Weight management practices of Australian Olympic combat sport athletes

Journal article


Reale, Reid, Slater, Gary and Burke, Louise. (2018) Weight management practices of Australian Olympic combat sport athletes. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 13(4), pp. 459 - 466. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0553
AuthorsReale, Reid, Slater, Gary and Burke, Louise
Abstract

Purpose: Combat sport athletes undertake chronic and rapid weight loss (RWL) practices to qualify for weight divisions lower than their training weight. Variation between sports in the prevalence, methods, and magnitude of weight loss as well as recovery practices may be influenced by factors including competition level and culture. Differences in methodologies of previous research in combat sports make direct comparisons difficult; thus, this study aimed to examine weight loss practices among all Olympic combat sports in Australia, using standardized methodology. Methods: High-caliber competitors in wrestling, boxing, judo, and taekwondo (n = 260) at Australian competitions were surveyed using a validated tool that provides quantification of how extreme an athlete's weight loss practices are: The rapid weight loss score (RWLS). Additional qualitative and quantitative survey data were also collected. Results: Neither sport, sex, nor weightdivision group had an effect on RWLS; however, a significant effect of athlete caliber was detected (F2,215 = 4.953, mean square error = 4.757, P = .00792). Differences between sports were also evident for most weight ever lost in order to compete (H = 19.92, P = .0002), age at which weight cutting began (H = 16.34, P = .001), and selected methods/patterns of RWL (P < .001). Weight cycling between competitions was common among all sports as were influences on athlete's behaviors. Conclusions: Although many similarities in weight loss practices and experiences exist between combat sports, specific differences were evident. Nuanced, context/culturally specific guidelines should be devised to assist fighters' in optimizing performance while minimizing health implications.

Keywordsrapid weight loss; body composition; judo; wrestling; boxing; taekwondo
Year2018
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Journal citation13 (4), pp. 459 - 466
PublisherHuman Kinetics Publishers
ISSN1555-0265
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0553
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85047766196
Page range459 - 466
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
Place of publicationUnited States
EditorsJ. de Koning
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Heikura, Ida A., Stellingwerff, Trent, Mero, Antti A., Uusitalo, Arja and Burke, Louise. (2017) A mismatch between athlete practice and current sports nutrition guidelines among elite female and male middle- and long-distance athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 27(4), pp. 351 - 360. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0316
Prevalence of illness, poor mental health and sleep quality and low energy availability prior to the 2016 Summer Olympic Games
Drew, Michael, Vlahovich, Nicole, Hughes, David, Appaneal, Renee, Burke, Louise, Lundy, Bronwen, Rogers, Margot, Toomey, Mary, Watts, David, Lovell, Gregory, Praet, Stephan F. E., Halson, Shona, Colbey, Candice, Manzanero, Silvia, Welvaert, Marijke, West, NIcholas P., Pyne, David and Waddington, Gordon. (2017) Prevalence of illness, poor mental health and sleep quality and low energy availability prior to the 2016 Summer Olympic Games. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 52(1), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-098208
Manipulation of Muscle Creatine and Glycogen Changes DXA Estimates of Body Composition
Bone, Julia L., Ross, Megan L., Tomcik, Kristyen A., Jeacocke, Nikki A., Hopkins, Will G., Burke, Louise M. and Burke, Louise M.. (2017) Manipulation of Muscle Creatine and Glycogen Changes DXA Estimates of Body Composition. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 49(5), pp. 1029 - 1035. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001174
Dietary microperiodization in elite female and male runners and race walkers during a block of high intensity precompetition training
Heikura, Ida A., Burke, Louise, Mero, Antti A., Uusitalo, Arja L. T. and Stellingwerff, Trent. (2017) Dietary microperiodization in elite female and male runners and race walkers during a block of high intensity precompetition training. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 27(47), pp. 297 - 304. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0317
Low carbohydrate, high fat diet impairs exercise economy and negates the performance benefit from intensified training in elite race walkers
Burke, Louise, Ross, Megan L.L., Garvican, Laura A., Welvaert, Marijke, Heikura, Ida A., Forbes, Sara G., Mirtschin, Jo, Cato, Louise E., Strobel, Nicki, Sharma, Avish P. and Hawley, John. (2017) Low carbohydrate, high fat diet impairs exercise economy and negates the performance benefit from intensified training in elite race walkers. The Journal of Physiology. 595(9), pp. 2785 - 2807. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP273230
Practical issues in evidence-based use of performance supplements: Supplement interactions, repeated use and individual responses
Burke, Louise M.. (2017) Practical issues in evidence-based use of performance supplements: Supplement interactions, repeated use and individual responses. Sports Medicine. 47(Supplement 1), pp. S79 - S100. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0687-1
Communicating sports science in the age of the twittersphere
Burke, Louise. (2017) Communicating sports science in the age of the twittersphere. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 27(1), pp. 1 - 5. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0057
