroanatomical classification of cognitive subtypes in schizophrenia: A support vector machine learning approach. NeuroImage: Clinical. 6, pp. 229 - 236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2014.09.009
Birth outcomes and academic achievement in childhood: A population record linkage study
Moore, Elizabeth, Harris, Felicity, Laurens, Kristin R., Green, Melissa J., Brinkman, Sally, Lenroot, Rhoshel K. and Carr, Vaughan J. 2014. Birth outcomes and academic achievement in childhood: A population record linkage study. Journal of Early Childhood Research. 12 (3), pp. 234 - 250. https://doi.org/10.1177/1476718X13515425
Cognitive impairment among children at-risk for schizophrenia
Dickson, Hannah, Cullen, Alexis E., Reichenberg, Abraham, Hodgins, Sheilagh, Campbell, Desmond D., Morris, Robin G. and Laurens, Kristin 2014. Cognitive impairment among children at-risk for schizophrenia. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 50 (1), pp. 92 - 99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2013.12.003
Birth outcomes and academic achievement in childhood: A population record linkage study
Moore, Elizabeth A., Harris, Felicity, Laurens, Kristin R., Green, Melissa J., Brinkman, Sally, Lenroot, Rhoshel K. and Carr, Vaughn J. 2014. Birth outcomes and academic achievement in childhood: A population record linkage study. Journal of Early Childhood Research. 12 (3), pp. 234 - 250. https://doi.org/10.1177/1476718X13515425
Daily stressors and negative life events in children at elevated risk of developing schizophrenia
Cullen, Alexis E., Fisher, Helen L., Roberts, Ruth E., Pariante, C. M. and Laurens, Kristin 2014. Daily stressors and negative life events in children at elevated risk of developing schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry. 204 (5), pp. 354 - 360. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.113.127001
Daily stressors and negative life events in children at elevated risk of developing schizophrenia
Cullen, Alexis E., Fisher, Helen L., Roberts, Ruth E., Pariante, Carmine M. and Laurens, Kristin R. 2014. Daily stressors and negative life events in children at elevated risk of developing schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry. 204 (5), pp. 354 - 360. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.113.127001
Persisting psychotic-like experiences are associated with both externalising and internalising psychopathology in a longitudinal general population child cohort
Downs, Johnny M., Cullen, Alexis E., Barragan, Marcela and Laurens, Kristin R. 2013. Persisting psychotic-like experiences are associated with both externalising and internalising psychopathology in a longitudinal general population child cohort. Schizophrenia Research. 144 (1-3), pp. 99 - 104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2012.12.009
Temporal lobe volume abnormalities precede the prodrome: A study of children presenting antecedents of schizophrenia
Cullen, Alexis E., De Brito, Stéphane A., Gregory, Sarah L., Murray, Robin M., Williams, Steven C. R., Hodgins, Sheilagh and Laurens, Kristin R. 2013. Temporal lobe volume abnormalities precede the prodrome: A study of children presenting antecedents of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin. 39 (6), pp. 1318 - 1327. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbs128
Temporal lobe volume abnormalities precede the prodrome: A study of children presenting antecedents of schizophrenia
Cullen, Alexis E., De Brito, Stéphane A., Gregory, Sarah L., Murray, Robin M., Williams, Steven C. R., Hodgins, Sheilagh and Laurens, Kristin R. 2013. Temporal lobe volume abnormalities precede the prodrome: A study of children presenting antecedents of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin. 39 (6), pp. 1318 - 1327. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbs128
Mismatch negativity (MMN) and sensory auditory processing in children aged 9-12 years presenting with putative antecedents of schizophrenia
Bruggemann, Jason M., Stockill, Helen V., Lenroot, Rhoshel K. and Laurens, Kristin R. 2013. Mismatch negativity (MMN) and sensory auditory processing in children aged 9-12 years presenting with putative antecedents of schizophrenia. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 89 (3), pp. 374 - 380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.05.008
Cognitive behavioural therapy for unusual experiences in children: A case series
Maddox, Lucy, Jolley, Suzanne, Laurens, Kristin R., Hirsch, Colette, Hodgins, Sheilagh, Browning, Sophie, Bravery, Louisa, Bracegirdle, Karen, Smith, Patrick and Kuipers, Elizabeth 2013. Cognitive behavioural therapy for unusual experiences in children: A case series. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 41 (3), pp. 344 - 358. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465812000343
Systematic meta-analysis of childhood social withdrawal in schizophrenia, and comparison with data from at-risk children aged 9-14 years
Matheson, Sandra L., Vijayan, Hena, Dickson, Hannah, Shepherd, Alana M., Carr, Vaughn J. and Laurens, Kristin R. 2013. Systematic meta-analysis of childhood social withdrawal in schizophrenia, and comparison with data from at-risk children aged 9-14 years. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 47 (8), pp. 1061 - 1068. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2013.03.013
