Individuals with mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis exhibit altered pelvis and hip kinematics during sit-to-stand

Journal article


Higgs, Jeremy P., Saxby, David J., Constantinou, Maria, Loureiro, Aderson, Hoang, Hoa, Diamond, Laura E. and Barrett, Rod S.. (2019) Individuals with mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis exhibit altered pelvis and hip kinematics during sit-to-stand. Gait & Posture. 71, pp. 267 - 272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2019.05.008
AuthorsHiggs, Jeremy P., Saxby, David J., Constantinou, Maria, Loureiro, Aderson, Hoang, Hoa, Diamond, Laura E. and Barrett, Rod S.
Abstract

Background Performance of the sit-to-stand (STS) task is compromised in individuals with advanced hip osteoarthritis (OA). Understanding how STS performance is altered in individuals with mild-to-moderate hip OA may inform interventions to improve function and slow disease progression. Research question Do trunk, pelvis, and hip biomechanics differ during a STS task between individuals with mild-to-moderate hip OA and a healthy, age-matched control group? Methods Thirteen individuals with mild-to-moderate symptomatic and radiographic hip OA and seventeen healthy, age-matched controls performed a standardized STS task. Data were acquired using a three-dimensional motion capture system. The primary outcome measures were task duration, sagittal and frontal plane trunk, pelvis, and hip joint angles, and sagittal and frontal plane trunk and hip joint moments. Comparisons of lower-limb measures were between the most affected side in the hip OA group and a randomly chosen limb for the control group, termed the index limb, prior to and following lift-off from the chair. Results Participants with mild-to-moderate hip OA took longer to perform the STS task compared to controls. Prior to lift-off, the hip OA group exhibited greater posterior pelvic tilt, greater pelvic rise on the index side and less hip joint flexion relative to controls. Following lift-off, the hip OA group exhibited greater pelvic rise on the index side compared to controls. Significance Individuals with mild-to-moderate hip OA exhibit subtle alterations in movement strategy compared to healthy controls when completing a STS task similar, to a small extent, to adaptations reported in advanced stages of the disease. Interventions to target these features and prevent further decline in physical function may be warranted in the management of mild-to-moderate hip OA while the opportunity remains.

Keywordsbiomechanics; motion analysis; OA; hip joint; kinetics
Year2019
JournalGait & Posture
Journal citation71, pp. 267 - 272
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0966-6362
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2019.05.008
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85065705593
Page range267 - 272
Research GroupSchool of Allied Health
Place of publicationNetherlands
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