Revisiting self-regulatory techniques to promote physical activity in older adults: Null-findings from a randomised controlled trial

Journal article


Warner, Lisa M., Wolff, Julia K., Ziegelmann, Jochen P., Schwarzer, Ralf and Wurm, Susanne 2016. Revisiting self-regulatory techniques to promote physical activity in older adults: Null-findings from a randomised controlled trial. Psychology and Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2016.1185523
AuthorsWarner, Lisa M., Wolff, Julia K., Ziegelmann, Jochen P., Schwarzer, Ralf and Wurm, Susanne
Abstract

Objective: A randomised controlled trial (RCT) was conducted to evaluate a three-hour face-to-face physical activity (PA) intervention in community-dwelling older German adults with four groups: The intervention group (IG) received behaviour change techniques (BCTs) based on the health action process approach plus a views-on-ageing component to increase PA. The second intervention group ‘planning’ (IGpl) contained the same BCTs, only substituted the views-on-ageing component against an additional planning task. An active control group received the same BCTs, however, targeting volunteering instead of PA. A passive control group (PCG) received no intervention. Design: The RCT comprised 5 time-points over 14 months in N = 310 participants aged 64+. Main outcome measures: Self-reported as well as accelerometer-assessed PA. Results: Neither PA measure increased in the IG as compared to the other groups at any point in time. Bayes analyses supported these null-effects. Conclusion: A possible explanation for this null-finding in line with a recent meta-analysis is that some self-regulatory BCTs may be ineffective or even negatively associated with PA in interventions for older adults as they are assumed to be less acceptable for older adults. This interpretation was supported by observed reluctance to participate in self-regulatory BCTs in the current study.

Keywordsbehaviour change techniques; intervention; self-regulation; health action process approach; self-monitoring; planning
Year2016
JournalPsychology and Health
PublisherRoutledge
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2016.1185523
Research GroupInstitute for Positive Psychology and Education
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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I do not need a flu shot because I lead a healthy lifestyle' : Compensatory health beliefs make vaccination less likely
Ernsting, A, Schwarzer, Ralf, Lippke, S and Schneider, M 2013. I do not need a flu shot because I lead a healthy lifestyle' : Compensatory health beliefs make vaccination less likely. Health Psychology, Journal of. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105312455076
Relationship between health climate and affective commitment in the workplace
Ernsting, A, Schwarzer, Ralf, Lippke, S and Schneider, M 2013. Relationship between health climate and affective commitment in the workplace. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/14635240.2012.758886
Positive experience, self-efficacy, and action control predict physical activity changes: A moderated mediation analysis
Parschau, Linda, Fleig, Lena, Koring, Milena, Lange, Daniela, Knoll, Nina, Schwarzer, Ralf and Lippke, Sonia 2013. Positive experience, self-efficacy, and action control predict physical activity changes: A moderated mediation analysis. British Journal of Health Psychology. 18 (2), pp. 395 - 406. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8287.2012.02099.x
Depressive symptoms interfere with post-rehabilitation exercise : Outcome expectancies and experience as mediators
Pomp, S, Fleig, L, Schwarzer, Ralf and Lippke, S 2012. Depressive symptoms interfere with post-rehabilitation exercise : Outcome expectancies and experience as mediators. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 17 (6), pp. 698 - 708. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2012.661864
Nicht-lineare Zusammenhänge zwischen Intention und Verhalten: Eine Längsschnittstudie zu körperlicher Aktivität und sozial-kognitiven Prädiktoren [Non-linear relationship between intentions and behavior: A longitudinal study investigating physical activity and its social-cognitive predictors]
Lippke, Sonia, Ernsting, Anna, Richert, Jana, Parschau, Linda, Koring, Milena and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Nicht-lineare Zusammenhänge zwischen Intention und Verhalten: Eine Längsschnittstudie zu körperlicher Aktivität und sozial-kognitiven Prädiktoren [Non-linear relationship between intentions and behavior: A longitudinal study investigating physical activity and its social-cognitive predictors]. Zeitschrift fur Gesundheitspsychologie. 20 (3), pp. 105 - 114. https://doi.org/10.1026/0943-8149/a000064
A combined planning and self-efficacy intervention to promote physical activity : A multiple mediation analysis
