Listening comprehension across the adult lifespan

Journal article


Sommers, Mitchell, Hale, Sandra, Myerson, Joel, Rose, Nathan, Tye-Murray, Nancy and Spehar, Brent. (2011) Listening comprehension across the adult lifespan. Ear and Hearing. 32(6), pp. 775 - 781. https://doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0b013e3182234cf6
AuthorsSommers, Mitchell, Hale, Sandra, Myerson, Joel, Rose, Nathan, Tye-Murray, Nancy and Spehar, Brent
Abstract

Objectives: Although age-related declines in perceiving spoken language are well established, the primary focus of research has been on perception of phonemes, words, and sentences. In contrast, relatively few investigations have been directed at establishing the effects of age on the comprehension of extended spoken passages. Moreover, most previous work has used extreme-group designs in which the performance of a group of young adults is contrasted with that of a group of older adults and little if any information is available regarding changes in listening comprehension across the adult lifespan. Accordingly, the goals of the current investigation were to determine whether there are age differences in listening comprehension across the adult lifespan and, if so, whether similar trajectories are observed for age-related changes in auditory sensitivity and listening comprehension. Design: This study used a cross-sectional lifespan design in which approximately 60 individuals in each of 7 decades, from age 20 to 89 yr (a total of 433 participants), were tested on three different measures of listening comprehension. In addition, we obtained measures of auditory sensitivity from all participants. Results: Changes in auditory sensitivity across the adult lifespan exhibited the progressive high-frequency loss typical of age-related hearing impairment. Performance on the listening comprehension measures, however, demonstrated a very different pattern, with scores on all measures remaining relatively stable until age 65 to 70 yr, after which significant declines were observed. Follow-up analyses indicated that this same general pattern was observed across three different types of passages (lectures, interviews, and narratives) and three different question types (information, integration, and inference). Multiple regression analyses indicated that low-frequency pure-tone average was the single largest contributor to age-related variance in listening comprehension for individuals older than 65 yr, but that age accounted for significant variance even after controlling for auditory sensitivity. Conclusions: Results suggest that age-related reductions in auditory sensitivity account for a sizable portion of individual variance in listening comprehension that was observed across the adult lifespan. Other potential contributors including a possible role for age-related declines in perceptual and cognitive abilities are discussed. Clinically, the results suggest that amplification is likely to improve listening comprehension but that increased audibility alone may not be sufficient to maintain listening comprehension beyond age 65 and 70 yr. Additional research will be needed to identify potential target abilities for training or other rehabilitation procedures that could supplement sensory aids to provide additional improvements in listening comprehension.

Year2011
JournalEar and Hearing
Journal citation32 (6), pp. 775 - 781
ISSN0196-0202
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0b013e3182234cf6
Page range775 - 781
Research GroupSchool of Philosophy
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8q224/listening-comprehension-across-the-adult-lifespan

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 0
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

