Calf muscle density in independently associated with physical function in overweight and obese older adults

Journal article


Scott, David, Shore-Lorenti, Catherine, McMillan, L. B., Mesinovic, J., Clark, Ross, Hayes, A., Sanders, Kerrie, Duque, Gustavo and Ebeling, Peter. (2018) Calf muscle density in independently associated with physical function in overweight and obese older adults. The Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions. 18(1), pp. 9 - 17.
AuthorsScott, David, Shore-Lorenti, Catherine, McMillan, L. B., Mesinovic, J., Clark, Ross, Hayes, A., Sanders, Kerrie, Duque, Gustavo and Ebeling, Peter
Abstract

Objectives: To determine whether associations of calf muscle density with physical function are independent of other determinants of functional decline in overweight and obese older adults. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study of 85 community-dwelling overweight and obese adults (mean±SD age 62.8±7.9 years; BMI 32.3±6.1 kg/m2; 58% women). Peripheral quantitative computed tomography assessed mid-calf muscle density (66% tibial length) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry determined visceral fat area. Fasting glucose, Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were analysed. Physical function assessments included hand grip and knee extension strength, balance path length (computerised posturography), stair climb test, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and self-reported falls efficacy (Modified Falls Efficacy Scale; M-FES). Results: Visceral fat area, not muscle density, was independently associated with CRP and fasting glucose (B=0.025; 95% CI 0.009-0.042 and B=0.009; 0.001-0.017, respectively). Nevertheless, higher muscle density was independently associated with lower path length and stair climb time, and higher SPPB and M-FES scores (all P < 0.05). Visceral fat area, fasting glucose and CRP did not mediate these associations. Conclusions: Higher calf muscle density predicts better physical function in overweight and obese older adults independent of insulin resistance, visceral adiposity or inflammation. © 2018, International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions.

Keywordsabdominal obesity; inflammation; insulin resistance; physical function
Year2018
JournalThe Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
Journal citation18 (1), pp. 9 - 17
PublisherThe International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
ISSN1108-7161
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85042943631
Page range9 - 17
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
Place of publicationGreece
EditorsG. P. Lyritis
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Humeral fractures in south-eastern Australia: Epidemiology and risk factors
Holloway, Kara, Bucki-Smith, Gosia, Morse, Amelia, Brennan-Olsen, Sharon, Kotowicz, Mark, Moloney, David, Sanders, Kerrie, Korn, S, Timney, Elizabeth, Dobbins, Amelia and Pasco, Julie. (2015) Humeral fractures in south-eastern Australia: Epidemiology and risk factors. Calcified Tissue International. 97(5), pp. 453 - 465. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00223-015-0039-9
Associations between lower limb strength and gait velocity following stroke: A systematic review
Mentiplay, Benjamin, Adair, Brooke, Bower, Kelly, Williams, Gavin, Tole, Genevieve and Clark, Ross Allan. (2015) Associations between lower limb strength and gait velocity following stroke: A systematic review. Brain Injury. 29(4), pp. 409 - 422. https://doi.org/10.3109/02699052.2014.995231
Intra-rater reliability of hallux flexor strength measures using the Nintendo Wii Balance Board
Quek, June, Treleaven, Julia, Brauer, Sandra, O'Leary, Shaun and Clark, Ross. (2015) Intra-rater reliability of hallux flexor strength measures using the Nintendo Wii Balance Board. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 8(1), pp. 1 - 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13047-015-0104-7
Impaired postural control in healthy men at moderate altitude (1630 M and 2590 M): Data from a randomized trial
Stadelmann, Katrin, Latshang, Tsogyal, Lo Casio, Christian, Clark, Ross, Hubo, Reto, Kohler, Malcolm, Achermann, Peter and Bloch, Konrad. (2015) Impaired postural control in healthy men at moderate altitude (1630 M and 2590 M): Data from a randomized trial. PLoS One (online). 10(2), pp. 1 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116695
Dietary a-linolenic acid and total omega-3 fatty acids are inversely associated with abdominal aortic calcification in older women, but not in older men
Shang, Xianwen, Sanders, Kerrie, Scott, David, Khan, Belal, Hodge, Allison, Khan, Nayab, English, Dallas, Giles, Graham and Ebeling, Peter. (2015) Dietary a-linolenic acid and total omega-3 fatty acids are inversely associated with abdominal aortic calcification in older women, but not in older men. The Journal of Nutrition. 145(8), pp. 1778 - 1786. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.115.211789
Reliability and concurrent validity of the Microsoft Xbox One Kinect for assessment of standing balance and postural control
Clark, Ross, Pua, Yong-Hao, Oliveira, Cristino, Bower, Kelly, Thilarajah, Shamala, McGaw, Rebekah, Hasanki, Ksaniel and Mentiplay, Benjamin. (2015) Reliability and concurrent validity of the Microsoft Xbox One Kinect for assessment of standing balance and postural control. Gait & Posture. 42(2), pp. 210 - 213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.03.005
Quantifying individual components of the timed up and go using the kinect in people living with stroke
