Is there any gender difference for smoking persistence or relapse following diagnosis or hospitalization for coronary heart disease? Evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis

Journal article


Rahman, Muhammad Aziz, Edward, Karen-Leigh, Montgomery, Laura, McEvedy, Samantha Marie and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2015. Is there any gender difference for smoking persistence or relapse following diagnosis or hospitalization for coronary heart disease? Evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 18 (6), pp. 1399 - 1407. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv222
AuthorsRahman, Muhammad Aziz, Edward, Karen-Leigh, Montgomery, Laura, McEvedy, Samantha Marie and Worrall-Carter, Linda
Abstract

Introduction: Persistent smoking in patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease (CHD) has a significant effect on morbidity and mortality. Although there has been considerable debate around gender differences in smoking cessation, conclusive evidence on how gender impacts rates of smoking cessation and/or relapse following CHD diagnosis is lacking.

Aims and Methods: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that female smokers with CHD were more likely to persist in smoking or relapse post-diagnosis or hospitalization than male smokers. We searched PubMed and Web of Science databases for studies published in the last 10 years. Meta-analyses were conducted using a random effects model.

Results: Sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria. The aggregated sample size was 36 591, 20 617 (56%) were smokers of which 2564 (12%) were female. Meta-analyses of eight studies where smoking prevalence could be measured, showed that females were less likely to be smokers at baseline than males ( OR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.13 to 0.70). Overall, one in two (47%) smokers persisted in smoking/relapsed following a diagnosis or hospitalization for CHD; but there was no gender difference in the rate of persistent smoking/relapse ( OR = 1.07, 95% CI = 0.95 to 1.21).

Conclusions: Female smokers with CHD were relatively uncommon in the included study populations. However, the rate of persistent smoking/relapse was high in both female and male smokers following a diagnosis or hospitalization for CHD. Therefore similar, sustained smoking cessation efforts are warranted for both genders.

Implications: There was no gender difference for persistent smoking/relapse following a diagnosis or hospitalization for CHD, but the rate was high in both female and male smokers. Therefore, similar, sustained smoking cessation efforts are warranted for both genders.

Keywordssmoking; smoking cessation; diagnosis; gender; persistence; coronary heart disease; gender differences
Year2015
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Journal citation18 (6), pp. 1399 - 1407
ISSN1462-2203
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv222
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84973110394
Open accessOpen access
Page range1399 - 1407
Research GroupMary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
Author's accepted manuscript
Additional information

This is an accepted manuscript.

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Edward, Karen-Leigh 2014. Empowering cardiac patients using resilience as a practice strategy. British Journal of Cardiac Nursing. 9 (3), pp. 110 - 110.
Caring for the mind and body: Nursing people with mental illness in the operating room
Corfee, Flora, Edward, Karen-Leigh and Mills, Cally 2013. Caring for the mind and body: Nursing people with mental illness in the operating room. ACORN : The Journal of Perioperative Nursing in Australia. 26 (1), pp. 10 - 11.
Risk score comparison of outcomes in patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention
Scruth, Elizabeth, Cheng, Eugene and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2013. Risk score comparison of outcomes in patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1177/1474515112449412
A hospital nursing research enhancement model
Edward, Karen-Leigh and Mills, Cally 2013. A hospital nursing research enhancement model. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing. https://doi.org/10.3928/00220124-20130801-45
Rose angina questionnaire : validation with cardiologists' diagnoses to detect coronary heart disease in Bangladesh
Rahman, Muhammad Aziz, Spurrier, Nicola, Mahmood, Mohammad Afzal, Rahman, Mahmudur, Choudhury, Sohel Reza and Leeder, Stephen 2013. Rose angina questionnaire : validation with cardiologists' diagnoses to detect coronary heart disease in Bangladesh. Indian Heart Journal. 65, pp. 30 - 39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2012.09.008
Factors associated with delayed treatment onset for acute myocardial infarction in Victorian emergency departments : A regression tree analysis
