What people say about travelling outdoors after their stroke : A qualitative study
Barnsley, Lara, McCluskey, Annie and Middleton, Sandy. (2012). What people say about travelling outdoors after their stroke : A qualitative study. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 59, pp. 71-78. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1630.2011.00935.x
|Authors||Barnsley, Lara, McCluskey, Annie and Middleton, Sandy|
Background/aim: Reduced walking ability and loss of confidence are common after stroke. Many people cannot drive or use public transport, which can restrict participation. This qualitative study aimed to explore the experiences and attitudes of people following stroke to travelling outdoors early after hospital discharge.
Methods: Two semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 people post-stroke, all of whom were receiving rehabilitation to increase outdoor travel. Mean age was 68.6 years (SD 11.7 years). Eight significant others also participated. Interviews were conducted at home (median 21 days post-discharge), with a second interview three months later. Questions focussed on common destinations, modes of travel including driving when relevant and factors that influenced outdoor travel. Qualitative data were analysed using constant comparative (grounded theory) methods, resulting in themes and categories.
Results: People with stroke were categorised as either a hesitant or confident explorer, in relation to walking, catching public transport and driving. Factors influencing outdoor travel included their emotional disposition, having meaningful destinations, expectations of recovery and the sphere of influence, including family and therapists. These factors could have an enabling or restricting effect. A pre-stroke walking habit also positively contributed to outdoor travel. Gate-keeping by therapists, general practitioners and family members seemed to adversely affect travel.
Conclusions: This emerging theory offers insights into the experiences and attitudes to outdoor travel of people who were ambulant and participating in community rehabilitation following a stroke. Future research could explore the experiences of people with more severe mobility, cognitive and communication problems.
|Keywords||cerebrovascular accident; mobility; physical therapy; physiotherapy|
|Journal||Australian Occupational Therapy Journal|
|Journal citation||59, pp. 71-78|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1630.2011.00935.x|
|Research or scholarly||Research|
|Funder||National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)|
|National Stroke Foundation|
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|Online||03 Jun 2011|
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