Hip joint mechanics during walking in individuals with mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis

Journal article


Constantinou, Maria, Loureiro, Aderson, Carty, Christopher, Mills, Peter and Barrett, Rod. (2017) Hip joint mechanics during walking in individuals with mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis. Gait & Posture. 53, pp. 162 - 167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.01.017
AuthorsConstantinou, Maria, Loureiro, Aderson, Carty, Christopher, Mills, Peter and Barrett, Rod
Abstract

The purpose of this case-control study was to characterise hip joint kinematics and moments during gait in people with mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis (OA). Eligible participants were allocated to the hip OA group (n = 27) or the age-matched control group (n = 26) based on radiographic and symptomatically defined inclusion criteria. Participants walked barefoot along a 10-m walkway at their self-selected gait speed. Trajectories of 43 markers attached to the trunk, pelvis, upper and lower limbs were recorded using a 12-camera motion capture system. Ground reaction force data were simultaneously collected. Individuals in the hip OA group had a 10% higher body mass, 13% slower self-selected walking speed, 10% shorter step length, 2% and 9% longer relative stance and double support duration (% stride) respectively, 41% lower sagittal plane hip range of motion, and 28% and 45% lower peak sagittal and transverse plane hip joint moments respectively during gait compared to controls (p < 0.05). The finding that individuals with mild-to-moderate hip OA experienced less net hip joint loading over a reduced range of hip motion for a longer proportion of the gait cycle when walking at their preferred gait speed suggest that the mechanics of the hip joint are altered in hip OA, and could have implications for disease progression through altered mechano-biological processes within the joint.

Keywordship osteoarthritis; mild-to-moderate; gait; kinetic; kinematic; hip joint mechanics
Year2017
JournalGait & Posture
Journal citation53, pp. 162 - 167
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0966-6362
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.01.017
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85012240114
Page range162 - 167
Research GroupSchool of Allied Health
Place of publicationNetherlands
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