Activity monitors for increasing physical activity in adult stroke survivors

Journal article


Lynch, Elizabeth A., Jones, Taryn M., Simpson, Dawn B., Fini, Natalie A., Kuys, Suzanne S., Borschmann, Karen, Kramer, Sharon, Johnson, Liam, Callisaya, Michele L., Mahendran, Niruthikha, Janssen, Heidi and English, Carolie. (2018) Activity monitors for increasing physical activity in adult stroke survivors. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2018(7), pp. 1 - 63. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012543.pub2
AuthorsLynch, Elizabeth A., Jones, Taryn M., Simpson, Dawn B., Fini, Natalie A., Kuys, Suzanne S., Borschmann, Karen, Kramer, Sharon, Johnson, Liam, Callisaya, Michele L., Mahendran, Niruthikha, Janssen, Heidi and English, Carolie
Abstract

Background: Stroke is the third leading cause of disability worldwide. Physical activity is important for secondary stroke prevention and for promoting functional recovery. However, people with stroke are more inactive than healthy age‐matched controls. Therefore, interventions to increase activity after stroke are vital to reduce stroke‐related disability. Objectives: To summarise the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of commercially available, wearable activity monitors and smartphone applications for increasing physical activity levels in people with stroke. Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and the following clinical trial registers: WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Clinical Trials, EU Clinical Trial Register, ISRCTN Registry, Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trial Registry, and Stroke Trials Registry to 3 March 2018. We also searched reference lists, Web of Science forward tracking, and Google Scholar, and contacted trial authors to obtain further data if required. We did not restrict the search on language or publication status. Selection criteria: We included all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and randomised cross‐over trials that included use of activity monitors versus no intervention, another type of intervention, or other activity monitor. Participants were aged 18 years or older with a diagnosis of stroke, in hospital or living in the community. Primary outcome measures were steps per day and time in moderate‐to‐vigorous intensity activity. Secondary outcomes were sedentary time, time spent in light intensity physical activity, walking duration, fatigue, mood, quality of life, community participation and adverse events. We excluded upper limb monitors that only measured upper limb activity. Data collection and analysis: We followed standard Cochrane methodology to analyse and interpret the data. At least two authors independently screened titles and abstracts for inclusion. We resolved disagreements by consulting a third review author. We extracted the following data from included studies into a standardised template: type of study, participant population, study setting, intervention and co‐interventions, time‐frame, and outcomes. We graded levels of bias as high, low, or unclear, and assessed the quality of evidence for each outcome using the GRADE approach. Main results: We retrieved 28,098 references, from which we identified 29 potential articles. Four RCTs (in 11 reports) met the inclusion criteria.The sample sizes ranged from 27 to 135 (total 245 participants). Time poststroke varied from less than one week (n = 1), to one to three months (n = 2), or a median of 51 months (n = 1). Stroke severity ranged from a median of one to six on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Three studies were conducted in inpatient rehabilitation, and one was in a university laboratory. All studies compared use of activity monitor plus another intervention (e.g. a walking retraining programme or an inpatient rehabilitation programme) versus the other intervention alone. Three studies reported on the primary outcome of daily step counts. There was no clear effect for the use of activity monitors in conjunction with other interventions on step count in a community setting (mean difference (MD) ‐1930 steps, 95% confidence interval (CI) ‐4410 to 550; 1 RCT, 27 participants; very low‐quality evidence), or in an inpatient rehabilitation setting (MD 1400 steps, 95% CI ‐40 to 2840; 2 RCTs, 83 participants; very low‐quality evidence). No studies reported the primary outcome moderate‐to‐vigorous physical activity, but one did report time spent in moderate and vigorous intensity activity separately: this study reported that an activity monitor in addition to usual inpatient rehabilitation increased the time spent on moderate intensity physical activity by 4.4 minutes per day (95% CI 0.28 to 8.52; 1 RCT, 48 participants; low‐quality evidence) compared with usual rehabilitation alone, but there was no clear effect for the use of an activity monitor plus usual rehabilitation for increasing time spent in vigorous intensity physical activity compared to usual rehabilitation (MD 2.6 minutes per day, 95% CI ‐0.8 to 6; 1 RCT, 48 participants; low‐quality evidence). The overall risk of bias was low, apart from high‐risk for blinding of participants and study personnel. None of the included studies reported any information relating to adverse effects. Authors' conclusions: Only four small RCTs with 274 participants (three in inpatient rehabilitation and one in the community) have examined the efficacy of activity monitors for increasing physical activity after stroke. Although these studies showed activity monitors could be incorporated into practice, there is currently not enough evidence to support the use of activity monitors to increase physical activity after stroke.