Koring, M, Richert, J, Parschau, L, Ernsting, A, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. A combined planning and self-efficacy intervention to promote physical activity : A multiple mediation analysis. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 17 (4), pp. 488 - 498. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2011.608809
Affective and health-related outcome expectancies for physical activity in older adults
Gellert, P, Ziegelmann, J and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Affective and health-related outcome expectancies for physical activity in older adults. Psychology and Health. 27 (7), pp. 816 - 828. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2011.607236
A mediator model of sunscreen use : A longitudinal analysis of social-cognitive predictors and mediators
Craciun, C, Schuz, N, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. A mediator model of sunscreen use : A longitudinal analysis of social-cognitive predictors and mediators. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 19 (1), pp. 65 - 72. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-011-9153-x
Changes in social-cognitive variables are associated with stage transitions in physical activity
Parschau, L, Richert, J, Koring, M, Ernsting, A, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Changes in social-cognitive variables are associated with stage transitions in physical activity. Health Education Research. 27 (1), pp. 129 - 140. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyr085
Longitudinal mental health impact among police responders to the 9/11 terrorist attack
Bowler, Rosemarie, Harris, Matthew, Li, Jiehui, Gocheva, Vihra, Stellman, Steven, Wilson, Katherine, Alper, Howard, Schwarzer, Ralf and Cone, James 2012. Longitudinal mental health impact among police responders to the 9/11 terrorist attack. American Journal of industrial Medicine. 55 (4), pp. 297 - 312. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22000
Translating intentions into sunscreen use : An interaction of self-efficacy and appearance norms
Craciun, C, Schuz, N, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Translating intentions into sunscreen use : An interaction of self-efficacy and appearance norms. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 17 (4), pp. 447 - 456. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2011.613941
Contextual and individual predictors of physical activity : interactions between environmental factors and health cognitions
Schuz, B, Wurm, S, Ziegelmann, J, Wolff, J, Tesch-Romer, C and Warner, Lisa 2012. Contextual and individual predictors of physical activity : interactions between environmental factors and health cognitions. Health Psychology. 31 (6), pp. 714 - 723. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027596
Depressive symptoms interfere with post-rehabilitation exercise : Outcome expectancies and experience as mediators
Pomp, S, Fleig, L, Schwarzer, Ralf and Lippke, S 2012. Depressive symptoms interfere with post-rehabilitation exercise : Outcome expectancies and experience as mediators. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 17 (6), pp. 698 - 708. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2012.661864
A combined planning and self-efficacy intervention to promote physical activity : A multiple mediation analysis
Koring, M, Richert, J, Parschau, L, Ernsting, A, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. A combined planning and self-efficacy intervention to promote physical activity : A multiple mediation analysis. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 17 (4), pp. 488 - 498. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2011.608809
Translating intentions into sunscreen use : An interaction of self-efficacy and appearance norms
Craciun, C, Schuz, N, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Translating intentions into sunscreen use : An interaction of self-efficacy and appearance norms. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 17 (4), pp. 447 - 456. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2011.613941
Health-specific optimism mediates between objective and perceived physical functioning in older adults
Schwarzer, Ralf, Schuz, B, Wurm, S, Warner, Lisa and Tesch-R├â┬Âmer, Clemens 2012. Health-specific optimism mediates between objective and perceived physical functioning in older adults. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 35 (4), pp. 400 - 406. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-011-9368-y
Adherence to physical and mental activity interventions: Coping plans as a mediator and prior adherence as a moderator
Evers, A, Klusmann, V, Schwarzer, Ralf and Heuser, I 2012. Adherence to physical and mental activity interventions: Coping plans as a mediator and prior adherence as a moderator. British Journal of Health Psychology. 17 (3), pp. 477 - 491. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8287.2011.02049.x
Does Adherence Moderate the Effect of Physical or Mental Training on Episodic Memory in Older Women?