Weight regain: no link to success in a real-life multiday boxing tournament
Reale, Reid, Cox, Gregory R., Slater, Gary and Burke, Louise. (2017) Weight regain: no link to success in a real-life multiday boxing tournament. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 12(7), pp. 856 - 863. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0311
Regain in body mass after weigh-in is linked to success in real life judo competition
Reale, Reid, Cox, Gregory R., Slater, Gary and Burke, Louise. (2016) Regain in body mass after weigh-in is linked to success in real life judo competition. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 26(6), pp. 525 - 530. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2015-0359
Circulating microRNA responses between 'high' and 'low' responders to a 16-wk diet and exercise weight loss intervention
Parr, Evelyn B., Camera, Donny M., Burke, Louise M., Phillips, Stuart M., Coffey, Vernon G. and Hawley, John Alan. (2016) Circulating microRNA responses between 'high' and 'low' responders to a 16-wk diet and exercise weight loss intervention. PLoS ONE. 11(4), pp. 1 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152545
Altering fatty acid availability does not impair prolonged, continuous running to fatigue: Evidence for carbohydrate dependence
Leckey, Jill, Burke, Louise Mary, Morton, James P. and Hawley, John Alan. (2016) Altering fatty acid availability does not impair prolonged, continuous running to fatigue: Evidence for carbohydrate dependence. Journal of Applied Physiology. 120(2), pp. 107 - 113. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00855.2015
New strategies in sport nutrition to increase exercise performance
Close, Graeme L., Hamilton, D. L., Philp, A, Burke, Louise and Morton, James P.. (2016) New strategies in sport nutrition to increase exercise performance. Free Radical Biology & Medicine. 98, pp. 144 - 158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2016.01.016
Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and athletic performance
Thomas, D. Travis, Erdman, Kelly Anne and Burke, Louise. (2016) Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and athletic performance. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 116(3), pp. 501 - 528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2015.12.006
Changes in the supplementation practices of elite Australian swimmers over 11 years
Shaw, Gregory, Slater, Gary and Burke, Louise M.. (2016) Changes in the supplementation practices of elite Australian swimmers over 11 years. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 26(6), pp. 565 - 571. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0060
Importance of standardized DXA protocol for assessing physique changes in athletes
Nana, Alisa, Slater, Gary J., Hopkins, Will, Halson, Shona, Martin, D. T., West, N. P. and Burke, Louise Mary. (2016) Importance of standardized DXA protocol for assessing physique changes in athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 26(3), pp. 259 - 267. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2013-0111
DXA estimates of body composition and carbohydrate loading
Bone, Julia L.L and Burke, Louise. (2016) DXA estimates of body composition and carbohydrate loading. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism: European journal of nutrition, metabolic diseases and dietetics. 68(3), pp. 228 - 229. https://doi.org/10.1159/000445510
Periodization of carbohydrate intake: Short-term effect on performance
Marquet, Laurie-Anne, Hausswirth, Christophe, Molle, Odeline, Hawley, John A., Burke, Louise M., Tiollier, Eve and Brisswalter, Jeanick. (2016) Periodization of carbohydrate intake: Short-term effect on performance. Nutrients. 8(12), pp. 1 - 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8120755
A randomized trial of high-dairy-protein, variable-carbohydrate diets and exercise on body composition in adults with obesity
Parr, Evelyn B., Coffey, Vernon Glenn, Cato, Louise E., Phillips, Stuart M., Burke, Louise Mary and Hawley, John Alan. (2016) A randomized trial of high-dairy-protein, variable-carbohydrate diets and exercise on body composition in adults with obesity. Obesity. 24(5), pp. 1035 - 1045. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21451
Doping in sport and exercise: Anabolic, ergogenic, health and clinical issues
Bird, Stephen R., Goebel, Catrin, Burke, Louise Mary and Greaves, Ronda F.. (2016) Doping in sport and exercise: Anabolic, ergogenic, health and clinical issues. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry. 53(2), pp. 196 - 221. https://doi.org/10.1177/0004563215609952
Supplement use of elite Australian swimmers
Shaw, Gregory, Slater, Gary and Burke, Louise Mary. (2016) Supplement use of elite Australian swimmers. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 26(3), pp. 249 - 258. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2015-0182
Enhanced endurance performance by periodization of CHO intake: "Sleep Low" strategy
Marquet, Laurie-Anne, Brisswalter, Jeanick, Louis, Julien, Tiollier, Eve, Burke, Louise Mary, Hawley, John Alan and Hausswirth, Christophe. (2016) Enhanced endurance performance by periodization of CHO intake: "Sleep Low" strategy. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 48(4), pp. 663 - 672. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000823
Body composition of female road and track endurance cyclists: Normative values and typical changes
Haakonssen, E. C., Barras, Martin, Burke, Louise Mary, Jenkins, David G. and Martin, David. (2015) Body composition of female road and track endurance cyclists: Normative values and typical changes. European Journal of Sport Science. 16(6), pp. 645 - 653. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2015.1084538
Preparation for competition
Burke, Louise. (2015) Preparation for competition. In In L. Burke and V. Deakin (Ed.). Clinical Sports Nutrition pp. 346 - 376 McGraw-Hill Education.
