Will is not enough: Coping planning and action control as mediators in the prediction of fruit and vegetable intake
Codinho, Cristina, Alvarez, Maria-Joao, Lima, Maria and Schwarzer, Ralf. (2014) Will is not enough: Coping planning and action control as mediators in the prediction of fruit and vegetable intake. British Journal of Health Psychology. 19(4), pp. 856 - 870. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12084
|Authors||Codinho, Cristina, Alvarez, Maria-Joao, Lima, Maria and Schwarzer, Ralf|
Objectives: This study investigates the joint role of coping planning and action control as volitional predictors of changes in the daily consumption of fruit and vegetables.
Design: In a longitudinal online survey, 203 participants completed assessments at baseline (Time 1), 1 week (Time 2), and 2 weeks later (Time 3).
Methods: Structural equation modelling was used to test a series of three nested models. In Model 1, only intention predicted behaviour; in Model 2, both coping planning and action control were tested as mediators between intention and behaviour; and Model 3 specified coping planning and action control as sequential mediators between intention and behaviour.
Results: Model 3 provided the best fit to the data. The mediating role of coping planning and action control between intention and fruit and vegetable intake was confirmed, whereby multiple mediation occurred in a sequential manner, with coping planning preceding action control.
Conclusions: For motivated individuals who are not yet following the recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption, coping planning and action control reflect a psychological mechanism that operates in changes in fruit and vegetable consumption.
|Journal||British Journal of Health Psychology|
|Journal citation||19 (4), pp. 856 - 870|
|Publisher||John Wiley and Sons Ltd|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12084|
|Page range||856 - 870|
|Research Group||Institute for Positive Psychology and Education|
|Place of publication||United Kingdom|
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