Evers, A, Klusmann, V, Schwarzer, Ralf and Heuser, I 2012. Does Adherence Moderate the Effect of Physical or Mental Training on Episodic Memory in Older Women? Advances in Physical Education. 2 (2), pp. 68 - 72. https://doi.org/10.4236/ape.2012.22012
Affective and health-related outcome expectancies for physical activity in older adults
Gellert, P, Ziegelmann, J and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Affective and health-related outcome expectancies for physical activity in older adults. Psychology and Health. 27 (7), pp. 816 - 828. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2011.607236
Long-term adherence to a physical activity intervention : The role of telephone-assisted vs. self-administered coping plans and strategy use
Evers, A, Klusmann, V, Ziegelmann, J, Schwarzer, Ralf and Heuser, I 2012. Long-term adherence to a physical activity intervention : The role of telephone-assisted vs. self-administered coping plans and strategy use. Psychology and Health. 27 (7), pp. 784 - 797. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2011.582114
Facilitating sunscreen use in women by a theory-based online intervention : A randomized controlled trial
Craciun, C, Schuz, N, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Facilitating sunscreen use in women by a theory-based online intervention : A randomized controlled trial. Health Psychology, Journal of. 17 (2), pp. 207 - 216. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105311414955
Enhancing planning strategies for sunscreen use at different stages of change
Craciun, C, Schuz, N, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Enhancing planning strategies for sunscreen use at different stages of change. Health Education Research. 27 (5), pp. 857 - 867. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cys091
Planning and self-efficacy can increase fruit and vegetable consumption : A randomized controlled trial
Kreausukon, Pimchanok, Gellert, P, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Planning and self-efficacy can increase fruit and vegetable consumption : A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 35 (4), pp. 443 - 451. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-011-9373-1
Online intervention engagement predicts smoking cessation
Schwarzer, Ralf and Satow, L 2012. Online intervention engagement predicts smoking cessation. Preventive Medicine. 55 (3), pp. 233 - 236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.07.006
Facilitating sunscreen use in women by a theory-based online intervention : A randomized controlled trial
Craciun, C, Schuz, N, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Facilitating sunscreen use in women by a theory-based online intervention : A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Health Psychology. 17 (2), pp. 207 - 216. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105311414955
A mediator model of sunscreen use : A longitudinal analysis of social-cognitive predictors and mediators
Craciun, C, Schuz, N, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. A mediator model of sunscreen use : A longitudinal analysis of social-cognitive predictors and mediators. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 19 (1), pp. 65 - 72. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-011-9153-x
Synergistic effects of planning and self-efficacy on physical activity
Koring, M, Richert, J, Lippke, S, Parschau, L, Reuter, T and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Synergistic effects of planning and self-efficacy on physical activity. Health Education & Behavior. 39 (2), pp. 152 - 158. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198111417621
Long-term adherence to a physical activity intervention : The role of telephone-assisted vs. self-administered coping plans and strategy use
Evers, A, Klusmann, V, Ziegelmann, J, Schwarzer, Ralf and Heuser, I 2012. Long-term adherence to a physical activity intervention : The role of telephone-assisted vs. self-administered coping plans and strategy use. Psychology and Health. 27 (7), pp. 784 - 797. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2011.582114
Views on aging and emotional benefits of physical activity : Effects of an exercise intervention in older women
Klusmann, V, Evers, A, Schwarzer, Ralf and Heuser, I 2012. Views on aging and emotional benefits of physical activity : Effects of an exercise intervention in older women. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 13 (2), pp. 236 - 242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.11.001
Synergistic effects of planning and self-efficacy on physical activity
Koring, M, Richert, J, Lippke, S, Parschau, L, Reuter, T and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Synergistic effects of planning and self-efficacy on physical activity. Health Education & Behavior. 39 (2), pp. 152 - 158. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198111417621
Multiple plans and memory performance : Results of a randomized controlled trial targeting fruit and vegetable intake
Wiedemann, A, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2012. Multiple plans and memory performance : Results of a randomized controlled trial targeting fruit and vegetable intake. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 35 (4), pp. 387 - 392. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-011-9364-2
Health behavior change
Schwarzer, Ralf 2011. Health behavior change. in: H. S. Friedman (ed.) United States of America: Oxford University Press. pp. 591 - 611
Physical activity intervention in older adults :Does a participating partner make a difference?
Gellert, P, Ziegelmann, J and Warner, Lisa 2011. Physical activity intervention in older adults :Does a participating partner make a difference? European Journal of Ageing. 8 (3), pp. 211 - 219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-011-0193-5
What motivates employees to take part in the seasonal influenza vaccination? :Analysis of willingness to be vaccinated at work
Ernsting, A, Schwarzer, Ralf, Lippke, S and Schneider, M 2011. What motivates employees to take part in the seasonal influenza vaccination? :Analysis of willingness to be vaccinated at work. Arbeitsmedizin Sozialmedizin Umweltmedizin. 46 (5), pp. 320 - 325.
