Children's active transport and independent mobility in the urban environment

Book chapter


Carver, Alison. (2017) Children's active transport and independent mobility in the urban environment. In In C. R. Ergler, R. Kearns and K. Witten (Ed.). Children's Health and Wellbeing in Urban Environments pp. 32 - 44 Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315571560-3
AuthorsCarver, Alison
EditorsC. R. Ergler, R. Kearns and K. Witten
Abstract

Children’s active transport (e.g. walking/cycling to local destinations) and independent mobility (i.e. their freedom to move around their neighbourhood or similar without adult accompaniment; Hillman et al. , 1990) are key behaviours that contribute to children’s health and wellbeing. However, compared with previous generations, children in developed nations engage less in active transport and have lower levels of independent mobility (Hillman et al. , 1990; Valentine, 1997; Shaw et al. , 2013). This chapter describes how these behaviours are benefi cial to children’s physical and mental health and why declines in these behaviours are of public health concern. Linking with the fi eld of health geography (Brown et al. , 2009) and guided by ecological models of health behaviours (Sallis and Owen, 1997), I examine social and physical environmental predictors of children’s unsupervised active travel and outdoor play in urban neighbourhoods. Interventions and strategies aimed at promoting walking and cycling to school and local places are described, along with implications for urban planning and policy.

Keywordschildren’s independent mobility; child friendly cities children’s health promotion
Page range32 - 44
Year2017
Book titleChildren's Health and Wellbeing in Urban Environments
PublisherRoutledge
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
SeriesGeographies of Health
ISBN9781315571560
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315571560-3
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85031401537
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
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