Implicit and explicit evaluations of foods: The natural and transformed dimension

Journal article


Coricelli, Carol, Foroni, Francesco, Osimo, Sofia Adelaide and Rumiati, Raffaella Ida. (2019) Implicit and explicit evaluations of foods: The natural and transformed dimension. Food Quality and Preference. 73, pp. 143 - 153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2018.11.014
AuthorsCoricelli, Carol, Foroni, Francesco, Osimo, Sofia Adelaide and Rumiati, Raffaella Ida
Abstract

In Western societies, choosing what to eat can be a demanding task due to the excessive availability of food. To make our feeding decisions more complex, our explicit and implicit evaluations of foods may differ as they are multi-attribute stimuli. Previous research has focused on investigating implicit and explicit evaluations towards high and low energy dense foods, the main finding being that participants’ hunger level and dietary habits (restrained eating) modulate such evaluations. In the present study, we investigated whether normal-weight healthy individuals assigned different values to natural and transformed foods depending on implicit (assessed with the Implicit Association Test) or explicit measures (assessed with explicit ratings), and whether participants’ hunger level or dietary habits modulated the responses at both levels. Our results showed that while for natural foods implicit and explicit measures (healthiness) seemed to converge, dietary habits or hunger level did not affect such evaluations. For transformed foods, a dissociation between implicit and explicit measures (healthiness) seemed to emerge, along with a strong modulation of dietary habits and hunger level on the evaluations of such foods. Thus, these findings reveal how the type of food can modulate evaluations at both the implicit and explicit level and highlight a critical role of long-term health consequences and eating patterns in food evaluations.

Keywordsfood evaluation; implicit and explicit evaluation; IAT; eating behaviors; restraint scale
Year2019
JournalFood Quality and Preference
Journal citation73, pp. 143 - 153
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN0950-3293
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2018.11.014
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85057215234
Page range143 - 153
Research GroupSchool of Philosophy
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/881q5/implicit-and-explicit-evaluations-of-foods-the-natural-and-transformed-dimension

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 1
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