intervention effects of exercise self-regulation on physical exercise and eating fruits and vegetables :A longitudinal study in orthopedic and cardiac rehabilitation
Fleig, L, Lippke, S, Pomp, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2011. intervention effects of exercise self-regulation on physical exercise and eating fruits and vegetables :A longitudinal study in orthopedic and cardiac rehabilitation. Preventive Medicine. 53 (3), pp. 182 - 187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.06.019
How planning facilitates behaviour change :Additive and interactive effects of a randomized controlled trial
Wiedemann, A, Lippke, S, Reuter, T, Ziegelmann, J and Schwarzer, Ralf 2011. How planning facilitates behaviour change :Additive and interactive effects of a randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Social Psychology. 41 (1), pp. 42 - 51. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.724
Improving cognition by adherence to physical or mental exercise :A moderated mediation analysis
Evers, A, Klusmann, V, Schwarzer, Ralf and Heuser, I 2011. Improving cognition by adherence to physical or mental exercise :A moderated mediation analysis. Aging and Mental Health. 15 (4), pp. 446 - 455. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2010.543657
A brief questionnaire on metacognition :Psychometric properties
Klusmann, V, Eversa, A, Schwarzer, Ralf and Heuser, I 2011. A brief questionnaire on metacognition :Psychometric properties. Aging and Mental Health. 15 (8), pp. 1052 - 1062. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2011.583624
Activity experiences shape perceived fitness trajectories :Results from a 6-month randomized controlled trial in older women
Klusmann, V, Evers, A, Schwarzer, Ralf and Heuser, I 2011. Activity experiences shape perceived fitness trajectories :Results from a 6-month randomized controlled trial in older women. Neuropsychology, Development and Cognition. Section B: Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition: a journal on normal and dysfunctional development. 18 (3), pp. 328 - 339. https://doi.org/10.1080/13825585.2011.553272
Maintaining autonomy despite multimorbidity :Self-efficacy and the two faces of social support
Ziegelmann, J, Schuz, B, Wurm, S, Tesch-Romer, C and Warner, Lisa 2011. Maintaining autonomy despite multimorbidity :Self-efficacy and the two faces of social support. European Journal of Ageing. 8 (1), pp. 3 - 3. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-011-0176-6
Self-efficacy as a moderator of the planning-behaviour relationship in interventions designed to promote physical activity
Luszczynska, A, Schwarzer, Ralf, Lippke, S and Mazurkiewicz, M 2011. Self-efficacy as a moderator of the planning-behaviour relationship in interventions designed to promote physical activity. Psychology and Health. 26 (2), pp. 151 - 166. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2011.531571
Synergistic effect of social support and self-efficacy on physical exercise in older adults
Ziegelmann, J, Schuz, B, Wurm, S and Warner, Lisa 2011. Synergistic effect of social support and self-efficacy on physical exercise in older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 19 (3), pp. 249 - 261. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.19.3.249
Forshung zur Selbstwirksamkeit bei Lehrerinnen und Lehrern
Schwarzer, Ralf and Warner, Lisa 2011. Forshung zur Selbstwirksamkeit bei Lehrerinnen und Lehrern. in: E. Terhart, H. Bennewitz and M. Rothland (ed.) Handbuch der Forschung zum Lehrerberuf Germany: Waxmann. pp. 496 - 510
Changes in Functional Health, Changes in Medication Beliefs, and Medication Adherence
Schuz, B, Wurm, S, Ziegelmann, J, Tesch-Romer, C and Warner, Lisa 2011. Changes in Functional Health, Changes in Medication Beliefs, and Medication Adherence. Health Psychology. 30 (1), pp. 31 - 39. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021881
Exercise maintenance after rehabilitation :How experience can make a difference
Fleig, L, Lippke, S, Pomp, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2011. Exercise maintenance after rehabilitation :How experience can make a difference. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 12 (3), pp. 293 - 299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.01.003
Mechanisms of Health Behavior Change in Persons With Chronic illness or Disability :The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA)
Schwarzer, Ralf, Lippke, S and Luszczynska, A 2011. Mechanisms of Health Behavior Change in Persons With Chronic illness or Disability :The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA). Rehabilitation Psychology. 56 (3), pp. 161 - 170. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024509
Medication beliefs predict medication adherence in older adults with multiple illnesses
Schuz, B, Marx, C, Wurm, S, Ziegelmann, J, Schwarzer, Ralf and Tesch-Romer, C 2011. Medication beliefs predict medication adherence in older adults with multiple illnesses. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 70 (2), pp. 179 - 187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.07.014
