Hamstring myoelectrical activity during three different kettlebell swing exercises

Journal article


Del Monte, Michael J., Opar, David, Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Ross, James, Keogh, Justin WL and Lorenzen, Christian. (2017) Hamstring myoelectrical activity during three different kettlebell swing exercises. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002254
AuthorsDel Monte, Michael J., Opar, David, Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Ross, James, Keogh, Justin WL and Lorenzen, Christian
Abstract

Kettlebell exercises have become an increasingly popular form of resistance training and component of lower body rehabilitative training programs; despite a lack of scientific literature illustrating internal mechanisms and effectiveness of these approaches. Participants (n=14) performed three different styles of kettlebell swings (hip hinge, squat and double knee extension) and were assessed for medial hamstrings (MH) and biceps femoris (BF) myoelectrical activity via surface electromyography (sEMG). Bipolar pre-gelled Ag/AgCl surface electromyography (sEMG) electrodes (10mm diameter, 20mm inter-electrode distance) were placed on the participant’s dominant limb after correct skin preparation.

There was a main effect for swing type (p = 0.004), where the hip hinge swing elicited a greater overall MH and BF sEMG in comparison to the squat swing (mean difference = 3.92; 95% CI = 1.53 to 6.32; p = 0.002) and the double knee extension swing (mean difference = 5.32; 95% CI = 0.80 to 9.83; p = 0.020). Across all swing types, normalised percentage of MH sEMG was significantly higher compared to the BF (mean difference = 9.93; 95% CI = 1.67 to 18.19; p = 0.022). The hip hinge kettlebell swing produced the greatest amount of hamstring sEMG for the three styles of kettlebell swings assessed. These findings have implications for the application of kettlebell swing exercises in strength and conditioning, injury prevention and rehabilitation programs.