Nutritional strategies to enhance fat oxidation during aerobic exercise
Burke, Louise and Hawley, John. (2015) Nutritional strategies to enhance fat oxidation during aerobic exercise. In In L. Burke and V. Deakin (Ed.). Clinical sports nutrition pp. 463 - 492 McGraw-Hill Education (Australia) Pty Ltd.
Beetroot juice improves on-water 500 M time-trial performance, and laboratory-based paddling economy in national and international-level kayak athletes
Peeling, Peter, Cox, Gregory R., Bullock, Nicola and Burke, Louise Mary. (2015) Beetroot juice improves on-water 500 M time-trial performance, and laboratory-based paddling economy in national and international-level kayak athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 25(3), pp. 278 - 284. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0110
Authors' 2015 additions to the IOC consensus statement: Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S)
Mountjoy, Margo, Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn, Burke, Louise Mary, Carter, Susan, Constantini, Naama, Lebrun, Constance, Meyer, Nanna L., Sherman, Roberta T., Steffen, Kathrin, Budgett, Richard and Ljungqvist, Arne. (2015) Authors' 2015 additions to the IOC consensus statement: Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S). British Journal of Sports Medicine. 49(7), pp. 417 - 420. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-094371
A comparison of standard and novel bronchoscopic endobronchial biopsy retrieval methods
Khan, Kashifali A., Ryan, Ciara, Burke, Louise Mary, Henry, Michael T., Murphy, Des M., Plant, Barry J., O'Connor, Terry Markham, Curran, David R. and Kennedy, Marcus Peter. (2015) A comparison of standard and novel bronchoscopic endobronchial biopsy retrieval methods. Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology. 22(2), pp. 130 - 134. https://doi.org/10.1097/LBR.0000000000000138
Nutrition for recovery after training and competition
Burke, Louise. (2015) Nutrition for recovery after training and competition. In In L. Burke and V. Deakin (Ed.). Clinical sports nutrition 5th edition pp. 420 - 462 McGraw-Hill Education.
Supplements and sports foods
Burke, Louise and Cato, Louise. (2015) Supplements and sports foods. In In L. Burke and V. Deakin (Ed.). Clinical Sports Nutrition pp. 493 - 591 McGraw-Hill Education.
The IOC relative energy deficiency in sport clinical assessment tool (RED-S CAT)
Mountjoy, Margo, Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn, Burke, Louise Mary, Carter, Susan, Constantini, Naama, Lebrun, Constance, Meyer, Nanna, Sherman, Roberta, Steffen, Kathrin, Budgett, Richard, Ljungqvist, Arne and Ackerman, Kathryn. (2015) The IOC relative energy deficiency in sport clinical assessment tool (RED-S CAT). British Journal of Sports Medicine. 49(21), pp. 1354 - 1354. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-094873
Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) clinical assessment tool (CAT)
Mountjoy, Margo, Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn, Burke, Louise, Carter, Susan, Constantini, Naama, Lebrun, Constance, Meyer, Nanna, Sherman, Roberta, Steffen, Kathrin, Budgett, Richard, Ljungqvist, Arne and Ackerman, Kathryn. (2015) Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) clinical assessment tool (CAT). British Journal of Sports Medicine. 49(7), pp. 421 - 423. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-094559
Methodology review: Using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the assessment of body composition in athletes and active people
Nana, Alisa, Slater, Gary J., Burke, Louise Mary and Stewart, Arthur D.. (2015) Methodology review: Using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the assessment of body composition in athletes and active people. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 25(2), pp. 198 - 215. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2013-0228
Nutritional supplements in sport, exercise and health: an a-z guide
Castell, Linda M., Stear, Samantha J. and Burke, Louise. In L. M. Castell, S. J. Stear and L.M. Burke (Ed.). (2015) Nutritional supplements in sport, exercise and health: an a-z guide Routledge.