Kuhn, Lisa, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Ward, John and Page, Karen 2013. Factors associated with delayed treatment onset for acute myocardial infarction in Victorian emergency departments : A regression tree analysis. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aenj.2013.08.002
Profiling bone and joint problems and health service use in an Australian regional population : The Port Lincoln Health Study
Pham, Clarabelle, Gill, Tiffany, Hoon, Elizabeth, Rahman, Muhammad, Whitford, Deirdre, Lynch, John and Beilby, Justin 2013. Profiling bone and joint problems and health service use in an Australian regional population : The Port Lincoln Health Study. Australian Health Review. https://doi.org/10.1071/AH13064
Oral care for in-patients : Current practice - Future directions
Edward, Karen-Leigh, Salamone, Kathryn, Mahoney, Anne-Marie, Mills, Cally, Rod, Mann, Arunasalam, Krishna, McLean, Anne, Yacoub, Elaine, Lorman, Sharon and Aspiridis, Katina 2013. Oral care for in-patients : Current practice - Future directions. Dental Nursing. https://doi.org/10.12968/denn.2013.9.5.280
Oral Care of Hospitalised Older Patients in the Acute Medical Setting
Salamone, Kathryn, Yacoub, Elaine, Mahoney, Anne-Marie and Edward, Karen-Leigh 2013. Oral Care of Hospitalised Older Patients in the Acute Medical Setting. Nursing Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/827670
Chronic illness and wellbeing : using nursing practice to foster resilience as resistance
Edward, Karen-Leigh 2013. Chronic illness and wellbeing : using nursing practice to foster resilience as resistance. British Journal of Nursing. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2013.22.13.741
Complexity of management and health outcomes in a prospective cohort study of 573 heart failure patients in Australia: Does more equal less?
Driscoll, Andrea, Tonkin, Andrew, Stewart, Andrew, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Thompson, David, Riegel, Barbara, Hare, David L., Davidson, Patricia M., Mulvany, Christine and Stewart, Simon 2013. Complexity of management and health outcomes in a prospective cohort study of 573 heart failure patients in Australia: Does more equal less? Journal of Clinical Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12073
Factors contributing to adverse events after ICU discharge : a survey of liaison nurses
Elliott, Malcolm, Worrall-Carter, Linda and Page, Karen 2013. Factors contributing to adverse events after ICU discharge : a survey of liaison nurses. Australian Critical Care. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2012.07.005
Examining adverse events after intensive care unit discharge : Outcomes from a pilot questionnaire
Elliott, Malcolm, Page, Karen, Worrall-Carter, Linda and Rolley, John 2013. Examining adverse events after intensive care unit discharge : Outcomes from a pilot questionnaire. International Journal of Nursing Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijn.12087
Screening for mild cognitive impairment in patients with heart failure : Montreal Cognitive Assessment versus Mini Mental State Exam
Cameron, Janette, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Page, Karen Nicola, Stewart, Simon and Ski, Chantal 2013. Screening for mild cognitive impairment in patients with heart failure : Montreal Cognitive Assessment versus Mini Mental State Exam. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1177/1474515111435606
Understanding compliance with protective eyewear amongst peri-operative nurses : a phenomenological inquiry
Neo, Felicia, Edward, Karen-Leigh and Mills, Cally 2013. Understanding compliance with protective eyewear amongst peri-operative nurses : a phenomenological inquiry. The Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing.
Gender and secondary risk assessment following an ST-elevation myocardial infarction
Scruth, Elizabeth, Worrall-Carter, Linda and Cheng, Eugene 2013. Gender and secondary risk assessment following an ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Nursing: Research and Reviews. https://doi.org/10.2147/NRR.S47763
Assessing risk post intervention for an acute coronary syndrome : A review of the risk assessment tools and their development
Scruth, Elizabeth, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Cheng, Eugene, Rolley, John Xavier and Page, Karen Nicola 2012. Assessing risk post intervention for an acute coronary syndrome : A review of the risk assessment tools and their development. Contemporary Nurse : a journal for the Australian nursing profession. 43 (1), pp. 2 - 13. https://doi.org/10.5172/conu.2012.43.1.2
Risk determination after an acute myocardial infarction: Review of 3 clinical risk prediction tools
Scruth, Elizabeth Ann, Page, Karen, Cheng, Eugene, Campbell, Michelle and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2012. Risk determination after an acute myocardial infarction: Review of 3 clinical risk prediction tools. Clinical Nurse Specialist: a journal for advanced nursing practice. 26 (1), pp. 35 - 41. https://doi.org/10.1097/NUR.0b013e31823bfafc
