Correlates of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology in natural bodybuilders: Distinguishing factors in the pursuit of hyper-muscularity

Journal article


Mitchell, Lachlan, Murray, Stuart B., Hoon, Matthew, Hackett, Daniel A., Prvan, Tania and O'Connor, Helen. (2017) Correlates of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology in natural bodybuilders: Distinguishing factors in the pursuit of hyper-muscularity. Body Image. 22, pp. 1 - 5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.003
AuthorsMitchell, Lachlan, Murray, Stuart B., Hoon, Matthew, Hackett, Daniel A., Prvan, Tania and O'Connor, Helen
Abstract

Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by the pathological pursuit of muscularity and leanness, which includes eating- and exercise-related practices. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify correlations of MD symptomatology in natural bodybuilders. An online survey assessing diet, supplementation and training practices, and MD and eating disorder symptoms was completed by male bodybuilders with recent experience competing in a drug-tested competition. Sixty participants (age 29.6 ± 7.1 years) completed the survey. Eating disorder scores (β = .298), rate of pre-competition weight loss (β = .307) and number of competitions (β = −.257) were significant predictors of MD. The association between the EAT-26 and MDDI underscores the salience of disordered eating pathology in presentations of MD. Supporting this, greater rate of pre-competition weight loss, which may reflect disordered eating practices, is also associated with MD symptomatology. The inverse association of competition experience suggests novice bodybuilders may display increased MD symptomatology.

KeywordsEating disorder; Weight loss; Bodybuilding
Year2017
JournalBody Image
Journal citation22, pp. 1 - 5
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1740-1445
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.003
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85019846521
Page range1 - 5
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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