The impact of exercise on cancer mortality, recurrence, and treatment-related adverse effects

Journal article


Cormie, Prue, Zopf, Eva, Zhang, Xiaochen and Schmitz, Kathryn H.. (2017) The impact of exercise on cancer mortality, recurrence, and treatment-related adverse effects. Epidemiologic Reviews. 39(1), pp. 71 - 92. https://doi.org/10.1093/epirev/mxx007
AuthorsCormie, Prue, Zopf, Eva, Zhang, Xiaochen and Schmitz, Kathryn H.
Abstract

The combination of an increasing number of new cancer cases and improving survival rates has led to a large and rapidly growing population with unique health-care requirements. Exercise has been proposed as a strategy to help address the issues faced by cancer patients. Supported by a growing body of research, major health organizations commonly identify the importance of incorporating exercise in cancer care and advise patients to be physically active. This systematic review comprehensively summarizes the available epidemiologic and randomized controlled trial evidence investigating the role of exercise in the management of cancer. Literature searches focused on determining the potential impact of exercise on 1) cancer mortality and recurrence and 2) adverse effects of cancer and its treatment. A total of 100 studies were reviewed involving thousands of individual patients whose exercise behavior was assessed following the diagnosis of any type of cancer. Compared with patients who performed no/less exercise, patients who exercised following a diagnosis of cancer were observed to have a lower relative risk of cancer mortality and recurrence and experienced fewer/less severe adverse effects. The findings of this review support the view that exercise is an important adjunct therapy in the management of cancer. Implications on cancer care policy and practice are discussed.

Keywordsexercise; oncology; physical activity; policy; supportive care; survivorship
Year2017
JournalEpidemiologic Reviews
Journal citation39 (1), pp. 71 - 92
PublisherOxford University Press
ISSN0193-936X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/epirev/mxx007
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85020437116
Page range71 - 92
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
Place of publicationUnited States
EditorsM. A. Ibrahim
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Buchheit, M., Cormie, Prue, Abbiss, Chris R., Ahmaidi, S., Nosaka, K and Laursen, P B.. (2009) Muscle deoxygenation during repeated sprint running: Effect of active vs. Passive recovery. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 30(6), pp. 418 - 425. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1105933
Power-time, force-time, and velocity-time curve analysis of the countermovement jump: Impact of training
Cormie, Prue, McBride, Jeffrey M. and McCaulley, Grant O.. (2009) Power-time, force-time, and velocity-time curve analysis of the countermovement jump: Impact of training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 23(1), pp. 177 - 186. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181889324
Acute hormonal and neuromuscular responses to hypertrophy, strength and power type resistane exercise
McCaulley, Grant O., McBride, Jeffrey M., Cormie, Prue, Hudson, Matthew B., Nuzzo, James L., Quindry, John C. and Triplett, N. Travis. (2009) Acute hormonal and neuromuscular responses to hypertrophy, strength and power type resistane exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 105(5), pp. 695 - 704. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-008-0951-z
Comparison of methods to quantify volume during resistance exercise
McBride, Jeffrey M., McCaulley, Grant O., Cormie, Prue, Nuzzo, James L., Cavill, Michael J. and Triplett, N. Travis. (2009) Comparison of methods to quantify volume during resistance exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 23(1), pp. 106 - 110. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31818efdfe
Does an optimal load exist for power training?
Cormie, Prue and Flanagan, Sean P.. (2008) Does an optimal load exist for power training? Strength and Conditioning Journal. 30(2), pp. 67 - 69. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e31816a8776
Trunk muscle activity during stability ball and free weight exercises
Nuzzo, James L., McCaulley, Grant O., Cormie, Prue, Cavill, Michael J. and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2008) Trunk muscle activity during stability ball and free weight exercises. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 22(1), pp. 95 - 102. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31815ef8cd
Influence of preactivity and eccentric muscle activity on concentric performance during vertical jumping
McBride, Jeffrey M., McCaulley, Grant O. and Cormie, Prue. (2008) Influence of preactivity and eccentric muscle activity on concentric performance during vertical jumping. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 22(3), pp. 750 - 757. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816a83ef
Relationship between countermovement jump performance and multijoint isometric and dynamic tests of strength
Nuzzo, James L., McBride, Jeffrey M., Cormie, Prue and McCaulley, Grant O.. (2008) Relationship between countermovement jump performance and multijoint isometric and dynamic tests of strength. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 22(3), pp. 699 - 707. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816d5eda
Power-time, force-time, and velocity-time curve analysis during the jump squat: Impact of load
Cormie, Prue, McBride, Jeffrey M. and McCaulley, Grant O.. (2008) Power-time, force-time, and velocity-time curve analysis during the jump squat: Impact of load. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 24(2), pp. 112 - 120. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.24.2.112
Neuromuscular and endocrine responses of elite players during an Australian rules football season
Cormack, Stuart John, Newton, Robert U., McGuigan, Michael R. and Cormie, Prue. (2008) Neuromuscular and endocrine responses of elite players during an Australian rules football season. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 3(4), pp. 439 - 453. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.3.4.439
The influence of body mass on calculation of power during lower-body resistance exercises
Cormie, Prue, McBride, Jeffrey M. and McCaulley, Grant O.. (2007) The influence of body mass on calculation of power during lower-body resistance exercises. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 21(4), pp. 1042 - 1049. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-21636.1
Mechanical efficiency during repetitive vertical jumping
McCaulley, Grant O., Cormie, Prue, Cavill, Michael J., Nuzzo, James L., Urbiztondo, Zea G. and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2007) Mechanical efficiency during repetitive vertical jumping. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 101(1), pp. 115 - 123. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-007-0480-1
Optimal loading for maximal power output during lower-body resistance exercises
Cormie, Prue, McCaulley, Grant O., Triplett, N. Travis and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2007) Optimal loading for maximal power output during lower-body resistance exercises. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 39(2), pp. 340 - 349. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000246993.71599.bf
Methodological concerns for determining power output in the jump squat
Cormie, Prue, Deane, Russell and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2007) Methodological concerns for determining power output in the jump squat. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 21(2), pp. 424 - 430. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-19605.1
Power versus strength-power jump squat training: Influence on the load-power relationship
Cormie, Prue, McCaulley, Grant O. and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2007) Power versus strength-power jump squat training: Influence on the load-power relationship. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 39(6), pp. 996 - 1003. https://doi.org/10.1097/mss.0b013e3180408e0c
Validation of power measurement techniques in dynamic lower body resistance exercises
Cormie, Prue, McBride, Jeffrey M. and McCaulley, Grant O.. (2007) Validation of power measurement techniques in dynamic lower body resistance exercises. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 23(2), pp. 103 - 118. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.23.2.103
Acute effects of whole-body vibration on muscle activity, strength, and power
Cormie, Prue, Deane, Russell, Triplett, N. Travis and McBride, Jeffrey M.. (2006) Acute effects of whole-body vibration on muscle activity, strength, and power. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 20(2), pp. 257 - 261. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-17835.1
Isometric squat force output and muscle activity in stable and unstable conditions
McBride, Jeffrey M., Cormie, Prue and Deane, Russell. (2006) Isometric squat force output and muscle activity in stable and unstable conditions. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 20(4), pp. 915 - 918. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-19305.1
Anthropometric and physical abilities profiles: US National Skeleton Team.
Sands, William A., Smith, L. Sarah L., Kivi, Derek M. R., McNeal, Jeni R., Dorman, Jason, Stone, Michael H. and Cormie, Prue. (2005) Anthropometric and physical abilities profiles: US National Skeleton Team. Sports Biomechanics. 4(2), pp. 197 - 214. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763140508522863