Attachment orientations and dispositional gratitude: The mediating roles of perceived social support and self-esteem

Journal article


Zhang, Lijuan, Zhang, Shupeng, Yang, Ying and Li, Caina. (2017). Attachment orientations and dispositional gratitude: The mediating roles of perceived social support and self-esteem. Personality and Individual Differences. 114, pp. 193 - 197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.04.006
AuthorsZhang, Lijuan, Zhang, Shupeng, Yang, Ying and Li, Caina
Abstract

The present study seeks to examine the effect of attachment orientations on dispositional gratitude and whether it would be mediated by self-esteem and perceived social support. Nine-hundred-and-twenty-eight Chinese college students completed the Self-esteem Scale (SES), the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale (MPSSS), the Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory (ECR), and the Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test (GRAT). It was revealed that both attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety were negatively associated with dispositional gratitude. Mediational analyses showed that attachment avoidance was indirectly related to dispositional gratitude through perceived social support and self-esteem, whereas attachment anxiety exerted effect on dispositional gratitude both directly and indirectly through self-esteem. These findings highlight the importance of attachment security for cultivating virtues such as dispositional gratitude and contribute to a more complete understanding of self- and other-representations.

Keywordsattachment orientations; dispositional gratitude; perceived social support; self-esteem
Year2017
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Journal citation114, pp. 193 - 197
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0191-8869
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.04.006
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85017564455
Page range193 - 197
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
EditorsD. Saklofske
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