Religion-based decision making in Indian multinationals: A multi-faith study of ethical virtues and mindsets

Journal article


Chan, Christopher and Ananthram, Subramaniam. (2019) Religion-based decision making in Indian multinationals: A multi-faith study of ethical virtues and mindsets. Journal of Business Ethics. 156(3), pp. 651 - 677. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-017-3558-7
AuthorsChan, Christopher and Ananthram, Subramaniam
Abstract

The convergence of India’s rich cultural and religious heritage with its rapidly transforming economy provides a unique opportunity to understand how senior executives navigate the demands of the business environment within the context of their religious convictions. Forty senior executives with varying religious backgrounds and global responsibilities within Indian multinational corporations participated in this study. Drawing from virtue ethics theory and using systematic content analysis, several themes emerged for ethical virtues (empathy, sympathy, humanity, justice, fairness, temperance, integrity, transparency, governance, conscientiousness, transcendence, wisdom, moral fortitude and determination). The analysis illustrates how these deeply seated ethical virtues helped to form and refine these executives’ ethical mindsets via guiding principles such as an ethical culture, environment, molding, education, commitment and leadership. In turn, these ethical mindsets influenced the executives’ ethical decision-making processes. We find that these executives’ ethical virtues and mindsets are inspired by their religious backgrounds. In summary, a very complex mental tug-of-war appears to take place as these executives rationalize and negotiate unethical circumstances while being cognizant of personal religious beliefs. We contend that in a pluralistic multi-faith society such as India, it is critical for corporations to align the virtues of its senior executives with those of the corporation so that virtues are applied consistently when dealing with various stakeholders. The findings present several theoretical and practical implications, which are discussed.

Keywordsreligiosity; ethical virtues; ethical mindsets; ethical decision making; India
Year2019
JournalJournal of Business Ethics
Journal citation156 (3), pp. 651 - 677
PublisherSpringer
ISSN0167-4544
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-017-3558-7
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85018722799
Page range651 - 677
Research GroupPeter Faber Business School
Place of publicationNetherlands
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/89ww9/religion-based-decision-making-in-indian-multinationals-a-multi-faith-study-of-ethical-virtues-and-mindsets