Clinical outcomes associated with screening and referral for depression in an acute cardiac ward
Ski, Chantal, Page, Karen, Thompson, David, Cummins, Robert, Salzberg, Mike and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2012. Clinical outcomes associated with screening and referral for depression in an acute cardiac ward. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 21 (15-16), pp. 2228 - 2234. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03934.x
Hospitalized mental health patients and oral health
Edward, Karen-Leigh, Felstead, Boyce and Mahoney, Anne-Marie 2012. Hospitalized mental health patients and oral health. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 19 (5), pp. 419 - 425. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01794.x
Relationship between self-care and health-related quality of life in older adults with moderate to advanced heart failure
Buck, Harleah, Lee, Christopher S., Moser, Debra, Albert, Nancy, Lennie, Terry, Bentley, Brooke, Worrall-Carter, Linda and Riegel, Barbara 2012. Relationship between self-care and health-related quality of life in older adults with moderate to advanced heart failure. The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 27 (1), pp. 8 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1097/JCN.0b013e3182106299
Choice of controls for a case-control study in Bangladesh : Hospital controls versus community controls
Rahman, Muhammad Aziz, Spurrier, Nicola, Mahmood, Mohammad Afzal, Rahman, Mahmudur, Choudhury, Sohel Reza and Leeder, Stephen 2012. Choice of controls for a case-control study in Bangladesh : Hospital controls versus community controls. Asian Journal of Epidemiology. 5 (3), pp. 75 - 86. https://doi.org/10.3923/aje.2012.75.86
Reason's accident causation model : Application to adverse events in acute care
Elliott, Malcolm, Page, Karen Nicola and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2012. Reason's accident causation model : Application to adverse events in acute care. Contemporary Nurse: Health care across the lifespan. 43 (1), pp. 14 - 20. https://doi.org/10.5172/conu.2012.43.1.22
Recognition and referral of depression in patients with heart disease
Worrall-Carter, Linda, Ski, Chantal, Thompson, David, Davidson, Patricia M., Cameron, Janette, Castle, David and Page, Karen Nicola 2012. Recognition and referral of depression in patients with heart disease. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 11 (2), pp. 231 - 238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2011.04.005
Current evidence regarding non-compliance with personal protective equipment : An integrative review to illuminate implications for nursing practice
Rong Xi, Felicia Neo, Edward, Karen-Leigh and Mills, Cally 2012. Current evidence regarding non-compliance with personal protective equipment : An integrative review to illuminate implications for nursing practice. ACORN : The Journal of Perioperative Nursing in Australia. 25 (4), pp. 22 - 28.
Is there any association between use of smokeless tobacco products and coronary heart disease in Bangladesh?
Rahman, Muhammad A., Spurrier, Nicola, Mahmood, Mohammad A., Rahman, Mahmudur, Choudhury, Sohel Reza and Leeder, Stephen 2012. Is there any association between use of smokeless tobacco products and coronary heart disease in Bangladesh? PLoS ONE. 7 (1), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030584
Dual diagnosis, as described by those who experience the disorder : Using the Internet as a source of data
Edward, Karen-Leigh and Robins, Alan 2012. Dual diagnosis, as described by those who experience the disorder : Using the Internet as a source of data. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 21 (6), pp. 550 - 559. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0349.2012.00833.x
Women and cardiovascular disease : At a social disadvantage?
Worrall-Carter, Linda, Edward, Karen-Leigh and Page, Karen Nicola 2012. Women and cardiovascular disease : At a social disadvantage? Collegian. 19 (1), pp. 33 - 37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2011.09.004
Profiles of primary cardiovascular risk in STEMI: How do these differ between men and women?
Scruth, Elizabeth, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Page, Karen and Cheng, Eugene 2012. Profiles of primary cardiovascular risk in STEMI: How do these differ between men and women? Primary Care Cardiovascular Journal. 5 (4), pp. 176 - 180. https://doi.org/10.3132/pccj.2011.088
Factors associated with in-hospital mortality following ICU discharge : a comprehensive review
Elliott, Malcolm, Worrall-Carter, Linda and Page, Karen 2012. Factors associated with in-hospital mortality following ICU discharge : a comprehensive review. British Journal of Intensive Care. 22 (4), pp. 120 - 125.