Fluid Balance, Carbohydrate Ingestion, and Body Temperature During Men's Stage-Race Cycling in Temperate Environmental Conditions
Ross, Megan, Stephens, Brian, Abbiss, Chris, Martin, David, Laursen, Paul and Burke, Louise. (2014) Fluid Balance, Carbohydrate Ingestion, and Body Temperature During Men's Stage-Race Cycling in Temperate Environmental Conditions. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 9(3), pp. 575 - 582. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2012-0369
Alcohol ingestion impairs maximal post-exercise rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis following a single bout of concurrent training
Parr, Evelyn, Camera, Donny, Areta, José, Burke, Louise, Phillips, Stuart, Hawley, John A. and Coffey, Vernon. (2014) Alcohol ingestion impairs maximal post-exercise rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis following a single bout of concurrent training. PLoS ONE. 9(2), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088384
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of lung masquerading as urothelial carcinoma of bladder
Graham, Donna M., O'Connor, Kate M., Hinchion, John, Coate, Linda E., Burke, Louise and Power, Derek G.. (2014) Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of lung masquerading as urothelial carcinoma of bladder. Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy. 19(1), pp. 62 - 64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rpor.2013.07.004
Variability of Measurements of Sweat Sodium Using the Regional Absorbent-Patch Method
Dziedzic, Christine, Ross, Megan, Slater, Gary and Burke, Louise. (2014) Variability of Measurements of Sweat Sodium Using the Regional Absorbent-Patch Method. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 9(5), pp. 832 - 838. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0480
The IOC consensus statement: Beyond the female athlete triad-Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S)
Mountjoy, Margo, Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn, Burke, Louise, Carter, Susan, Constantini, Naama, Lebrun, Constance, Meyer, Nanna, Sherman, Roberta, Steffen, Kathrin, Budgett, Richard and Ljungqvist, Arne. (2014) The IOC consensus statement: Beyond the female athlete triad-Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S). British Journal of Sports Medicine. 48(7), pp. 491 - 497. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-093502
Nutrition for recovery in aquatic sports
Burke, Louise Mary and Mujika, Inigo. (2014) Nutrition for recovery in aquatic sports. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 24(4), pp. 425 - 436. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0022
Single and combined effects of beetroot juice and caffeine supplementation on cycling time trial performance
Lane, Stephen C., Hawley, John, Desbrow, Ben, Jones, Andrew M., Blackwell, James R., Ross, Megan L. L., Zemski, Adam J. and Burke, Louise. (2014) Single and combined effects of beetroot juice and caffeine supplementation on cycling time trial performance. 39(9), pp. 1050 - 1057. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2013-0336
Nutrition considerations for open-water swimming
Shaw, Gregory, Koivisto, Anu, Gerrard, David F. and Burke, Louise Mary. (2014) Nutrition considerations for open-water swimming. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 24(4), pp. 373 - 381. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0018
Single and combined effects of betroot juice and caffeine supplementation on cycling time trial performance
Lane, Stephen, Hawley, John, Desbrow, Ben, Jones, Andrew, Blackwell, James, Ross, Megan, Zemski, Adam and Burke, Louise. (2014) Single and combined effects of betroot juice and caffeine supplementation on cycling time trial performance. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 39(9), pp. 1050 - 1057. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2013-0336
Nutrition considerations in special environments for aquatic sports
Stellingwerff, Trent, Pyne, David B. and Burke, Louise Mary. (2014) Nutrition considerations in special environments for aquatic sports. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 24(4), pp. 470 - 479. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0014
Reduced resting skeletal muscle protein synthesis is reduced by resistance exercise and protein ingestion following short-term energy deficit
Areta, José, Burke, Louise, Camera, Donny, West, Daniel, Crawshay, Siobhan, Moore, Daniel, Stellingwerff, Trent, Phillips, Stuart, Hawley, John A. and Coffey, Vernon. (2014) Reduced resting skeletal muscle protein synthesis is reduced by resistance exercise and protein ingestion following short-term energy deficit. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. 306(8), pp. E989 - E997. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00590.2013
