On the origin of beliefs about the sexual orientation and gender-role development of children raised by gay-male and heterosexual parents: An Italian study

Journal article


Carnaghi, Andrea, Anderson, Joel and Bianchi, Mauro. (2018). On the origin of beliefs about the sexual orientation and gender-role development of children raised by gay-male and heterosexual parents: An Italian study. Men and Masculinities. https://doi.org/10.1177/1097184X18775462
AuthorsCarnaghi, Andrea, Anderson, Joel and Bianchi, Mauro
Abstract

In three studies, heterosexual participants were presented with descriptions of heterosexual and gay-male parents. Importantly, the level of gender-role conformity of the gay-male parents was experimentally manipulated, resulting in their level of gender-role conformity ranging from high to low. Compared to the son of a heterosexual couple, the son of all gay-male couples had a lower expected likelihood of developing as heterosexual. This result was independent of the level of gender-role conformity of the gay-male couples (study 1–3). The beliefs about the gender-role development of the son, in terms of anticipated masculinity (study 1), gender stereotyping (study 2), and affective adjustment (study 3), mapped onto the level of gender-role conformity of the parents, regardless of their sexual orientation. Also, heterosexual parents were consistently judged more positively than gay-male parents, independently of their level of gender-role conformity (study 1–3). Results were discussed within the theoretical framework of stereotypes about gay-male parenting.

Keywordssame-sex families; sexual orientation; gay-male parents; gender-role conformity; stereotypes
Year2018
JournalMen and Masculinities
PublisherSage Publications Ltd.
ISSN1552-6828
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1097184X18775462
Scopus EID2-s2.0-79955790919
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range1 - 25
Research GroupSchool of Philosophy
Author's accepted manuscript
Publisher's version
Additional information

Carnaghi, A., Anderson, J., & Bianchi, M. (2018). On the origin of beliefs about the sexual orientation and gender-role development of children raised by gay-male and heterosexual parents: An Italian study. Men and Masculinities, pp. 1-25. Copyright © 2018 The Author(s). Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications. DOI: 10.1177/1097184X18775462

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