Keywordsexercise; fitness trackers; survivors; randomized controlled trials as topic; stroke rehabilitation [instrumentation methods]; time factors
Year2018
JournalCochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Journal citation2018 (7), pp. 1 - 63
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
ISSN1469-493X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012543.pub2
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85050653836
Page range1 - 63
Research GroupSchool of Allied Health
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
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Johnson, Liam, Rodrigues, Julian, Teo, Wei-Peng, Walters, Susan, Stell, Rick, Thickbroom, Gary and Mastaglia, Frank. (2015) Interactive effects of GPI stimulation and levodopa on postural control in Parkinson's disease. Gait & Posture. 41(4), pp. 929 - 934. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.03.346
Prevalence of foot disease and risk factors in general inpatient populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Lazzarini, Peter A., Hurn, Sheree E., Fernando, Malindu E., Jen, Scott D., Kuys, Suzanne S., Kamp, Maarten C. and Reed, Lloyd F.. (2015) Prevalence of foot disease and risk factors in general inpatient populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open. 5(11), pp. 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008544
Progesterone and estradiol levels predict planned agility, 10M and 20M sprint performance in young male Australian football athletes
Martin, Alanna C., Heazlewood, Ian T., Lys, Isabelle, Kitic, Cecilia M. and Johnson, Liam. (2015) Progesterone and estradiol levels predict planned agility, 10M and 20M sprint performance in young male Australian football athletes. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. 23(6), pp. 43 - 46.
Exergaming as a viable therapeutic tool to improve static and dynamic balance among older adults and people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Harris, Dale M., Rantalainen, Timo, Muthalib, Makii, Johnson, Liam G. and Teo, Wei-Peng. (2015) Exergaming as a viable therapeutic tool to improve static and dynamic balance among older adults and people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 7, pp. 1 - 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2015.00167
Clinically important improvements in motor function are achievable during inpatient rehabilitation by stroke patients with severe motor disability : A prospective observational study
Hayward, Kathryn, Kuys, Suzanne, Barker, Ruth and Brauer, Sandra. (2014) Clinically important improvements in motor function are achievable during inpatient rehabilitation by stroke patients with severe motor disability : A prospective observational study. NeuroRehabilitation. 34(4), pp. 773 - 779. https://doi.org/10.3233/NRE-141076
Gait speed in ambulant older people in long term care : A systematic review and meta-analysis
Kuys, Suzanne, Peel, Nancye, Klein, Kerenaftali, Slater, Alexandra and Hubbard, Ruth. (2014) Gait speed in ambulant older people in long term care : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (JAMDA) (print). 15(3), pp. 194 - 200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2013.10.015
The Queensland High Risk Foot Form (QHRFF) - Is it a reliable and valid tool for foot disease?
Lazzarini, Peter A., Ng, Vanessa, Kinnear, Ewan M., Kamp, Maarten C., Kuys, Suzanne S., Hurst, Cameron and Reed, Lloyd F.. (2014) The Queensland High Risk Foot Form (QHRFF) - Is it a reliable and valid tool for foot disease? Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 7(7), pp. 1 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1146-7-7
The Queensland high risk foot form (QHRFF) - is it a reliable and valid clinical research tool for foot disease?
Lazzarini, Peter A., Ng, Vanessa, Kinnear, Ewan, Kamp, Maarten C., Kuys, Suzanne Shanelle, Hurst, Cameron and Reed, Lloyd. (2014) The Queensland high risk foot form (QHRFF) - is it a reliable and valid clinical research tool for foot disease? Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 7(1), pp. 1 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1146-7-7
Use and validation of the balance outcome measure for elder rehabilitation in acute care
Kuys, Suzanne, Crouch, Tom, Dolecka, Urszula, Steele, Michael and Low Choy, Nancy. (2014) Use and validation of the balance outcome measure for elder rehabilitation in acute care. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy. 42(1), pp. 16 - 21.