Vernon, Stephanie, Paterson, Kade, Bower, Kelly, McGinley, Jennifer, Miller, Kimberly, Pua, Yong-Hao and Clark, Ross. (2015) Quantifying individual components of the timed up and go using the kinect in people living with stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 29(1), pp. 48 - 53. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968314529475
Lower limb kinematics and physiological responses to prolonged load carriage in untrained individuals
Mullins, Alexandra K., Annett, Liam E., Drain, Jace R., Kemp, Justin G., Clark, Ross A. and Whyte, Douglas G.. (2015) Lower limb kinematics and physiological responses to prolonged load carriage in untrained individuals. Ergonomics. 58(5), pp. 770 - 780. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2014.984775
Changes in gait performance over several years are associated with recurrent falls status in community-dwelling older women at high risk of fracture
Scott, David, McLaughlin, Patrick, Nicholson, Geoff C., Ebeling, Peter, Stuart, Amanda, Kay, Deborah and Sanders, Kerrie. (2015) Changes in gait performance over several years are associated with recurrent falls status in community-dwelling older women at high risk of fracture. Age and Ageing. 44(2), pp. 287 - 293. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afu169
Effects of a targeted multimodal exercise program incorporating high-speed power training on falls and fracture risk factors in older adults: A community-based randomized controlled trial
Gianoudis, Jenny, Bailey, Christine A., Ebeling, Peter R., Nowson, Caryl A., Sanders, Kerrie M., Hill, Keith and Daly, Robin M.. (2014) Effects of a targeted multimodal exercise program incorporating high-speed power training on falls and fracture risk factors in older adults: A community-based randomized controlled trial. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 29(1), pp. 182 - 191. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.2014
Associations between socioeconomic status and primary total knee joint replacements performed for osteoarthritis across Australia 2003-10: data from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry
Brennan, Sharon L., Lane, Stephen E., Lorimer, Michelle, Buchbinder, Rachelle, Wluka, Anita E., Page, Richard S., Osborne, Richard H., Pasco, Julie A., Sanders, Kerrie M., Cashman, Kara, Ebeling, Peter R. and Graves, Stephen E.. (2014) Associations between socioeconomic status and primary total knee joint replacements performed for osteoarthritis across Australia 2003-10: data from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 15(356), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-15-356
Sarcopenic obesity and dynapenic obesity: 5-year associations with falls risk in middle-aged and older adults
Scott, David, Sanders, Kerrie M., Aitken, Dawn, Hayes, Alan, Ebeling, Peter R. and Jones, Graeme. (2014) Sarcopenic obesity and dynapenic obesity: 5-year associations with falls risk in middle-aged and older adults. Obesity. 22(6), pp. 1568 - 1574. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20734
Efficacy and safety of oral methazolamide in patients with type 2 diabetes: A 24-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind study
Simpson, Richard W., Nicholson, Geoffrey C., Proietto, Joseph, Sarah, Alana, Sanders, Kerrie M., Phillips, Gabrielle, Chambers, Jo, MacGinley, Rob, Orford, Neil, Walder, Ken, Krippner, Guy, Skoff, Kathy and Wacher, Vincent J.. (2014) Efficacy and safety of oral methazolamide in patients with type 2 diabetes: A 24-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Diabetes Care. 37(11), pp. 3121 - 3123. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc14-1038
Validity and intra-rater reliability of an Android phone application to measure cervical range-of-motion
Quek, June, Brauer, Sandy, Treleaven, Julia, Pua, Yong-Hao, Mentiplay, Benjamin and Clark, Ross. (2014) Validity and intra-rater reliability of an Android phone application to measure cervical range-of-motion. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 11(65), pp. 1 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-0003-11-65
Assessment of standing balance deficits in people who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using traditional and modern analysis methods
Clark, Ross Allan, Howells, Brooke, Pua, Yong-Hao, Feller, Julian, Whitehead, Timothy and Webster, Kate. (2014) Assessment of standing balance deficits in people who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using traditional and modern analysis methods. Journal of Biomechanics. 47(5), pp. 1134 - 1137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2013.12.015
Musculoskeletal stiffness during hopping and running does not change following downhill backwards walking
Joseph, Corey, Bradshaw, Elizabeth, Kemp, Justin and Clark, Ross. (2014) Musculoskeletal stiffness during hopping and running does not change following downhill backwards walking. Sports Biomechanics. 13(3), pp. 241 - 258. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2014.914240
A pilot investigation using global positioning systems into the outdoor activity of people with severe traumatic brain injury
Clark, Ross, Weragoda, Natasha, Paterson, Kade, Telianidis, Stacey and Williams, Gavin. (2014) A pilot investigation using global positioning systems into the outdoor activity of people with severe traumatic brain injury. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 11(37), pp. 1 - 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-0003-11-37
Functional heterogeneity and outcomes in community-dwelling women with osteoporosis, with and without a history of falls