Service integration for the dually diagnosed
Edward, Karen-Leigh, Nelson-Hearity, Rhonda and Felstead, Boyce 2012. Service integration for the dually diagnosed. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 18 (1), pp. 17 - 22. https://doi.org/10.1071/PY11031
Date Palm Sap Linked to Nipah Virus Outbreak in Bangladesh, 2008
Rahman, Muhammad Aziz, Hossain, Mohammad Jahangir, Sultana, Sharmin, Homaira, Nusrat, Khan, Salah, Rahman, Mahmudur, Gurley, Emily, Rollin, Pierre, Lo, Michael and Comer, James 2012. Date Palm Sap Linked to Nipah Virus Outbreak in Bangladesh, 2008. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 12 (1), pp. 65 - 72. https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2011.0656
Nurse-administered procedural sedation and analgesia in the cardiac catheter laboratory: An integrative review
Conway, Aaron W., Page, Karen, Rolley, John and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2011. Nurse-administered procedural sedation and analgesia in the cardiac catheter laboratory: An integrative review. International Journal of Nursing Studies (print version). 48 (8), pp. 1012 - 1023. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.04.013
From novice to expert: Confidence and activity status determine heart failure self-care performance
Riegel, B., Lee, C. S., Albert, N., Lennie, T., Chung, M., Song, E., Bentley, B., Heo, S., Worrall-Carter, Linda and Moser, D K. 2011. From novice to expert: Confidence and activity status determine heart failure self-care performance. Nursing Research. 60 (2), pp. 132 - 138. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0b013e31820978ec
Whose job is it? :Gender differences in perceived role in heart failure self-care
Dickson, V. V., Worrall-Carter, Linda, Kuhn, Lisa and Reigel, Barbara 2011. Whose job is it? :Gender differences in perceived role in heart failure self-care. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare of Chronic Illness (print version). 3 (2), pp. 99 - 108. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-9824.2011.01084.x
Registered Nurses' smoking behaviours and their attitudes to personal cessation
Berkelmans, A., Burton, D., Page, Karen and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2011. Registered Nurses' smoking behaviours and their attitudes to personal cessation. Journal of Advanced Nursing (print version). 67 (7), pp. 1580 - 1590. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05592.x
Evidence-based chronic heart-failure management programmes: Reality or myth?
Driscoll, A., Worrall-Carter, Linda, Hare, D., Davidson, P., Riegel, B., Tonkin, A. and Stewart, S. 2011. Evidence-based chronic heart-failure management programmes: Reality or myth? BMJ Quality and Safety (print version). 20 (1), pp. 31 - 37. https://doi.org/10.1136/qshc.2008.028035
Not just gloves: A review of the literature on the use of protective eyewear in all areas of the perioperative environment for nurses and other health care workers
Mills, Cally, Moore, Carolyn and Edward, Karen-Leigh 2011. Not just gloves: A review of the literature on the use of protective eyewear in all areas of the perioperative environment for nurses and other health care workers. ACORN : The Journal of Perioperative Nursing in Australia. 24 (4), pp. 14 - 18.
Symptom variability, not severity, predicts rehospitalization and mortality in patients with heart failure
Moser, Debra, Frazier, Susan, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Biddle, Martha, Chung, Misook, Lee, Kyoung Suk and Lennie, Terry 2011. Symptom variability, not severity, predicts rehospitalization and mortality in patients with heart failure. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 10 (2), pp. 124 - 129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2010.05.006
The extension of Colaizzi's method of phenomenological enquiry
Edward, Karen-Leigh and Welch, Tony 2011. The extension of Colaizzi's method of phenomenological enquiry. Contemporary Nurse: health care across the lifespan (print version). 39 (2), pp. 163 - 171. https://doi.org/10.5172/conu.2011.39.2.163
Development of an evidence-based scoring system (HF-IS) to assess the quality of heart failure programmes for patients postdischarge from hospital
Driscoll, Andrea, Tonkin, Andrew, Stewart, Andrew, Thompson, David R., Worrall-Carter, Linda, Reigel, Barbara, Hare, David L., Davidson, Patricia M. and Stewart, Simon 2011. Development of an evidence-based scoring system (HF-IS) to assess the quality of heart failure programmes for patients postdischarge from hospital. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 20 (21-22), pp. 3011 - 3019. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03687.x