Factors affecting the ability of the stroke survivor to drive their own recovery outside of therapy during inpatient stroke rehabilitation
Eng, Xue Wen, Brauer, Sandra, Kuys, Suzanne, Lord, Matthew and Hayward, Kathryn. (2014) Factors affecting the ability of the stroke survivor to drive their own recovery outside of therapy during inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Stroke Research and Treatment. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/626538
Factors affecting the ability of the stroke survivor to drive their own recovery outside of therapy during inpatient stroke rehabilitation
Eng, Xue Wen, Brauer, Sandra, Kuys, Suzanne Shanelle, Lord, Matthew and Hayward, Kathryn. (2014) Factors affecting the ability of the stroke survivor to drive their own recovery outside of therapy during inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Stroke Research and Treatment. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/626538
Development and preliminary validation of the Acute Brain Injury Physiotherapy Assessment (ABIPA)
Gesch, Janelle, Low Choy, Nancy, Weeks, Benjamin, Passier, Leanne, Nascimento, Margarida, Haines, Terry and Kuys, Suzanne. (2014) Development and preliminary validation of the Acute Brain Injury Physiotherapy Assessment (ABIPA). Brain Impairment. 15(2), pp. 132 - 145. https://doi.org/10.1017/BrImp.2014.13
Activity limitations experienced by people with stroke who received inpatient rehabiliation: Differences between 2001, 2005, and 2011
Kuys, Suzanne Shanelle, Bew, Paul, Lynch, Mary and Brauer, Sandy. (2014) Activity limitations experienced by people with stroke who received inpatient rehabiliation: Differences between 2001, 2005, and 2011. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 95(4), pp. 741 - 746. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2013.12.008
The health outcomes and costs of people attending an interdisciplinary chronic disease service in regional Australia: protocol for a longitudinal cohort investigation
Tyack, Zephanie, Frakes, Kerrie-Anne, Cornwell, Petrea, Kuys, Suzanne, Barnett, Adrian and McPhail, Steven. (2013) The health outcomes and costs of people attending an interdisciplinary chronic disease service in regional Australia: protocol for a longitudinal cohort investigation. BMC Health Services Research. 13(410), pp. 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-410
The effects of a supervised Pilates training program on balance in Parkinson's disease
Johnson, Liam, Putrino, David, James, Ian, Rodrigues, Julian, Stell, Rick, Thickbroom, Gary and Mastaglia, Frank. (2013) The effects of a supervised Pilates training program on balance in Parkinson's disease. Advances in Parkinson's Disease. 2(2), pp. 58 - 61. https://doi.org/10.4236/apd.2013.22011
Physiotherapy students find guided journals useful to develop reflective thinking and practice during their first clinical placement : A qualitative study
Constantinou, Maria and Kuys, Suzanne. (2013) Physiotherapy students find guided journals useful to develop reflective thinking and practice during their first clinical placement : A qualitative study. Physiotherapy (print). 99(1), pp. 49 - 55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2011.12.002
Clinical and posturographic correlates of falling in Parkinson's disease
Johnson, Liam, James, Ian, Rodrigues, Julian, Stell, Rick, Thickbroom, Gary and Mastaglia, Frank. (2013) Clinical and posturographic correlates of falling in Parkinson's disease. Movement Disorders. 28(9), pp. 1250 - 1256. https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.25449
Feasibility of an interdisciplinary early intervention for patients with low levels of responsiveness following an acquired brain injury
Seeto, Treena, Kuys, Suzanne Shanelle, Budden, Cassandra, Griffin, Erin, Kajewski, Haylee and McPhail, Steven. (2013) Feasibility of an interdisciplinary early intervention for patients with low levels of responsiveness following an acquired brain injury. Brain Impairment. 14(2), pp. 213 - 221. https://doi.org/10.1017/BrImp.2013.20
Frequency of urinary incontinence in people with chronic heart failure