Pua, Yong-Hao, Ong, Peck-Hoon, Lim, Edwin, Huang, Katherin, Clark, Ross Allan and Chandran, Manju. (2014) Functional heterogeneity and outcomes in community-dwelling women with osteoporosis, with and without a history of falls. Gait & Posture. 39(3), pp. 971 - 977. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.12.009
Physical activity measured using global positioning system tracking in non-small cell lung cancer: An observational study
Granger, Catherine, Denehy, Linda, McDonald, Christine, Irving, Louis and Clark, Ross Allan. (2014) Physical activity measured using global positioning system tracking in non-small cell lung cancer: An observational study. Integrative Cancer Therapies. 13(6), pp. 482 - 492. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534735414542484
Impairment of dynamic single-leg balance performance in individuals with hip chondropathy
Hatton, Anna, Kemp, Joanne, Brauer, Sandy, Clark, Ross and Crossley, Kay. (2014) Impairment of dynamic single-leg balance performance in individuals with hip chondropathy. Arthritis Care and Research. 66(5), pp. 709 - 716. https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.22193
Shining the Light on Sunshine: A systematic review of the influence of sun exposure on type 2 diabetes mellitus-related outcomes
Shore-Lorenti, Catherine, Brennan, Sharon L., Sanders, Kerrie M., Neale, Rachel E., Lucas, Robyn M. and Ebeling, Peter R.. (2014) Shining the Light on Sunshine: A systematic review of the influence of sun exposure on type 2 diabetes mellitus-related outcomes. Clinical Endocrinology. 81(6), pp. 799 - 811. https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.12567
An observational study on usual physiotherapy care in a stroke rehabilitation unit for patients with mobility deficits
Tole, Genevieve, Williams, Gavin, Clark, Ross and Holland, Anne. (2014) An observational study on usual physiotherapy care in a stroke rehabilitation unit for patients with mobility deficits. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation. 21(12), pp. 585 - 588. https://doi.org/10.12968/ijtr.2014.21.12.585
Assessment of lower limb muscle strength and power using hand-held and fixed dynamometry: A reliability and validity study
Mentiplay, Benjamin F., Perraton, Luke G., Bower, Kelly J., Adair, Brooke, Pua, Yong-Hao, Williams, Gavin P., McGaw, Rebekah and Clark, Ross A.. (2014) Assessment of lower limb muscle strength and power using hand-held and fixed dynamometry: A reliability and validity study. PLoS ONE. 10(10), pp. 1 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140822
Low physical activity levels and functional decline in individuals with lung cancer
Granger, Catherine, McDonald, Christine, Irving, Louis, Clark, Ross Allan, Gough, Karla, Murnane, Andrew, Mileshkin, Linda, Krishnasamy, Meinir and Denehy, Linda. (2014) Low physical activity levels and functional decline in individuals with lung cancer. Lung Cancer. 83(2), pp. 292 - 299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2013.11.014
A comparison of optimisation methods and knee joint degrees of freedom on muscle force predictions during single-leg hop landings
Mokhtarzadeh, Hossein, Perraton, Luke, Fok, Laurence, Munoz, Mario, Clark, Ross Allan, Pivonka, Peter and Bryant, Adam. (2014) A comparison of optimisation methods and knee joint degrees of freedom on muscle force predictions during single-leg hop landings. Journal of Biomechanics. 47(12), pp. 2863 - 2868. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.07.027
Operational definitions of sarcopenia and their associations with 5-year changes in falls risk in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults
Scott, D., Hayes, A., Sanders, K. M., Aitken, D., Ebeling, P. R. and Jones, G.. (2014) Operational definitions of sarcopenia and their associations with 5-year changes in falls risk in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. Osteoporosis International. 25(1), pp. 187 - 193. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-013-2431-5
Serum selenium status in Graves' disease with and without orbitopathy: A case-control study
Khong, Jwu Jin, Goldstein, Rebecca F., Sanders, Kerrie M., Schneider, Hans, Pope, Jeffrey, Burdon, Kathryn P., Craigh, Jamie E., Ebeling, Peter R. and Peter, . (2014) Serum selenium status in Graves' disease with and without orbitopathy: A case-control study. Clinical Endocrinology. 80(6), pp. 905 - 910. https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.12392
Investigating the predictive ability of gait speed and quadriceps strength for incident falls in community-dwelling older women at high risk of fracture
Scott, David, Stuart, Amanda, Kay, Deborah, Ebeling, Peter, Nicholson, Geoffrey and Sanders, Kerrie. (2014) Investigating the predictive ability of gait speed and quadriceps strength for incident falls in community-dwelling older women at high risk of fracture. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 58(3), pp. 308 - 313. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2013.11.004
The prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in a random sample from the Australian population
Moore, Eileen, Pasco, Julie, Mander, Alastair, Sanders, Kerrie, Carne, Ross, Jenkins, Nicole, Black, Marion, Schneider, Hans, Ames, David and Watters, David. (2014) The prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in a random sample from the Australian population. Journal of Investigational Biochemistry. 3(3), pp. 95 - 100. https://doi.org/10.5455/jib.20140716041521
Undercarboxylated osteocalcin, muscle strength and indices of bone health in older women