Evaluation of food provision and nutrition support at the London 2012 Olympic Games : The opinion of sport nutrition experts
Pelly, Fiona, Meyer, Nanna, Pearce, Jeni, Burkhart, Sarah and Burke, Louise. (2014) Evaluation of food provision and nutrition support at the London 2012 Olympic Games : The opinion of sport nutrition experts. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 24(6), pp. 674 - 683. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2013-0218
Nitrate supplementation and high-intensity performance in competitive cyclists
Hoon, Matthew, Hopkins, William, Jones, Andrew, Martin, David, Halson, Shona, West, Nicholas, Johnson, Nathan and Burke, Louise. (2014) Nitrate supplementation and high-intensity performance in competitive cyclists. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 39(9), pp. 1043 - 1049. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2013-0574
The Effect of Variable Doses of Inorganic Nitrate-Rich Betroot Juice on Simulated 2000-m Rowing Performance in Trained Athletes
Hoon, Matthew, Jones, Andrew, Johnson, Nathan, Blackwell, James, Broad, Elizabeth, Lundy, Bronwen, Rice, Anthony and Burke, Louise. (2014) The Effect of Variable Doses of Inorganic Nitrate-Rich Betroot Juice on Simulated 2000-m Rowing Performance in Trained Athletes. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 9(4), pp. 615 - 620. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2013-0207
Nutrition for Swimming
Shaw, Gregory, Boyd, Kevin, Burke, Louise and Koivisto, Anu. (2014) Nutrition for Swimming. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 24(4), pp. 360 - 372. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0015
Dairy-Based Preexercise Meal Does Not Affect Gut Comfort or Time-Trial Performance in Female Cyclists
Haakonssen, Eric, Ross, Megan, Cato, Louise, Nana, Alisa, Knight, Emma, Jenkins, David, Martin, David and Burke, Louise. (2014) Dairy-Based Preexercise Meal Does Not Affect Gut Comfort or Time-Trial Performance in Female Cyclists. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 24(5), pp. 553 - 558. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0069
Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition : Case study
Haakonssen, Eric, Martin, David, Burke, Louise and Jenkins, David. (2013) Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition : Case study. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.6.699
Effects of exercise sessions on DXA measurements of body composition in active people
Nana, A, Slater, G, Hopkins, Will and Burke, Louise. (2013) Effects of exercise sessions on DXA measurements of body composition in active people. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31826c9cfd
Swimming
Burke, Louise and Shaw, Gregory. (2013) Swimming. In Sports Nutrition pp. 607 - 618 Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118692318.ch50
Carbohydrate needs of athletes in training
Burke, Louise. (2013) Carbohydrate needs of athletes in training. In In R. J. Maughan (Ed.). pp. 102 - 112 Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118692318.ch7
Caffeine ingestion and cycling power output in a low or normal muscle glycogen state
Lane, Suzanne, Areta, José, Bird, S, Coffey, Vernon, Burke, Louise, Desbrow, B, Karagounis, L and Hawley, John A.. (2013) Caffeine ingestion and cycling power output in a low or normal muscle glycogen state. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828af183
Effects of exercise sessions on DXA measurements of body composition in active people
Nana, A, Slater, G, Hopkins, Will and Burke, Louise. (2013) Effects of exercise sessions on DXA measurements of body composition in active people. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31826c9cfd
Precooling methods and their effects on athletic performance : A systematic review and practical applications
Ross, M, Abbiss, Chris, Laursen, P, Martin, D and Burke, Louise. (2013) Precooling methods and their effects on athletic performance : A systematic review and practical applications. Sports Medicine: reviews of applied medicine and science in sport and exercise. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-012-0014-9
Effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on simulated cycling time-trial performance commenced in a fed or fasted state
Lane, Stephen, Bird, S, Burke, Louise and Hawley, John. (2013) Effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on simulated cycling time-trial performance commenced in a fed or fasted state. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2012-0300
What do athletes drink during competitive sporting activities?