Triaging women with acute coronary syndrome :A review of the literature
Kuhn, Lisa, Page, Karen, Davidson, Patricia M. and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2011. Triaging women with acute coronary syndrome :A review of the literature. Cardiovascular Nursing, The Journal of. 26 (5), pp. 395 - 407. https://doi.org/10.1097/JCN.0b013e31820598f6
Systematic review of cardiovascular disease in women :Assessing the risk
Worrall-Carter, Linda, Ski, Chantal, Scruth, Elizabeth, Campbell, Michelle and Page, Karen Nicola 2011. Systematic review of cardiovascular disease in women :Assessing the risk. Nursing and Health Sciences. 13 (4), pp. 529 - 535. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-2018.2011.00645.x
Readmission to intensive care: A qualitative analysis of nurses' perceptions and experiences
Elliott, Malcolm, Crookes, Patrick, Worrall-Carter, Linda and Page, Karen 2011. Readmission to intensive care: A qualitative analysis of nurses' perceptions and experiences. Heart & Lung: the journal of acute and critical care (print version). 40 (4), pp. 299 - 309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2010.04.006
Resilience, Recovery, Reconnection and Therapeutic Optimism
Edward, Karen-Leigh, Welch, Anthony and Elsom, Stephen 2011. Resilience, Recovery, Reconnection and Therapeutic Optimism. in: Mental Health Nursing: Dimensions of Praxis Australia: Oxford University Press. pp. 66 - 87
A Novel Low-Cost Approach to Estimate the Incidence of Japanese Encephalitis in the Catchment Area of Three Hospitals in Bangladesh
Paul, Repon, Rahman, Mahmudur, Gurley, Emily, Hossain, Mohammad Jahangir, Diorditsa, Serguei, Hasan, Mainul, Banu, Sultana, Alamgir, ASM, Rahman, Muhammad Aziz and Sandhu, Hardeep 2011. A Novel Low-Cost Approach to Estimate the Incidence of Japanese Encephalitis in the Catchment Area of Three Hospitals in Bangladesh. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 85 (2), pp. 379 - 385. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0706
A systematic review of epidemiological studies on the association between smokeless tobacco use and coronary heart disease
Rahman, Muhammad Aziz, Mahmood, Mohammad Afzal, Spurrier, Nicola, Rahman, Mahmudur and Leeder, Stephen 2011. A systematic review of epidemiological studies on the association between smokeless tobacco use and coronary heart disease. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology. 3 (12), pp. 593 - 603. https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE11.175
The burden of care of gay male carers caring for men living with HIV/AIDS
Munro, Ian and Edward, Karen-Leigh 2010. The burden of care of gay male carers caring for men living with HIV/AIDS. American Journal of Men's Health. 4 (4), pp. 287 - 296. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557988309331795
Symptom recognition in elders with heart failure
Riegel, Barbara, Dickson, Victoria, Cameron, Jan, Johnson, Jerry, Bunker, Stephen, Page, Karen and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2010. Symptom recognition in elders with heart failure. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 42 (1), pp. 92 - 100. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1547-5069.2010.01333.x
Self-Care Behaviours and Heart Failure: Does Experience with Symptoms Really Make a Difference?
Cameron, Janette, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Page, Karen and Stewart, Simon 2010. Self-Care Behaviours and Heart Failure: Does Experience with Symptoms Really Make a Difference? European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 9 (2), pp. 92 - 100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2009.10.004
Nursing care of clients treated with atypical antipsychotics who have a risk of developing metabolic instability and/or type 2 diabetes
Edward, Karen-Leigh, Rasmussen, Bodil and Munro, Ian 2010. Nursing care of clients treated with atypical antipsychotics who have a risk of developing metabolic instability and/or type 2 diabetes. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing. 24 (1), pp. 46 - 53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2009.04.009
The information and support needs of Faroese women hospitalised with an acute coronary syndrome
Askham, Jorun, Kuhn, Lisa, Frederiksen, Kirsten, Davidson, Patricia, Edward, Karen-Leigh and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2010. The information and support needs of Faroese women hospitalised with an acute coronary syndrome. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 19 (October), pp. 1352 - 1361. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.03013.x
Does cognitive impairment predict poor self-care in patients with chronic heart failure?
