School-based physical activity does not compromise children's academic performance

Journal article


Ahamed, Yasmin, MacDonald, Heather, Reed, Katherine, Naylor, Patti-Jean, Liu-Ambrose, Teresa and McKay, Heather. (2007) School-based physical activity does not compromise children's academic performance. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 39(2), pp. 371 - 376. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000241654.45500.8e
AuthorsAhamed, Yasmin, MacDonald, Heather, Reed, Katherine, Naylor, Patti-Jean, Liu-Ambrose, Teresa and McKay, Heather
Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based physical activity intervention, Action Schools! BC (AS! BC), for maintaining academic performance in a multiethnic group of elementary children, and 2) to determine whether boys and girls' academic performance changed similarly after participation in AS! BC.

Methods: This was a 16-month cluster randomized controlled trial. Ten schools were randomized to intervention (INT) or usual practice (UP). One INT school administered the wrong final test, and one UP school graded their own test, so both were excluded. Thus, eight schools (six INT, two UP) were included in the final analysis. Children (143 boys, 144 girls) in grades 4 and 5 were recruited for the study. We used the Canadian Achievement Test (CAT-3) to evaluate academic performance (TotScore). Weekly teacher activity logs determined amounts of physical activity delivered by teachers to students. Physical activity was determined with the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C). Independent t-tests compared descriptive variables between groups and between boys and girls. We used a mixed linear model to evaluate differences in TotScore at follow-up between groups and between girls and boys.

Results: Physical activity delivered by teachers to children in INT schools was increased by 47 min·wk−1 (139 ± 62 vs 92 ± 45, P < 0.001). Participants attending UP schools had significantly higher baseline TotScores than those attending INT schools. Despite this, there was no significant difference in TotScore between groups at follow-up and between boys and girls at baseline and follow-up.

Conclusion: The AS! BC model is an attractive and feasible intervention to increase physical activity for students while maintaining levels of academic performance.

Year2007
JournalMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Journal citation39 (2), pp. 371 - 376
ISSN0195-9131
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000241654.45500.8e
Scopus EID2-s2.0-33846799282
Web address (URL)http://ezproxy.acu.edu.au/login?url=http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&CSC=Y&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&AN=00005768-200702000-00021&LSLINK=80&D=ovft
Page range371 - 376
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/882qy/school-based-physical-activity-does-not-compromise-children-s-academic-performance

