The quality of cardiovascular disease prevention in rural primary care

Journal article


Allenby, Ann, Kinsman, Leigh, Tham, Rachel, Symons, Julie, Jones, Mike and Campbell, Stephen. (2016) The quality of cardiovascular disease prevention in rural primary care. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 24(2), pp. 92 - 98. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12224
AuthorsAllenby, Ann, Kinsman, Leigh, Tham, Rachel, Symons, Julie, Jones, Mike and Campbell, Stephen
Abstract

Objective
To measure the differences in the recording of risk factors and lifestyle advice between those at high risk of cardiovascular disease and those diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, and to identify the practice characteristics associated with such recording in rural primary care.
Design
A cross‐sectional observation study of 14 general practices. Medical records were audited to measure recording of risk factors and lifestyle advice for those at high risk of and those diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. Practice characteristics were collected, with logistic regression used to test for an association with the recording of risk factors.
Setting
General practices in rural Australia.
Participants
Each practice was asked to identify 20 patients; 10 at high risk and 10 diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.
Main outcome measures
The recording of risk factors and lifestyle advice in patient records and practice characteristics.
Results
282 records were audited with 142 being high risk and 140 diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.Measures recorded significantly less in the high‐risk group were: blood pressure (94% versus 99%; P = 0.019); physical activity (24% versus 56%; P = 0.000); dietary advice (32% versus 51%; P = 0.001); and physical activity advice (34% versus 56%; P = 0.000).
Recording of risk factors was positively associated with practice involvement in quality improvement (P < 0.001), continuing education (P < 0.001), and greater percentage of general practitioners (P < 0.05) and practice nurses (P < 0.001).
Conclusions
There is substantial room for enhanced cardiovascular disease prevention through rural primary care in Australia, particularly for high‐risk patients. This study has demonstrated an association between practice factors (including targeted education, quality improvement activities and appropriate workforce) and improved preventive activities.

Keywordscardiovascular risk factor; CVD research; health service model; model of care; primary health care
Year2016
JournalAustralian Journal of Rural Health
Journal citation24 (2), pp. 92 - 98
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
ISSN1038-5282
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12224
Open accessOpen access
Page range92 - 98
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
Publisher's version
License
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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