Changes in intentions, planning, and self-efficacy predict changes in behaviors : An application of latent true change modeling
Reuter, T, Ziegelmann, J, Wiedemann, A, Geiser, C, Lippke, S, Schuz, B and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Changes in intentions, planning, and self-efficacy predict changes in behaviors : An application of latent true change modeling. Journal of Health Psychology. 15 (6), pp. 935 - 947. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105309360071
inflammatory biomarkers in 70 depressed inpatients with and without the metabolic syndrome
Zeugmann, S, Quante, A, Heuser, I, Schwarzer, Ralf and Anghelescu, I 2010. inflammatory biomarkers in 70 depressed inpatients with and without the metabolic syndrome. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 71 (8), pp. 1007 - 1016. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.08m04767blu
Planning bridges the intention-behaviour gap : Age makes a difference and strategy use explains why
Reuter, T, Ziegelmann, J, Lippke, S, Schuz, N and Aiken, L 2010. Planning bridges the intention-behaviour gap : Age makes a difference and strategy use explains why. Psychology and Health. 25 (7), pp. 873 - 887. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870440902939857
Risk perception moderates how intentions are translated into sunscreen use
Craciun, C., Schuz, N., Lippke, S. and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Risk perception moderates how intentions are translated into sunscreen use. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 33 (5), pp. 392 - 398. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-010-9269-5
Comparison of individual criteria and externally imposed criteria for stage allocation : Findings from an internet study addressing physical activity
Richert, J, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Comparison of individual criteria and externally imposed criteria for stage allocation : Findings from an internet study addressing physical activity. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 14 (4), pp. 225 - 240. https://doi.org/10.1080/1091367X.2010.520242
Comparison of individual criteria and externally imposed criteria for stage allocation : Findings from an internet study addressing physical activity
Richert, J, Lippke, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Comparison of individual criteria and externally imposed criteria for stage allocation : Findings from an internet study addressing physical activity. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 14 (4), pp. 225 - 240. https://doi.org/10.1080/1091367X.2010.520242
Intentions, planning, and self-efficacy predict physical activity in Chinese and Polish adolescents : Two moderated mediation analyses
Luszczynska, A, Cao, D, Mallach, N, Pietron, K, Mazurkiewicz, M and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Intentions, planning, and self-efficacy predict physical activity in Chinese and Polish adolescents : Two moderated mediation analyses. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. 10 (2), pp. 265 - 278.
Emotional and uncontrolled eating styles and chocolate chip cookie consumption. A controlled trial of the effects of positive mood enhancement
Turner, Sally Ann, Luszczynska, A, Warner, Lisa and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Emotional and uncontrolled eating styles and chocolate chip cookie consumption. A controlled trial of the effects of positive mood enhancement. Appetite. 54 (1), pp. 143 - 149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2009.09.020
Stage-matched minimal interventions to enhance physical activity in Chinese adolescents
Schwarzer, Ralf, Cao, D and Lippke, S 2010. Stage-matched minimal interventions to enhance physical activity in Chinese adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 47 (6), pp. 533 - 539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.03.015
Translating intentions into nutrition behaviors via planning requires self-efficacy : Evidence from Thailand and Germany
Schwarzer, Ralf, Richert, J, Kreausukon, P, Remme, L, Wiedemann, A and Reuter, T 2010. Translating intentions into nutrition behaviors via planning requires self-efficacy : Evidence from Thailand and Germany. International Journal of Psychology. 45 (4), pp. 260 - 268. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207591003674479
Intentions, planning, and self-efficacy predict physical activity in Chinese and Polish adolescents : Two moderated mediation analyses
Luszczynska, A, Cao, D, Mallach, N, Pietron, K, Mazurkiewicz, M and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Intentions, planning, and self-efficacy predict physical activity in Chinese and Polish adolescents : Two moderated mediation analyses. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. 10 (2), pp. 265 - 278.