Levinger, Itamar, Scott, David, Nicholson, Geoffrey, Stuart, Amanda, Duque, Gustavo, McCorquodale, Thomas, Herrmann, Markus, Ebeling, Peter and Sanders, Kerrie. (2014) Undercarboxylated osteocalcin, muscle strength and indices of bone health in older women. Bone. 64, pp. 8 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2014.03.008
Feasibility of ballistic strengthening exercises in neurologic rehabilitation
Williams, Gavin, Clark, Ross Allan, Hansson, Jessica and Paterson, Kade L.. (2014) Feasibility of ballistic strengthening exercises in neurologic rehabilitation. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 93(9), pp. 828 - 833. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000000139
Diminished sub-maximal quadriceps force control in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed patients is related to quadriceps and hamstring muscle dyskinesia
Telianidis, Stacey, Perraton, Luke, Clark, Ross Allan, Pua, Yong-Hao, Fortin, Karine and Bryant, Adam. (2014) Diminished sub-maximal quadriceps force control in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed patients is related to quadriceps and hamstring muscle dyskinesia. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 24(4), pp. 513 - 519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2014.04.014
Neck musculature fatigue affects specific frequency bands of postural dynamics during quiet standing
Liang, Zhiqi, Clark, Ross Allan, Quek, June, Pua, Yong Hao and Bryant, Adam. (2014) Neck musculature fatigue affects specific frequency bands of postural dynamics during quiet standing. Gait & Posture. 39(1), pp. 397 - 403. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.08.007
Clinic-based assessment of weight-bearing asymmetry during squatting in people with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using nintendo Wii balance boards
Clark, Ross Allan, Howells, Brooke, Feller, Julian, Whitehead, Timothy and Webster, Kate. (2014) Clinic-based assessment of weight-bearing asymmetry during squatting in people with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using nintendo Wii balance boards. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 95(6), pp. 1156 - 1161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2014.02.024
Instrumented static and dynamic balance assessment after stroke using Wii Balance Boards: Reliability and association with clinical tests
Bower, Kelly, McGinley, Jennifer, Miller, Kimberly and Clark, Ross. (2014) Instrumented static and dynamic balance assessment after stroke using Wii Balance Boards: Reliability and association with clinical tests. PLoS ONE. 9(12), pp. 1 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115282
New insights into neck-pain-related postural control using measures of signal frequency and complexity in older adults
Quek, June, Brauer, Sandy, Clark, Ross Allan and Treleaven, Julia. (2014) New insights into neck-pain-related postural control using measures of signal frequency and complexity in older adults. Gait & Posture. 39(4), pp. 1069 - 1073. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.01.009
Clinical feasibility of the Nintendo Wii™ for balance training post-stroke: A phase II randomized controlled trial in an inpatient setting
Bower, Kelly, Clark, Ross Allan, McGinley, Jennifer, Martin, Clarissa and Miller, Kimberly. (2014) Clinical feasibility of the Nintendo Wii™ for balance training post-stroke: A phase II randomized controlled trial in an inpatient setting. Clinical Rehabilitation. 28(9), pp. 912 - 923. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215514527597
The assessment of postual control and the influence of a secondary task in people with anterior cructiate ligament reconstructed knees using a Nintendo Wii Balance Board
Howells, Brooke, Clark, Ross, Ardern, Clare, Bryant, Adam, Feller, Julian, Whitehead, Timothy and Webster, Kate. (2013) The assessment of postual control and the influence of a secondary task in people with anterior cructiate ligament reconstructed knees using a Nintendo Wii Balance Board. British Journal of Sports Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2012-091525
The interday reliability of ankle, knee, leg, and vertical musculoskeletal stiffness during hopping and overground running
Joseph, Corey, Bradshaw, Elizabeth, Kemp, Justin and Clark, Ross. (2013) The interday reliability of ankle, knee, leg, and vertical musculoskeletal stiffness during hopping and overground running. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.29.4.386
The influence of cervical spine flexion-rotation range-of-motion asymmetry on postural stability in older adults
Quek, June, Hao Pua, Yong, Bryant, Adam and Clark, Ross. (2013) The influence of cervical spine flexion-rotation range-of-motion asymmetry on postural stability in older adults. Spine. https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e31829f23a0
Cardiovascular fitness is unrelated to mobility limitations in ambulant people with traumatic brain injury
Williams, Gavin, Weragoda, Natasha, Paterson, Kade and Clark, Ross. (2013) Cardiovascular fitness is unrelated to mobility limitations in ambulant people with traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1097/HTR.0b013e318279536d
A comparison of two methods in acquiring stimulus : Response curves with transcranial magnetic stimulation
Pearce, Alan, Clark, Ross and Kidgell, Dawson. (2013) A comparison of two methods in acquiring stimulus : Response curves with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Stimulation: basic, translational and clinical research in neuromodulation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2012.05.010
Is high dose Vitamin D harmful?