The relationship between prospective memory and episodic future thinking in younger and older adulthood
Terrett, Gillian, Rose, Nathan S., Henry, Julie D., Bailey, Phoebe E., Altgassen, Mareike, Phillips, Louise H., Kliegel, Matthias and Rendell, Peter Gregory. (2016) The relationship between prospective memory and episodic future thinking in younger and older adulthood. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 69(2), pp. 310 - 323. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2015.1054294
The short- and long-term fates of memory items retained outside the focus of attention
LaRocque, Joshua J., Eichenbaum, Adam S., Starrett, Michael J., Rose, Nathan S., Emrich, Stephen M. and Postle, Bradley R.. (2015) The short- and long-term fates of memory items retained outside the focus of attention. Memory and Cognition. 43(3), pp. 453 - 468. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-014-0486-y
Cognitive processes in the Breakfast Task : Planning and monitoring
Rose, Nathan, Luo, Lin, Bialystok, Ellen, Hering, Alexandra, Lau, Karen and Craik, Fergus. (2015) Cognitive processes in the Breakfast Task : Planning and monitoring. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. 69(3), pp. 252 - 263. https://doi.org/10.1037/cep0000054
Individuals with low working memory spans show greater interference from irrelevant information because of poor source monitoring, not greater activation
Lilienthal, Lindsey, Rose, Nathan S., Tamez, Elaine, Myerson, Joel and Hale, Sandra. (2015) Individuals with low working memory spans show greater interference from irrelevant information because of poor source monitoring, not greater activation. Memory & Cognition (online version). 43(3), pp. 357 - 366. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-014-0465-3
Recognition without awareness: Encoding and retrieval factors
Craik, Fergus I. M., Rose, Nathan S. and Gopie, Nigel. (2015) Recognition without awareness: Encoding and retrieval factors. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition. 41(5), pp. 1271 - 1281. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000137
PROspective MEmory Training to improve HEart failUre Self-care (PROMETHEUS): Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Cameron, Jan, Rendell, Peter, Ski, Chantal, Kure, Christina, McLennan, Skye, Rose, Nathan, Prior, David and Thompson, David. (2015) PROspective MEmory Training to improve HEart failUre Self-care (PROMETHEUS): Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials (online). 16(196), pp. 196 - 209. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-015-0721-2
Cognitive and neural plasticity in older adults prospective memory following training with the virtual week computer game
Rose, Nathan, Rendell, Peter, Hering, Alexandra, Kliegel, Matthias, Bidelman, Gavin and Craik, Fergus. (2015) Cognitive and neural plasticity in older adults prospective memory following training with the virtual week computer game. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (online). 9(592), pp. 1 - 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00592
Levels of processing in working memory : Differential involvement of frontotemporal networks
Rose, Nathan, Craik, Fergus and Buchsbaum, Bradley. (2015) Levels of processing in working memory : Differential involvement of frontotemporal networks. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 27(3), pp. 522 - 532. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_00738
Prospective memory training in older adults and its relevance for successful aging
Hering, Alexandra, Rendell, Peter G., Rose, Nathan S., Schnitzspahn, Katharina M. and Kliegel, Matthias. (2014) Prospective memory training in older adults and its relevance for successful aging. Psychological Research. 78(6), pp. 892 - 904. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-014-0566-4
Short-term retention of a single word relies on retrieval from long-term memory when both rehearsal and refreshing are disrupted
Rose, Nathan S., Buchsbaum, Bradley R. and Craik, Fergus I. M.. (2014) Short-term retention of a single word relies on retrieval from long-term memory when both rehearsal and refreshing are disrupted. Memory and Cognition. 42(5), pp. 689 - 700. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-014-0398-x
Working memory training and transfer in older adults: Effects of age, baseline performance, and training gains
Zinke, Katharina, Zeintl, Melanie, Rose, Nathan, Putzmann, Julia, Pydde, Andrea and Kliegel, Matthias. (2014) Working memory training and transfer in older adults: Effects of age, baseline performance, and training gains. Developmental Psychology. 50(1), pp. 304 - 315. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032982
Prospective Memory in Parkinson Disease During a Virtual Week : Effects of Both Prospective and Retrospective Demands
Foster, Erin, Rose, Nathan, McDaniel, Mark and Rendell, Peter. (2013) Prospective Memory in Parkinson Disease During a Virtual Week : Effects of Both Prospective and Retrospective Demands. Neuropsychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031946
Individual differences in working memory, secondary memory, and fluid intelligence: Evidence from the levels-of-processing span task
Rose, Nathan S.. (2013) Individual differences in working memory, secondary memory, and fluid intelligence: Evidence from the levels-of-processing span task. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. 67(4), pp. 260 - 270. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0034351
Training cognition: Parallels with physical fitness?
Craik, Fergus I. and Rose, Nathan. (2012) Training cognition: Parallels with physical fitness? Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. 1(1), pp. 51 - 52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmac.2011.12.001
History and experience: The direction of Alzheimer's disease
Reichman, William E. and Rose, Nathan S.. (2012) History and experience: The direction of Alzheimer's disease. Menopause. 19(7), pp. 724 - 734. https://doi.org/10.1097/gme.0b013e31825a28f2
Working memory and amnesia : The role of stimulus novelty
Rose, Nathan, Olsen, Rosanna, Craik, Fergus and Rosenbaum, R. (2012) Working memory and amnesia : The role of stimulus novelty. Neuropsychologia. 50(1), pp. 11 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.10.016
A processing approach to the working memory/long-term memory distinction: Evidence from the levels-of-processing span task
Rose, Nathan S. and Craik, Fergus I. M.. (2012) A processing approach to the working memory/long-term memory distinction: Evidence from the levels-of-processing span task. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition. 38(4), pp. 1019 - 1029. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026976
Memory encoding and aging: A neurocognitive perspective
Craik, Fergus I. M. and Rose, Nathan S.. (2012) Memory encoding and aging: A neurocognitive perspective. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 36(7), pp. 1729 - 1739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.11.007
The influence of levels of processing on recall from working memory and delayed recall tasks
Loaiza, Vanessa, McCabe, David, Youngblood, Jessie, Rose, Nathan and Myerson, Joel. (2011) The influence of levels of processing on recall from working memory and delayed recall tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition. 37(5), pp. 1258 - 1263. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023923
A process-model based approach to prospective memory impairment in Parkinson's disease
Kliegel, Matthias, Altgassen, Mareike, Hering, A and Rose, N S. (2011) A process-model based approach to prospective memory impairment in Parkinson's disease. Neuropsychologia. 49(8), pp. 2166 - 2177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.01.024
The Structure of Working Memory Abilities Across the Adult Life Span
Hale, Sandra, Rose, Nathan S., Myerson, Joel, Strube, Michael J., Sommers, Mitchell, Tye-Murray, Nancy and Spehar, Brent. (2011) The Structure of Working Memory Abilities Across the Adult Life Span. Psychology and Aging. 26(1), pp. 92 - 110. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021483
Age and individual differences in prospective memory during a "virtual week": The roles of working memory, vigilance, task regularity and cue focality
Rose, Nathan, Rendell, Peter, McDaniel, Mark, Aberle, I. and Kliegel, Matthias. (2010) Age and individual differences in prospective memory during a "virtual week": The roles of working memory, vigilance, task regularity and cue focality. Psychology and Aging. 25(2), pp. 595 - 605. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019771
Similarities and differences between working memory and long-term memory: Evidence from the levels-of-processing span task
Rose, Nathan, Myerson, J., Roediger, Henry L. and Hale, Sandra. (2010) Similarities and differences between working memory and long-term memory: Evidence from the levels-of-processing span task. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition. 36(2), pp. 471 - 483. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018405
The age prospective memory paradox: Young adults may not give their best outside of the lab
Aberle, I, Rendell, Peter, Rose, Nathan, McDaniel, Mark and Kliegel, Matthias. (2010) The age prospective memory paradox: Young adults may not give their best outside of the lab. Developmental Psychology. 46(6), pp. 1444 - 1453. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020718
Exercising the brain to avoid cognitive decline: Examining the evidence
Reichman, W. E., Fiocco, Alexandra J. and Rose, Nathan. (2010) Exercising the brain to avoid cognitive decline: Examining the evidence. Aging Health. 6(5), pp. 565 - 584. https://doi.org/10.2217/AHE.10.54