Garth, A and Burke, Louise. (2013) What do athletes drink during competitive sporting activities? Sports Medicine: reviews of applied medicine and science in sport and exercise. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-013-0028-y
Energy expenditure of constant- and variable-intensity cycling : Power meter estimates
Haakonssen, E, Martin, D, Burke, Louise and Jenkins, David. (2013) Energy expenditure of constant- and variable-intensity cycling : Power meter estimates. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828e18e6
Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition : Case study
Haakonssen, Eric, Martin, David, Burke, Louise and Jenkins, David. (2013) Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition : Case study. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.6.699
Timing and distribution of protein ingestion during prolonged recovery from resistance exercise alters myofibrillar protein synthesis
Areta, José, Burke, Louise, Ross, M, Camera, Donny, West, D, Broad, E, Jeacocke, N, Moore, Daniel, Stellingwerff, T and Phillips, S. (2013) Timing and distribution of protein ingestion during prolonged recovery from resistance exercise alters myofibrillar protein synthesis. The Journal of Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2012.244897
Energy expenditure of constant- and variable-intensity cycling : Power meter estimates
Haakonssen, E, Martin, D, Burke, Louise and Jenkins, David. (2013) Energy expenditure of constant- and variable-intensity cycling : Power meter estimates. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828e18e6
Practical considerations for bicarbonate loading and sports performance
Burke, Louise Mary. (2013) Practical considerations for bicarbonate loading and sports performance. 75th Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop, Mallorca, December 2011. Switzerland: S. Karger AG. pp. 15 - 26 https://doi.org/10.1159/000345814
Preexercise aminoacidemia and muscle protein synthesis after resistance exercise
Burke, Louise, Hawley, John, Ross, M, Moore, Daniel, Phillips, S, Slater, G, Stellingwerff, T, Tipton, K, Garnham, A and Coffey, Vernon. (2012) Preexercise aminoacidemia and muscle protein synthesis after resistance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 44(10), pp. 1968 - 1977. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31825d28fa
Ramadan fasting and the goals of sports nutrition around exercise
Burke, Louise and King, C. (2012) Ramadan fasting and the goals of sports nutrition around exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences. 30(Suppl 1), pp. S21 - S31. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.680484
Sports Nutrition
Burke, Louise. (2012) Sports Nutrition. In In J. W. Erdman, I. A. MacDonald and S. H. Zeisel (Ed.). pp. 669 - 687 Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119946045.ch43
Reliability and effect of sodium bicarbonate : Buffering and 2000-m rowing performance
Carr, A, Slater, G, Gore, Christopher, Dawson, Brian and Burke, Louise. (2012) Reliability and effect of sodium bicarbonate : Buffering and 2000-m rowing performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 7(2), pp. 152 - 160. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.7.2.152
Effect of intake of different dietary protein sources on plasma amino acid profiles at rest and after exercise
Burke, Louise, Winter, J, Cameron-Smith, David, Enslen, Marc, Farnfield, M and Decombaz, J. (2012) Effect of intake of different dietary protein sources on plasma amino acid profiles at rest and after exercise. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 22(6), pp. 452 - 462. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.22.6.452
Daytime pattern of post-exercise protein intake affects whole-body protein turnover in resistance-trained males
Moore, Daniel, Areta, José, Coffey, Vernon, Stellingwerff, Trent, Phillips, Stuart, Burke, Louise, Cleroux, Marilyn, Godin, Jean-Philippe and Hawley, John Alan. (2012) Daytime pattern of post-exercise protein intake affects whole-body protein turnover in resistance-trained males. Nutrition and Metabolism. 9(91), pp. 1 - 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-7075-9-91
Reliability and effect of sodium bicarbonate : Buffering and 2000-m rowing performance
Carr, A, Slater, G, Gore, Christopher, Dawson, Brian and Burke, Louise. (2012) Reliability and effect of sodium bicarbonate : Buffering and 2000-m rowing performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 7(2), pp. 152 - 160. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.7.2.152
Effects of daily activities on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements of body composition in active people
Nana, A, Slater, G, Hopkins, Will and Burke, Louise. (2012) Effects of daily activities on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements of body composition in active people. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 44(1), pp. 180 - 189. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e318228b60e
Techniques for undertaking dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry whole-body scans to estimate body composition in tall and/or broad subjects
Nana, A, Slater, G, Hopkins, Will and Burke, Louise. (2012) Techniques for undertaking dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry whole-body scans to estimate body composition in tall and/or broad subjects. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 22(5), pp. 313 - 322. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.22.5.313
Effects of lowering body temperature via hyperhydration, with and without glycerol ingestion and practical precooling on cycling time trial performance in hot and humid conditions
