Are changes in occupational physical activity level compensated by changes in exercise behavior?

Journal article


Nooijen, Carla F. J., del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Nyberg, Gisela, Sanders, Taren, Galanti, Maria R. and Forsell, Yvonne. (2018) Are changes in occupational physical activity level compensated by changes in exercise behavior? European Journal of Public Health. 28(5), pp. 940 - 943. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky007
AuthorsNooijen, Carla F. J., del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Nyberg, Gisela, Sanders, Taren, Galanti, Maria R. and Forsell, Yvonne
Abstract

Background: Physically active occupations with high-energy expenditure may lead to lower motivation to exercise during leisure time, while the reverse can be hypothesized for sedentary occupations. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of changing occupational activity level on exercise behavior. Methods: Data on occupational physical activity and leisure time exercise were taken from a population-based cohort, with surveys completed in 2010 and 2014. Using data on those employed in both years, two trajectories were analyzed: (i) participants who changed from sedentary to active occupations and (ii) participants who changed from active to sedentary occupations. Exercise was reported in hours per week and changes from 2010 to 2014 were categorized as decreased, increased or stable. Associations were expressed as ORs and 95% CIs adjusting for age, gender and education. Results: Data were available for 12 969 participants (57% women, aged 45 ± 9 years, 57% highly educated). Relative to participants whose occupational activity was stable, participants who changed to active occupations (n = 549) were more likely to decrease exercise (OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.02–1.47) and those who changed to sedentary occupations (n = 373) more likely to increase exercise levels (OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 0.97–1.52). Conclusion: People changing from sedentary to active occupations compensate by exercising less, and those changing from physically active to sedentary occupations seem to compensate by exercising more in their leisure time. When developing and evaluating interventions to reduce occupational sedentary behavior or to promote exercise, mutual influences on physical activity of different contexts should be considered.

Keywordsphysical activity lack of exercise exercise gender teaching
Year2018
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Journal citation28 (5), pp. 940 - 943
PublisherOxford University Press
ISSN1101-1262
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky007
Page range940 - 943
Research GroupInstitute for Positive Psychology and Education
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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Harahan, M, Sanders, A, Stone, R, Bowers, Barbara Joanne, Nolet, Kim, Krause, M and Gilmore, A. (2011) Implementation and evaluation of LVN LEAD :A leadership and supervisory training program for nursing home charge nurses. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 37(6), pp. 26 - 33. https://doi.org/10.3928/00989134-20110302-01
Test-retest reliability of isometric and isokinetic knee extension and flexion in patients with fibromyalgia: Evaluation of the smallest real difference
Adsuar, Jose C., Olivares, Pedro R., del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Parraca, Jose A. and Gusi, Narcis. (2011) Test-retest reliability of isometric and isokinetic knee extension and flexion in patients with fibromyalgia: Evaluation of the smallest real difference. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 92(10), pp. 1646 - 1651. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2011.04.017
Tilting whole body vibration improves quality of life in women with fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial
Olivares, Pedro R., Gusi, Narcis, Parraca, Jose A., Adsuar, Jose C. and del Pozo-Cruz, Borja. (2011) Tilting whole body vibration improves quality of life in women with fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 17(8), pp. 723 - 728. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2010.0296
The Spanish version of the "STarT Back Screening Tool" (SBST) in different subgroups
Gusi, Narcís, del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Olivares, Pedro R., Hernández-Mocholi, Miguel and Hill, Jonathan C.. (2011) The Spanish version of the "STarT Back Screening Tool" (SBST) in different subgroups. Atención Primaria. 43(7), pp. 356 - 361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aprim.2010.05.019
Effects of whole body vibration therapy on main outcome measures for chronic non-specific low back pain: A single-blind randomized controlled trial
del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Hernández Mocholí, Miguel A., Adsuar, Jose C., Parraca, Jose A., Muro, Inmaculada and Gusi, Narcis. (2011) Effects of whole body vibration therapy on main outcome measures for chronic non-specific low back pain: A single-blind randomized controlled trial. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 43(8), pp. 689 - 694. https://doi.org/10.2340/16501977-0830