Social capital and aspirations for educational attainment: a cross-national comparison of Australia and Germany

Journal article


Chesters, Jenny and Smith, Jonathan. (2015). Social capital and aspirations for educational attainment: a cross-national comparison of Australia and Germany. Journal of Youth Studies. 18(7), pp. 932 - 949. https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2014.1001831
AuthorsChesters, Jenny and Smith, Jonathan
Abstract

With the emergence of ‘knowledge economies’ across the industrialised world, transitions from school to work have generally become more complex and uncertain. Nonetheless, such developments vary between countries, as young people form aspirations which align with their individual preferences, academic abilities and the economic, cultural and social capital to which they have access. Previous research emphasises the positive influence social capital received from parents and school networks has on young people's developing aspirations. Meanwhile, the social capital young people generate for themselves through ‘out-of-school’ activities is often construed as either irrelevant or problematic. In this paper, we examine the relationship between this latter dimension of social capital and the educational aspirations of young people in Australia (aged 14/15; n = 3586) and Germany (aged 14/15; n = 2517). Both countries have distinct institutional settings with varied school-to-work transition regimes. Our results show that youth-derived social capital, generated through participation in out-of school extra-curricular activities, mediates the association between parental background and educational aspirations in both countries. We suggest that, by exposing young people to broader sets of values, skills and resources not accessible within the family and the school context, such involvement may be important for promoting educational aspirations and attainment.

Keywordsschooling; labour market; transition
Year2015
JournalJournal of Youth Studies
Journal citation18 (7), pp. 932 - 949
PublisherRoutledge
ISSN1367-6261
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2014.1001831
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84930867930
Page range932 - 949
ProjectOur Lives Project
Research GroupSchool of Arts
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Grant IDARC/DP0557667
ARC/DP0878781
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8v12x/social-capital-and-aspirations-for-educational-attainment-a-cross-national-comparison-of-australia-and-germany

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 109
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Young Australians navigating the ‘Careers Information Ecology’
Roberts, Steven, Lyall, Ben, Trott, Verity, Foeken, Elsie, Smith, Jonathan, Robards, Brady, Genat, Anna, Graf, Darren, Jones, Callum, Marple, Patrick, Waite, Catherine and Wright, Breanna. (2023). Young Australians navigating the ‘Careers Information Ecology’. Youth. 3(1), pp. 300-320. https://doi.org/10.3390/youth3010020
Happy times : An exploration of how Australian young adults define happiness
McMillan, Nathan, Laughland-Booÿ, Jacqueline, Roberts, Steven and Smith, Jonathan. (2022). Happy times : An exploration of how Australian young adults define happiness. Journal of Applied Youth Studies. 5(1), pp. 37-53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43151-021-00060-6
Understanding the lived experiences of housing and transport stress in the “affordable” outer ring : A case study of Melbourne, Australia
Smith, Jonathan, Waite, Cathy, Lohm, Davina, Saberi, Meead and Arunachalam, Dharma. (2021). Understanding the lived experiences of housing and transport stress in the “affordable” outer ring : A case study of Melbourne, Australia. Urban Policy and Research. 39(2), pp. 191-207. https://doi.org/10.1080/08111146.2021.1898939
Young Queenslanders’ experiences of COVID-19 : Insights from the Our Lives cohort study
Skrbiš, Zlatko, Smith, Jonathan, Laughland-Booÿ, Jacqueline, Cook, Duncan, Tranter, Bruce, Findlay, Andrea and Cunningham, Maddison. (2020). Young Queenslanders’ experiences of COVID-19 : Insights from the Our Lives cohort study Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.24268/acu.8yqzz
Poles apart : Political divisions over climate change among younger Australians
Tranter, Bruce, Skrbiš, Zlatko and Smith, Jonathan F.. (2020). Poles apart : Political divisions over climate change among younger Australians. Journal of Applied Youth Studies. 3(3), pp. 255-273. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43151-020-00013-5
Widening the lens : Understanding urban parks as a network
Torabi, Nooshin, Lindsay, Jo, Smith, Jonathan, Khor, Lee-Anne and Sainsbury, Oscar. (2020). Widening the lens : Understanding urban parks as a network. Cities. 98, p. 102527. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.102527
Unattached and unconvinced : Australian non-partisans
Tranter, Bruce and Smith, Jonathan F.. (2020). Unattached and unconvinced : Australian non-partisans. Australian Journal of Social Issues. 56(4), pp. 612-630. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajs4.116
Ethnicity and belonging
Skrbiš, Zlatko and Smith, Jonathan. (2019). Ethnicity and belonging. In In Germov, John and Poole, Marilyn (Ed.). Public socology : An introduction to Australian society pp. 283-307 Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003116974-16
The mother of all effects? Stability and change in Greens party identification in Australia
Tranter, Bruce and Smith, Jonathan. (2019). The mother of all effects? Stability and change in Greens party identification in Australia. Environmental Politics. 28(7), pp. 1281-1304. https://doi.org/10.1080/09644016.2018.1518068
Young adulthood in uncertain times : The association between sense of personal control and employment, education, personal relationships and health
Chesters, Jenny, Smith, Jonathan, Cuervo, Hernan, Laughland-Booy, Jacqueline, Wyn, Johanna, Skrbis, Zlatko and Woodman, Dan. (2019). Young adulthood in uncertain times : The association between sense of personal control and employment, education, personal relationships and health. Journal of Sociology. 55(2), pp. 389-408. https://doi.org/10.1177/1440783318800767
Young, anchored and free? Examining the dynamics of early housing pathways in Australia
Tomaszewski, Wojtek, Smith, Jonathan, Parsell, Cameron, Tranter, Bruce, Laughland-Booy, Jacqueline and Skrbis, Zlatko. (2017). Young, anchored and free? Examining the dynamics of early housing pathways in Australia. Journal of Youth Studies. 20(7), pp. 904 - 926. https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2016.1273520
Measuring housing and transportation affordability: A case study of Melbourne, Australia
Saberi, Meead, Wu, Hongzhi, Amoh-Gyimah, Richard, Smith, Jonathan and Arunachalam, Dharmalingam. (2017). Measuring housing and transportation affordability: A case study of Melbourne, Australia. Journal of Transport Geography. 65, pp. 134 - 146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.10.007
A social inequality of motivation? The relationship between beliefs about academic success and young people's educational attainment
Smith, Jonathan and Skrbis, Zlatko. (2017). A social inequality of motivation? The relationship between beliefs about academic success and young people's educational attainment. British Educational Research Journal. 43(3), pp. 441 - 465. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3272
Same-sex marriage attitudes during the transition to early adulthood: A panel study of young Australians, 2008 to 2013
Smith, Jonathan F. N.. (2016). Same-sex marriage attitudes during the transition to early adulthood: A panel study of young Australians, 2008 to 2013. Journal of Family Issues. 37(15), pp. 2163 - 2188. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X14560644
Arenas of comfort and conflict: Peer relationship events and young people's educational attainment
Smith, Jonathan and Skrbis, Zlatko. (2016). Arenas of comfort and conflict: Peer relationship events and young people's educational attainment. Journal of Youth Studies. 19(5), pp. 646 - 664. https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2015.1098767
Digital socialization: Young people’s changing value orientations towards internet use between adolescence and early adulthood
Smith, Jonathan, Hewitt, Belinda and Skrbis, Zlatko. (2015). Digital socialization: Young people’s changing value orientations towards internet use between adolescence and early adulthood. Information, Communication and Society. 18(9), pp. 1022 - 1038. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2015.1007074