Automatic detection of one-on-one tackles and ruck events using microtechnology in rugby union

Journal article


Chambers, Ryan M., Gabbett, Tim J., Gupta, Ritu, Josman, Casey, Bown, Rhodri, Stridgeon, Paul and Cole, Michael H.. (2019) Automatic detection of one-on-one tackles and ruck events using microtechnology in rugby union. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 22(7), pp. 827 - 832. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.01.001
AuthorsChambers, Ryan M., Gabbett, Tim J., Gupta, Ritu, Josman, Casey, Bown, Rhodri, Stridgeon, Paul and Cole, Michael H.
Abstract

Objectives To automate the detection of ruck and tackle events in rugby union using a specifically-designed algorithm based on microsensor data. Design Cross-sectional study. Methods Elite rugby union players wore microtechnology devices (Catapult, S5) during match-play. Ruck (n = 125) and tackle (n = 125) event data was synchronised with video footage compiled from international rugby union match-play ruck and tackle events. A specifically-designed algorithm to detect ruck and tackle events was developed using a random forest classification model. This algorithm was then validated using 8 additional international match-play datasets and video footage, with each ruck and tackle manually coded and verified if the event was correctly identified by the algorithm. Results The classification algorithm’s results indicated that all rucks and tackles were correctly identified during match-play when 79.4 ± 9.2% and 81.0 ± 9.3% of the random forest decision trees agreed with the video-based determination of these events. Sub-group analyses of backs and forwards yielded similar optimal confidence percentages of 79.7% and 79.1% respectively for rucks. Sub-analysis revealed backs (85.3 ± 7.2%) produced a higher algorithm cut-off for tackles than forwards (77.7 ± 12.2%). Conclusions The specifically-designed algorithm was able to detect rucks and tackles for all positions involved. For optimal results, it is recommended that practitioners use the recommended cut-off (80%) to limit false positives for match-play and training. Although this algorithm provides an improved insight into the number and type of collisions in which rugby players engage, this algorithm does not provide impact forces of these events.

