Perfectionistic profiles among elite athletes and differences in their motivational orientations

Journal article


Gucciardi, Daniel F., Mahoney, John William, Jalleh, Geoffery, Donovan, Robert J. and Parkes, Jarred. (2012). Perfectionistic profiles among elite athletes and differences in their motivational orientations. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 34(2), pp. 159 - 183.
AuthorsGucciardi, Daniel F., Mahoney, John William, Jalleh, Geoffery, Donovan, Robert J. and Parkes, Jarred
Abstract

Although there is an emerging body of research that has examined perfectionistic clusters in the general population, few studies have explored such profiles in athlete samples. The purposes of this research were to explore perfectionistic profiles within a sample of elite athletes and the differences between them on key motivational variables. A sample of 423 elite athletes (179 males, 244 females) aged between 14 and 66 years (M = 25.64; SD = 8.57) from a variety of team (e.g., rowing, hockey, baseball, rugby) and individual sports (e.g., cycling, athletics, triathlon, gymnastics) completed a multisection questionnaire including measures of sport perfectionism, motivation regulation, achievement goals, and fear of failure. Cluster analyses revealed the existence of three perfectionism profiles, namely, nonperfectionists, maladaptive perfectionists, and adaptive perfectionists. Subsequent analyses generally supported the robustness of these perfectionism profiles in terms of differential motivational orientations (achievement goals, fear of failure, and motivation regulation) in hypothesized directions. Overall, the differences in motivational orientations between the three clusters supported a categorical conceptualization of perfectionism.

Keywordscategorical conceptualization; achievement goals; fear of failure; cluster analysis; person-centered analyses
Year2012
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Journal citation34 (2), pp. 159 - 183
PublisherHuman Kinetics
ISSN0895-2779
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84864094298
Page range159 - 183
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationAmerica
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