Complex mental and physical activity in older women and cognitive performance : A 6-month randomized controlled trial
Klusmann, V, Evers, A, Schwarzer, Ralf, Schlattmann, P, Reischies, F, Heuser, I and Dimeo, Fernando 2010. Complex mental and physical activity in older women and cognitive performance : A 6-month randomized controlled trial. Journals of Gerontology: Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 65 A (6), pp. 680 - 688. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glq053
Synergistic effects of intention and depression on action control : Longitudinal predictors of exercise after rehabilitation
Pomp, S, Lippke, S, Fleig, L and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Synergistic effects of intention and depression on action control : Longitudinal predictors of exercise after rehabilitation. Mental Health and Physical Activity. 3 (2), pp. 78 - 84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2010.09.005
Differential effects of planning and self-efficacy on fruit and vegetable consumption
Richert, J, Reuter, T, Wiedemann, A, Lippke, S, Ziegelmann, J and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Differential effects of planning and self-efficacy on fruit and vegetable consumption. Appetite. 54 (3), pp. 611 - 614. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2010.03.006
Validity of a Stage Algorithm for Physical Activity in Participants Recruited From Orthopedic and Cardiac Rehabilitation Clinics
Lippke, S, Fleig, L, Pomp, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Validity of a Stage Algorithm for Physical Activity in Participants Recruited From Orthopedic and Cardiac Rehabilitation Clinics. Rehabilitation Psychology. 55 (4), pp. 398 - 408. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021563
Complex mental and physical activity in older women and cognitive performance : A 6-month randomized controlled trial
Klusmann, V, Evers, A, Schwarzer, Ralf, Schlattmann, P, Reischies, F, Heuser, I and Dimeo, Fernando 2010. Complex mental and physical activity in older women and cognitive performance : A 6-month randomized controlled trial. Journals of Gerontology: Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 65 A (6), pp. 680 - 688. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glq053
Synergistic effects of intention and depression on action control : Longitudinal predictors of exercise after rehabilitation
Pomp, S, Lippke, S, Fleig, L and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Synergistic effects of intention and depression on action control : Longitudinal predictors of exercise after rehabilitation. Mental Health and Physical Activity. 3 (2), pp. 78 - 84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2010.09.005
Translating intentions into nutrition behaviors via planning requires self-efficacy : Evidence from Thailand and Germany
Schwarzer, Ralf, Richert, J, Kreausukon, P, Remme, L, Wiedemann, A and Reuter, T 2010. Translating intentions into nutrition behaviors via planning requires self-efficacy : Evidence from Thailand and Germany. International Journal of Psychology. 45 (4), pp. 260 - 268. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207591003674479
Validity of a Stage Algorithm for Physical Activity in Participants Recruited From Orthopedic and Cardiac Rehabilitation Clinics
Lippke, S, Fleig, L, Pomp, S and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Validity of a Stage Algorithm for Physical Activity in Participants Recruited From Orthopedic and Cardiac Rehabilitation Clinics. Rehabilitation Psychology. 55 (4), pp. 398 - 408. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021563
Stage-matched minimal interventions to enhance physical activity in Chinese adolescents
Schwarzer, Ralf, Cao, D and Lippke, S 2010. Stage-matched minimal interventions to enhance physical activity in Chinese adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 47 (6), pp. 533 - 539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.03.015
Changes in intentions, planning, and self-efficacy predict changes in behaviors : An application of latent true change modeling
Reuter, T, Ziegelmann, J, Wiedemann, A, Geiser, C, Lippke, S, Schuz, B and Schwarzer, Ralf 2010. Changes in intentions, planning, and self-efficacy predict changes in behaviors : An application of latent true change modeling. Health Psychology, Journal of. 15 (6), pp. 935 - 947. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105309360071
inflammatory biomarkers in 70 depressed inpatients with and without the metabolic syndrome
Zeugmann, S, Quante, A, Heuser, I, Schwarzer, Ralf and Anghelescu, I 2010. inflammatory biomarkers in 70 depressed inpatients with and without the metabolic syndrome. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 71 (8), pp. 1007 - 1016. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.08m04767blu
Testing stage-specific effects of a stage-matched intervention : A randomized controlled trial targeting physical exercise and its predictors
Lippke, S, Schwarzer, Ralf, Ziegelmann, J, Scholz, U and Schuz, B 2010. Testing stage-specific effects of a stage-matched intervention : A randomized controlled trial targeting physical exercise and its predictors. Health Education & Behavior. 37 (4), pp. 533 - 546. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198109359386
