‘The Jenny and the Colt’ in Matthew’s messianic entry, Part 1: Matthew 21:5 as a reading of Zechariah 9:9 in Light of Mark 11:1-10

Journal article


Carlson, Stephen C. 2019. ‘The Jenny and the Colt’ in Matthew’s messianic entry, Part 1: Matthew 21:5 as a reading of Zechariah 9:9 in Light of Mark 11:1-10. Catholic Biblical Quarterly. 81 (1), pp. 62 - 84. https://doi.org/10.1353/cbq.2019.0051
AuthorsCarlson, Stephen C.
Abstract

The presence of a female donkey (a "jenny") in Matthew's account of the triumphal entry (Matt 21:1-9) has been perplexing because her presence is not mentioned in either of Matthew's sources, Mark 11:1-10 and Zech 9:9. Some scholars hold that the jenny comes from another tradition, but this does not make her presence a fulfillment of the prophecy. Others hold that Matthew broke the parallelism of Zech 9:9, where the humble Messiah is to ride into Jerusalem "on a (male) donkey, and on a colt," but this too does not account for a female donkey at the scene. In this article, I argue for a plenary reading of the Hebrew prophecy where Matthew sees the presence of the jenny fulfilled in Zechariah's characterization of the colt as a "son of jennies."

Keywordstriumphal entry; Matthew 21:5; the colt of a jenny; Zechariah 9:9; Hebrew parallelism
Year2019
JournalCatholic Biblical Quarterly
Journal citation81 (1), pp. 62 - 84
PublisherCatholic Biblical Association of America
ISSN0008-7912
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1353/cbq.2019.0051
Page range62 - 84
Research GroupInstitute for Religion and Critical Inquiry
Place of publicationUnited States of America
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