  • 112
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Determining brain mechanisms that underpin analgesia induced by the use of pain coping skills
Cole, Leonie J., Bennell, Kim, Ahamed, Yasmin, Pachana, Nancy A., Keefe, Francis J., Moseley, G. Lorimer, Hodges, Paul and Farrell, Michael J.. (2018) Determining brain mechanisms that underpin analgesia induced by the use of pain coping skills. Pain Medicine. 19(11), pp. 2177 - 2190. https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnx301
Multimorbidity and the risk of all-cause 30-day readmission in the setting of multidisciplinary management of chronic heart failure: A retrospective analysis of 830 hospitalized patients in Australia
Wiley, Joshua F., Chan, Yih-Kai, Ahamed, Yasmin, Ball, Jocasta, Carrington, Melinda J., Reigel, Barbara and Stewart, Simon. (2018) Multimorbidity and the risk of all-cause 30-day readmission in the setting of multidisciplinary management of chronic heart failure: A retrospective analysis of 830 hospitalized patients in Australia. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 33(5), pp. 437 - 445. https://doi.org/10.1097/JCN.0000000000000391
Physical Therapist-Delivered Pain Coping Skills Training and Exercise for Knee Osteoarthritis: Randomized Controlled Trial
Bennell, Kim L., Ahamed, Yasmin, Jull, Gwendolen J., Bryant, Christina, Hunt, Michael A., Forbes, Andrew B., Kasza, Jessica, Akram, Muhammed, Metcalf, Ben R., Harris, Anthony, Egerton, T., Kenardy, Justin A., Nicholas, Michael K. and Keefe, Francis J.. (2016) Physical Therapist-Delivered Pain Coping Skills Training and Exercise for Knee Osteoarthritis: Randomized Controlled Trial. Arthritis Care and Research. 68(5), pp. 590 - 602. https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.22744
Establishing a pragmatic framework to optimise health outcomes in heart failure and multimorbidity (ARISE-HF): A multidisciplinary position statement
Stewart, Simon, Riegel, Barbara, Boyd, Cynthia, Ahamed, Yasmin, Thompson, David Robert, Burrell, Louise M., Carrington, Melinda Jane, Coats, Andrew, Granger, Bradi B., Hides, Julie Anne, Weintraub, William S., Moser, Debra K., Dickson, Victoria Vaughan, McDermott, Cressida J., Keates, Ashley K. and Rich, Michael W.. (2016) Establishing a pragmatic framework to optimise health outcomes in heart failure and multimorbidity (ARISE-HF): A multidisciplinary position statement. International Journal of Cardiology. 212, pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.03.001
Current and projected burden of heart failure in the Australian adult population: A substantive but still ill-defined major health issue
Chan, Yih-Kai, Tuttle, Camilla, Ball, Jocasta C., Teng, Tiew-Hwa Katherine, Ahamed, Yasmin, Carrington, Melinda Jane and Stewart, Simon. (2016) Current and projected burden of heart failure in the Australian adult population: A substantive but still ill-defined major health issue. BMC Health Services Research. 16(501), pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-016-1748-0
Impact of nurse-led, multidisciplinary home-based intervention on event-free survival across the spectrum of chronic heart disease: Composite analysis of health outcomes in 1226 patients from 3 randomized trials
Stewart, Simon, Wiley, Joshua F., Ball, Jocasta Clare, Chan, Yih-Kai, Ahamed, Yasmin, Thompson, David Robert and Carrington, Melinda Jane. (2016) Impact of nurse-led, multidisciplinary home-based intervention on event-free survival across the spectrum of chronic heart disease: Composite analysis of health outcomes in 1226 patients from 3 randomized trials. Circulation. 133(19), pp. 1867 - 1877. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.116.020730
Rediscovering Heart Failure: The contemporary burden and profile of heart failure in Australia
Chan, Yih-Kai, Gerber, Tracey, Tuttle, Camilla, Ball, Jocasta, Teng, Tiew-Hwa Katherine, Ahamed, Yasmin and Carrington, Melinda. (2015) Rediscovering Heart Failure: The contemporary burden and profile of heart failure in Australia Melbourne, Australia: Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research.
Reexamining the surfaces of bone in boys and girls during adolescent growth: A 12-Year mixed longitudinal pQCT Study
Gabel, Leigh, Nettlefold, Lindsay, Brasher, Penelope M., Moore, Sarah A., Ahamed, Yasmin, Macdonald, Heather M. and McKay, Heather A.. (2015) Reexamining the surfaces of bone in boys and girls during adolescent growth: A 12-Year mixed longitudinal pQCT Study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 30(12), pp. 2158 - 2167. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.2570
Can physical therapists deliver a pain coping skills program? An examination of training processes and outcomes
Bryant, Christina, Lewis, Prudence, Bennell, Kim, Ahamed, Yasmin, Crough, Denae, Jull, Gwendolen, Kenardy, Justin, Nicholas, Michael and Keefe, Francis. (2014) Can physical therapists deliver a pain coping skills program? An examination of training processes and outcomes. Physical Therapy. 94(10), pp. 1443 - 1454. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20130444
Can physical therapists deliver a pain coping skills program? An examination of training processes and outcomes