Hwang, Rita, Chuan, Francine, Peters, Robyn and Kuys, Suzanne. (2013) Frequency of urinary incontinence in people with chronic heart failure. Heart & Lung: the journal of acute and critical care. 42(1), pp. 26 - 31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2012.08.003
Feasibility of an interdisciplinary early intervention for patients with low levels of responsiveness following an acquired brain injury
Seeto, Treena, Kuys, Suzanne, Budden, Cassandra, Griffin, Erin, Kajewski, Haylee and McPhail, Steven. (2013) Feasibility of an interdisciplinary early intervention for patients with low levels of responsiveness following an acquired brain injury. Brain Impairment. 14(2), pp. 213 - 221. https://doi.org/10.1017/BrImp.2013.20
Frequency of urinary incontinence in people with chronic heart failure
Hwang, Rita, Chuan, Francine, Peters, Robyn and Kuys, Suzanne Shanelle. (2013) Frequency of urinary incontinence in people with chronic heart failure. Heart & Lung: the journal of acute and critical care. 42(1), pp. 26 - 31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2012.08.003
Feasibility of gaming console exercise and its effect on endurance, gait and balance in people with an acquired brain injury
McClanachan, Nelson, Gesch, Janelle, Wuthapanich, Nampech, Fleming, Jennifer and Kuys, Suzanne Shanelle. (2013) Feasibility of gaming console exercise and its effect on endurance, gait and balance in people with an acquired brain injury. Brain Injury. 27(12), pp. 1402 - 1408. https://doi.org/10.3109/02699052.2013.823654
Feasibility of gaming console exercise and its effect on endurance, gait and balance in people with an acquired brain injury
McClanachan, Nelson, Gesch, Janelle, Wuthapanich, Nampech, Fleming, Jennifer and Kuys, Suzanne. (2013) Feasibility of gaming console exercise and its effect on endurance, gait and balance in people with an acquired brain injury. Brain Injury. 27(12), pp. 1402 - 1408. https://doi.org/10.3109/02699052.2013.823654
What are the key conditions associated with lower limb amputations in a major Australian teaching hospital?
Lazzarini, Peter, O'Rourke, Sharon, Russell, Anthony, Clark, Damien and Kuys, Suzanne Shanelle. (2012) What are the key conditions associated with lower limb amputations in a major Australian teaching hospital? Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 5(12), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1146-5-12
What are the key conditions associated with lower limb amputations in a major Australian teaching hospital?
Lazzarini, Peter, O'Rourke, Sharon, Russell, Anthony, Clark, Damien and Kuys, Suzanne. (2012) What are the key conditions associated with lower limb amputations in a major Australian teaching hospital? Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 5(1), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1146-5-12
Activity level of hospital medical inpatients: An observational study
Kuys, Suzanne S., Dolecka, Urszula E. and Guard, Amanda. (2012) Activity level of hospital medical inpatients: An observational study. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 55(2), pp. 417 - 421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2012.02.008
Allied health professionals and cardiometabolic disease risk screening in the workplace: a study of two companies in Darwin, Australia
Semple, Stuart J. and Johnson, Liam. (2012) Allied health professionals and cardiometabolic disease risk screening in the workplace: a study of two companies in Darwin, Australia. 18(1), pp. 65 - 74.
Towards a capabilities database to inform inclusive design : Experimental investigation of effective survey-based predictors of human-product interaction
Tenneti, R, Johnson, D, Goldenberg, L, Parker, R and Huppert, Felicia. (2012) Towards a capabilities database to inform inclusive design : Experimental investigation of effective survey-based predictors of human-product interaction. Applied Ergonomics : Human factors in technology and society. 43(4), pp. 713 - 726. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2011.11.005
Can Wii work it out?
Cyarto, Elizabeth V., Kuys, Suzanne, Henwood, Tim R. and Blackberry, Irene. (2011) Can Wii work it out? Telecommunications Journal of Australia. 61(3), pp. 37.1 - 37.12.
