Self-compassion interventions and psychosocial outcomes: A meta-analysis of RCTs

Journal article


Ferrari, Madeleine, Hunt, Caroline, Harrysunker, Ashish, Abbott, Maree J., Beath, Alissa P. and Einstein, Danielle A.. (2019). Self-compassion interventions and psychosocial outcomes: A meta-analysis of RCTs. Mindfulness. 10, pp. 1455 - 1473. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01134-6
AuthorsFerrari, Madeleine, Hunt, Caroline, Harrysunker, Ashish, Abbott, Maree J., Beath, Alissa P. and Einstein, Danielle A.
Abstract

Objectives Self-compassion is a healthy way of relating to one’s self motivated by a desire to help rather than harm. Novel self-compassion-based interventions have targeted diverse populations and outcomes. This meta-analysis identified randomized controlled trials of self-compassion interventions and measured their effects on psychosocial outcomes. Methods This meta-analysis included a systematic search of six databases and hand-searches of the included study’s reference lists. Twenty-seven randomized controlled trials that examined validated psychosocial measures for self-compassion-based interventions met inclusion criteria. Baseline, post and follow-up data was extracted for the intervention and control groups, and study quality was assessed using the PRISMA checklist. Results Self-compassion interventions led to a significant improvement across 11 diverse psychosocial outcomes compared with controls. Notably, the aggregate effect size Hedge’s g was large for measures of eating behavior (g = 1.76) and rumination (g = 1.37). Effects were moderate for self-compassion (g = 0.75), stress (g = 0.67), depression (g = 0.66), mindfulness (g = 0.62), self-criticism (g = 0.56), and anxiety (g = 0.57) outcomes. Further moderation analyses found that the improvements in depression symptoms continued to increase at follow-up, and self-compassion gains were maintained. Results differed across population type and were stronger for the group over individual delivery methods. Intervention type was too diverse to analyze specific categories, and publication bias may be present. Conclusions This review supports the efficacy of self-compassion-based interventions across a range of outcomes and diverse populations. Future research should consider the mechanisms of change.

Year2019
JournalMindfulness
Journal citation10, pp. 1455 - 1473
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
ISSN1868-8527
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01134-6
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85064352448
Page range1455 - 1473
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationUnited States of America
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/87545/self-compassion-interventions-and-psychosocial-outcomes-a-meta-analysis-of-rcts