Bryant, Christina, Lewis, Prudence, Bennell, Kim, Ahamed, Yasmin, Crough, Denae, Jull, Gwendolen, Kenardy, Justin, Nicholas, Michael and Keefe, Francis. (2014) Can physical therapists deliver a pain coping skills program? An examination of training processes and outcomes. Physical Therapy. 94(10), pp. 1443 - 1454. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20130444
Alternating bouts of sitting and standing attenuate postprandial glucose responses
Thorp, Michael, Keefe, Francis, Bryant, Christina, Metcalf, Ben, Ahamed, Yasmin, Nicholas, Michael and Bennell, Kim. (2013) Alternating bouts of sitting and standing attenuate postprandial glucose responses. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 20(2), pp. 106 - 112. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000337
A physiotherapist-delivered, combined exercise and pain coping skills training intervention for individuals with knee osteoarthritis : A pilot study
Hunt, Michael, Keefe, Francis, Bryant, Christina, Metcalf, Ben, Ahamed, Yasmin, Nicholas, Michael and Bennell, Kim. (2013) A physiotherapist-delivered, combined exercise and pain coping skills training intervention for individuals with knee osteoarthritis : A pilot study. The Knee. 20(2), pp. 106 - 112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2012.07.008
A physiotherapist-delivered integrated exercise and pain coping skills training intervention for individuals with knee osteoarthritis: A randomised controlled trial protocol
Bennell, Kim, Ahamed, Yasmin, Bryant, Christina, Jull, Gwendolen, Hunt, Michael, Kenardy, Justin, Forbes, Andrew, Harris, Anthony, Nicholas, Michael, Metcalf, Ben, Egerton, Thorlene and Keefe, Francis. (2012) A physiotherapist-delivered integrated exercise and pain coping skills training intervention for individuals with knee osteoarthritis: A randomised controlled trial protocol. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 13(129), pp. 1 - 17. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-13-129
Older fallers with poor working memory overestimate their postural limits
Liu-Ambrose, Teresa, Ahamed, Yasmin, Graf, Peter, Feldman, Fabio and Robinovitch, Stephen. (2008) Older fallers with poor working memory overestimate their postural limits. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 89(7), pp. 1335 - 1340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2007.11.052
Otago home-based strength and balance retraining improves executive functioning in older fallers: A randomized controlled trial
Liu-Ambrose, Teresa, Donaldson, Meghan, Ahamed, Yasmin, Graf, Peter, Cook, Wendy, Close, Jacqueline, Lord, Stephen and Khan, Karim. (2008) Otago home-based strength and balance retraining improves executive functioning in older fallers: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 56(10), pp. 1821 - 1830. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.01931.x
Characterising cortical density in the mid-tibia: Intra-individual variation in adolescent girls and boys
Cooper, David M.L., Ahamed, Yasmin, Macdonald, Heather M. and McKay, Heather Anne. (2008) Characterising cortical density in the mid-tibia: Intra-individual variation in adolescent girls and boys. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 42(8), pp. 690 - 695. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2008.049528
Characterising cortical density in the mid-tibia : Intra-individual variation in adolescent girls and boys
Cooper, David, Ahamed, Yasmin, Macdonald, Heather and McKay, Heather. (2008) Characterising cortical density in the mid-tibia : Intra-individual variation in adolescent girls and boys. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 42(8), pp. 690 - 695. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2008.049528
Otago home-based strength and balance retraining improves executive functioning in older fallers : A randomized controlled trial
Liu-Ambrose, Teresa, Donaldson, Meghan, Ahamed, Yasmin, Graf, Peter, Cook, Wendy, Close, Jacqueline, Lord, Stephen and Khan, Karim. (2008) Otago home-based strength and balance retraining improves executive functioning in older fallers : A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 56(10), pp. 1821 - 1830. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.01931.x
Characterising cortical density in the mid-tibia : Intra-individual variation in adolescent girls and boys
Cooper, David, Ahamed, Yasmin, Macdonald, Heather and McKay, Heather. (2008) Characterising cortical density in the mid-tibia : Intra-individual variation in adolescent girls and boys. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 42(8), pp. 690 - 695. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2008.049528
Older fallers with poor working memory overestimate their postural limits
Liu-Ambrose, Teresa, Ahamed, Yasmin, Graf, Peter, Feldman, Fabio and Robinovitch, Stephen. (2008) Older fallers with poor working memory overestimate their postural limits. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 89(7), pp. 1335 - 1340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2007.11.052
School-based physical activity does not compromise children's academic performance
Ahamed, Yasmin, MacDonald, Heather, Reed, Katherine, Naylor, Patti-Jean, Liu-Ambrose, Teresa and McKay, Heather. (2007) School-based physical activity does not compromise children's academic performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 39(2), pp. 371 - 376. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000241654.45500.8e