How experience modulates semantic memory for food: Evidence from elderly adults and centenarians
Vignando, Miriam, Aiello, Marilena, Foroni, Francesco, Marcon, Gabriella, Tettamanti, Mauro and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2018) How experience modulates semantic memory for food: Evidence from elderly adults and centenarians. Scientific Reports. 8(1), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-24776-3
Body weight and its association with impulsivity in middle and old age individuals
Aiello, Marilena, Ambron, Elisabetta, Situlin, Roberta, Foroni, Francesco, Biolo, Gianni and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2018) Body weight and its association with impulsivity in middle and old age individuals. Brain and Cognition. 123, pp. 103 - 109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.03.006
Episodic memory for natural and transformed food
Aiello, Marilena, Vignando, Miriam, Foroni, Francesco, Pergola, Giulio, Rossi, Paola, Silveri, Maria Caterina and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2018) Episodic memory for natural and transformed food. Cortex. 107, pp. 13 - 20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.04.013
Weight gain after STN-DBS: The role of reward sensitivity and impulsivity
Aiello, Marilena, Eleopra, Roberto, Foroni, Francesco, Rinaldo, Sara and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2017) Weight gain after STN-DBS: The role of reward sensitivity and impulsivity. Cortex. 92, pp. 150 - 161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2017.04.005
Food perception and categorization: from food/no-food to different types of food
Foroni, Francesco and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2017) Food perception and categorization: from food/no-food to different types of food. In In H. Cohen and C. Lefebvre (Ed.). Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science (Second Edition) pp. 285 - 301 Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-101107-2.00012-9
Generalisation of Roma onto Romanians Evidence of the Outgroup Projection Effect
Albarello, Flavia, Foroni, Francesco, Hewstone, Miles and Rubini, Monica. (2017) Generalisation of Roma onto Romanians Evidence of the Outgroup Projection Effect. Psicologia Sociale. 2/2017, pp. 239 - 249. https://doi.org/10.1482/87249
A neural signature of food semantics is associated with body-mass index
Pergola, Giulio, Foroni, Francesco, Mengotti, Paola, Argiris, Georgette and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2017) A neural signature of food semantics is associated with body-mass index. Biological Psychology. 129, pp. 282 - 292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.09.001
The smell of terroir! Olfactory discrimination between wines of different grape variety and different terroir
Foroni, Francesco, Vignando, Miriam, Aiello, Marilena, Parma, Valentina, Paoletti, Maurizio Guido, Squartini, Andrea and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2017) The smell of terroir! Olfactory discrimination between wines of different grape variety and different terroir. Food Quality and Preference. 58, pp. 18 - 23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2016.12.012
Embodiment and emotional memory in first vs. Second language
Baumeister, Jenny C., Foroni, Francesco, Conrad, Markus, Rumiati, Raffaella I. and Winkielman, Piotr. (2017) Embodiment and emotional memory in first vs. Second language. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00394
Lexical-semantic deficits in processing food and non-food items
Rumiati, Raffaella I., Foroni, Francesco, Pergola, Giulio, Rossi, Paola and Silveri, Maria Caterina. (2016) Lexical-semantic deficits in processing food and non-food items. Brain and Cognition. 110, pp. 120 - 130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2016.08.007
Registered replication report: Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988)
Wagenmakers, E.-J., Beek, Titia, Dijkhoff, Laura, Gronau, Quentin F., Acosta, A., Adams, R. B., Albohn, D. N., Allard, E. S., Benning, S. D., Blouin-Hudon, E.-M., Bulnes, L. C., Caldwell, T. L., Calin-Jageman, R. J., Capaldi, C. A., Carfagno, N. S., Chasten, K. T., Cleeremans, A., Connell, L., DeCicco, J. M., ... Zwaan, R. A.. (2016) Registered replication report: Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988). Perspectives on Psychological Science. 11(6), pp. 917 - 928. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616674458s
Deeper than skin deep - The effect of botulinum toxin-A on emotion processing
Baumeister, Jenny C., Papa, G. and Foroni, Francesco. (2016) Deeper than skin deep - The effect of botulinum toxin-A on emotion processing. Toxicon. 118, pp. 86 - 90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2016.04.044
We are what we eat: How food is represented in our mind/brain
Rumiati, Raffaella I. and Foroni, Francesco. (2016) We are what we eat: How food is represented in our mind/brain. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 23(4), pp. 1043 - 1054. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-015-0908-2
Automatic female dehumanization across the menstrual cycle
Piccoli, Valentina, Fantoni, Carlo, Foroni, Francesco, Bianchi, Mauro and Carnaghi, Andrea. (2016) Automatic female dehumanization across the menstrual cycle. British Journal of Social Psychology. 56(2), pp. 270 - 280. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12178
A bait we cannot avoid: Food-induced motor distractibility
Foroni, Francesco, Rumiati, Raffaella I., Coricelli, Carol and Ambron, Elisabetta. (2016) A bait we cannot avoid: Food-induced motor distractibility. Brain and Cognition. 110, pp. 74 - 84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2015.12.003
Food color is in the eye of the beholder: The role of human trichromatic vision in food evaluation
Foroni, Francesco, Pergola, Giulio and Rumiati, Raffaella Ida. (2016) Food color is in the eye of the beholder: The role of human trichromatic vision in food evaluation. Scientific Reports. 6, pp. 1 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep37034
Do emotions or gender drive our actions? A study of motor distractibility
Ambron, Elisabetta, Rumiati, Raffaella I. and Foroni, Francesco. (2016) Do emotions or gender drive our actions? A study of motor distractibility. Cognitive Neuroscience. 7(1-4), pp. 160 - 169. https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2015.1085373
When the mask `falls': The role of facial muscle resonance in memory for emotional language
Baumeister, Jenny C., Rumiati, Raffaella I. and Foroni, Francesco. (2015) When the mask `falls': The role of facial muscle resonance in memory for emotional language. Acta Psychologica. 155, pp. 29 - 36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2014.11.012
Do we embody second language? Evidence for 'partial' simulation during processing of a second language
Foroni, Francesco. (2015) Do we embody second language? Evidence for 'partial' simulation during processing of a second language. Brain and Cognition. 99, pp. 8 - 16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2015.06.006
The attraction of emotions: Irrelevant emotional information modulates motor actions
Ambron, Elisabetta and Foroni, Francesco. (2014) The attraction of emotions: Irrelevant emotional information modulates motor actions. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 22(4), pp. 1117 - 1123. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-014-0779-y
The FoodCast Research Image Database (FRIDa)
Foroni, Francesco, Pergola, Giulio, Argiris, Georgette and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2013) The FoodCast Research Image Database (FRIDa). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7(51), pp. 1 - 19. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00051
Abandoning a label doesn't make it disappear: The perseverance of labeling effects
Foroni, Francesco and Rothbart, Myron. (2013) Abandoning a label doesn't make it disappear: The perseverance of labeling effects. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2012.08.002
Comprehension of action negation involves inhibitory simulation
Foroni, Francesco and Semin, Gun R.. (2013) Comprehension of action negation involves inhibitory simulation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7(209), pp. 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00209
Comparing group dehumanization and intra-sexual competition among normally ovulating women and hormonal contraceptive users
Piccoli, Valentina, Foroni, Francesco and Carnaghi, Andrea. (2013) Comparing group dehumanization and intra-sexual competition among normally ovulating women and hormonal contraceptive users. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 39(12), pp. 1600 - 1609. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167213499025
But for the bad, there would not be good: Grounding valence in brightness through shared relational structures
Lakens, Daniel, Semin, Gun R. and Foroni, Francesco. (2012) But for the bad, there would not be good: Grounding valence in brightness through shared relational structures. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 141(3), pp. 584 - 594. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026468
Not by thoughts alone: How language supersizes the cognitive toolkit
Ijzerman, Hans and Foroni, Francesco. (2012) Not by thoughts alone: How language supersizes the cognitive toolkit. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X11002020
Not all implicit measures of attitudes are created equal: Evidence from an embodiment perspective
Foroni, Francesco and Semin, Gun R.. (2012) Not all implicit measures of attitudes are created equal: Evidence from an embodiment perspective. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 48(1), pp. 424 - 427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2011.08.015
Audible smiles and frowns affect speech comprehension
Quene, Hugo, Semin, Gun R. and Foroni, Francesco. (2012) Audible smiles and frowns affect speech comprehension. Speech Communication. 54(7), pp. 917 - 922. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.specom.2012.03.004
Category boundaries and category labels: When does a category name influence the perceived similarity of category members?
Foroni, Francesco and Rothbart, Myron. (2011) Category boundaries and category labels: When does a category name influence the perceived similarity of category members? Social cognition. 29(5), pp. 547 - 576. https://doi.org/10.1521/soco.2011.29.5.547
Why your highness needs the people: Comparing the absolute and relative representation of power in vertical space
Lakens, Daniel, Semin, Gun R. and Foroni, Francesco. (2011) Why your highness needs the people: Comparing the absolute and relative representation of power in vertical space. Social Psychology. 42(3), pp. 205 - 213. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000064
When does mimicry affect evaluative judgment?
Foroni, Francesco and Semin, Gun R.. (2011) When does mimicry affect evaluative judgment? Emotion. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023163