Cameron, Janette, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Page, Karen, Riegel, Barbara, Lo, Sing Kai and Stewart, Simon 2010. Does cognitive impairment predict poor self-care in patients with chronic heart failure? European Journal of Heart Failure. 12 (5), pp. 508 - 515. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfq042
Getting that piece of paper: Mental health nurses' experience of undertaking doctoral studies in Victoria, Australia
Welch, Anthony, Happell, Brenda and Edward, Karen-Leigh 2010. Getting that piece of paper: Mental health nurses' experience of undertaking doctoral studies in Victoria, Australia. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing. 24 (3), pp. 145 - 154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2009.04.005
Theoretical considerations in reducing risk for cardiovascular diseases: Implications for nursing practice
Gholizadeh, Leila, Davidson, Patricia, Salamonson, Yenna and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2010. Theoretical considerations in reducing risk for cardiovascular diseases: Implications for nursing practice. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 19 (15-16), pp. 2137 - 2145. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.03189.x
Gender-specific barriers and facilitators to heart failure self-care: A mixed methods study
Riegel, Barbara, Dickson, Victoria, Lisa, Kuhn,, Page, Karen and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2010. Gender-specific barriers and facilitators to heart failure self-care: A mixed methods study. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 47 (7), pp. 888 - 895. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.12.011
Recovering from an acute cardiac event- the relationship between the depression and life satisfaction.
Page, Karen, Davidson, Patricia, Edward, Karen-Leigh, Allen, Josh, Cummins, Robert, Thompson, David and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2010. Recovering from an acute cardiac event- the relationship between the depression and life satisfaction. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 19 (June), pp. 736 - 743. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.03106.x
Awareness and causal attributions of risk factors for heart disease among immigrant women living in Australia
Gholizadeh, Leila, Salamonson, Yenna, Worrall-Carter, Linda, DiGiacomo, Michelle and Davidson, Patricia M. 2009. Awareness and causal attributions of risk factors for heart disease among immigrant women living in Australia. Journal of Women's Health. 18 (9), pp. 1385 - 1393. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2008.0956
The phenomenon of resilience as described by adults who have experienced mental illness
Edward, Karen-Leigh, Welch, Anthony and Chater, Keri 2009. The phenomenon of resilience as described by adults who have experienced mental illness. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 65 (3), pp. 587 - 595. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04912.x
Gender differences in heart failure self-care: A multinational cross-sectional study
Lee, Christopher S., Reigel, Barbara, Driscoll, Andrea, Suwanno, Jom, Moser, Debra K., Lennie, Terry A., Dickson, Victoria V., Cameron, Janette and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2009. Gender differences in heart failure self-care: A multinational cross-sectional study. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 46 (11), pp. 1485 - 1495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.04.004
Australian nursing curricula and mental health recruitment
Warelow, Philip and Edward, Karen-Leigh 2009. Australian nursing curricula and mental health recruitment. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 15 (4), pp. 250 - 256. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2009.01751.x
Testing a model of patient characteristics, psychologic status, and cognitive function as predictors of self-care in persons with chronic heart failure
Cameron, Janette, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Riegel, Barbara, Lo, Sing Kai and Stewart, Simon 2009. Testing a model of patient characteristics, psychologic status, and cognitive function as predictors of self-care in persons with chronic heart failure. Heart & Lung: the journal of acute and critical care. 38 (5), pp. 410 - 418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2008.11.004
Evidence-based chronic heart failure management programs: Reality or myth?
Driscoll, Andrea, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Hare, David, Davidson, Patricia, Riegel, Barbara, Tonkin, Andrew and Stewart, Simon 2009. Evidence-based chronic heart failure management programs: Reality or myth? BMJ Quality and Safety. 18 (6), pp. 450 - 455. https://doi.org/10.1136/qshc.2008.028035
Nursing considerations for dual diagnosis in mental health
Edward, Karen-Leigh and Munro, Ian 2009. Nursing considerations for dual diagnosis in mental health. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 15 (2), pp. 74 - 79. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2009.01731.x
Measuring self-care in chronic heart failure: A review of the psychometric properties of clinical instruments
Cameron, Janette, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Driscoll, Andrea and Stewart, Simon 2009. Measuring self-care in chronic heart failure: A review of the psychometric properties of clinical instruments. The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 24 (6), pp. E10 - E22. https://doi.org/10.1097/JCN.0b013e3181b5660f
Opting in and opting out: A grounded theory of nursing's contribution to inpatient rehabilitation
Pryor, Julie, Walker, Annette, O'Connell, Beverley and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2009. Opting in and opting out: A grounded theory of nursing's contribution to inpatient rehabilitation. Clinical Rehabilitation. 23 (12), pp. 1124 - 1135. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215509343233
The lived experience of gay men caring for others with HIV/AIDS: Resilient coping skills
Munro, Ian and Edward, Karen-Leigh 2008. The lived experience of gay men caring for others with HIV/AIDS: Resilient coping skills. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 14 (2), pp. 122 - 128. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2008.00675.x
Relationship of heart failure patients' knowledge, perceived barriers, and attitudes regarding low-sodium diet recommendations to adherence
Lennie, Terry, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Hammash, M., Odom-Forren, J., Roser, L. P., Smith, C. S., Trupp, T., Chung, Misook and Moser, Debra 2008. Relationship of heart failure patients' knowledge, perceived barriers, and attitudes regarding low-sodium diet recommendations to adherence. Progress in Cardiovascular Nursing. 23 (1), pp. 6 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7117.2008.tb00525.x
Improving depression and anxiety screening of patients with heart disease: implementing a multidisciplinary Clinical Pathway
Rahman, Aziz and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2008. Improving depression and anxiety screening of patients with heart disease: implementing a multidisciplinary Clinical Pathway.
