Conservation costs: nature-based tourism as development at Cuc Phuong National Park, Vietnam

Journal article

Rugendyke, Barbara and Son, Nguyen Thi. (2005). Conservation costs: nature-based tourism as development at Cuc Phuong National Park, Vietnam. Asia Pacific Viewpoint. 46(2), pp. 185 - 200.
AuthorsRugendyke, Barbara and Son, Nguyen Thi

Local communities are frequently displaced from areas selected for environmental protection. Development of nature‐based tourism, believed to be more environmentally benign than traditional agricultural systems, has been encouraged by governments and national park managers in the hope of providing alternative livelihoods for local people. This paper examines the extent to which indigenous peoples resettled from within one Vietnamese national park have engaged with the nascent tourism industry, thereby providing a perspective on the success of their resettlement, through the eyes of those communities affected. The perspectives of resettled peoples are contrasted with those of villagers who have continued to reside within the national park, using traditional means of survival, along with new initiatives designed to supplement their livelihoods and to reduce their dependence on national park resources for survival. Resettled villagers are unable to survive on agricultural activity alone, tourism has done little to provide an alternate livelihood and the park environment is still threatened by the use of park resources by resettled communities in their struggle to survive.

Keywordsdevelopment; Vietnam; conservation; environmental sustainability; resettlement; nature‐based tourism; national parks
JournalAsia Pacific Viewpoint
Journal citation46 (2), pp. 185 - 200
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Page range185 - 200
Research GroupSchool of Arts
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File Access Level
Place of publicationAustralia
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