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 173
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Systematic review of early warning signs of relapse and behavioural antecedents of symptom worsening in people living with schizophrenia spectrum disorders
Gleeson, John Francis Martin, McGuckian, Thomas, Fenandez, D, Fraser, Madeleine, Pepe, Avni, Taskis, Rebecca, Álvarez-Jiménez, Mario, Farhall, John and Gumley, Andrew. (2024). Systematic review of early warning signs of relapse and behavioural antecedents of symptom worsening in people living with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Clinical Psychology Review. 107, pp. 1-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2023.102357
Perceived Parenting Style and Adolescent Self-Compassion : A Longitudinal, Within-Person Approach
Kaufmann, Sorcha, Ciarrochi, Joseph, Yap, Ann Keong and Fraser, Madeleine. (2023). Perceived Parenting Style and Adolescent Self-Compassion : A Longitudinal, Within-Person Approach. Mindfulness. 14(11), pp. 2745-2756. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-023-02232-2
Gender based adolescent self-compassion profiles and the mediating role of nonattachment on psychological well-being
Li, William, Beath, Alissa, Ciarrochi, Joseph and Fraser, Madeleine. (2023). Gender based adolescent self-compassion profiles and the mediating role of nonattachment on psychological well-being. Current Psychology. pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-023-05049-3
The role of insight, social rank, mindfulness and self-compassion in depression following first episode psychosis
Hardman, Jamie R., Gleeson, John F. M., González-Blanch, César, Álvarez-Jiménez, Mario, Fraser, Madeleine I. and Yap, Keong. (2023). The role of insight, social rank, mindfulness and self-compassion in depression following first episode psychosis. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2881
The compassion balance : Understanding the interrelation of self- and other-compassion for optimal well-being
Sahdra, Baljinder K., Ciarrochi, Joseph, Fraser, Madeleine I., Yap, Keong, Haller, Elisa, Hayes, Steven C., Hofmann, Stefan G. and Gloster, Andrew T.. (2023). The compassion balance : Understanding the interrelation of self- and other-compassion for optimal well-being. Mindfulness. 14, pp. 1997-2013. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-023-02187-4
Sleep disturbance mediates the link between both self-compassion and self-criticism and psychological distress during prolonged periods of stress
Norton, David W., Modesto, Oscar, Bennett, Joanne M. and Fraser, Madeleine I.. (2023). Sleep disturbance mediates the link between both self-compassion and self-criticism and psychological distress during prolonged periods of stress. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12474
FoMO, but not self-compassion, moderates the link between social media use and anxiety in adolescence
Einstein, Danielle A., Dabb, Carol and Fraser, Madeleine. (2023). FoMO, but not self-compassion, moderates the link between social media use and anxiety in adolescence. Australian Journal of Psychology. 75(1), p. Article 2217961. https://doi.org/10.1080/00049530.2023.2217961
The association between OCD and shame : A systematic review and meta-analysis
Laving, Michelle, Foroni, Francesco, Ferrari, Madeleine, Turner, Cynthia and Yap, Ann Keong. (2023). The association between OCD and shame : A systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 62(1), pp. 28-52. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12392
Letting go, creating meaning : The role of acceptance and commitment therapy in helping people confront existential concerns and lead a vital life
Ciarrochi, Joseph, Hayes, Louise, Quinlan, Gareth, Sahdra, Baljinder, Fraser, Madeleine and Yap, Keong. (2022). Letting go, creating meaning : The role of acceptance and commitment therapy in helping people confront existential concerns and lead a vital life. In In Menzies, Ross G., Menzies, Rachel E. and Dingle, Genevieve A. (Ed.). Existential concerns and cognitive-behavioral procedures : An integrative approach to mental health pp. 283-302 Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-06932-1_17
Digital Interventions for psychological well-being in university students : Systematic review and meta-analysis
Fraser, Madeleine, Allan, Stephanie, Arnold, Chelsea, Eleftheriadis, Dina, Álvarez-Jiménez, Mario, Gumley, Andrew and Gleeson, John F.. (2022). Digital Interventions for psychological well-being in university students : Systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 24(9), p. Article e39686. https://doi.org/10.2196/39686
From package to process : An evidence-based approach to processes of change in psychotherapy
Ciarrochi, Joseph, Hayes, Steven C., Hayes, Louise, Sahdra, Baljinder, Fraser, Madeleine, Yap, Keong and Hofmann, Stefan G.. (2022). From package to process : An evidence-based approach to processes of change in psychotherapy. In In Asmundson, Gordon J. G. and Hofmann, Stefan G. (Ed.). Comprehensive clinical psychology ; volume 1 pp. 26-44 Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818697-8.00085-6
Embracing the complexity of our inner worlds : Understanding the dynamics of self-compassion and self-criticism [Commentary]
Ferrari, Madeleine, Ciarrochi, Joseph, Yap, Keong, Sahdra, Baljinder Kaur and Hayes, Steven C.. (2022). Embracing the complexity of our inner worlds : Understanding the dynamics of self-compassion and self-criticism [Commentary]. Mindfulness. 13, pp. 1652-1661. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01897-5
Gender differences in self-compassion: a latent profile analysis of compassionate and uncompassionate self-relating in a large adolescent sample
Ferrari, Madeleine, Beath, Alissa P., Einstein, Danielle A., Yap, Ann Keong and Hunt, Caroline. (2022). Gender differences in self-compassion: a latent profile analysis of compassionate and uncompassionate self-relating in a large adolescent sample. Current Psychology. pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03408-0
Comparison of markers’ effort in providing of feedback via either a rubric or a grade category rating scale (GCRS)
Aucote, H., Ferrari, M. and Mallan, K.. (2022). Comparison of markers’ effort in providing of feedback via either a rubric or a grade category rating scale (GCRS) [Dataset]. Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.26199/acu.8y6v7
Comparison of students’ perception of feedback via either a rubric or a grade category rating scale (GCRS)
Aucote, H., Ferrari, M. and Mallan, K.. (2022). Comparison of students’ perception of feedback via either a rubric or a grade category rating scale (GCRS) [Dataset]. Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.26199/acu.8y6v6
The information-motivation-behavioral skills model explains physical activity levels for adults with type 2 diabetes across all weight classes
Ferrari, Madeleine, Speight, Jane, Beath, Alissa, Browne, Jessica L. and Mosely, Kylie. (2021). The information-motivation-behavioral skills model explains physical activity levels for adults with type 2 diabetes across all weight classes. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 26(3), pp. 381-394. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2020.1749292
Mechanisms of change in the relationship between self-compassion, emotion regulation, and mental health: A systematic review
Inwood, Elisa Anne and Ferrari, Madeleine. (2018). Mechanisms of change in the relationship between self-compassion, emotion regulation, and mental health: A systematic review. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. 10(2), pp. 215 - 235. https://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12127
Self-compassion moderates the link between perfectionism and depression link in both adolescence and adulthood
Ferrari, Madeleine, Yap, Keong, Scott, Nicole, Einstein, Danielle A. and Ciarrochi, Joseph. (2018). Self-compassion moderates the link between perfectionism and depression link in both adolescence and adulthood. PLoS ONE. 13(2), pp. 1 - 19. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192022
Mental health knowledge and common misconceptions in a master of chiropractic final year cohort
Ferrari, Madeleine and Whillier, Stephney. (2017). Mental health knowledge and common misconceptions in a master of chiropractic final year cohort. The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice. 12(3), pp. 150 - 160. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMHTEP-09-2016-0045
Mindfulness-based interventions for adults who are overweight or obese : A meta-analysis of physical and psychological health outcomes
Rogers, Jeffrey M., Ferrari, Madeleine, Mosely, Kylie, Lang, Cathryne P. and Brennan, Leah. (2017). Mindfulness-based interventions for adults who are overweight or obese : A meta-analysis of physical and psychological health outcomes. Obesity Reviews. 18(1), pp. 51-67. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12461
Self-compassion is associated with optimum self-care behaviour, medical outcomes and psychological wellbeing in a cross-sectional sample of adults with diabetes
Ferrari, Madeleine, Cin, Michelle D. and Steele, Mike. (2017). Self-compassion is associated with optimum self-care behaviour, medical outcomes and psychological wellbeing in a cross-sectional sample of adults with diabetes. Diabetic Medicine. 34(11), pp. 1546 - 1553. https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.13451
A qualitative comparison of needles and insulin pump use in children with type 1 diabetes
Ferrari, Madeleine, McIlwain, Doris J. F. and Ambler, Geoffrey. (2017). A qualitative comparison of needles and insulin pump use in children with type 1 diabetes. Journal of Health Psychology. 23(10), pp. 1332 - 1342. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105316653999
Preliminary evaluation of a brief mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention for mental health professionals
Dobie, Alana, Tucker, Alison, Ferrari, Madeleine and Rogers, Jeffrey Michael. (2016). Preliminary evaluation of a brief mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention for mental health professionals. Australasian Psychiatry. 24(1), pp. 42 - 45. https://doi.org/10.1177/1039856215618524