Sanders, Kerrie, Nicholson, Geoffrey and Ebeling, Peter. (2013) Is high dose Vitamin D harmful? Calcified Tissue International. 92(2), pp. 191 - 206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00223-012-9679-1
Association between seated postural control and gait speed in knee osteoarthritis
Hao Pua, Yong, Clark, Ross, Ong, Peck Hoon, Bryant, Adam, Lo, Ngai-Ngung and Liang, Zhiqi. (2013) Association between seated postural control and gait speed in knee osteoarthritis. Gait & Posture. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.08.014
Validity of the Nintendo Wii balance board for the assessment of standing balance in Parkinson's disease
Holmes, Jeffrey, Jenkins, Mary, Johnson, Andrew, Hunt, Michael and Clark, Ross. (2013) Validity of the Nintendo Wii balance board for the assessment of standing balance in Parkinson's disease. Clinical Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215512458684
Reliability and validity of the Microsoft Kinect for evaluating static foot posture
Mentiplay, Benjamin, Clark, Ross, Mullins, Alexandra, Bryant, Adam, Bartold, Simon and Paterson, Kade. (2013) Reliability and validity of the Microsoft Kinect for evaluating static foot posture. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1146-6-14
Low-cost evaluation and real-time feedback of static and dynamic weight bearing asymmetry in patients undergoing in-patient physiotherapy rehabilitation for neurological conditions
Foo, Joanna, Paterson, Kade, Williams, Gavin and Clark, Ross. (2013) Low-cost evaluation and real-time feedback of static and dynamic weight bearing asymmetry in patients undergoing in-patient physiotherapy rehabilitation for neurological conditions. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 10(74), pp. 2 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-0003-10-74
Feasibility and efficacy of the Nintendo Wii gaming system to improve balance performnace post-stroke : Protocol of a phase II randomized controlled trial in an inpatient rehabilitation setting
Bower, Kelly, Clark, Ross, McGinley, Jennifer, Martin, Clarissa and Miller, Kimberly. (2013) Feasibility and efficacy of the Nintendo Wii gaming system to improve balance performnace post-stroke : Protocol of a phase II randomized controlled trial in an inpatient rehabilitation setting. Games for Health: research, development, and clinical applications. https://doi.org/10.1089/g4h.2012.0069
Concurrent validity of the Microsoft Kinect for assessment of spatiotemporal gait variables
Clark, Ross Allan, Bower, Kelly, Mentiplay, Benjamin, Paterson, Kade L. and Hao Pua, Yong. (2013) Concurrent validity of the Microsoft Kinect for assessment of spatiotemporal gait variables. Journal of Biomechanics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2013.08.011
Validity of the Microsoft Kinect for providing lateral trunk lean feedback during gait retraining
Clark, Ross Allan, Hao Pua, Yong, Bryant, Adam and Hunt, Michael. (2013) Validity of the Microsoft Kinect for providing lateral trunk lean feedback during gait retraining. Gait & Posture. 38(4), pp. 1064 - 1066. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.03.029
Preliminary prediction model for fear-induced activity limitation after total knee arthroplasty in people 60 years and older : Prospective cohort study
Pua, Yong-Hao, Ong, Peck-Hoon, Lee, Amanda Yan-Ying, Tan, Jiajie, Bryant, Adam and Clark, Ross. (2013) Preliminary prediction model for fear-induced activity limitation after total knee arthroplasty in people 60 years and older : Prospective cohort study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2012.10.008
Effects of thoracic kyphosis and forward head posture on cervical range of motion in older adults
Quek, June, Hao Pua, Yong, Clark, Ross and Bryant, Adam. (2013) Effects of thoracic kyphosis and forward head posture on cervical range of motion in older adults. Manual Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.math.2012.07.005
Anatomical and mechanical relationship between the proximal attachment of adductor longus and the distal rectus sheath
Norton-Old, Kimberley, Schache, Anthony, Barker, Priscilla, Clark, Ross, Harrison, Simon and Briggs, Christopher. (2013) Anatomical and mechanical relationship between the proximal attachment of adductor longus and the distal rectus sheath. Clinical Anatomy (print). https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22116
Validity of the Microsoft Kinect for assessment of postural control
Clark, Ross, Pua, Yong-Hao, Fortin, K, Ritchie, Callan, Webster, Kate, Denehy, Linda and Bryant, Adam. (2012) Validity of the Microsoft Kinect for assessment of postural control. Gait & Posture. 36(3), pp. 372 - 377. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.03.033
Coordination of dynamic balance during gait training in people with acquired brain injury
Clark, Ross, Williams, Gavin, Fini, N, Moore, Liz and Bryant, Adam. (2012) Coordination of dynamic balance during gait training in people with acquired brain injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 93(4), pp. 636 - 640. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2011.11.002
Osteo-cise: Strong Bones for Life: Protocol for a community-based randomised controlled trial of a multi-modal exercise and osteoporosis education program for older adults at risk of falls and fractures