Mental illness and substance use: An Australian perspective
Munro, Ian and Edward, Karen-Leigh 2008. Mental illness and substance use: An Australian perspective. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 17 (4), pp. 255 - 260. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0349.2008.00541.x
The impact of an ICU liaison nurse service on patient outcomes
Elliott, Suzanne, Ernest, David, Doric, Andrea, Page, Karen, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Thalib, Lukman and Chaboyer, Wendy 2008. The impact of an ICU liaison nurse service on patient outcomes. Critical Care and Resuscitation. 10 (4), pp. 296 - 300.
Depression and other mental illnesses in the context of workplace efficacy
Edward, Karen-Leigh and Munro, Ian 2008. Depression and other mental illnesses in the context of workplace efficacy. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 15 (7), pp. 605 - 611. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2008.01253.x
Smoking and smokeless tobacco consumption: Possible risk factors for coronary heart disease among young patients attending a tertiary care cardiac hospital in bangladesh
Rahman, Aziz and Zaman, Mostafa 2008. Smoking and smokeless tobacco consumption: Possible risk factors for coronary heart disease among young patients attending a tertiary care cardiac hospital in bangladesh. Public Health. 122 (12), pp. 1331 - 1338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2008.05.015
Care: What nurses say and what nurses do
Warelow, Philip, Edward, Karen-Leigh and Vinek, J. 2008. Care: What nurses say and what nurses do. Holistic Nursing Practice. 22 (3), pp. 146 - 153. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.HNP.0000318023.53151.33
Ethical dilemmas of a large national multi-centre study in Australia: Time for some consistency
Driscoll, Andrea, Currey, Judy, Worrall-Carter, Linda and Stewart, Simon 2008. Ethical dilemmas of a large national multi-centre study in Australia: Time for some consistency. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 17 (16), pp. 2212 - 2220. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.02219.x
The recovery journey - employment support for people with depression and other mental illnesses
Munro, Ian and Edward, Karen-Leigh 2008. The recovery journey - employment support for people with depression and other mental illnesses. Advances in Mental Health. 7, pp. 1 - 8.
Doctoral graduates in mental health nursing in Victoria, Australia: The doctoral experience and contribution to scholarship
Happell, Brenda, Edward, Karen-Leigh and Welch, Anthony 2008. Doctoral graduates in mental health nursing in Victoria, Australia: The doctoral experience and contribution to scholarship. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 17 (4), pp. 270 - 278. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0349.2008.00543.x
Simulation to Practice: Developing Nursing Skills in Mental Health: An Australian Perspective
Edward, Karen-Leigh, Hercelinskyj, Gylo, Warelow, Philip and Munro, Ian 2007. Simulation to Practice: Developing Nursing Skills in Mental Health: An Australian Perspective. The International Electronic Journal of Health Education. 10, pp. 60 - 64.
Returning to work: Exploring the experiences of women with acute coronary syndromes
Parry, A., Worrall-Carter, Linda, Page, Karen, Kuhn, Lisa, DiGiacomo, Michelle and Davidson, Patricia 2007. Returning to work: Exploring the experiences of women with acute coronary syndromes. British Journal of Cardiac Nursing. 2 (6), pp. 292 - 301.
