An observational approach to testing bi-directional parent-child interactions as influential to child eating and weight

Journal article


Demir, Nathan and Craik, F. (2012). An observational approach to testing bi-directional parent-child interactions as influential to child eating and weight. Early Child Development and Care. 38(4), pp. 1019 - 1029. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2012.678591
AuthorsDemir, Nathan and Craik, F
Abstract

Recent theories suggest that performance on working memory (WM) tasks involves retrieval from long-term memory (LTM). To examine whether WM and LTM tests have common principles, Craik and Tulving's (1975) levels-of-processing paradigm, which is known to affect LTM, was administered as a WM task: Participants made uppercase, rhyme, or category-membership judgments about words, and immediate recall of the words was required after every 3 or 8 processing judgments. In Experiment 1, immediate recall did not demonstrate a levels-of-processing effect, but a subsequent LTM test (delayed recognition) of the same words did show a benefit of deeper processing. Experiment 2 showed that surprise immediate recall of 8-item lists did demonstrate a levels-of-processing effect, however. A processing account of the conditions in which levels-of-processing effects are and are not found in WM tasks was advanced, suggesting that the extent to which levels-of-processing effects are similar between WM and LTM tests largely depends on the amount of disruption to active maintenance processes.

Year2012
JournalEarly Child Development and Care
Journal citation38 (4), pp. 1019 - 1029
ISSN0278-7393
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2012.678591
Page range1019 - 1029
Research GroupInstitute for Health and Ageing
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File Access Level
Controlled
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