'Fighting' for surviva : A systematic review of physically violent behavior perpetrated and experienced by homeless young people

Journal article


Heerde, Jessica A., Hemphill, Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E. and Prof., Sheryl A. Hemphill. (2014) 'Fighting' for surviva : A systematic review of physically violent behavior perpetrated and experienced by homeless young people. Aggression and Violent Behavior. 19(1), pp. 50 - 66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2013.12.002
AuthorsHeerde, Jessica A., Hemphill, Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E. and Prof., Sheryl A. Hemphill
Abstract

Objectives: This systematic review appraises published studies reporting associations between homelessness, perpetration of physically violent behavior and experience of victimization due to others' physically violent behavior, among young people.

Methods: A comprehensive systematic search of psychology, sociology, and health electronic databases, including PsycInfo and SocIndex was conducted. Search terms examined (a) homeless youth, (b) perpetration of physically violent behavior, and (c) experience of victimization due to others' physically violent behavior.

Results: Twenty-nine studies met the inclusion criteria. Findings showed homeless youth report engaging in physically violent behavior including assault, physical fights, and robbery, and commonly describe victimization experiences such as being physically assaulted, threatened with weapons, and robbed. Rates of perpetration of physically violent behavior and experiences of victimization were inconsistent across reviewed studies. It is unclear whether homelessness is a predictor of the perpetration of physically violent behavior and/or victimization. Findings suggest that perpetration of, and being victimized by others' physically violent behavior, may vary for sub-groups of homeless youth.

Conclusions: Further research embedded within theoretical perspectives that consider the influence of situational antecedents is warranted to examine whether homelessness is predictive of engagement in physically violent behavior and the experience of victimization due to others' physically violent behavior.

Keywordshomelessness; adolescence; physically violent behavior; victimization; systematic review; violence
Year2014
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Journal citation19 (1), pp. 50 - 66
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN1359-1789
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2013.12.002
Page range50 - 66
Research GroupSchool of Philosophy
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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