Gianoudis, Jenny, Bailey, Christine A., Sanders, Kerrie M., Nowson, Caryl A., Hill, Keith, Ebeling, Peter R. and Daly, Robin M.. (2012) Osteo-cise: Strong Bones for Life: Protocol for a community-based randomised controlled trial of a multi-modal exercise and osteoporosis education program for older adults at risk of falls and fractures. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 13(78), pp. 1 - 16. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-13-78
Improving lower limb weight distribution asymmetry during the squat using Nintendo Wii balance boards and real-time feedback
McGough, Rian, Paterson, Kade, Bradshaw, Elizabeth, Bryant, Adam and Clark, Ross. (2012) Improving lower limb weight distribution asymmetry during the squat using Nintendo Wii balance boards and real-time feedback. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 26(1), pp. 47 - 52. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318220b515
Vitamin D with calcium reduces mortality: Patient level pooled analysis of 70,528 patients from eight major vitamin D trials
Rejnmark, Lars, Avenell, Alison, Masud, Tahir, Anderson, Frazer, Meyer, Haakon E., Sanders, Kerrie M., Salovaara, Kari, Cooper, Cyrus, Smith, Helen E., Jacobs, Elizabeth T., Torgerson, David, Jackson, Rebecca D., Manson, JoAnn E., Brixon, Kim, Mosekilde, Leif, Robbins, John A., Francis, Roger M. and Abrahamsen, Bo. (2012) Vitamin D with calcium reduces mortality: Patient level pooled analysis of 70,528 patients from eight major vitamin D trials. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 97(8), pp. 2670 - 2681. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2011-3328
Fracture risk score and absolute risk of fracture
Henry, Margaret, Pasco, Julie, Merriman, Elizabeth, Zhang, Yu, Sanders, Kerrie, Kotowicz, Mark and Nicholson, Geoffrey. (2011) Fracture risk score and absolute risk of fracture. Radiology. 259(2), pp. 495 - 501. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.10101406
Changes in hip fracture rates in southeastern Australia spanning the period 1994-2007
Pasco, Julie, Brennan, Sharon, Henry, Margaret, Nicholson, Geoffrey, Sanders, Kerrie, Zhang, Yu and Kotowicz, Mark. (2011) Changes in hip fracture rates in southeastern Australia spanning the period 1994-2007. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 26(7), pp. 1648 - 1654. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.393
Associations of knee extensor strength and standing balance with physical function in knee osteoarthritis
Pua, Y, Liang, Z, Ong, Peck Hoon, Bryant, Adam, Lo, Ngai-Ngung and Clark, Ross. (2011) Associations of knee extensor strength and standing balance with physical function in knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis Care and Research. 63(12), pp. 1706 - 1714. https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.20615
Independent and combined effects of calcium-vitamin D3 and exercise on bone structure and strength in older men: An 18-month factorial design randomized controlled trial
Kukuljan, Sonja, Nowson, Caryl, Sanders, Kerrie, Nicholson, Geoffrey, Seibel, Markus, Salmon, Jo and Daly, Robin. (2011) Independent and combined effects of calcium-vitamin D3 and exercise on bone structure and strength in older men: An 18-month factorial design randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 96(4), pp. 955 - 963. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2010-2284
Inflammatory cytokine responses to progressive resistance training and supplementation with fortified milk in men aged 50+ years: An 18-month randomized controlled trial
Peake, Jonathan, Kukuljan, Sonja, Nowson, Caryl, Sanders, Kerrie and Daly, Robin. (2011) Inflammatory cytokine responses to progressive resistance training and supplementation with fortified milk in men aged 50+ years: An 18-month randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 111(12), pp. 3079 - 3088. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-1942-z
The effects of enhanced plantar sensory feedback and foot orthoses on midfoot kinematics and lower leg neuromuscular activation
Ritchie, Callan, Paterson, Kade L., Bryant, Adam L., Bartold, Simon and Clark, Ross Allan. (2011) The effects of enhanced plantar sensory feedback and foot orthoses on midfoot kinematics and lower leg neuromuscular activation. Gait & Posture. 33(4), pp. 576 - 581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.01.012
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) use, fracture and bone mineral density
Williams, Lana, Pasco, Julie, Henry, Margaret, Sanders, Kerrie, Nicholson, Geoffrey, Kotowicz, Mark and Berk, Michael. (2011) Paracetamol (acetaminophen) use, fracture and bone mineral density. Bone. 48(6), pp. 1277 - 1281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2011.03.435
The influence of variable range of motion training on neuromuscular performance and control of external loads
Clark, Ross, Humphries, B, Hohmann, E and Bryant, Adam. (2011) The influence of variable range of motion training on neuromuscular performance and control of external loads. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(3), pp. 704 - 711. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c6a0ff
Morphology of hamstring torque-time curves following acl injury and reconstruction :Mechanisms and implications