Keywordsalgorithm; microtechnology; team sport; ruck; tackle
Year2019
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Journal citation22 (7), pp. 827 - 832
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
ISSN1440-2440
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.01.001
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85059742623
Page range827 - 832
Research GroupSchool of Behavioural and Health Sciences
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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Hubble, Ryan P., Naughton, Geraldine A., Silburn, Peter and Cole, Michael H.. (2014) Trunk muscle exercises as a means of improving postural stability in people with Parkinson's disease : A protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 4(12), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006095
Concurrent validity of accelerations measured using tri-axial inertial measurement unit while walking on firm, compliant and uneven surfaces
Cole, Michael H., van den Hoorn, Wolbert, Kavanagh, Justin K., Morrison, Steven, Hodges, Paul W., Smeathers, James E. and Kerr, Graham K.. (2014) Concurrent validity of accelerations measured using tri-axial inertial measurement unit while walking on firm, compliant and uneven surfaces. PLoS ONE. 9(5), pp. 1 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098395
Executive function and postural instability in people with Parkinson's disease
Xu, Dong, Cole, Michael H., Mengersen, Kerrie, Silburn, Peter A., Qiu, Feng, Graepel, Cara and Kerr, Graham. (2014) Executive function and postural instability in people with Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's Disease. 2014(1), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/684758
The crunch factor's role in golf-related low back pain
Cole, Michael H.. (2014) The crunch factor's role in golf-related low back pain. Spine Journal. 14(5), pp. 799 - 807. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2013.09.019
Professionalism, golf coaching and a Master of Science degree: A commentary
Cole, Michael H.. (2014) Professionalism, golf coaching and a Master of Science degree: A commentary. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 9(4), pp. 861 - 864. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.9.4.717
The crunch factor's role in golf-related low back pain
Cole, Michael H. and Grimshaw, Paul N.. (2014) The crunch factor's role in golf-related low back pain. Spine Journal. 14(5), pp. 799 - 807. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2013.09.019
Professionalism, golf coaching and a Master of Science degree: A commentary
Cole, Michael H.. (2014) Professionalism, golf coaching and a Master of Science degree: A commentary. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 9(4), pp. 861 - 864. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.9.4.717
Effects of textured insoles on balance in people with Parkinson's Disease
Qiu, Feng, Cole, Michael H., Davids, Keith W., Hennig, Ewald M., Silburn, Peter A., Netscher, Heather and Kerr, Graham K.. (2013) Effects of textured insoles on balance in people with Parkinson's Disease. PLoS ONE. 8(12), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083309
Cognitive tasks influence balance performance in people with Parkinson's disease
Xu, Dong, Muthalib, Mark, Pegoraro, Roger, Mengersen, Kerrie, Cole, Michael, Silburn, Peter and Kerr, Graham. (2013) Cognitive tasks influence balance performance in people with Parkinson's disease. 17th International Congress of Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders. United States of America: Movement Disorders Society. pp. S200 - S200
A secondary motor task exaggerates gait deficits in Parkinson's fallers
Kerr, Graham K., Cole, Michael, Wood, Joanne M. and Silburn, Peter A.. (2012) A secondary motor task exaggerates gait deficits in Parkinson's fallers. Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology & Kinesiology. International Society of Electrophysiology & Kinesiology.
How well do clinical tests predict future falls in older people?
Kerr, Graham K., Wood, Joanne M., Lacherez, Philippe F. and Cole, Michael H.. (2012) How well do clinical tests predict future falls in older people?
Cognitive function and postural instability in people with Parkinson's disease
Xu, Dong, Cole, Michael, Mengersen, Kerrie, Silburn, Peter and Kerr, Graham. (2012) Cognitive function and postural instability in people with Parkinson's disease.
Hamstring asymmetry: The key to recurring injury
Hill, Cameron and Cole, Michael. (2012) Hamstring asymmetry: The key to recurring injury.
A spatiotemporal analysis of gait freezing and the impact of pedunculopontine nucleus stimulation
Thevathasan, Wesley, Cole, Michael H., Graepel, Cara L., Hyam, Jonathan A., Jenkinson, Ned, Brittain, John-Stuart, Coyne, Terry J., Silburn, Peter A., Aziz, Tipu Z., Kerr, Graham K. and Brown, Peter. (2012) A spatiotemporal analysis of gait freezing and the impact of pedunculopontine nucleus stimulation. Brain. 135, pp. 1446 - 1454. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/aws039
Performance of a secondary motor task reveals altered gait patterns in future Parkinson's fallers
Kerr, Graham K., Cole, Michael H., Wood, Joanne M. and Silburn, Peter A.. (2012) Performance of a secondary motor task reveals altered gait patterns in future Parkinson's fallers.
Falls in Parkinson's disease: Evidence for altered stepping strategies on compliant surfaces
Cole, Michael H., Silburn, Peter A., Wood, Joanne M. and Kerr, Graham K.. (2011) Falls in Parkinson's disease: Evidence for altered stepping strategies on compliant surfaces. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. 17(8), pp. 610 - 616. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2011.05.019
Pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation produces sustained improvement in primary progressive freezing of gait
Wilcox, Robert A., Cole, Michael H., Wong, David, Coyne, Terry, Silburn, Peter and Kerr, Graham. (2011) Pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation produces sustained improvement in primary progressive freezing of gait. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 82(11), pp. 1256 - 1259. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2010.213462
Falls in Parkinson's disease: Evidence for altered stepping strategies on compliant surfaces
Cole, Michael H., Silburn, Peter A., Wood, Joanne M. and Kerr, Graham K.. (2011) Falls in Parkinson's disease: Evidence for altered stepping strategies on compliant surfaces. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. 17(8), pp. 610 - 616. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2011.05.019
Risk of falls, injurious falls, and other injuries resulting from visual impairment among older adults with age-related macular degeneration
Wood, Joanne M., Lacherez, Philippe, Black, Alex A., Cole, Michael H., Boon, Mei Ying and Kerr, Graham K.. (2011) Risk of falls, injurious falls, and other injuries resulting from visual impairment among older adults with age-related macular degeneration. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 52(8), pp. 5088 - 5092. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-6644
Pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation produces sustained improvement in primary progressive freezing of gait
Wilcox, Robert A., Cole, Michael H., Wong, David, Coyne, Terry, Silburn, Peter and Kerr, Graham. (2011) Pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation produces sustained improvement in primary progressive freezing of gait. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 82(11), pp. 1256 - 1259. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2010.213462
Falls in Parkinson's disease: Kinematic evidence for impaired head and trunk control
Cole, Michael H., Silburn, Peter A., Wood, Joanne M., Worringham, Charles J. and Kerr, Graham K.. (2010) Falls in Parkinson's disease: Kinematic evidence for impaired head and trunk control. Movement Disorders. 25(14), pp. 2369 - 2378. https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.23292
Falls in Parkinson's disease: Kinematic evidence for impaired head and trunk control
Cole, Michael H., Silburn, Peter A., Wood, Joanne M., Worringham, Charles J. and Kerr, Graham K.. (2010) Falls in Parkinson's disease: Kinematic evidence for impaired head and trunk control. Movement Disorders. 25(14), pp. 2369 - 2378. https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.23292
Postural stability and gait among older adults with age-related maculopathy
Wood, Joanne M., Lacherez, Philippe F., Black, Alex A., Cole, Michael H., Boon, Mei Ying and Kerr, Graham K.. (2009) Postural stability and gait among older adults with age-related maculopathy. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 50(1), pp. 482 - 487. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.08-1942
The x-factor and its relationship to golfing performance
Cole, Michael H. and Grimshaw, Paul N.. (2009) The x-factor and its relationship to golfing performance. Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports. 5(1), pp. 1 - 19. https://doi.org/10.2202/1559-0410.1134