Comparing the efficacy of a brief self-esteem and self-compassion intervention for state body dissatisfaction and self-improvement motivation

Journal article


Moffitt, Robyn L., Neumann, David L. and Williamson, Shannon Pearl. (2018). Comparing the efficacy of a brief self-esteem and self-compassion intervention for state body dissatisfaction and self-improvement motivation. Body Image. 27, pp. 67 - 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.08.008
AuthorsMoffitt, Robyn L., Neumann, David L. and Williamson, Shannon Pearl
Abstract

This study explored the efficacy of reflective writing tasks for reducing state body dissatisfaction and improving self-improvement motivation. Participants (Nā€‰=ā€‰153) were exposed to a threatening body image scenario, after which they reported their state body dissatisfaction. Following randomisation to one of three interventions (self-esteem, self-compassion, or positive distraction control), participants completed the state body dissatisfaction measures again along with a measure of self-improvement motivation. At post-intervention, state weight dissatisfaction and appearance dissatisfaction were significantly lower and self-improvement motivation was significantly higher in the self-compassion group than in both the self-esteem and control groups. Trait body dissatisfaction moderated the efficacy of the intervention whereby the benefit of the self-compassion intervention became evident at moderate levels of trait body dissatisfaction, and was most apparent at high levels of body dissatisfaction. Self-compassion was a robust and efficacious method through which to promote immediate improvements to bodily feelings and desire to self-improve.

Keywordsself-esteem; self-compassion; body dissatisfaction; self-improvement; motivationa
Year2018
JournalBody Image
Journal citation27, pp. 67 - 76
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN1740-1445
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.08.008
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85051770221
Page range67 - 76
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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