Bryant, Adam, Clark, Ross and Pua, Y. (2011) Morphology of hamstring torque-time curves following acl injury and reconstruction :Mechanisms and implications. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 29(6), pp. 907 - 914. https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.21306
Acute effects of a shoe with enhanced plantar sensory feedback on midfoot kinematics whilst walking
Bartold, Simon, Bryant, Adam, Clark, Ross, Paterson, Kade and Ritchie, Callan. (2011) Acute effects of a shoe with enhanced plantar sensory feedback on midfoot kinematics whilst walking. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 4(1), pp. 1 - 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1146-4-S1-O2
Estrogen-induced effects on the neuro-mechanics of hopping in humans
Bryant, Adam, Crossley, Kay, Bartold, Simon, Hohmann, E and Clark, Ross. (2011) Estrogen-induced effects on the neuro-mechanics of hopping in humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 111(2), pp. 245 - 252. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1647-8
Annual high-dose vitamin D3 and mental well-being: Randomised controlled trial
Sanders, Kerrie, Stuart, Amanda, Williamson, Elizabeth, Jacka, Felice, Dodd, Seetal, Nicholson, Geoff and Berk, Michael. (2011) Annual high-dose vitamin D3 and mental well-being: Randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry. 198(5), pp. 357 - 364. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.110.087544
Inter-day reliability leg, knee and ankle stiffness measures during hopping
Joseph, Corey W., Bradshaw, Elizabeth and Clark, Ross Allan. (2011) Inter-day reliability leg, knee and ankle stiffness measures during hopping. 2012 International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports. Germany: International Society of Biomechanics. pp. 989 - 992
Design and validation of a portable, inexpensive and multi-beam timing light system using the Nintendo Wii hand controllers
Clark, Ross A., Paterson, Kade L., Ritchie, Callan, Blundell, Simon A. and Bryant, Adam L.. (2011) Design and validation of a portable, inexpensive and multi-beam timing light system using the Nintendo Wii hand controllers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 14(2), pp. 177 - 182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2010.12.001
Training conditions influence walking kinematics and self-selected walking speed in patients with neurological impairments
Williams, Gavin, Clark, Ross, Schache, Anthony, Fini, N, Moore, Liz, Morris, Meg and McCrory, P. (2011) Training conditions influence walking kinematics and self-selected walking speed in patients with neurological impairments. Journal of Neurotrauma. 28(2), pp. 281 - 287. https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2010.1649
Annual feedback is an effective tool for a sustained increase in calcium intake among older women
Sanders, Kerrie, Stuart, Amanda L., Kotowicz, Mark and Nicholson, Geoff. (2010) Annual feedback is an effective tool for a sustained increase in calcium intake among older women. Nutrients. 2(9), pp. 1018 - 1025. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu2091018
Physical Function in Hip Osteoarthritis : Relationship to isometric Knee Extensor Steadiness
Pua, Y, Clark, Ross and Bryant, Adam. (2010) Physical Function in Hip Osteoarthritis : Relationship to isometric Knee Extensor Steadiness. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 91(7), pp. 1110 - 1116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2010.04.001
Annual high-dose oral vitamin D and falls and fractures in older women: A randomized controlled trial
Sanders, Kerrie, Stuart, Amanda L., Williamson, Elizabeth J., Simpson, Julie A., Kotowicz, Mark, Young, Doris and Nicholson, Geoff. (2010) Annual high-dose oral vitamin D and falls and fractures in older women: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association. 303(18), pp. 1815 - 1822. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2010.594
Reprogramming Nintendo gaming controllers for sports science: The creation of gym and field based athlete testing systems
Clark, Ross, Paterson, Kade and Bryant, Adam. (2010) Reprogramming Nintendo gaming controllers for sports science: The creation of gym and field based athlete testing systems. Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport. Australia: Elsevier. pp. 88 - 88
Mechanical properties of the achilles tendon aponeurosis are altered in athletes with achilles tendinopathy
Child, S, Bryant, Adam, Clark, Ross and Crossley, Kay. (2010) Mechanical properties of the achilles tendon aponeurosis are altered in athletes with achilles tendinopathy. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 38(9), pp. 1885 - 1893. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546510366234
Mechanical properties of the achilles tendon aponeurosis are altered in athletes with achilles tendinopathy
Child, S, Bryant, Adam, Clark, Ross and Crossley, Kay. (2010) Mechanical properties of the achilles tendon aponeurosis are altered in athletes with achilles tendinopathy. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 38(9), pp. 1885 - 1893. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546510366234
Validity and reliability of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board for assessment of standing balance
Clark, Ross, Bryant, Adam, Pua, Yonghao, McCrory, P, Bennell, Kim and Hunt, Michael. (2010) Validity and reliability of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board for assessment of standing balance. Gait & Posture. 31(3), pp. 307 - 310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2009.11.012