Persisting psychotic-like experiences are associated with both externalising and internalising psychopathology in a longitudinal general population child cohort
Downs, Johnny M., Cullen, Alexis E., Barragan, Marcela and Laurens, Kristin R. 2013. Persisting psychotic-like experiences are associated with both externalising and internalising psychopathology in a longitudinal general population child cohort. Schizophrenia Research. 144, pp. 99 - 104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2012.12.009
Systematic meta-analysis of childhood social withdrawal in schizophrenia, and comparison with data from at-risk children aged 9-14 years
Matheson, Sandra L., Vijayan, Hena, Dickson, Hannah, Shepherd, Alana M., Carr, Vaughn J. and Laurens, Kristin R. 2013. Systematic meta-analysis of childhood social withdrawal in schizophrenia, and comparison with data from at-risk children aged 9-14 years. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 47 (8), pp. 1061 - 1068. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2013.03.013
Childhood adversity in schizophrenia: A systematic meta-analysis
Matheson, S. L., Shepherd, Alana M., Pinchbeck, R. M., Laurens, Kristin and Carr, Vaughn J. 2013. Childhood adversity in schizophrenia: A systematic meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine. 43 (2), pp. 225 - 238. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291712000785
Childhood adversity in schizophrenia: A systematic meta-analysis
Matheson, S. L., Shepherd, Alana M., Pinchbeck, R. M., Laurens, Kristin and Carr, Vaughn J. 2013. Childhood adversity in schizophrenia: A systematic meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine. 43 (2), pp. 225 - 238. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291712000785
Cognitive behavioural therapy for unusual experiences in children: A case series
Maddox, Lucy, Jolley, Suzanne, Laurens, Kristin R., Hirsch, Colette, Hodgins, Sheilagh, Browning, Sophie, Bravery, Louisa, Bracegirdle, Karen, Smith, Patrick and Kuipers, Elizabeth 2013. Cognitive behavioural therapy for unusual experiences in children: A case series. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 41 (3), pp. 344 - 358. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465812000343
Mismatch Negativity (MMN) and sensory auditory processing in children aged 9-12years presenting with putative antecedents of schizophrenia
Bruggemann, Jason M., Stockill, Helen V., Lenroot, Rhoshel K. and Laurens, Kristin R. 2013. Mismatch Negativity (MMN) and sensory auditory processing in children aged 9-12years presenting with putative antecedents of schizophrenia. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 89 (3), pp. 374 - 380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.05.008
Meta-analyses of cognitive and motor function in youth aged 16 years and younger who subsequently develop schizophrenia
Dickson, Hannah, Laurens, Kristin, Cullen, Alexis E. and Hodgins, Sheilagh 2012. Meta-analyses of cognitive and motor function in youth aged 16 years and younger who subsequently develop schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine. 42 (4), pp. 743 - 755. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711001693
Is earlier intervention for schizophrenia possible? Identifying antecedents of schizophrenia in children aged 9-12 years
Laurens, Kristin, Hodgins, Sheilagh, Taylor, Erica and Murray, Robin M. 2012. Is earlier intervention for schizophrenia possible? Identifying antecedents of schizophrenia in children aged 9-12 years. in: Schizophrenia: The Final Frontier - A Festschrift for Robin M. Murray United Kingdom: Psychology Press. pp. 19 - 32
Systematic meta-review and quality assessment of the structural brain alterations in schizophrenia
Shepherd, Alana M., Laurens, Kristin R., Matheson, Sandra L., Carr, Vaughn J. and Green, Melissa J. 2012. Systematic meta-review and quality assessment of the structural brain alterations in schizophrenia. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 36 (4), pp. 1342 - 1356. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.12.015
Systematic meta-analysis of insula volume in schizophrenia
Shepherd, Alana M., Matheson, Sandra L., Laurens, Kristin R., Carr, Vaughn J. and Green, Melissa J. 2012. Systematic meta-analysis of insula volume in schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry. 72 (9), pp. 775 - 784. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.04.020
Psychotic-like experiences in a community sample of 8000 children aged 9 to 11 years: An item response theory analysis
Laurens, Kristin R., Hobbs, M. J., Sunderland, M., Green, Melissa J. and Mould, G. L. 2012. Psychotic-like experiences in a community sample of 8000 children aged 9 to 11 years: An item response theory analysis. Psychological Medicine. 42 (7), pp. 1495 - 1506. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711002108
Meta-analyses of cognitive and motor function in youth aged 16 years and younger who subsequently develop schizophrenia
Dickson, Hannah, Laurens, Kristin R., Cullen, Alexis E. and Hodgins, Sheilagh 2012. Meta-analyses of cognitive and motor function in youth aged 16 years and younger who subsequently develop schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine. 42 (4), pp. 743 - 755. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711001693