Depression, anxiety and stress in women following acute coronary syndrome: Implications for secondary prevention
DiGiacomo, Michelle, Davidson, Patricia, Vanderpluym, A., Snell, R. and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2007. Depression, anxiety and stress in women following acute coronary syndrome: Implications for secondary prevention. Australian Critical Care. 20 (2), pp. 69 - 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2007.03.002
Caring as a resilient practice in mental health nursing
Warelow, Philip and Edward, Karen-Leigh 2007. Caring as a resilient practice in mental health nursing. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 16 (2), pp. 132 - 135. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0349.2007.00456.x
Extent of heart failure self-care as an endpoint to patient education: A review of the literature
Cameron, Jan, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Driscoll, Andrea, New, G. and Stewart, Simon 2007. Extent of heart failure self-care as an endpoint to patient education: A review of the literature. British Journal of Cardiac Nursing. 2 (4), pp. 188 - 197.
Burnout in the caring nurse: Learning resilient behaviours.
Edward, Karen-Leigh and Hercelinskyj, Gylo 2007. Burnout in the caring nurse: Learning resilient behaviours. British Journal of Nursing. 16 (4), pp. 240 - 242. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2007.16.4.22987
Evidence-based mental health nursing in Australia: Our history and our future
Warelow, Philip and Edward, Karen-Leigh 2007. Evidence-based mental health nursing in Australia: Our history and our future. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 16 (1), pp. 57 - 61. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0349.2006.00445.x
Gender differences in adherence to the sodium-restricted diet in patients with heart failure
Chung, Misook, Moser, Debra, Lennie, Terry, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Bentley, B., Trupp, T. and Armentano, D. 2006. Gender differences in adherence to the sodium-restricted diet in patients with heart failure. Journal of Cardiac Failure. 12 (8), pp. 628 - 634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2006.07.007
A theoretical discussion about the clinical value of phenomenology for nurses
Edward, Karen-Leigh 2006. A theoretical discussion about the clinical value of phenomenology for nurses. Holistic Nursing Practice. 20 (5), pp. 235 - 238.
Assessment of cognitive function in heart failure patients
Wolfe, R, Worrall-Carter, Linda, Foister, K., Keks, N. and Howe, V. 2006. Assessment of cognitive function in heart failure patients. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 5 (2), pp. 158 - 164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2005.10.005
Heterogeneity of heart failure management programs in Australia
Driscoll, Andrea, Worrall-Carter, Linda, McLennan, Skye, Dawson, Anna, O'Reilly, J. and Stewart, Simon 2006. Heterogeneity of heart failure management programs in Australia. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 5 (1), pp. 75 - 82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2005.08.001
Rationale and design of the national benchmarking and evidence-based national clinical guidelines for chronic heart failure management programs study
Driscoll, Andrea, Worrall-Carter, Linda and Stewart, Simon 2006. Rationale and design of the national benchmarking and evidence-based national clinical guidelines for chronic heart failure management programs study. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 21 (4), pp. 276 - 282. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005082-200607000-00007
Resilience: A protector from depression
Edward, Karen-Leigh 2005. Resilience: A protector from depression. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association. 11 (4), pp. 241 - 243. https://doi.org/10.1177/1078390305281177
Resilience: When coping is emotionally intelligent
Edward, Karen-Leigh and Warelow, Philip 2005. Resilience: When coping is emotionally intelligent. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association. 11 (2), pp. 101 - 102. https://doi.org/10.1177/1078390305277526
The experiences and adjustments of women following their first acute myocardial infarction
Worrall-Carter, Linda, Jones, T. and Driscoll, Andrea 2005. The experiences and adjustments of women following their first acute myocardial infarction. Contemporary Nurse. 19 (February), pp. 211 - 221.
Psychosocial issues facilitating recovery post-CABG surgery
Theobald, K, Worrall-Carter, Linda and McMurray, Anne 2005. Psychosocial issues facilitating recovery post-CABG surgery. Australian Critical Care. 18 (2), pp. 76 - 85. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1036-7314(05)80006-2
A historical review of the nurse practitioner role in Australia
Driscoll, Andrea, Worrall-Carter, Linda, O'Reilly, J. and Stewart, Simon 2005. A historical review of the nurse practitioner role in Australia. Clinical Excellence for Nurse Practitioners. 9 (3), pp. 141 - 152.
The phenomenon of resilience in crisis care mental health clinicians
Edward, Karen-Leigh 2005. The phenomenon of resilience in crisis care mental health clinicians. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 14 (2), pp. 142 - 148. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-0979.2005.00371.x
Nurse academics meeting the challenges of scholarship and research
Worrall-Carter, Linda and Snell, R. 2003. Nurse academics meeting the challenges of scholarship and research. Contemporary Nurse. 16 (February), pp. 40 - 50.