Relative match intensities at high altitude in highly-trained young soccer players (ISA3600)

Journal article


Buchheit, M., Hammond, Kristal, Bourdon, Pitre C., Simpson, Ben M., Lewis, Laura, Schmidt, Walter F., Gore, Christopher J. and Aughey, Robert. (2015) Relative match intensities at high altitude in highly-trained young soccer players (ISA3600). Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 14(1), pp. 98 - 102.
AuthorsBuchheit, M., Hammond, Kristal, Bourdon, Pitre C., Simpson, Ben M., Lewis, Laura, Schmidt, Walter F., Gore, Christopher J. and Aughey, Robert
Abstract

To compare relative match intensities of sea-level versus high-altitude native soccer players during a 2-week camp at 3600 m, data from 7 sea-level (Australian U17 National team, AUS) and 6 high-altitude (a Bolivian U18 team, BOL) native soccer players were analysed. Two matches were played at sea-level and three at 3600 m on Days 1, 6 and 13. The Yo-Yo Intermittent recovery test (vYo-YoIR1) was performed at sea-level, and on Days 3 and 10. Match activity profiles were measured via 10-Hz GPS. Distance covered >14.4 km.h-1 (D>14.4 km·h-1) and >80% of vYo-YoIR1 (D>80%vYo-YoIR1) were examined. Upon arrival at altitude, there was a greater decrement in vYo-YoIR1 (Cohen’s d +1.0, 90%CL ± 0.8) and D>14.4 km·h-1 (+0.5 ± 0.8) in AUS. D>14.4 km.h-1 was similarly reduced relative to vYo-YoIR1 in both groups, so that D>80%vYo-YoIR1 remained similarly unchanged (-0.1 ± 0.8). Throughout the altitude sojourn, vYo-YoIR1 and D>14.4 km·h-1 increased in parallel in AUS, so that D>80%vYo-YoIR1 remained stable in AUS (+6.0%/match, 90%CL ± 6.7); conversely D>80%vYo-YoIR1 decreased largely in BOL (-12.2%/match ± 6.2). In sea-level natives competing at high-altitude, changes in match running performance likely follow those in high-intensity running performance. Bolivian data confirm that increases in ‘fitness’ do not necessarily translate into greater match running performance, but rather in reduced relative exercise intensity.

KeywordsAssociation football; hypoxia; match running performance; Garvican; Garvican-Lewis
Year2015
JournalJournal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal citation14 (1), pp. 98 - 102
PublisherJournal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN1303-2968
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84921797751
Open accessOpen access
Page range98 - 102
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
Publisher's version
Place of publicationTurkey
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