Testing stage-specific effects of a stage-matched intervention : A randomized controlled trial targeting physical exercise and its predictors
Lippke, S, Schwarzer, Ralf, Ziegelmann, J, Scholz, U and Schuz, B 2010. Testing stage-specific effects of a stage-matched intervention : A randomized controlled trial targeting physical exercise and its predictors. Health Education & Behavior. 37 (4), pp. 533 - 546. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198109359386
Transmission of depressive symptoms - a study with Coules undergoing assisted-reproduction treatment
Knoll, Nina, Schwarzer, Ralf, Pfuller, B. and Kienle, R. 2009. Transmission of depressive symptoms - a study with Coules undergoing assisted-reproduction treatment. European Psychologist. 14 (1), pp. 7 - 17. https://doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040.14.1.7
Prediction of stage transitions in fruit and vegetable intake
Wiedemann, Amelie U., Lippke, Sonia, Reuter, Tabea, Schuz, Benjamin, Ziegelmann, Jochen P. and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Prediction of stage transitions in fruit and vegetable intake. Health Education Research. 24 (4), pp. 596 - 607. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyn061
Verhalten und gesundheit
Reuter, T. and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Verhalten und gesundheit. in: J. Bengel and M. Jerusalem (ed.) Handbuch der Gesundheits-psychologie und Medizinischen Psychologie Germany: Hogrefe Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. pp. 34 - 45
Gesundheitspsychologie
Schwarzer, Ralf 2009. Gesundheitspsychologie. in: Psychologie - Experten als Zeitzeugen Germany: Hogrefe Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. pp. 240 - 249
Long-term relations between intentions, planning, and exercise: A 3-year longitudinal study after orthopedic rehabilitation
Reuter, Tabea, Ziegelmann, Jochen P., Lippke, Sonia and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Long-term relations between intentions, planning, and exercise: A 3-year longitudinal study after orthopedic rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Psychology. 54 (4), pp. 363 - 371. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017830
Predicting transitions from preintentional, intentional and actional stages of change
Schuz, Benjamin, Sniehotta, Falko F., Mallach, Natalie, Wiedemann, Amelie U. and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Predicting transitions from preintentional, intentional and actional stages of change. Health Education Research. 24 (1), pp. 64 - 75. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cym092
Health psychology at the international congress of psychology in berlin, Germany, 2008
Schwarzer, Ralf and Richert, J. 2009. Health psychology at the international congress of psychology in berlin, Germany, 2008. Zeitschrift fur Gesundheitspsychologie. 17 (1), pp. 40 - 42. https://doi.org/10.1026/0943-8149.17.1.40
Transmission of depressive symptoms: A study with couples undergoing assisted-reporduction treatment
Knoll, Nina, Schwarzer, Karl Ralf, Pfuller, Bettina and Kienle, Rolf 2009. Transmission of depressive symptoms: A study with couples undergoing assisted-reporduction treatment. European Psychologist. 14 (1), pp. 7 - 17. https://doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040.14.1.7
Selbstwirksamkeit bei Lehrkraften
Warner, Lisa M. and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Selbstwirksamkeit bei Lehrkraften. in: Lehrprofessionalitat Germany: Beltz Verlag. pp. 629 - 640
Effects of stress and psychosocial resources on anxiety, depression, and somatisation in Costa Rican workers
Gutierrez-Dona, Benicio, Luszczynska, Aleksandra and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Effects of stress and psychosocial resources on anxiety, depression, and somatisation in Costa Rican workers. in: K. A Moore and P. Buchwald (ed.) Stress and anxiety: Application to adolescence, job stress and personality Germany: Logos Verlag Berlin. pp. 89 - 101
Self-efficacy and planning predict dietary behaviors in Costa Rican and South Korean women: Two moderated mediation analyses
Gutierrez-Dona, Benicio, Lippke, Sonia, Renner, Britta, Kwon, Sunkyo and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Self-efficacy and planning predict dietary behaviors in Costa Rican and South Korean women: Two moderated mediation analyses. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. 1 (1), pp. 91 - 104. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-0854.2009.01004.x
Validity of stage assessment in the adoption and maintenance of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption
Lippke, Sonia, Ziegelmann, Jochen P., Schwarzer, Karl Ralf and Velicer, Wayne F. 2009. Validity of stage assessment in the adoption and maintenance of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption. Health Psychology. 28 (2), pp. 183 - 193. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0012983
Self-efficacy moderates the mediation of intentions into behavior via plans
Lippke, Sonia, Wiedemann, Amelie U., Ziegelmann, Jochen P., Reuter, Tabea and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Self-efficacy moderates the mediation of intentions into behavior via plans. American Journal of Health Behavior. 33 (5), pp. 521 - 529. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.33.5.5
Selbstwirksamkeitserwartung
