Testing the bivalent fear of evaluation model of social anxiety: The relationship between fear of positive evaluation, social anxiety, and perfectionism

Journal article


Yap, Keong, Gibbs, Amy L., Francis, Andrew J. P. and Schuster, Sharynn E.. (2016) Testing the bivalent fear of evaluation model of social anxiety: The relationship between fear of positive evaluation, social anxiety, and perfectionism. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. 45(2), pp. 136 - 149. https://doi.org/10.1080/16506073.2015.1125941
AuthorsYap, Keong, Gibbs, Amy L., Francis, Andrew J. P. and Schuster, Sharynn E.
Abstract

The Bivalent Fear of Evaluation ( BFOE ) model of social anxiety proposes that fear of negative evaluation ( FNE ) and fear of positive evaluation ( FPE ) play distinct roles in social anxiety. Research is however lacking in terms of how FPE is related to perfectionism and how these constructs interact to predict social anxiety. Participants were 382 individuals from the general community and included an oversampling of individuals with social anxiety. Measures of FPE, FNE, perfectionism, and social anxiety were administered. Results were mostly consistent with the predictions made by the BFOE model and showed that accounting for confounding variables, FPE correlated negatively with high standards but positively with maladaptive perfectionism. FNE was also positively correlated with maladaptive perfectionism, but there was no significant relationship between FNE and high standards. Also consistent with BFOE model, both FNE and FPE significantly moderated the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and social anxiety with the relationship strengthened at high levels of FPE and FNE. These findings provide additional support for the BFOE model and implications are discussed.

Keywordsfear of positive evaluation; fear of negative evaluation; high standards perfectionism; maladaptive perfectionism; social anxiety
Year2016
JournalCognitive Behaviour Therapy
Journal citation45 (2), pp. 136 - 149
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISSN1651-2316
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/16506073.2015.1125941
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84954146120
Page range136 - 149
Research GroupSchool of Philosophy
Place of publicationUnited States of America
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