The epidemiology of hip fractures across Western Victoria, Australia

Journal article


Holloway, Kara, Sajjad, Muhammad A., Mohebbi, Mohammadreza, Kotowicz, Mark, Livingston, Patricia M., Khasraw, Mustafa, Hakkennes, Sharon, Dunning, Trisha, Brumby, Susan, Page, Richard S., Pedler, Daryl, Sutherland, Alasdair, Venkatesh, Svetha, Brennan-Olsen, Sharon, Williams, Lana J. and Pasco, Julie. (2018) The epidemiology of hip fractures across Western Victoria, Australia. Bone. 108, pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2017.12.007
AuthorsHolloway, Kara, Sajjad, Muhammad A., Mohebbi, Mohammadreza, Kotowicz, Mark, Livingston, Patricia M., Khasraw, Mustafa, Hakkennes, Sharon, Dunning, Trisha, Brumby, Susan, Page, Richard S., Pedler, Daryl, Sutherland, Alasdair, Venkatesh, Svetha, Brennan-Olsen, Sharon, Williams, Lana J. and Pasco, Julie
Abstract

Background Hip fractures are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Hip fracture incidence varies across different levels of accessibility/remoteness and socioeconomic status (SES). As part of the Ageing, Chronic Disease and Injury Study, we aimed to map the pattern of hip fractures across the western region of the Australian state of Victoria, which contains a range of remoteness levels and SES. Methods Data on hip fractures resulting in hospital admission were extracted from the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset (VAED) for men and women aged 40 + years during 2010–2013 inclusive. An age-adjusted incidence rate (per 10,000 population/year) was calculated for the entire region. Crude incidence rates and length of acute care hospital stay (excluding rehabilitation) were calculated for each Local Government Area (LGA). The impact of aggregated age, accessibility/remoteness index of Australia (ARIA) and SES on hip fracture rates aggregated across LGAs was determined using Poisson regression. Results For men, the age-standardised rate of hospitalisations for hip fracture across the whole region was 19.2 per 10,000 population/year (95%CI 18.0–20.4) and for women, 40.0 (95%CI 38.3–41.7). The highest incidence rates for both sexes occurred in the less accessible LGAs of Yarriambiack and Hindmarsh, as well as the LGA with the lowest SES, Central Goldfields. In both sexes, approximately two thirds of individuals were discharged from acute hospital care within 14 days. Increasing age, higher remoteness and lower SES were all associated with higher hip fracture rates. Conclusion Crude incidence rates varied by location. Given that a high proportion of patients had acute hospital care of ≤ 14 days, and accessibility and SES were associated with hip fracture rates, these results can inform policy and provide a model for other groups to conduct similar research in their local environment

Keywordship fracture; women; men; Australia; incidence; accessibility/remoteness; socioeconomic status
Year2018
JournalBone
Journal citation108, pp. 1 - 9
PublisherElsevier
ISSN8756-3282
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2017.12.007
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85037993635
Page range1 - 9
Research GroupInstitute for Health and Ageing
Place of publicationUnited States
EditorsS. Khosla
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