Higher-intensity treadmill walking during rehabilitation after stroke in feasible and not detrimental to walking pattern or quality: A pilot randomized trial
Kuys, Suzanne S., Brauer, Sandra G. and Ada, Louise. (2011) Higher-intensity treadmill walking during rehabilitation after stroke in feasible and not detrimental to walking pattern or quality: A pilot randomized trial. Clinical Rehabilitation. 25(4), pp. 316 - 326. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215510382928
Higher-intensity treadmill walking during rehabilitation after stroke in feasible and not detrimental to walking pattern or quality : A pilot randomized trial
Kuys, Suzanne, Brauer, Sandra and Ada, Louise. (2011) Higher-intensity treadmill walking during rehabilitation after stroke in feasible and not detrimental to walking pattern or quality : A pilot randomized trial. Clinical Rehabilitation. 25(4), pp. 316 - 326. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215510382928
Appropriate seating for medical patients: An audit
Kuys, Suzanne, Dolecka, Urszula and Morrison, Carol. (2011) Appropriate seating for medical patients: An audit. Australian Health Review. 35(3), pp. 316 - 319. https://doi.org/10.1071/AH10943
Changes in falls risk factors for geriatric diagnostic groups across inpatient, outpatient and domiciliary rehabilitation settings
Morrison, Gregory, Lee, Huang-Ling, Kuys, Suzanne, Clarke, Jane, Bew, Paul and Haines, Terry. (2011) Changes in falls risk factors for geriatric diagnostic groups across inpatient, outpatient and domiciliary rehabilitation settings. Disability and Rehabilitation. 33(11), pp. 900 - 907. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2010.514019
Trial of an allied health workload allocation model
Simmons, Nadine and Kuys, Suzanne. (2011) Trial of an allied health workload allocation model. Australian Health Review. 35(2), pp. 168 - 175. https://doi.org/10.1071/AH09860
Test-retest reliability of the GAITRite system in people with stroke undergoing rehabilitation
Kuys, Suzanne, Brauer, Sandra and Ada, Louise. (2011) Test-retest reliability of the GAITRite system in people with stroke undergoing rehabilitation. Disability and Rehabilitation. 33(19-20), pp. 1848 - 1853. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2010.549895
Appropriate seating for medical patients: An audit
Kuys, Suzanne S., Dolecka, Urszula E. and Morrison, Carol A.. (2011) Appropriate seating for medical patients: An audit. Australian Health Review. 35(3), pp. 316 - 319. https://doi.org/10.1071/AH10943
Gaming console exercise and cycle or treadmill exercise provide similar cardiovascular demand in adults with cystic fibrosis : A randomised cross-over trial
Kuys, Suzanne, Hall, Kathleen, Peasey, Maureen, Wood, Michelle, Cobb, Robyn and Bell, Scott. (2011) Gaming console exercise and cycle or treadmill exercise provide similar cardiovascular demand in adults with cystic fibrosis : A randomised cross-over trial. Journal of Physiotherapy. 57(1), pp. 35 - 40. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1836-9553(11)70005-4
Trial of an allied health workload allocation model
Simmons, Nadine and Kuys, Suzanne Shanelle. (2011) Trial of an allied health workload allocation model. Australian Health Review. 35(2), pp. 168 - 175. https://doi.org/10.1071/AH09860
Dose-response relationship between physiotherapy resource provision with function and balance improvements in patients following stroke : A multi-centre observational study
Haines, Terry, Kuys, Suzanne, Clarke, Jane, Morrison, Gregory and Bew, Paul. (2011) Dose-response relationship between physiotherapy resource provision with function and balance improvements in patients following stroke : A multi-centre observational study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 17(1), pp. 136 - 142. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2753.2010.01380.x
Higher-intensity treadmill walking during rehabilitation after stroke in feasible and not detrimental to walking pattern or quality: A pilot randomized trial
Kuys, Suzanne, Brauer, Sandra and Ada, Louise. (2011) Higher-intensity treadmill walking during rehabilitation after stroke in feasible and not detrimental to walking pattern or quality: A pilot randomized trial. Clinical Rehabilitation. 25(4), pp. 316 - 326. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215510382928
A controlled trial of mindfulness training in schools : The importance of practice for an impact on well-being
Huppert, Felicia and Johnson, D. (2010) A controlled trial of mindfulness training in schools : The importance of practice for an impact on well-being. The Journal of Positive Psychology. 5(4), pp. 264 - 274. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439761003794148