Ross, M, Jeacocke, N, Laursen, P, Martin, D, Abbiss, Chris and Burke, Louise. (2012) Effects of lowering body temperature via hyperhydration, with and without glycerol ingestion and practical precooling on cycling time trial performance in hot and humid conditions. International Society of Sports Nutrition. 9(55), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1550-2783-9-55
Effect of sodium bicarbonate on [HCO 3 -], pH, and gastrointestinal symptoms
Carr, A, Slater, G, Gore, Christopher, Dawson, Brian and Burke, Louise. (2011) Effect of sodium bicarbonate on [HCO 3 -], pH, and gastrointestinal symptoms. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 21(3), pp. 189 - 194. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.21.3.189
Rapid aminoacidemia enhances myofibrillar protein synthesis and anabolic intramuscular signaling responses after resistance exercise
West, D, Burd, N, Coffey, Vernon, Baker, S, Burke, Louise, Hawley, John, Moore, Daniel, Stellingwerff, T and Phillips, S. (2011) Rapid aminoacidemia enhances myofibrillar protein synthesis and anabolic intramuscular signaling responses after resistance exercise. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: A journal reporting the practical application of our world-wide knowledge of nutrition. 94(3), pp. 795 - 803. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.013722
Nutritional modulation of training-induced skeletal muscle adaptations
Hawley, John, Burke, Louise, Phillips, S and Spriet, L. (2011) Nutritional modulation of training-induced skeletal muscle adaptations. Journal of Applied Physiology. 110(3), pp. 834 - 845. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00949.2010
Novel precooling strategy enhances time trial cycling in the heat
Ross, M, Garvican, L, Jeacocke, N, Laursen, P, Abbiss, Chris, Martin, D and Burke, Louise. (2011) Novel precooling strategy enhances time trial cycling in the heat. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 43(1), pp. 123 - 133. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181e93210
Nutrition for power sports :Middle-distance running, track cycling, rowing, canoeing/kayaking, and swimming
Stellingwerff, T, Maughan, R and Burke, Louise. (2011) Nutrition for power sports :Middle-distance running, track cycling, rowing, canoeing/kayaking, and swimming. Journal of Sports Sciences. 29(Suppl 1), pp. S79 - S89. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.589469
Carbohydrates for training and competition
Burke, Louise, Hawley, John, Wong, S and Jeukendrup, A. (2011) Carbohydrates for training and competition. Journal of Sports Sciences. 29(Suppl 1), pp. S17 - S27. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.585473
Practical nutritional recommendations for the athlete
Maughan, Ronald J. and Burke, Louise M.. (2011) Practical nutritional recommendations for the athlete. 69th Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop, Kona, Hawaii, October 2010. Switzerland: S. Karger AG. pp. 131 - 149 https://doi.org/10.1159/000329292
Nutrition in team sports
Mujika, I and Burke, Louise. (2010) Nutrition in team sports. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism: European journal of nutrition, metabolic diseases and dietetics. 57(Suppl 2), pp. 26 - 35. https://doi.org/10.1159/000322700
Methods to standardize dietary intake before performance testing
Jeacocke, N and Burke, Louise. (2010) Methods to standardize dietary intake before performance testing. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 20(2), pp. 87 - 103. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.20.2.87
Nutrition in team sports
Mujika, I and Burke, Louise. (2010) Nutrition in team sports. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism: European journal of nutrition, metabolic diseases and dietetics. 57(Suppl 2), pp. 26 - 35. https://doi.org/10.1159/000322700
Race-day carbohydrate intakes of elite triathletes contesting olympic-distance triathlon events
Cox, Geoffrey, Snow, Rod and Burke, Louise. (2010) Race-day carbohydrate intakes of elite triathletes contesting olympic-distance triathlon events. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 20(4), pp. 299 - 306. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.20.4.299
Carbohydrate availability and training adaptation: Effects on cell metabolism
Hawley, John and Burke, Louise. (2010) Carbohydrate availability and training adaptation: Effects on cell metabolism. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. 38(4), pp. 152 - 160. https://doi.org/10.1097/JES.0b013e3181f44dd9
Fueling strategies to optimize performance : Training high or training low?
Burke, Louise. (2010) Fueling strategies to optimize performance : Training high or training low? Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 20(Suppl 2), pp. 48 - 58. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01185.x
Clinical Sports Nutrition: 4th Edition
Burke, Louise and Deakin, Vicki. (2010) Clinical Sports Nutrition: 4th Edition McGraw Hill.
Nutritional strategies to promote postexercise recovery
Beelen, M, Burke, Louise, Gibala, M and van Loon, Luc. (2010) Nutritional strategies to promote postexercise recovery. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 20(6), pp. 515 - 532. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.20.6.515
Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling
Cox, Geoffrey, Clark, Sally, Cox, A, Halson, Shona, Hargreaves, M, Hawley, John, Jeacocke, N, Snow, Rod, Yeo, W and Burke, Louise. (2010) Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling. Journal of Applied Physiology. 109(1), pp. 126 - 134. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00950.2009
Methods to standardize dietary intake before performance testing
Jeacocke, N and Burke, Louise. (2010) Methods to standardize dietary intake before performance testing. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 20(2), pp. 87 - 103. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.20.2.87
Fueling strategies to optimize performance : Training high or training low?