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 3
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Work-family conflict, family satisfaction and employee well-being: A comparative study of Australian and Indian social workers
Kalliath, Parveen, Kalliath, Thomas and Chan, Christopher. (2017) Work-family conflict, family satisfaction and employee well-being: A comparative study of Australian and Indian social workers. Human Resource Management Journal. 27(3), pp. 366 - 381. https://doi.org/10.1111/1748-8583.12143
High potential programs and employee outcomes: The roles of organizational trust and employee attributions
Malik, Amina Raza, Singh, Parbudyal and Chan, Christopher. (2017) High potential programs and employee outcomes: The roles of organizational trust and employee attributions. Career Development International. 22(7), pp. 772 - 796. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-06-2017-0095
Religiosity, spirituality and ethical decision-making: Perspectives from executives in Indian multinational enterprises
Ananthram, Subramaniam and Chan, Christopher. (2016) Religiosity, spirituality and ethical decision-making: Perspectives from executives in Indian multinational enterprises. Asia Pacific Journal of Management. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10490-016-9460-5
Work-family conflict and family-work conflict as predictors of psychological strain : Does social support matter?
Kalliath, Parveen, Kalliath, Thomas and Chan, Christopher. (2015) Work-family conflict and family-work conflict as predictors of psychological strain : Does social support matter? The British Journal of Social Work. 45(8), pp. 2387 - 2405. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcu079
The interactive effect of team and manager absence on employee absence: A multilevel field study
Duff, Angus J., Podolsky, Mark, Biron, Michal and Chan, Christopher C. A.. (2015) The interactive effect of team and manager absence on employee absence: A multilevel field study. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. 88(1), pp. 61 - 79. https://doi.org/10.1111/joop.12078
"Culture": The elephant in the room in structured behavioral selection interview
Lim, Choon-Hwa, Chavan, Meena and Chan, Christopher. (2014) "Culture": The elephant in the room in structured behavioral selection interview. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 42, pp. 1 - 24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2014.07.004
The Judas within: A look at the sexual abuse crisis in the Catholic church
Chan, Christopher and Scott-Ladd, Brenda. (2014) The Judas within: A look at the sexual abuse crisis in the Catholic church. Ethics and Behavior. 24(4), pp. 326 - 339. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2013.865525
Relevance of employee engagement across cultures from the perspective of HR professional associations
Shantz, Amanda, Schoenberg, Jordan and Chan, Christopher. (2014) Relevance of employee engagement across cultures from the perspective of HR professional associations. In In C. Truss, R. Delbridge and K. Alfes, A. Shantz & E. Soane (Ed.). Employee engagement in theory and practice pp. 253 - 272 Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203076965
Investigating suicide as a career response
Duff, Angus and Chan, Christopher. (2014) Investigating suicide as a career response. Career Development International. 19(1), pp. 4 - 26. https://doi.org/10.1108/cdi-04-2013-0040
Strategic human asset management: Evidence from North America
Ananthram, Subramaniam, Nankervis, Alan and Chan, Christopher. (2013) Strategic human asset management: Evidence from North America. Personnel Review. 42(3), pp. 281 - 299. https://doi.org/10.1108/00483481311320417
Teamwork, organizational learning, patient safety and job outcomes
Goh, Swee, Chan, Christopher and Kuzeimsky, Craig. (2013) Teamwork, organizational learning, patient safety and job outcomes. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance. 26(5), pp. 420 - 432. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHCQA-05-2011-0032
Challenges and strategies for global human resource executives: Perspectives from Canada and the United States
Ananthram, Subramaniam and Chan, Christopher. (2013) Challenges and strategies for global human resource executives: Perspectives from Canada and the United States. European Management Journal. 31(3), pp. 223 - 233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2012.12.002
The interactive effect of cultural intelligence and openness on task performance
Duff, Angus, Tahbaz, Ardeshir and Chan, Christopher. (2012) The interactive effect of cultural intelligence and openness on task performance. Research and Practice in Human Resource Management. 20(1), pp. 1 - 10.
Ethical leadership in modern employment relationships: Lessons from St. Benedict
Chan, Christopher, McBey, Kenneth and Scott-Ladd, Brenda. (2011) Ethical leadership in modern employment relationships: Lessons from St. Benedict. Journal of Business Ethics. 100(2), pp. 221 - 228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-010-0676-x
Perceptions of Human Capital Measures: From Corporate Executives and Investors
Lim, Lynn L. K., Chan, Christopher and Dallimore, Peter. (2010) Perceptions of Human Capital Measures: From Corporate Executives and Investors. Journal of Business and Psychology. 25(4), pp. 673 - 688. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-009-9150-0
Human resource practices, organizational commitment and intention to stay
Chew, Janet and Chan, Christopher. (2008) Human resource practices, organizational commitment and intention to stay. International Journal of Manpower. 29(6), pp. 503 - 522. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437720810904194
Human Resource Practices, Organizational Commitment and Intention to Stay
Chew, Janet and Chan, Christopher. (2008) Human Resource Practices, Organizational Commitment and Intention to Stay. International Journal of Manpower. 29(6), pp. 503 - 522. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437720810904194
Effects of employee support on junior accountants' job attitudes and intention to quit
Chan, Christopher, Monroe, Gary S., Ng, Juliana and Woan, Rebecca Chyi. (2008) Effects of employee support on junior accountants' job attitudes and intention to quit. Australian Accounting Review. 18(2), pp. 149 - 160. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1835-2561.2008.0016.x
Effects of employee support on junior accountants' job attitudes and intention to quit
Chan, Christopher, Monroe, Gary S., Ng, Juliana and Tan, Rebecca Chyi Woan. (2008) Effects of employee support on junior accountants' job attitudes and intention to quit. Australian Accounting Review. 18(2), pp. 149 - 160. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1835-2561.2008.0016.x