Optimizing prediction of binge eating episodes: A comparison approach to test alternative conceptualizations of the affect regulation model

Journal article


Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew, Richardson, Ben, Skouteris, Helen, Austin, David, Castle, David, Busija, Lucy, Klein, Britt, Holmes, Millicent and Broadbent, Jaclyn. (2014) Optimizing prediction of binge eating episodes: A comparison approach to test alternative conceptualizations of the affect regulation model. Journal of Eating Disorders. 2(28), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-014-0028-9
AuthorsFuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew, Richardson, Ben, Skouteris, Helen, Austin, David, Castle, David, Busija, Lucy, Klein, Britt, Holmes, Millicent and Broadbent, Jaclyn
Abstract

Background: Although a wealth of studies have tested the link between negative mood states and likelihood of a subsequent binge eating episode, the assumption that this relationship follows a typical linear dose–response pattern (i.e., that risk of a binge episode increases in proportion to level of negative mood) has not been challenged. The present study demonstrates the applicability of an alternative, non-linear conceptualization of this relationship, in which the strength of association between negative mood and probability of a binge episode increases above a threshold value for the mood variable relative to the slope below this threshold value (threshold dose response model). Methods: A sample of 93 women aged 18 to 40 completed an online survey at random intervals seven times per day for a period of one week. Participants self-reported their current mood state and whether they had recently engaged in an eating episode symptomatic of a binge. Results: As hypothesized, the threshold approach was a better predictor than the linear dose–response modeling of likelihood of a binge episode. The superiority of the threshold approach was found even at low levels of negative mood (3 out of 10, with higher scores reflecting more negative mood). Additionally, severity of negative mood beyond this threshold value appears to be useful for predicting time to onset of a binge episode. Conclusions: Present findings suggest that simple dose–response formulations for the association between negative mood and onset of binge episodes miss vital aspects of this relationship. Most notably, the impact of mood on binge eating appears to depend on whether a threshold value of negative mood has been breached, and elevation in mood beyond this point may be useful for clinicians and researchers to identify time to onset.

Keywordsthreshold modeling; binge eating; negative mood; intensive longitudinal design; experience sampling
Year2014
JournalJournal of Eating Disorders
Journal citation2 (28), pp. 1 - 8
PublisherBiomed Central Ltd
ISSN2050-2974
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-014-0028-9
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84941146361
Open accessOpen access
Page range1 - 8
Research GroupInstitute for Health and Ageing
Publisher's version
Additional information

© 2014 Fuller-Tyszkiewicz et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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