Hierarchy formation and self-determination: A multi-method field study in university dormitories

Journal article


Di Domenico, Stefano I. and Fournier, Marc A.. (2014) Hierarchy formation and self-determination: A multi-method field study in university dormitories. SAGE Open. 4(4), pp. 1 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244014561525
AuthorsDi Domenico, Stefano I. and Fournier, Marc A.
Abstract

We examined how self-determination, the subjective experience of one’s behavior as internally initiated and personally endorsed, depends on one’s standing in real-world social hierarchies. We predicted that those with the traits most relevant to status attainment would be those afforded the most opportunities to be self-determining. We examined the trait of physical attractiveness, given its documented association with social status and no known association with self-determination. First-year undergraduates living in same-sex residences rated their housemates’ social status, while an independent set of observers rated the participants’ physical attractiveness. Consistent with prediction, physically attractive individuals attained the highest levels of social status; in turn, those who attained the highest levels of social status experienced the highest levels of self-determination. These findings provide new insights into self-determination as an inherently relational phenomenon and specifically highlight the formative influence of social status on people’s capacities for self-determination.

Keywordsself-determination theory; autonomy; social relations model; social hierarchy; physical attractiveness
Year2014
JournalSAGE Open
Journal citation4 (4), pp. 1 - 12
PublisherSAGE Publications Inc.
ISSN2158-2440
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244014561525
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84927626641
Open accessOpen access
Page range1 - 12
Research GroupInstitute for Positive Psychology and Education
Publisher's version
License
Additional information

Creative Commons CC BY: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (http://www.uk.sagepub.com/aboutus/openaccess.htm).

Place of publicationUnited States of America
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https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8v023/hierarchy-formation-and-self-determination-a-multi-method-field-study-in-university-dormitories

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