Measuring teamwork performance: Validity testing of the Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM) with clinical resuscitation teams

Journal article


Cooper, Simon, Cant, Robyn, Connell, Cliff, Sims, Lyndall, Porter, Joanne E., Symmons, Mark, Nestel, Debra and Liaw, Sok Ying. (2016) Measuring teamwork performance: Validity testing of the Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM) with clinical resuscitation teams. Resuscitation. 101, pp. 97 - 101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.01.026
AuthorsCooper, Simon, Cant, Robyn, Connell, Cliff, Sims, Lyndall, Porter, Joanne E., Symmons, Mark, Nestel, Debra and Liaw, Sok Ying
Abstract

Aim: To test the resuscitation non-technical Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM) for feasibility, validity and reliability, in two Australian Emergency Departments (ED). Background: Non-technical (teamwork) skills have been identified as inadequate and as such have a significant impact on patient safety. Valid and reliable teamwork assessment tools are an important element of performance assessment and debriefing processes. Methods: A quasi experimental design based on observational ratings of resuscitation non-technical skills in two metropolitan ED. Senior nursing staff rated 106 adult resuscitation team events over a ten month period where three or more resuscitation team members attended. Resuscitation events, team performance and validity and reliability data was collected for the TEAM. Results: Most rated events were for full cardiac resuscitation (43%) with 3–15 team members present for an average of 45 min. The TEAM was found to be feasible and quickly completed with minimal or no training. Discriminant validity was good as was internal consistency with a Cronbach alpha of 0.94. Uni-dimensional and concurrent validity also reached acceptable standards, 0.94 and > 0.63 (p = < 0.001), respectively, and a single ‘teamwork’ construct was identified. Non-technical skills overall were good but leadership was rated notably lower than task and teamwork performance indicating a need for leadership training. Conclusion: The TEAM is a feasible, valid and reliable non-technical assessment measure in simulated and real clinical settings. Emergency teams need to develop leadership skills through training and reflective debriefing.

Keywordsmedical emergency teams; non-technical skills; patient safety; teamwork
Year2016
JournalResuscitation
Journal citation101, pp. 97 - 101
PublisherElsevier Ireland Ltd.
ISSN0300-9572
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.01.026
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84958954858
Page range97 - 101
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationIreland
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