Systematic meta-review and quality assessment of the structural brain alterations in schizophrenia
Shepherd, Alana M., Laurens, Kristin R., Matheson, Sandra L., Carr, Vaughan J. and Green, Melissa J. 2012. Systematic meta-review and quality assessment of the structural brain alterations in schizophrenia. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 36 (4), pp. 1342 - 1356. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.12.015
Comorbidity of conduct disorder symptoms and internalizing problems in children: Investigating a community and a clinical sample
Polier, Georg G., Vloet, Timo D., Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate, Laurens, Kristin R. and Hodgins, Sheilagh 2012. Comorbidity of conduct disorder symptoms and internalizing problems in children: Investigating a community and a clinical sample. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 21 (1), pp. 31 - 38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-011-0229-6
Systematic meta-analysis of insula volume in schizophrenia
Shepherd, Alana M., Matheson, Sandra L., Laurens, Kristin R., Carr, Vaughan J. and Green, Melissa J. 2012. Systematic meta-analysis of insula volume in schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry. 72 (9), pp. 775 - 784. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.04.020
Comorbidity of conduct disorder symptoms and internalizing problems in children: Investigating a community and a clinical sample
Polier, Georg G., Vloet, Timo D., Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate, Laurens, Kristin R. and Hodgins, Sheilagh 2012. Comorbidity of conduct disorder symptoms and internalizing problems in children: Investigating a community and a clinical sample. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 21 (1), pp. 31 - 38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-011-0229-6
Movement abnormalities and psychotic-like experiences in childhood: Markers of developing schizophrenia?
MacManus, D., Laurens, Kristin, Walker, E. F., Brasfield, J. L., Riaz, M. and Hodgins, Sheilagh 2012. Movement abnormalities and psychotic-like experiences in childhood: Markers of developing schizophrenia? Psychological Medicine. 42 (1), pp. 99 - 109. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711001085
Psychotic-like experiences in a community sample of 8000 children aged 9 to 11 years: An item response theory analysis
Laurens, Kristin, Hobbs, M. J., Sunderland, M., Green, Melissa and Mould, G. L. 2012. Psychotic-like experiences in a community sample of 8000 children aged 9 to 11 years: An item response theory analysis. Psychological Medicine. 42 (7), pp. 1495 - 1506. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711002108
Theory of Mind', psychotic-like experiences and psychometric schizotypy in adolescents from the general population
Barragan, Marcela, Laurens, Kristin R., Navarro, Jose Blas and Obiols, Jordi E. 2011. Theory of Mind', psychotic-like experiences and psychometric schizotypy in adolescents from the general population. Psychiatry Research. 186 (2-3), pp. 225 - 231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2010.07.051
A systematic meta-review grading the evidence for non-genetic risk factors and putative antecedents of schizophrenia
Matheson, Sandra L., Shepherd, Alana M., Laurens, Kristin R. and Carr, Vaughn J. 2011. A systematic meta-review grading the evidence for non-genetic risk factors and putative antecedents of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research. 133 (1-3), pp. 133 - 142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2011.09.020
A systematic meta-review grading the evidence for non-genetic risk factors and putative antecedents of schizophrenia
Matheson, Sandra L., Shepherd, Alana M., Laurens, Kristin R. and Carr, Vaughn J. 2011. A systematic meta-review grading the evidence for non-genetic risk factors and putative antecedents of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research. 133, pp. 133 - 142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2011.09.020
Psychotic-like experiences and depressive symptoms in a community sample of adolescents
Barragan, Marcela, Laurens, Kristin, Navarro, J. B. and Obiols, J. E. 2011. Psychotic-like experiences and depressive symptoms in a community sample of adolescents. European Psychiatry. 26 (6), pp. 396 - 401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2010.12.007
'Theory of Mind', psychotic-like experiences and psychometric schizotypy in adolescents from the general population
Barragan, Marcela, Laurens, Kristin, Navarro, J. B. and Obiols, J. E. 2011. 'Theory of Mind', psychotic-like experiences and psychometric schizotypy in adolescents from the general population. Psychiatry Research. 186 (2017-03-02), pp. 225 - 231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2010.07.051
Psychotic-like experiences and depressive symptoms in a community sample of adolescents
Barragan, Marcela, Laurens, Kristin, Navarro, J. B. and Obiols, J. E. 2011. Psychotic-like experiences and depressive symptoms in a community sample of adolescents. European Psychiatry. 26 (6), pp. 396 - 401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2010.12.007