Factors associated with the selection of freely chosen cadence in non-cyclists

Journal article


Whitty, Anthony Gerard, Murphy, Aron J., Coutts, Aaron J. and Watsford, Mark L.. (2009) Factors associated with the selection of freely chosen cadence in non-cyclists. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 106(5), pp. 705 - 712. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1071-0
AuthorsWhitty, Anthony Gerard, Murphy, Aron J., Coutts, Aaron J. and Watsford, Mark L.
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine both the freely chosen cadence (FCC) and the physical variables associated with cadence selection in non-cyclists. Eighteen participants pedalled at 40, 50, and 60% of their maximal power output (determined by a maximal oxygen uptake test, Wmax), whilst cadence (50, 65, 80, 95, 110 rpm, and FCC) was manipulated. Gross efficiency, was used to analyse the most economical cadence whilst central and peripheral ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were used to measure the most comfortable cadence and the cadence whereby muscle strain was minimised. Peak (Tpeak), mean crank torque (Tmean) and the crank torque profile were analysed at 150 and 200 W at cadences of 50, 65, 80, 95, and 110 rpm in order to determine the mechanical load. FCC was found to be approximately 80 rpm at all workloads and was significantly higher than the most economical cadence (50 rpm). At 60% Wmax, RPE peripheral was minimised at 80 rpm which coincided with the FCC. Both Tpeak and Tmean decreased as cadence increased and, conversely, increased as power output increased. An analysis of the crank torque profile showed that the crank angle at both the top (DPtop) and the bottom (DPbot) dead point of the crank cycle at 80 rpm occurred later in the cycling revolution when compared to 50 rpm. The findings suggested that the FCC in non-cyclists was more closely related to variables that minimise muscle strain and mechanical load than those associated with minimising metabolic economy.

Keywordsmuscle strain; pedalling force; relative intensity
Year2009
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Journal citation106 (5), pp. 705 - 712
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1439-6319
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1071-0
Page range705 - 712
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
Place of publicationGermany
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/87931/factors-associated-with-the-selection-of-freely-chosen-cadence-in-non-cyclists

  • 4
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Measurement properties of an adductor strength-assessment system in professional Australian footballers
Ryan, Samuel, Kempton, Thomas, Pacecca, Emidio and Coutts, Aaron J.. (2019) Measurement properties of an adductor strength-assessment system in professional Australian footballers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 14(2), pp. 256 - 259. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2018-0264
Physical demands and technical performance in Australian Football League Women's (AFLW) competition match-play
Clarke, Anthea C., Ryan, Samuel, Couvalias, Georgia, Dascombe, Ben J., Coutts, Aaron J. and Kempton, Thomas. (2018) Physical demands and technical performance in Australian Football League Women's (AFLW) competition match-play. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 21(7), pp. 748 - 752. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.11.018
The fit matters: Influence of accelerometer fitting and training drill demands on load measures in rugby league players
McLean, Blake D., Cummins, Cloe, Conlan, Greta, Duthie, Grant and Coutts, Aaron J.. (2018) The fit matters: Influence of accelerometer fitting and training drill demands on load measures in rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 13(8), pp. 1083 - 1089. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2017-0729
Interchange rotation factors and player characteristics influence physical and technical performance in professional Australian Rules football
Dillon, Patrick A., Kempton, Thomas, Ryan, Samuel, Hocking, Joel and Coutts, Aaron J.. (2018) Interchange rotation factors and player characteristics influence physical and technical performance in professional Australian Rules football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 21(3), pp. 317 - 321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.06.008
Physical preparation factors that influence technical and physical match performance in professional Australian football
Ryan, Samuel, Coutts, Aaron J., Hocking, Joel, Dillon, Patrick A., Whitty, Anthony and Kempton, Thomas. (2018) Physical preparation factors that influence technical and physical match performance in professional Australian football. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 13(8), pp. 1021 - 1027. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2017-0640
Factors affecting match running performance in professional Australian football
Ryan, Samuel, Coutts, Aaron, Hocking, Joel and Kempton, Thomas. (2017) Factors affecting match running performance in professional Australian football. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 12(9), pp. 1199 - 1204. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0586
The effect of a novel mechanical nasal dilator on cycling performance
Whyte, Douglas G., Whitty, Anthony Gerard and Rice, Vanessa Jean. (2016) The effect of a novel mechanical nasal dilator on cycling performance. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 56(7-8), pp. 949 - 950.
The effect of low- vs high-cadence interval training on the freely chosen cadence and performance in endurance-trained cyclists
Whitty, Anthony Gerard, Murphy, Aron J., Coutts, Aaron and Watsford, Mark. (2016) The effect of low- vs high-cadence interval training on the freely chosen cadence and performance in endurance-trained cyclists. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 41(6), pp. 666 - 673. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0562
Comparison of anthropometry, upper body strength and lower body power characteristics in different levels of Australian Football players
Bilsborough, Johann, Greenway, Kate, Opar, David, Livingstone, Steuart, Cordy, Justin, Bird, S. and Coutts, Aaron. (2015) Comparison of anthropometry, upper body strength and lower body power characteristics in different levels of Australian Football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 29(3), pp. 826 - 834. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000682
The accuracy and precision of DXA for assessing body composition in team sport athletes
Bilsborough, Johann, Greenway, Kate, Opar, David, Livingstone, Steuart, Cordy, Justin and Coutts, Aaron. (2014) The accuracy and precision of DXA for assessing body composition in team sport athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences. 32(19), pp. 1821 - 1828. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.926380
Do physical capacity and interchange rest periods influence match exercise-intensity profile in Australian football?
Mooney, Mitchell, Cormack, Stuart, O'Brien, Brendan and Coutts, Aaron. (2013) Do physical capacity and interchange rest periods influence match exercise-intensity profile in Australian football? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.2.165
International field hockey players perform more high-speed running than national-level conterparts
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron and Aughey, Robert. (2012) International field hockey players perform more high-speed running than national-level conterparts. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 26(4), pp. 947 - 952. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822e5913
GPS Analysis of an International Field Hockey Tournament
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron and Aughey, Robert. (2012) GPS Analysis of an International Field Hockey Tournament. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 7(3), pp. 224 - 231. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.7.3.224
The relationship between physical capacity and match performance in elite Australian football :A mediation approach
Mooney, Mitchell, O'Brien, Brendan, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron, Berry, Jason and Young, Warren. (2011) The relationship between physical capacity and match performance in elite Australian football :A mediation approach. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 14(5), pp. 447 - 452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.03.010
The Validity and Reliability of GPS Units for Measuring Distance in Team Sport Specific Running Patterns
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron, Boyd, Luke and Aughey, Robert. (2010) The Validity and Reliability of GPS Units for Measuring Distance in Team Sport Specific Running Patterns. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(3), pp. 328 - 341. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.3.328
Variability of GPS units for measuring distance in team sport movements
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron, Boyd, Luke and Aughey, Robert. (2010) Variability of GPS units for measuring distance in team sport movements. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(4), pp. 565 - 569. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.4.565
Neuromuscular, endocrine, and perceptual fatigue responses during different length between-match microcycles in professional rugby league players
McLean, Blake, Coutts, Aaron, Kelly, Vincent, McGuigan, Michael and Cormack, Stuart. (2010) Neuromuscular, endocrine, and perceptual fatigue responses during different length between-match microcycles in professional rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(3), pp. 367 - 383. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.3.367