Grounding at a distance

Journal article


Baron, Sam, Miller, Kristie and Tallant, Jonathan. (2020) Grounding at a distance. Philosophical Studies. 177, pp. 3373-3390. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11098-019-01374-1
AuthorsBaron, Sam, Miller, Kristie and Tallant, Jonathan
Abstract

What distinguishes causation from grounding? One suggestion is that causation, but not grounding, occurs over time. Recently, however, counterexamples to this simple temporal criterion have been offered. In this paper, we situate the temporal criterion within a broader framework that focuses on two aspects: locational overlapping in space and time and the presence of intermediaries in space and time. We consider, and reject, the idea that the difference between grounding and causation is that grounding can occur without intermediaries. We go on to use the fact that grounding and causation both involve intermediaries to develop a better temporal criterion for distinguishing causation from grounding. The criterion is this: when a cause and effect are spatially disjoint, there is always a chain of causal intermediaries between the cause and the effect that are extended in time. By contrast, when the grounds and the grounded are spatially disjoint, there is always a chain of grounding intermediaries, but the chain need not be extended in time, it can be purely spatial. The difference between grounding and causation, then, is that causation requires time for chaining in a way that grounding does not.

Keywordsgrounding; causation; dependence; location; time
Year2020
JournalPhilosophical Studies
Journal citation177, pp. 3373-3390
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
ISSN0031-8116
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s11098-019-01374-1
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85075932288
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range3373-3390
FunderAustralian Research Council
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online27 Nov 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited16 Apr 2021
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDARC/DE180100414
ARC/DP180100105
ARC/DP180100105
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