Burke, Louise. (2010) Fueling strategies to optimize performance : Training high or training low? Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 20(Suppl 2), pp. 48 - 58. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01185.x
BJSM reviews: A-Z of nutritional supplements: Dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance Part 4
Burke, Louise M., Castell, Lindy M., Stear, S. J., Rogers, Phoebe J., Blomstrand, E., Gurr, S., Mitchell, N., Stephens, F. B. and Greenhaff, P. L.. (2009) BJSM reviews: A-Z of nutritional supplements: Dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance Part 4. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(14), pp. 1088 - 1090. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2009.068643
The interview tables are turned
Burke, Louise. (2009) The interview tables are turned. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 19(6), pp. 685 - 688. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.19.6.685
Practical sports nutrition: Survival nutrition
Burke, Louise M.. (2009) Practical sports nutrition: Survival nutrition. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 19(3), pp. 323 - 327. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.19.3.323
A lifetime in sports nutrition: An interview with Emily Haymes
Burke, Louise and Haymes, E.. (2009) A lifetime in sports nutrition: An interview with Emily Haymes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 19(5), pp. 561 - 564. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.19.5.561
BJSM reviews: A-Z of nutritional supplements: Dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance Part 1
Burke, Louise Mary, Castell, Lindy M. and Stear, Samantha J.. (2009) BJSM reviews: A-Z of nutritional supplements: Dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance Part 1. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(10), pp. 728 - 729. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2009.063941
BJSM reviews: A-Z of supplements: Dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance Part 2
Castell, Lindy M., Burke, Louise M. and Stear, S. J.. (2009) BJSM reviews: A-Z of supplements: Dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance Part 2. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(11), pp. 807 - 810. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2009.065284
Nutrition in combat sports
Burke, Louise Mary and Cox, Gregory R.. (2009) Nutrition in combat sports. In In R. Kordi, N. Maffulli and R.R Wroble & W.A Wallace (Ed.). Combat sports medicine pp. 1 - 20 Springer.
BJSM reviews: A-Z of nutritional supplements: Dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance Part 3
Stear, S. J., Burke, Louise M. and Castell, L. M.. (2009) BJSM reviews: A-Z of nutritional supplements: Dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance Part 3. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(12), pp. 890 - 892. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2009.065417
Survival for the active family
Burke, Louise Mary, Broad, Liz, Cox, Gregory R., Dziedzic, Christine E., Gurr, Stephen, Jeacocke, Nikki A., Minehan, Michelle, Mirtschin, Jo and Shaw, Greg. (2009) Survival for the active family Text Pacific Publishing.
Feeding the Beijing Olympics: An interview with Jillian Wanik
Burke, Louise M.. (2009) Feeding the Beijing Olympics: An interview with Jillian Wanik. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 19(4), pp. 433 - 437. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.19.4.433
Sports supplements debate: A risky practice that produces expensive urine or legitimate performance boosts that can be found in a packet or bottle?
Burke, Louise Mary. (2008) Sports supplements debate: A risky practice that produces expensive urine or legitimate performance boosts that can be found in a packet or bottle? In In N.A.S. Taylor and H. Groeller (Ed.). Physiological bases of human performance during work and exercise pp. 577 - 584 Elsevier.
Optimising and enhancing human performance through nutrition
Burke, Louise Mary, Kiens, Bente and Tipton, Kevin D.. (2008) Optimising and enhancing human performance through nutrition. In In N.A.S. Taylor and H. Groeller (Ed.). Physiological bases of human performance during work and exercise pp. 545 - 562 Elsevier.
Sports nutrition and Australian Football
Burke, Louise M.. (2008) Sports nutrition and Australian Football. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 18(1), pp. 96 - 98. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.18.1.96
Caffeine and sports performance
Burke, Louise M.. (2008) Caffeine and sports performance. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 33(6), pp. 1319 - 1324. https://doi.org/10.1139/H08-130
Skeletal muscle adaptation and performance responses to once a day versus twice every second day endurance training regimens
Yeo, Wee Kian, Paton, Carl D., Garnham, Andrew P., Burke, Louise M., Carey, Andrew L. and Hawley, John Alan. (2008) Skeletal muscle adaptation and performance responses to once a day versus twice every second day endurance training regimens. Journal of Applied Physiology. 105(5), pp. 1462 - 1470. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.90882.2008
A food pyramid for swiss athletes
Burke, Louise. (2008) A food pyramid for swiss athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 18(4), pp. 430 - 437. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.18.4.430
Fat adaptation followed by carbohydrate restoration increases AMPK activity in skeletal muscle from trained humans
Yeo, Wee Kian, Lessard, Sarah J., Chen, Zhi-Ping, Garnham, Andrew P., Burke, Louise, Rivas, Donato A., Kemp, Bruce Ernest and Hawley, John Alan. (2008) Fat adaptation followed by carbohydrate restoration increases AMPK activity in skeletal muscle from trained humans. Journal of Applied Physiology. 105(5), pp. 1519 - 1526. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.90540.2008