Revision of the shoulder normalization tests is required to include rhomboid major and teres major

Journal article


Ginn, K. A., Halaki, M. and Cathers, I.. (2011). Revision of the shoulder normalization tests is required to include rhomboid major and teres major. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 29(12), pp. 1846 - 1849. https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.21488
AuthorsGinn, K. A., Halaki, M. and Cathers, I.
Abstract

The four “Shoulder Normalization Tests” were found previously to be a parsimonious set of isometric tests that produce maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC) in the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, trapezius, serratus anterior, deltoid, latissimus dorsi, and pectoralis major [Boettcher et al. (2008). J Orthop Res 26:1591–1597]. However, these tests have not been validated for rhomboid major and teres major. In the current study, these Shoulder Normalization Tests were evaluated and compared to three other tests that could possibly elicit maximum activity in rhomboid major and teres major: abduction/extension in 90° abduction; adduction at 90° abduction; and extension in 30° abduction. No statistical difference was found in the mean activation of rhomboid major and teres major in these additional MVIC tests compared to the Shoulder Normalization Tests. However, the extension MVIC test produced maxima for at least 50% of subjects in rhomboid major, teres major, and latissimus dorsi. We concluded that the original Shoulder Normalization Tests should be expanded to include the extension MVIC test. The EMG normalization reference value for any of the above muscles would be the maximum EMG level generated across these Revised Shoulder Normalization Tests.

KeywordsEMG; normalization; teres major; rhomboid major; shoulder muscles
Year2011
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Journal citation29 (12), pp. 1846 - 1849
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ISSN0736-0266
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.21488
Scopus EID2-s2.0-80054689370
Page range1846 - 1849
Research GroupSchool of Behavioural and Health Sciences
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Place of publicationUnited States
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/890z9/revision-of-the-shoulder-normalization-tests-is-required-to-include-rhomboid-major-and-teres-major

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 82
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Analysis of phase detects altered timing of muscle activation in subjects with chronic shoulder pain
Ginn, Karen A., Cathers, Ian, Boettcher, Craig and Halaki, Mark. (2022). Analysis of phase detects altered timing of muscle activation in subjects with chronic shoulder pain. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 62, p. Article 102621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2021.102621
Is subscapularis recruited in a similar manner during shoulder internal rotation exercises and belly press and lift off tests?
Ginn, Karen, Reed, Darren, Jones, Chelsea, Downes, Anthony, Cathers, Ian and Halaki, Mark. (2017). Is subscapularis recruited in a similar manner during shoulder internal rotation exercises and belly press and lift off tests? Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 20(6), pp. 566 - 571. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.10.018
Shoulder muscle activation patterns and levels differ between open and closed-chain abduction
Reed, Darren, Cathers, Ian, Halaki, Mark and Ginn, Karen. (2017). Shoulder muscle activation patterns and levels differ between open and closed-chain abduction. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 21(5), pp. 462 - 466. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.07.024
Does load influence shoulder muscle recruitment patterns during scapular plane abduction?
Reed, Darren, Cathers, Ian Richard, Halaki, Mark and Ginn, Karen A.. (2016). Does load influence shoulder muscle recruitment patterns during scapular plane abduction? Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2015.10.007
Does changing the plane of abduction influence shoulder muscle recruitment patterns in healthy individuals?
Reed, Darren, Cathers, Ian Richard, Halaki, Mark and Ginn, Karen A.. (2016). Does changing the plane of abduction influence shoulder muscle recruitment patterns in healthy individuals? Manual Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.math.2015.04.014
Associations among work-related stress, cortisol, inflammation, and metabolic syndrome
Almadi, Tawfiq, Cathers, Ian and Chow, Chin Moi. (2013). Associations among work-related stress, cortisol, inflammation, and metabolic syndrome. Psychophysiology. 50(9), pp. 821 - 830. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12069
Rotator cuff muscles perform different functional roles during shoulder external rotation exercises
Tardo, Daniel, Halaki, Mark, Cathers, Ian and Ginn, Karen. (2013). Rotator cuff muscles perform different functional roles during shoulder external rotation exercises. Clinical Anatomy. 26(2), pp. 236 - 243. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22128
Does supraspinatus initiate shoulder abduction?
Reed, Darren, Cathers, Ian, Halaki, Mark and Ginn, Karen. (2013). Does supraspinatus initiate shoulder abduction? Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 23(2), pp. 425 - 429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.11.008
Systematic nonlinear relations between joint mechanics and the neural reflex response with changes in stretch amplitude at the wrist
Halaki, Mark, O'Dwyer, Nicholas, Cathers, Ian and Heritier, Stephane. (2012). Systematic nonlinear relations between joint mechanics and the neural reflex response with changes in stretch amplitude at the wrist. Journal of Biomechanics. 45(16), pp. 2755 - 2762. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2012.09.009
The association between work stress and inflammatory biomarkers in Jordanian male workers
Almadi, Tawfiq, Cathers, Ian, Mansour, Ayman M. Hamdan and Chow, Chin Moi. (2012). The association between work stress and inflammatory biomarkers in Jordanian male workers. Psychophysiology. 49(2), pp. 172 - 177. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01296.x
An electromyographic study of parkinsonian swallowing and its response to levodopa
Tawadros, Paul, Cordato, Dennis, Cathers, Ian and Burne, John. (2012). An electromyographic study of parkinsonian swallowing and its response to levodopa. Movement Disorders Society. 27(14), pp. 1811 - 1815. https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.25262
An Arabic version of the Perceived Stress Scale: Translation and validation study
Almadi, Tawfiq, Cathers, Ian, Mansour, Ayman M. H. and Chow, Chin Moi. (2012). An Arabic version of the Perceived Stress Scale: Translation and validation study. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 49(1), pp. 84 - 89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.07.012
A comprehensive analysis of muscle recruitment patterns during shoulder flexion: An electromyographic study
Wattanaprakornkul, Duangjai, Halaki, Mark, Boettcher, Craig, Cathers, Ian and Ginn, Karen A.. (2011). A comprehensive analysis of muscle recruitment patterns during shoulder flexion: An electromyographic study. Clinical Anatomy. 24(5), pp. 619 - 626. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.21123
Direction-specific recruitment of rotator cuff muscles during bench press and row
Wattanaprakornkul, Duangjai, Halaki, Mark, Cathers, Ian and Ginn, Karen. (2011). Direction-specific recruitment of rotator cuff muscles during bench press and row. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 21(6), pp. 1041 - 1049. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2011.09.002
The rotator cuff muscles have a direction specific recruitment pattern during shoulder flexion and extension exercises
Wattanaprakornkul, Duangjai, Cathers, Ian, Halaki, Mark and Ginn, Karen. (2011). The rotator cuff muscles have a direction specific recruitment pattern during shoulder flexion and extension exercises. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 14(5), pp. 376 - 382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.01.001
Does passive mobilization of shoulder region joints provide additional benefit over advice and exercise alone for people who have shoulder pain and minimal movement restriction? A randomized controlled trial
Yiasemides, Ross, Halaki, Mark, Cathers, Ian and Ginn, Karen. (2011). Does passive mobilization of shoulder region joints provide additional benefit over advice and exercise alone for people who have shoulder pain and minimal movement restriction? A randomized controlled trial. Physical Therapy. 91(2), pp. 178 - 189. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20100111