Nasal high flow in preterm infants: A dose-finding study

Journal article


Hough, Judith L., Shearman, Andrew D., Jardine, Luke and Schibler, Andreas. (2019) Nasal high flow in preterm infants: A dose-finding study. Pediatric Pulmonology. 55(3), pp. 616 - 623. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24617
AuthorsHough, Judith L., Shearman, Andrew D., Jardine, Luke and Schibler, Andreas
Abstract

Objective To investigate the relationship between applied flows of nasal high flow (NHF) and physiological outcomes and work of breathing (WOB), to identify an optimal delivery flow which results in reduced WOB in preterm infants. Design A prospective observational clinical study with randomly applied NHF rates. Patients and Setting Preterm infants within 72 hours of commencement of NHF respiratory support. Interventions Infants were initially placed on 8 L/min of NHF and flows of 2, 4, and 6 L/min were then applied in random order. Measurements and Results WOB was measured using transcutaneous electromyography and respiratory inductance plethysmography. Physiological variables were also recorded. Measurements taken 10 minutes after each flow change were compared with 8 L/min. Sixteen infants with a median gestational age of 28 (range 24‐31) weeks and postnatal age of 14 (2‐55) days were included in the study. The median flow rate before the study was 6 (4‐8) L/min and a fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) was 0.21 (0.21‐0.26). Changes in flow resulted in changes in activity in the front diaphragm (P  = .027) and intercostals (P  = .034). The electrical activity of the front diaphragm at 8 L/min was significantly lower than that at 2 L/min (P  = .016). Respiratory rate was lowest at 6 L/min (P  = .002) and SpO2/FiO2 was highest at 8 L/min (P  < .04). Conclusion In preterm infants, changes in WOB resulting from randomly applied levels of NHF can be demonstrated by measuring the electrical activity of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles with transcutaneous electromyography. In combination with physiological measurements, the similarities in electrical activity between 4, 6, and 8 L/min suggest that these three flows may be equally as effective.

Keywordsdiaphragm; electromyography; high‐flow nasal cannula; oxygen delivery
Year2019
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Journal citation55 (3), pp. 616 - 623
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Inc.
ISSN8755-6863
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24617
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85076821496
Page range616 - 623
Research GroupSchool of Allied Health
Place of publicationUnited States of America
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