Initial evidence on differences among Enterovirus 71, Coxsackievirus A16 and Coxsackievirus B4 in binding to cell surface hepaan sulphate

Journal article


Pourianfar, Hamid Reza, Kirk, Kristin and Grollo, Lara. (2014). Initial evidence on differences among Enterovirus 71, Coxsackievirus A16 and Coxsackievirus B4 in binding to cell surface hepaan sulphate. VirusDisease. 25(3), pp. 277 - 284. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13337-013-0172-x
AuthorsPourianfar, Hamid Reza, Kirk, Kristin and Grollo, Lara
Abstract

Cell surface heparan sulphate (HS) mediates infection for many viruses from diverse families. We demonstrated significant antiviral potencies for a number of HS mimetics against a cloned strain of Enterovirus 71 (EV71) in a previous study. Thus, the involvement of HS in mediating viral infection of isolates of human enteroviruses was investigated in Vero and human neural cells in the present work. In both cell lines, heparin and pentosan polysulphate significantly inhibited both infection and attachment of low passage clinical isolates of EV71 and Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) but showed no affect on Coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4) (p < 0.05). In addition, enzymatic removal of cell surface HS by heparinase I prevented binding of the clinical EV71 by nearly 50 % but failed to significantly inhibit CVA16 or CVB4 binding in Vero cells. Overall, the findings of this study provides evidence that whilst highly sulphated domains of HS serve as an essential attachment co-receptor for EV71, HS might be used as an alternative attachment receptor by the other member of Human Enterovirus group A, CVA16. In addition, HS may not mediate early infection in CVB4.

Keywordshuman enterovirus 71; heparan sulphate; viral attachment; virus receptor
Year2014
JournalVirusDisease
Journal citation25 (3), pp. 277 - 284
PublisherSpringer (India) Private Ltd.
ISSN2347-3517
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s13337-013-0172-x
Page range277 - 284
Research GroupSchool of Behavioural and Health Sciences
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationIndia
EditorsB. Mandal
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