Year2017
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002254
Open accessOpen access
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
Author's accepted manuscript
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Timmins, Ryan Gregory. (2015) Biceps femoris long head architecture: The association with hamstring injury and response to training [Thesis]. https://doi.org/10.4226/66/5a9cbd05b0b98
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Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan, Hickey, Jack, Duhig, Steven and Shield, Anthony. (2015) The effect of previous hamstring strain injuries on the change in eccentric hamstring strength during preseason training in elite Australian footballers. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(2), pp. 377 - 384. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546514556638
Characteristics impacting on session rating of perceived exertion training load in Australian footballers
Gallo, Tania, Cormack, Stuart, Gabbett, Tim, Williams, Morgan and Lorenzen, Christian. (2015) Characteristics impacting on session rating of perceived exertion training load in Australian footballers. Journal of Sports Sciences. 33(5), pp. 467 - 475. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.947311
Reviewing current knowledge in snatch performance and technique: The need for future directions in applied research
Ho, Lester K. W., Lorenzen, Christian, Wilson, Cameron, Saunders, John and Williams, Morgan. (2014) Reviewing current knowledge in snatch performance and technique: The need for future directions in applied research. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28(2), pp. 574 - 586. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31829c0bf8
Is There a Potential Relationship Between Prior Hamstring Strain Injury and Increased Risk for Future Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury?
Opar, David and Serpell, Benjamin. (2014) Is There a Potential Relationship Between Prior Hamstring Strain Injury and Increased Risk for Future Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury? Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 95(2), pp. 401 - 405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2013.07.028
The accuracy and precision of DXA for assessing body composition in team sport athletes
Bilsborough, Johann, Greenway, Kate, Opar, David, Livingstone, Steuart, Cordy, Justin and Coutts, Aaron. (2014) The accuracy and precision of DXA for assessing body composition in team sport athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences. 32(19), pp. 1821 - 1828. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.926380
Benefits of whole-body vibration to people with COPD: a community-based efficacy trial
Furness, Trentham, Joseph, Corey, Naughton, Geraldine, Welsh, Liam and Lorenzen, Christian. (2014) Benefits of whole-body vibration to people with COPD: a community-based efficacy trial. BMC Pulmonary Medicine. 14(1), pp. 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2466-14-38
Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running
Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Schache, Anthony, Dear, Nuala and Shield, Anthony. (2014) Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4), pp. e299 - e305. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12171
Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival
Opar, David, Drezner, Jonathan, Shield, Anthony, Williams, Morgan, Webner, David, Sennett, Brian, Kapur, Rahul, Cohen, M., Ulager, James and Cafengiu, Ana. (2014) Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4), pp. e254 - e259. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12159
Is there a potential relationship between prior hamstring strain injury and increased risk for future anterior cruciate ligament injury?
Opar, David and Serpell, Benjamin. (2014) Is there a potential relationship between prior hamstring strain injury and increased risk for future anterior cruciate ligament injury? Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 95(2). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2013.07.028
Benefits of whole-body vibration to people with COPD: A community-based efficacy trial
Furness, Trentham, Joseph, Corey, Naughton, Geraldine, Welsh, Liam and Lorenzen, Christian. (2014) Benefits of whole-body vibration to people with COPD: A community-based efficacy trial. BMC Pulmonary Medicine. 14(38), pp. 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2466-14-38
Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running
Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Schache, Anthony, Dear, Nuala and Shield, Anthony J.. (2014) Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12171
The financial cost of hamstring strain injuries in the Australian Football League
Hickey, Jack, Shield, Anthony J., Williams, Morgan D. and Opar, David A. (2014) The financial cost of hamstring strain injuries in the Australian Football League. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 48(8), pp. 729-730. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092884
Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival
Opar, David, Drezner, Jonathan, Shield, Anthony, Williams, Morgan, Webner, David, Sennett, Brian, Kapur, Rahul, Cohen, M., Ulager, James and Cafengiu, Ana. (2014) Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12159
A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study
Opar, David, Piatowski, Timothy, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony J.. (2013) A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 43(9), pp. 636 - 640. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2013.4837
The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence
Fyfe, Jackson, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2013) The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 23(3), pp. 523 - 530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.12.006
Knee flexor stength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Dear, Nuala and Shield, Anthony. (2013) Knee flexor stength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.11.004
Relationship between tests of physical qualities and physical match performance in elite rugby league players
Gabbett, Timothy, Stein, Joshua, Kemp, Justin and Lorenzen, Christian. (2013) Relationship between tests of physical qualities and physical match performance in elite rugby league players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318274f236
Endurance and sprint benefits of high-intensity and supramaximal interval training
Cicioni-Kolsky, Daniel James, Lorenzen, Christian, Williams, Morgan and Kemp, Justin. (2013) Endurance and sprint benefits of high-intensity and supramaximal interval training. European Journal of Sport Science. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2011.606844
A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study
Opar, David, Piatkowski, Timothy, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2013) A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 43(9), pp. 636 - 640. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2013.4837
Rate of torque and electromyographic development during anticipated eccentric contraction is lower in previously strained hamstrings
Opar, David A., Williams, Morgan D., Timmins, Ryan G. and Dear, Nuala M. (2013) Rate of torque and electromyographic development during anticipated eccentric contraction is lower in previously strained hamstrings. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 41(1), pp. 116-125. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546512462809
The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence
Fyfe, Jackson, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2013) The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 23(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.12.006
Knee flexor strength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings
Opar, David A., Williams, Morgan D., Timmins, Ryan G., Dear, Nuala M. and Shield, Anthony J. (2013) Knee flexor strength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 23(3), pp. 696-703. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.11.004
Whole-body vibration as a mode of dyspnoea free physical activity: a community-based proof-of-concept trial
Furness, Trentham, Joseph, Corey, Welsh, Liam, Naughton, Geraldine and Lorenzen, Christian. (2013) Whole-body vibration as a mode of dyspnoea free physical activity: a community-based proof-of-concept trial. BMC Research Notes. 6(452), pp. 1 - 4. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-6-452
Efficacy of a whole-body vibration intervention to effect exercise tolerance and functional performance of the lower limbs of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Furness, Trentham, Bate, Nicole, Welsh, Liam, Naughton, Geraldine and Lorenzen, Christian. (2012) Efficacy of a whole-body vibration intervention to effect exercise tolerance and functional performance of the lower limbs of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. BMC Pulmonary Medicine. 12(71), pp. 1 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2466-12-71
Classifying training drills based on movement demands in Australian Football
Loader, Jordan, Montgomery, Paul, Williams, Morgan, Lorenzen, Christian and Kemp, Justin. (2012) Classifying training drills based on movement demands in Australian Football. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 7(1), pp. 57 - 67. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.7.1.57
Hamstring strain injuries : Factors that lead to injury and re-injury
Opar, David A., Williams, Morgan D. and Shield, Anthony J. (2012) Hamstring strain injuries : Factors that lead to injury and re-injury. Sports Medicine. 42(3), pp. 209-226. https://doi.org/10.2165/11594800-000000000-00000
Efficacy of a whole-body vibration intervention on functional performance of community-dwelling older adults
Furness, Trentham, Maschette, Wayne, Lorenzen, Christian, Naughton, Geraldine and Williams, Morgan. (2010) Efficacy of a whole-body vibration intervention on functional performance of community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 16(7), pp. 795 - 797. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2009.0366
Whole body vibration for preventing and treating osteoporosis (protocol)
Lorenzen, Christian, Naughton, Geraldine, Cameron, Lainie, Williams, Morgan and Greene, David. (2010) Whole body vibration for preventing and treating osteoporosis (protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
Acute effects of strength training on running economy
Ho, Kuok Wai, Williams, Morgan D., Wilson, Cameron J., Lorenzen, Hans Christian, Meehan, Daniel L. and Joseph, Corey W.. (2010) Acute effects of strength training on running economy. 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. USA: International Society of Biomechanics. pp. 551 - 554
Transmission of vibration about the knee
Furness, Trentham P., Joseph, Corey W., Share, Bianca Louise, Naughton, Geraldine Ann, Maschette, Wayne and Lorenzen, Hans Christian. (2010) Transmission of vibration about the knee. 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. Marquette, USA: International Society of Biomechanics. pp. 215 - 218
Good, good, good vibrations
Lorenzen, Hans Christian, Furness, Trentham P. and Maschette, Wayne Edward. (2009) Good, good, good vibrations. 2008 Vario Health Conference - Physical and Mental Wellness: Integrative Approaches to Health. Western Australia, Australia: Edith Cowan University. pp. 75 - 86
The response of elderly female fast gait to whole body vibration
Lorenzen, Hans Christian. (2007) The response of elderly female fast gait to whole body vibration [Thesis]. https://doi.org/10.4226/66/5a95db13c67d5
Good vibrations, bad vibrations: The facts and myths uncovered
Maschette, Wayne Edward and Lorenzen, Hans Christian. (2007) Good vibrations, bad vibrations: The facts and myths uncovered. Singapore Physical Education Association Conference - Physical Education in A changing World.
Novel insights on lower limb musculoskeletal health and performance in pre-adolescent and adolescent gymnasts
Bradshaw, Elizabeth Jane, Lorenzen, Hans Christian, Williams, Morgan David and Le Rossignol, Peter Freeman. (2006) Novel insights on lower limb musculoskeletal health and performance in pre-adolescent and adolescent gymnasts. In M Schwaneder, G Strutzenberger and Sastenbauer et al (Ed.). XXI International Conference on Biomechanics; in Sport. Salzburg, Austria: University of Salzburg. pp. 413 - 417