Child protection and out of home placement experiences of preschool children born to mothers enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment during pregnancy

Journal article


Lean, Rachel E., Pritchard, Verena E. and Woodward, Lianne J.. (2013) Child protection and out of home placement experiences of preschool children born to mothers enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment during pregnancy. Children and Youth Services Review. 35(11), pp. 1878 - 1885. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2013.09.003
AuthorsLean, Rachel E., Pritchard, Verena E. and Woodward, Lianne J.
Abstract

Children born to opiate-dependent women engaged in methadone maintenance treatment are at high risk of child welfare concern. However, few studies have examined the early child protection service (CPS) contacts of this group or the risk factors that place some but not other mother–infant dyads at increased risk of serious concern resulting in the removal of the child from the family home. As part of a prospective longitudinal study based in New Zealand, 73 women enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment during pregnancy and 54 non-methadone maintained comparison mothers were recruited during pregnancy and interviewed close to delivery, 18-months and 4.5-years. At each follow-up evaluation, detailed life history methods were used to describe children's family circumstances and all CPS contacts. By 4.5-years postdelivery, methadone maintained mothers were ten-times more likely to have been investigated by child protection services than comparison mothers (59% v. 6%, p < .001). Of these contacts, almost half (44%) resulted in the removal of the child from the family home compared to no comparison children (p < .001). These children were most frequently placed before age 1, with an average of 1–2 caregiver changes (range: 0–7). In addition to maternal methadone maintenance treatment during pregnancy (p < .001), significant independent predictors of child out-of-home placement included maternal depression (p = .01), maternal history of child custody loss (p = .02), and to some extent, high levels of family socioeconomic adversity (p = .06). Findings highlight the complex psychosocial needs of this high-risk group, as well as the need for careful monitoring and parenting support following hospital discharge.

Keywordsmethadone maintenance; pregnancy; child protection; outcome; child abuse
Year2013
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Journal citation35 (11), pp. 1878 - 1885
PublisherPergamon Press
ISSN1873-7765
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2013.09.003
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84885038561
Page range1878 - 1885
Research GroupInstitute for Learning Sciences and Teacher Education (ILSTE)
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
EditorsD. Lindsey
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8qx84/child-protection-and-out-of-home-placement-experiences-of-preschool-children-born-to-mothers-enrolled-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment-during-pregnancy

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 1
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Early handwriting ability predicts the growth of children's spelling, but not reading, skills
Pritchard, Verena E., Malone, Stephanie A. and Hulme, Charles. (2020) Early handwriting ability predicts the growth of children's spelling, but not reading, skills. Scientific Studies of Reading. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888438.2020.1778705
Stage 2 registered report: There is no appreciable relationship between strength of hand preference and language ability in 6-to 7-year-old children
Pritchard, Verena E., Malone, Stephanie A., Burgoyne, Kelly, Heron-Delaney, Michelle, Bishop, Dorothy V. M. and Hulme, Charles. (2019) Stage 2 registered report: There is no appreciable relationship between strength of hand preference and language ability in 6-to 7-year-old children. Wellcome Open Research. 4(81), pp. 1 - 18. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15254.1
The relationship between numerosity discrimination and arithmetic skill reflects the approximate number system and cannot be explained by inhibitory control
Malone, Stephanie A., Pritchard, Verena E., Heron-Delaney, Michelle, Burgoyne, Kelly, Lervåg, Arne and Hulme, Charles. (2019) The relationship between numerosity discrimination and arithmetic skill reflects the approximate number system and cannot be explained by inhibitory control. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 184, pp. 220 - 231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2019.02.009
The relationship between handedness and language ability in children
Pritchard, Verena E., Malone, Stephanie A., Burgoyne, Kelly, Heron-Delaney, Michelle, Bishop, Dorothy V. M. and Hulme, Charles. (2019) The relationship between handedness and language ability in children. Wellcome Open Research. 4(30), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15077.1
A comparison of parent and staff perceptions of setting-specific and everyday stressors encountered by parents with very preterm infants experiencing neonatal intensive care
Pritchard, Verena E. and Montgomery-Honger, Argene. (2014) A comparison of parent and staff perceptions of setting-specific and everyday stressors encountered by parents with very preterm infants experiencing neonatal intensive care. Early Human Development. 90(10), pp. 549 - 555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2014.07.006
Identifying very preterm children at educational risk using a school readiness framework
Pritchard, Verena E., Bora, Samudragupta, Austin, Nicola C., Levin, Karelia J. and Woodward, Lianne J.. (2014) Identifying very preterm children at educational risk using a school readiness framework. JAMA Pediatrics. 134(3), pp. 825 - 832. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-3865
Neonatal cerebral morphometry and later risk of persistent inattention/hyperactivity in children born very preterm
Bora, Samudragupta, Pritchard, Verena E., Chen, Zhe, Inder, Terrie E. and Woodward, Lianne J.. (2014) Neonatal cerebral morphometry and later risk of persistent inattention/hyperactivity in children born very preterm. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 55(7), pp. 828 - 838. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12200
Very preterm birth: Maternal experiences of the neonatal intensive care environment
Woodward, Lianne J., Bora, Samudragupta, Clark, Caron A.C., Montgomery-Honger, Argene, Pritchard, Verena E., Spencer, Carole and Austin, Nicola C.. (2014) Very preterm birth: Maternal experiences of the neonatal intensive care environment. Journal of Perinatology. 34(7), pp. 555 - 561. https://doi.org/10.1038/jp.2014.43
Emotional and behavioural adjustment of children born very preterm at early school age
Bora, Samudragupta, Pritchard, Verena E., Moor, Stephanie, Austin, Nicola C. and Woodward, Lianne J.. (2011) Emotional and behavioural adjustment of children born very preterm at early school age. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 47(12), pp. 863 - 869. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1754.2011.02105.x
Neonatal white matter abnormalities predict global executive function impairment in children born very preterm
Woodward, Lianne J., Clark, Caron A.C., Pritchard, Verena E., Anderson, Peter J. and Inder, Terrie E.. (2011) Neonatal white matter abnormalities predict global executive function impairment in children born very preterm. Developmental Neuropsychology. 36(1), pp. 22 - 41. https://doi.org/10.1080/87565641.2011.540530
Preschool executive control on the Shape School Task: Measurement considerations and utility
Pritchard, Verena E. and Woodward, Lianne J.. (2011) Preschool executive control on the Shape School Task: Measurement considerations and utility. Psychological Assessment. 23(1), pp. 31 - 43. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021095
Classic stroop negative priming effects for children and adults diverge with less-conflicting and nonconflicting conditions
Pritchard, Verena E. and Neumann, Ewald. (2011) Classic stroop negative priming effects for children and adults diverge with less-conflicting and nonconflicting conditions. American Journal of Psychology. 124(4), pp. 405 - 419. https://doi.org/10.5406/amerjpsyc.124.4.0405