Examining different aspects of functional performance using a variety of bench throw techniques
Clark, Ross, Bryant, Adam and Pua, Y. (2010) Examining different aspects of functional performance using a variety of bench throw techniques. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24(10), pp. 2755 - 2761. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bf0368
Examining different aspects of functional performance using a variety of bench throw techniques
Clark, Ross, Bryant, Adam and Pua, Y. (2010) Examining different aspects of functional performance using a variety of bench throw techniques. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24(10), pp. 2755 - 2761. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bf0368
Tibial acceleration variability during consecutive gait cycles is influenced by the menstrual cycle
Clark, Ross, Bartold, Simon and Bryant, Adam. (2010) Tibial acceleration variability during consecutive gait cycles is influenced by the menstrual cycle. Clinical Biomechanics. 25(6), pp. 557 - 562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2010.03.002
iliotibial band syndrome : An examination of the evidence behind a number of treatment options
Falvey, E, Clark, Ross, Franklyn-Miller, A, Bryant, Adam, Briggs, C and McCrory, P. (2010) iliotibial band syndrome : An examination of the evidence behind a number of treatment options. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 20(4), pp. 580 - 587. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.00968.x
The inter-day reliability of a method used to determine vertical, knee and ankle stiffness during running
Clark, Ross, Joseph, Corey W. and Bradshaw, Elizabeth Jane. (2010) The inter-day reliability of a method used to determine vertical, knee and ankle stiffness during running. XXVIIIth Internatrional Society of Biomechnics in Sports. USA: International Society of Biomechanics. pp. 286 - 289
Morphology of knee extension torque-time curves following anterior cruciate ligament injury and reconstruction
Bryant, Adam L., Pua, Yong-Hao and Clark, Ross Allan. (2009) Morphology of knee extension torque-time curves following anterior cruciate ligament injury and reconstruction. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery: American Volume. 91(6), pp. 1424 - 1431. https://doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.H.01335
Assessment of mechanical strain in the intact plantar fascia
Clark, Ross Allan, Franklyn-Miller, Andrew, Falvey, Eanna C., Bryant, Adam L., Bartold, Simon and McCrory, Paul. (2009) Assessment of mechanical strain in the intact plantar fascia. The Foot. 19(3), pp. 161 - 164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foot.2009.06.001
The effect of training status on inter-limb joint stiffness regulation during repeated maximal sprints
Clark, Ross Allan. (2009) The effect of training status on inter-limb joint stiffness regulation during repeated maximal sprints. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 12(3), pp. 406 - 410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2007.12.003
Hamstring injuries: Risk assessment and injury prevention
Clark, Ross Allan. (2008) Hamstring injuries: Risk assessment and injury prevention. Academy of Medicine, Singapore. Annals. 37(4), pp. 341 - 346.
Effects of estrogen on the mechanical behavior of the human achilles tendon in vivo
Bryant, Adam L., Clark, Ross Allan, Bartold, Simon, Murphy, Aron J., Bennell, Kim L., Hohmann, Erik, Marshall-Gradisnik, Sonya, Payne, Craig and Crossley, Kay M.. (2008) Effects of estrogen on the mechanical behavior of the human achilles tendon in vivo. Journal of Applied Physiology. 105(4), pp. 1035 - 1043. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01281.2007
A comparison of force curve profiles between the bench press and ballistic bench throws
Clark, Ross Allan, Bryant, Adam and Humphries, Brendan. (2008) A comparison of force curve profiles between the bench press and ballistic bench throws. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 22(6), pp. 1755 - 1759. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181874735
An examination of strength and concentric work ratios during variable range of motion training
Clark, Ross Allan, Bryant, Adam L. and Humphries, Brendan. (2008) An examination of strength and concentric work ratios during variable range of motion training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 22(5), pp. 1716 - 1719. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318173c529
The use of clinical risk factors enhances the performance of BMD in the prediction of hip and osteoporotic fractures in men and women
Kanis, John, Oden, Anders, Johnell, O., Johansson, Helena, Laet, C. De, Brown, Jacques P., Burckhardt, Peter, Cooper, Cyrus, Christiansen, Claus, Cummings, Steven R., Eisman, John A., Fujiwara, S., Glüer, C. C., Goltzman, David, Hans, Didier, Krieg, Marc Antoine, Lacroix, Andrea Z., McCloskey, Eugene, Mellström, Dan, ... Yoshimura, N.. (2007) The use of clinical risk factors enhances the performance of BMD in the prediction of hip and osteoporotic fractures in men and women. Osteoporosis International. 18(8), pp. 1033 - 1046. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-007-0343-y