Hohmann, Cynthia and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Selbstwirksamkeitserwartung. in: J. Bengel and M. Jerusalem (ed.) Handbuch der Gesundheits-psychologie und Medizinischen Psychologie Germany: Hogrefe Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. pp. 61 - 67
Planning and self-efficacy of participants in an online intervention for cessation motivated smokers [Forskningsetik i forskning som involverar barn: Etik som riskhantering och etik som Forskningspraktik]
Satow, Lars, Lippke, Sonia and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Planning and self-efficacy of participants in an online intervention for cessation motivated smokers [Forskningsetik i forskning som involverar barn: Etik som riskhantering och etik som Forskningspraktik]. Zeitschrift fur Gesundheitspsychologie. 17 (3), pp. 114 - 120. https://doi.org/10.1026/0943-8149.17.3.114
Disentangling the relation between intentions, planning, and behaviour: A moderated mediation analysis
Wiedemann, A. U., Schuz, B., Sniehotta, F., Scholz, U. and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2009. Disentangling the relation between intentions, planning, and behaviour: A moderated mediation analysis. Psychology and Health. 24 (1), pp. 67 - 79. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870440801958214
Social-cognitive predictors of dietary behaviors in South Korean men and women
Renner, Britta, Kwon, Sunkyo, Yang, Byung-Hwan, Paik, Ki-Chung, Kim, Seok Hyeon, Roh, Sungwon, Song, Jaechul and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2008. Social-cognitive predictors of dietary behaviors in South Korean men and women. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 15 (1), pp. 4 - 13. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03003068
Modeling health behavior change: How to predict and modify the adoption and maintenance of health behaviors
Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2008. Modeling health behavior change: How to predict and modify the adoption and maintenance of health behaviors. Applied Psychology - An International Review. 57 (1), pp. 1 - 29. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2007.00325.x
Health action process approach: A research agenda at the Freie Universitat Berlin to examine and promote health behavior change
Schwarzer, Karl Ralf, Lippke, Sonia and Ziegelmann, Jochen P. 2008. Health action process approach: A research agenda at the Freie Universitat Berlin to examine and promote health behavior change. Zeitschrift fur Gesundheitspsychologie. 16, pp. 157 - 160. https://doi.org/10.1026/0943-8149.16.3.157
Creative organizational climate of schools, general self-efficacy, creativity self-efficacy, and cultural efficacy of teachers
Yi, Xinfa, Cai, Shushan, Scheithauer, Herbert, Schwarzer, Karl Ralf, Luo, Liang, Huang, Silin and Chen, Guang 2008. Creative organizational climate of schools, general self-efficacy, creativity self-efficacy, and cultural efficacy of teachers. Hong Kong Educational Research Journal. 23 (2), pp. 227 - 251.
How to overcome health-compromising behaviors: The health action process approach
Schwarzer, Ralf and Luszczynska, A. 2008. How to overcome health-compromising behaviors: The health action process approach. European Psychologist. 13 (2), pp. 141 - 151. https://doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040.13.2.141
Models of health behaviour change: Intention as mediator or stage as moderator?
Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2008. Models of health behaviour change: Intention as mediator or stage as moderator? Psychology and Health. 23 (3), pp. 259 - 263. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870440801889476
Some burning issues in research on health behavior change: Response
Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2008. Some burning issues in research on health behavior change: Response. Applied Psychology. 57 (1), pp. 84 - 93. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2007.00324.x
Beyond behavioural intentions: Planning mediates between intentions and physical activity
Scholz, Urte, Schuz, Benjamin, Ziegelmann, Jochen P., Lippke, Sonia and Schwarzer, Karl Ralf 2008. Beyond behavioural intentions: Planning mediates between intentions and physical activity. British Journal of Health Psychology. 13 (3), pp. 479 - 494. https://doi.org/10.1348/135910707X216062
Perceived teacher self-efficacy as a predictor of job stress and burnout: Mediation analyses
Schwarzer, Karl Ralf and Hallum, Suhair 2008. Perceived teacher self-efficacy as a predictor of job stress and burnout: Mediation analyses. Applied Psychology - An International Review. 57 (S1), pp. 152 - 171. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2008.00359.x
Social-cognitive predictors of physical exercise adherence: Three longitudinal studies in rehabilitation
Schwarzer, Karl Ralf, Luszczynska, Aleksandra, Ziegelmann, Jochen P., Scholz, Urte and Lippke, Sonia 2008. Social-cognitive predictors of physical exercise adherence: Three longitudinal studies in rehabilitation. Health Psychology. 27 (1 SUPPL.), pp. 54 - 63. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.27.1(Suppl.).S54
Reactive, anticipatory, preventive, and proactive coping: A theoretical distinction
Schwarzer, Karl Ralf and Luszczynska, A. 2008. Reactive, anticipatory, preventive, and proactive coping: A theoretical distinction. The Prevention Researcher. 15 (4), pp. 22 - 24.